Alkyl polyglycoside = APG = Sparteine = Triton
CAS NO : 68515-73-1
Molecular Formula : C16H32O6
Molecular Weight: 320.422
Alkyl polyglycosides (APGs) are a class of non-ionic surfactants widely used in a variety of cosmetic, household, and industrial applications.
Biodegradable and plant-derived from sugars, these surfactants are usually glucose derivatives, and fatty alcohols.
The raw materials are typically starch and fat, and the final products are typically complex mixtures of compounds with different sugars comprising the hydrophilic end and alkyl groups of variable length comprising the hydrophobic end.
When derived from glucose, they are known as alkyl polyglucosides.
A family of chemicals, Alkyl Polyglucosides have applications ranging from household to industrial.
Alkyl polyglycosides are generally plant derived from sugars, hence the glucose in the polyglucoside name.
Alkyl Polyglucoside is a mild, naturally derived non-ionic 'Green' surfactant in a liquid form and is completely biodegradable.
Alkyl polyglycosides utilised in personal care as a cleansing agent, foam stabiliser and solubilising agent for oils, fragrances and cationic surfactants
In cosmetic, APG surfactant is used to formulate Shampoo, Face wash, Hand wash, Shower gel and many more cleansing products for skin and hair.
The raw material derived from glucose derivatives and fatty alcohols.
Alkyl polyglycosides have minimal impact on the environment while efficiently maintaining the standard of cleaning and hygiene.
Since the properties, Alkyl polyglucoside become very important as high-performance components for cosmetic preparations due to their excellent environmental and skin compatibility.
Alkyl polyglycosides uses
APG is used to enhance the formation of foams in detergents.
Alkyl polyglycosides is also used in the personal care industry because Alkyl polyglycosides is biodegradable and safe for sensitive skin.
Alkyl polyglycoside (APG) is a green surfactant with excellent interfacial activity, emulsified ability, foaming performance and wettability, which has great potential in enhancing heavy oil recovery at high-temperature and high-salinity condition.
In this paper, surface tension, interfacial tension, emulsifying ability, emulsion stability and emulsified oil droplet size were investigated for APG.
Besides, the effect of temperature and salinity on interfacial activity and emulsification properties of APG was also studied.
The results showed that APG had excellent interfacial activity and emulsification property among all these surfactants.
Besides, the interfacial activity and emulsification properties of APG almost did not decrease, and even got better along with the increasing temperature or salinity, while those of other surfactants became worse in different degree.
The incremental oil recovery by using APG at 90 °C and the salinity of 30 g/L can reach to 10.1% which is nearly two times higher than that of common EOR surfactants.
These results indicated that APG is an efficient surfactant for enhancing heavy oil recovery at high-temperature and high-salinity condition.
Alkyl polyglucoside is used as active ingredients, it can make all kinds of detergent for different using.
Alkyl polyglucoside with phosphoric acid, oxalic acid, and sodium carbonate, match into a mixture with water, can be used as automobile and machinery industrial detergents.
But also Alkyl polyglycosides prevent iron metal to be oxidized and acid corrosion.
Alkyl PolyGlycosides (APG) are obtained by glycosylation of a reducing sugar with an excess of molten fatty alcohol.
The reaction produces water, which is progressively eliminated, as well as Alkyl PolyGlycosides.
Excess fatty alcohol, whether of long or short chain, is either retained or evaporated depending on the properties desired for the final surfactant.
At Seppic, the biomass residues generated during the production of emulsifiers (long chain fatty alcohols) are recycled into electricity and natural fertilizers for agriculture by a methanization process.
Alkyl polyglucoside surfactants are widely known for their high biodegradability, ecofriendly nature and ability to be easily hydrolyzed. Such favorable properties contribute to the growing demand for alkyl polyglucoside in several home care products applications.
What Is Alkyl Polyglucoside?
Alkyl polyglucoside is a biodegradable ingredient derived from plant starch and fatty alcohol from coconuts.
Alkyl polyglycosides is also known as APG, Sparteine, or Triton.
Alkyl polyglycosides is a surfactant and can often be found in personal care products, laundry products, bathroom cleaners, and other cleaning products.
Alkyl glucoside ingredients are formed by reacting an alcohol or mixtures of alcohols (that vary by carbon chain length) with a cyclic form of the sugar, glucose or glucose polymers.
For example Decyl Glucoside is formed by reacting a 10 carbon chain alcohol, decyl alcohol, with a cyclic form of glucose.
Other alkyl glucoside ingredients that may be used in cosmetics include Arachidyl Glucoside, C12-20 Alkyl Glucoside, Caprylyl/Capryl Glucoside, Cetearyl Glucoside, Coco-Glucoside, Ethyl Glucoside and Lauryl Glucoside.
Decyl Glucoside and the other alkyl glucoside ingredients may be used in baby products, bath products, cleansing products, skin care products, eye makeup and hair care products including hair dyes and colors.
Alkyl polyglucosides (APG) is a relatively new generation of commercially available environmentally friendly, mild, low-toxic, less-irritating and readily biodegradable surfactants.
Act as detergents, wetting agents, emulsifiers, solubilisers and foaming agents.
How Is Alkyl Polyglucoside Made?
Alkyl polyglucoside is typically made by reacting a fatty alcohol with a sugar using an acid as a catalyst.
Because of humidifying and lubricity characteristics of non-toxic alkyl polyglucoside.
Alkyl polyglycoside can develop some traditional cosmetics.
Alkyl polyglycoside is used to make cosmetics extremely close to the ideal status.
That means little irritating, good foaming performance and fairly thickening effect.
The alkyl polyglucoside with other surfactants, especially those are electrolyte compound with thickening of surfactants, easy to make the high viscosity of cosmetics.
Alkyl polyglycoside usage in cosmetic is used as body protection.
Is Alkyl Polyglucoside Natural?
Alkyl polyglucoside is a biodegradable ingredient that is growing in popularity due to its favorable environmental profile.
Whole Foods has deemed the ingredient acceptable in Alkyl polyglycosides body care and cleaning product quality standards.
Alkyl polyglucoside in the food industry used as the emulsifier and antifoaming agent can change the flavor of food.
Adding micro amounts alkyl polyglucoside into ice cream, Alkyl polyglycoside can form a thin density porosity structure and increase the volume.
The ice cream is good strength and stable forming.
Alkyl polyglucoside mixed with glyceride used for bread baking, the baking bread tastes especially delicious.
In terms of starch chemicals, in order to make the powder or granular starch dispersion process is easy to be in the water, a trace of alkyl polyglucoside can avoid agglomerate or starch gel phenomenon.
Alkyl polyglucosides (APG) are non-ionic surfactants produced from fatty alcohols and glucose.
They are bio-degradable in nature and are used in a variety of applications such as cosmetics, personal care and industrial applications.
Attributing to the non-toxic, non-irritating, excellent compatibility and foaming and surface activity of alkyl polyglucoside surfactants, they are prevalently used to enhance foam formation in detergents and personal care products.
The foaming capability, emulsification properties, skin compatibility, and wetting and cleaning ability of alkyl polyglucoside surfactants drive their adoption across several industries such as pharmaceutical, textile, oil refining, personal care and cosmetics and homecare.
In toothpaste and other daily necessities, using antibacterial characteristic of alkyl polyglucoside.
As the fungicide has an obvious inhibitory effect against Staphylococcus.
Alkyl polyglucoside itself has insect killing, acaricidal and mold activity can be used alone as a pesticide active ingredients, and do not need organic solvent and emulsifier.
Alkyl polyglycoside can also be combined with other germicidal agents, antivirus agents, insecticides, insecticides, herbicides, herbicides, and plant growth regulation to enhance the activity of various pesticides.
Alkyl polyglycoside Features:
-100% renewable feedstock
-Mild to skin
-Low colour & odour
Alkyl Polyglucoside surfactants (APG) are nononic surfactants, obtained from renewable, natural raw materials, such as vegetable oils and starch.
Alkyl polyglycosides first-rate environmental and skin compatibility profiles fit in well with consumer demands for wellness, green solutions, mildness to human skin, and safety for human health.
Furthermore, they contribute to various performance benefits in personal and home care products as well as I&I applications.
The carbon chain difference made Aklyl polyglucoside up to rough dozens of different products.
For example, Decyl Glucoside formed by C8-10 and C12-C14 carbon chain alcohol.
Other alkyl glucoside ingredients that may use in cosmetics include Coco Glucoside(C8-10 and C12-C14 ratio different with decyl glucoside), Hexyl Glucoside (C6), Lauryl Glucoside (C12-C14), Iso Octyl Glucoside (C8), Capryl/Caprylyl Glucoside(C8-C10).
Alkyl polyglycosides are free from 1-4 dioxane which is carcinogenic.
Benefits of Alkyl polyglycoside
-Very good wetting, dispersing and surface activity.
-Stable in high levels of caustic
-Soluble in highly caustic systems
-Good compatibility with all other types of surfactants which often results in synergistic effects including an improvement in the mildness of formulations.
-Can produce rich and stable foam
-Good hydrotropic & solubilising properties
-Compatible with strong acids
Alkyl polyglycoside applications:
Their good compatibility with other surfactants, low toxicity, low skin irritation and biodegradability.
This product is useful in products that need stable foam, low streaking, and no filmy residue.
Creams & lotions
HI&I Cleaning In Place:
Household Hard surface
Agrochemicals Soil wetting agent:
In cosmetics and personal care products, Decyl Glucoside, Lauryl Glucoside, Arachidyl Glucoside, Caprylyl/Capryl Glucoside and Coco-Glucoside are reported to function as surfactants - cleansing agents.
C12-20 Alkyl Glucoside and Cetearyl Glucoside are reported to function as surfactants - emulsifying agents, while Ethyl Glucoside is reported to function as a skin-conditioning agent - humectant.
Alkyl polyglucosides or polyglycosides (APGs) are high-quality nonionic surfactants that provide andenvironmentally friendly and completely biodegradable alternative to nonyl phenol ethoxylates (NPEs) and alcohol ethoxylates.
Specialy surfactants such as APGs and NPEs have been developed for the purpose of cleaning.
In the old days, the term “lye soap” applied to any fat treated with caustic soda (sodium hydroxide) to yield a water soluble fatty acid salt – the earliest surfactant.
Washing clothes and hands with a salt was effective from a cleaning standpoint, but not the best for tough grease stains and definitely not friendly to the skin.
With advanced science comes better detergent materials.
Alcohol ethoxylates and nonyl phenol ethoxylates have been used extensively in cleaning products due to their chemical versatility and abundant supply.
They are both found in products intended for household cleaning, industrial and institutional detergents, metalworking, textile and leather processing, emulsion polymerisation, paints and coatings, oil and gas exporation and production, agriculture, and production of pulp and paper.
What Does Alkyl Polyglucoside Do in Puracy Products?
Alkyl polyglycoside ingredient is useful in products that need stable foam, low streaking, and no filmy residue.
Alkyl polyglycoside Description:
Surfactant Type: Nonionic; Alkyl chain length distribution,
C8–C14, <1% C16
Alkyl polyglycoside Recommended Applications:
-Hand Dishwash Detergents
-Hard Surface Cleaners
-Highly Alkaline Detergents
Alkyl Polyglucoside (APG), CAS 68515-73-1 , is a nonionic surfactant which is made from natural raw materials, natural alcohols and glucose derived from plants.
Alkyl polyglycosides superior properties include: detergency, wetting, dispersing and surface tension reduction, compatibility, especially foaming property.
Alkyl polyglycoside also exhibits excellent alkaline and electrolyte resistance and can solubilize other ingredients.
Is Alkyl Polyglucoside gluten free?
Alkyl Polyglucoside is gluten free and widely used in gluten free food to provide to .
Why is Alkyl Polyglucoside gluten free?
To answer this question, we need to clarify another question: what is gluten.
Gluten is protein composite found in wheat and related grains, including barley and rye.
First, gluten is a protein.
Second, gluten is mainly found in wheat and related grains.
As we mentioned before, Alkyl Polyglucoside is which is significantly different from protein.
Raw materials used in manufacturing of Alkyl Polyglucoside are ; Alkyl Polyglucoside barely includes gluten impurity.
So, Alkyl Polyglucoside is gluten free.
How is Alkyl Polyglucoside used in gluten free food?
Alkyl Polyglucoside is widely used in to provide to .
Alkyl Polyglucoside is usually used in processed food rather than daily recipe.
Why should you go Gluten free?
Celiac disease: Celiac disease is an autoimmune disease that attacks the small intestine due to the presence of gluten, for which a gluten-free diet is the only medically-accepted treatment.
In 2009 research showed between 0.5 and 1.0 percent of people in the US and UK are sensitive to gluten due to celiac disease.
So people with Celiac disease have to stick to gluten free diet to avoid unexpected side effect caused by consumption of gluten.
Non-celiac gluten sensitivity: Some people may be sensitive to gluten but do not have celiac disease and feel better on a diet with less gluten.
However, there are no specific symptoms confirmed.
Non-celiac gluten sensitivity also drives more people to gluten free diet when people believe that they feel better when eating gluten free.
Alkyl polyglycoside Solubility and Compatibility
-Soluble in water
-Soluble in concentrated electrolyte solutions
-Chemically stable in presence of acids, bases and salts
-Compatible with anionic, cationic and other nonionic surfactants
Alkyl polyglucoside can be used in fire equipment as foam agent.
The use of Alkyl polyglycoside in the paper industry improves the softness of paper.
Alkyl polyglycoside can be used as the fabric softener and dyeing auxiliaries in the textile industry.
Alkyl polyglycoside can also be used as a gel, lubricant and wetting agent.
There are three kinds of Alkyl polyglucoside under surfactants category on the website.
All clients can choose and purchase them according to own needs.
If you need additional customization, please contact us for details.
APG is a nonionic high performance surfactant made from renewable raw materials.
Alkyl polyglycoside offers excellent detergency, high alkali stability, and superior eco-toxicity.
Alkyl polyglycoside can be widely used in Personal care and Household detergents such as shampoo, body wash, all-purpose cleaners, dishwashing liquid, laundry detergent and hand sanitizer.
Preparation and characterization of microemulsions consisting of a plant-derived alkyl polyglycoside (APG) surfactant and the essential oil of Melaleuca alternifolia (tea tree) was studied.
This nonionic APG surfactant used was Triton CG-110 with a CMC at 1748 ppm at 25 ◦C.
Tea tree oil (TTO) was extracted from tea tree leaves by Triton CG-110-assisted hydrodistillation method.
The preparation of the microemulsion was aided by the construction of pseudo-ternary phase diagrams, which were investigated at the different weight ratios of surfactant mixtures (Smix = Triton CG-110/PPG) as 0.6:1, 1.8:1, 1:0 with hydrodistilled and commercial TTO by water titration method at room temperature.
Particularly, structure of microemulsion was identified by electrical conductivity and viscosity.
Moreover, shelf stability of some microemulsion made of 1% TTO with various concentration of Triton CG-110/PPG (1.8:1 w/w) were monitored for over a two-month period with dynamic light scattering.
These results showed that microemulsion made of 1% TTO, 9% Triton CG-110/PPG (1.8:1 w/w) was insensitive with time and temperature of storage.
Commercial alkyl polyglycosides generally have a low degree of polymerization of polysaccharide, in the molecule.
This results in a molecule that is of limited water solubility.
The present invention is aimed at functionalizing the hydrophobic alkyl polyglycoside, by including in the molecule alkoxylated functional groups.
These products have been called “alkyl glycosides, alkyl glycosides, alkyl polyglycosides or alkyl polyglycosides” by many different authors.
-Hard surface cleaning
-Liquid dish detergent
-Highly alkaline detergents
Alkyl polyglycoside: a biodegradable surfactant
The glucose in alkyl polyglycoside is derived from plants.
As such, APG is biodegradable and environmentally-friendly.
This makes alkyl polyglycoside the green alternative for other surfactants, such as nonyl phenol ethoxylates (NPEs) and alcohol ethoxylates.
APG is nonionic surfactant that is perfect for the formulation of personal care products and cleaning agents.
Alkyl polyglycoside is used in the formulation of many cosmetics as it is mild and safe for sensitive skin.
Alkyl polyglycoside also offers good foaming and wetting properties, as well as low surface tension.
That is why APG is used in products such as:
Alkyl polyglucoside is a mild surfactant used in household and commercial cleaning products.
Alkyl polyglycoside is known for Alkyl polyglycosides foam boosting ability, lack of streaking and easy rinsing.
Alkyl polyglycoside primarily acts as a surfactant.
Alkyl polyglycoside helps emulsify various products (i.e. lotions, crèmes, cleansers) and makes them easier to spread over the skin.
The formulation of Alkyl polyglycoside also reduces the total amount of other surfactants without sacrificing the product’s performance.
Also, because Alkyl polyglycoside’s obtained from renewable sources (i.e. fatty oils and acids), Alkyl polyglycoside is environmentally friendly.
Completely biodegradable, both aerobically and anaerobically.
Alkyl polyglycoside Storage and Handling
If crystallization or sedimentation occurs when stored at temperature below 15°C, the product can be heated and stirred until uniform before use.
The maximum storage temperature is 40°C.
Alkyl polyglucoside (APG) is an excellent glyphosate adjuvant with good environmental credentials, but has well known problems with foam production.
Alkyl polyglycoside offers superior low foam reduction, effective spray retention and spreading aid properties.
Alkyl polyglycoside also works well as a humectant and demonstrates good electrolyte tolerance.
Alkyl polyglycoside Functions:
Adjuvant - glyphosate adjuvant
Adjuvant - humectant
Adjuvant - Spray retention aid
Adjuvant - Spreading aid
Electrolyte tolerant surfactant
Alkyl polyglycoside is a widely used cleaning agent, or "surfactant," that is derived from sugar, and can be found in many household cleaning products.
Alkyl polyglycoside removes dirt by loosening it from a surface.
Alkyl polyglycoside also aids streak-free cleaning.
Alkyl polyglycoside Development Process
APGs are produced by reacting fatty alcohols and glucose obtained from corn, coconut or palm oil.
The synthesis can be done in a one-step or two-step process using butanol to form a butylglucoside, which then reacts with the fatty alcohol to produce APG.
Lubrizol produced the first commercialized glucoside sold for personal care use called Glucate SS (Methyl Glucoside Sesquistearate).
Alkyl polyglycoside was produced by reacting methanol with glucose followed by an esterification with stearic acid.
Arachidyl proprionate (or glucoside) is NOT derived from peanuts (Arachis hypogaea).
Therefore, use of this ingredient in cosmetic products does not represent an allergy concern for children (or adults) with peanut allergies.
Alkyl glucosides consist of alkyl groups bound to glucose in the D-glycopyranoside form.
The glucose portion of the compound may consist of mono-, di-, tri-, oligo- or polysaccharides.
For example, Decyl Glucoside with a degree of polymerization of 1.6 is a mixture of decyl monosaccharide (glucopyranoside) and decyl disaccharide (also called maltopyranoside).
These ingredients are generally sold as aqueous solutions containing 50-65% of the ingredient.
Alkyl polyglycoside Ingredients Highlights
-Produced from natural, renewable resources
-Nonionic surfactant, compatible with all surfactant classes
-Very cost effective
-Extremely mild surfactant / emulsifier
-Excellent emulsifying properties
-Excellent skin compatibility
-Outstanding foam behavior with surfactants
-Excellent cleansing performance
Alkyl Polyglucoside Surfactant with an ecofriendly profile
Derived from plant-based materials and mild to the skin, Alkyl Polyglucoside Surfactant has been developed for a range of all-purpose household and industrial cleaners to offer a variety of desirable end-use benefits.
Alkyl polyglycosides Physical Property Comparison:
All the Alkyl Polyglucosides have very similar surface tensions and are comparable to the Glucopon® surfactants.
The Draves Wetting Test illustrates the efficiency of a wetting agent based on the time required for a standard skein of cotton yarn carrying a standard weight to sink in a water solution of that wetting agent.
The shorter the wetting times, at the specific concentration and temperature, the faster the cotton will be wetted by the surfactant solution.
Simulgreen 18-2 by Seppic (Hydroxystearyl alcohol and Hydroxystearyl Glucoside), oil in water
Fluidanov 20X by Seppic (Octyldodecanol, Octyldodecyl Xyloside), water in oil
Cetearyl Glucoside by Evonik (Tego Care CG 90), oil in water
Alkyl polyglucosides are non-ionic surfactants which are mainly used in laundry detergents, hard surface cleaners and personal care products.
Two in vitro screening test systems were used to investigate the endocrine modulating potential of alkyl polyglucosides.
No indications were observed for any estrogenic or anti-estrogenic effects in an MCF-7 E-Screen assay and a reporter gene assay using luciferase-transfected MCF-7 cells.
Concentrations exceeding the effect concentration of estradiol by a factor of 1000 did not reveal any indication for an estrogenic activity.
Furthermore, in a combination assay investigating the effects of estradiol in the presence of alkyl polyglucoside, no anti-estrogenic potential was observed.
Potential embryo-/fetotoxicity and/or teratogenicity was investigated in a segment II study in rats.
No effects were noted up to the limit dose of 1000 mg/kg bw/day.
All parameters of the treatment groups were comparable with those of the control group.
Skeletal and visceral investigations did not detect any treatment-related malformations.
For the embryo/fetotoxicity, the teratogenicity and the maternal toxicity a NOAEL of 1000 mg/kg was deduced.
Actives % / Solvent: 51.0 / water
Cloud Point: > 100°C
CMC/Surface Tension: 61.0 / 28.8
Foam Height: 140
Pour Point (°C) -18
Form: Yellowish Slightly Cloudy Liquid
pH, 1% aq solution: 11.9
Viscosity at 25°C (77° F), cP: 478.0
Density at 25°C (177°F), g/mL: 1.10
Flash Point, Closed Cup, ASTM D93: None
Draves 25 sec wetting conc. Wt% at 25°C: 0.18
Magnesium levels, typical: < 50 ppm
decyl octyl glycosides
C8-16 fatty alcohol glucoside
Alkyl polyglycoside Safety Information:
The safety of Decyl Glucoside, Arachidyl Glucoside, C12-20 Alkyl Glucoside, Caprylyl/Capryl Glucoside, Cetearyl Glucoside, Coco-Glucoside, Ethyl Glucoside and Lauryl Glucoside has been assessed by the Cosmetic Ingredient Review (CIR) Expert Panel.
The CIR Expert Panel evaluated the scientific data and concluded that these ingredients were safe for use in cosmetics when formulated to be non-irritating.
The CIR Expert Panel reviewed a study that indicated that Caprylyl/Capryl Glucoside (alkyl chain length: a mixture of 8 and 10 carbons in length) was not readily absorbed through the skin.
At high concentrations Caprylyl/Capryl Glucoside was irritating and long-term skin irritation resulted in other adverse effects including body weight loss.
No other adverse effects were observed at concentrations that did not cause skin irritation.
Lauryl Glucoside was not a reproductive or developmental toxicant.
Alkyl glucoside ingredients have not been found to be genotoxic.
Clinical tests of products containing alkyl glucoside ingredients have found that the products were not dermal irritants or sensitizers.
Based on the data reviewed, the CIR Expert Panel concluded that the alkyl glucoside ingredients, including Decyl Glucoside, Lauryl Glucoside, Arachidyl Glucoside, Caprylyl/Capryl Glucoside and Coco-Glucoside were safe for use in cosmetics when formulated to be non-irritating.
Decyl Glucoside, Arachidyl Glucoside, C12-20 Alkyl Glucoside, Caprylyl/Capryl Glucoside, Cetearyl Glucoside, Coco-Glucoside, Ethyl Glucoside and Lauryl Glucoside may be used in cosmetics and personal care products marketed in Europe according to the general provisions of the Cosmetics Regulation of the European Union.
Alkyl polyglucosides (sometimes abbreviated APGs) is a general term often used for Decyl Glucoside and other alkyl glucoside ingredients.
Product description: Alkyl Polyglucoside (APG-0810)
Product code: KHBH-1001
Basic information: Green chemistry, environmentally friendly is the direction of our efforts.
Alkyl polyglucoside (APG) is called a new generation of environmentally friendly green surfactant, is the embodiment of our great efforts to promote "green chemistry" concept
Product Description: Alkyl polyglycosides (APG) is called a new generation of environmentally friendly green surfactant, the foreign nineties only to be industrialized.
Alkyl polyglycoside is a non-ionic surfactant, the use of raw materials from renewable natural resources from the glucose and fatty alcohol derivatives, the alkyl polyglycoside is completely biodegradable.
Such surface active agents because of its non-toxic, non-stimulating and excellent surface activity and is widely used in detergents, cosmetics, food and pharmaceutical sectors.
Our development and production of quality leading APG.
Appearance： Colorless, light yellow transparent liquid
Alkyl Carbon number： 8-10
Active Matter（Wt%）： 50-52
PH value： 11.5-12.5
HLB value： 15-16
Residual alcohol： ≤1%
Glucose polymerization degree: 1.6-1.8
Packing: 200kg/drum this product for non-dangerous goods.
Applications: It is widely used in hard surface detergents, dish washing detergents, industrial cleaning agent, glyphosate additives, fire additives.
CAS No: 68515-73-1
EINECS No: 500-220-1
The major class of sugar-based surfactants is alkyl polyglycosides.
Alkyl polyglycosides are characterised by a saccharide unit and a hydrophobic alkyl chain.
These surfactants differ in the alkyl chain length, both linear and mono-branched, and in the degree of polymerisation (DP) of the saccharide.
The biodegradation pathway of alkyl polyglycosides has not been elucidated.
Polyglycoside alkanoic acids, possible intermediates of ω- and β-oxidation of the alkyl chain, were not detected during degradation of alkyl polyglycosides in a fixed-bed reactor.
Based on this finding, Eichhorn et al.
hypothesised that alkyl polyglycosides are degraded through a central cleavage.
Central cleavage results in the formation of saccharides and fatty acids.
The alkyl polyglycosides tested are biodegraded in excess of 60% in the Sturm and Closed Bottle tests.
What is Alkyl polyglycoside?
Alkyl polyglucoside comes from plant-based fatty alcohols (such as those in coconut and corn) and plant starch.
Alkyl polyglycoside is a safe and natural compound that helps blend and add texture to creams, lotions, and shampoos.
Alkyl polyglycosides Nourishing properties:
-Creates a smooth texture
-Lowers surface tension
Alkyl polyglycosides Safety Measures/Side Effects:
Toxicological and ecological laboratory tests have produced favorable results.
Alkyl polyglycosides have demonstrated a good compatibility with the eyes, skin and mucous membranes, and have even reduced the irritant effects of surfactant combinations.
CAS Number: 68515-73-1
Name: Alkyl polyglucoside (APG)
Decyl D-glucopyranoside [ACD/IUPAC Name]
Decyl-D-glucopyranosid [German] [ACD/IUPAC Name]
D-Glucopyranoside de décyle [French] [ACD/IUPAC Name]
D-Glucopyranoside, decyl [ACD/Index Name]
D-Glucose decyl octyl ether
MFCD00063297 [MDL number]
MFCD23103077 [MDL number]
Molecular Formula: C16H32O6
Molecular Weight: 320.422
MDL Number: MFCD00063297
Appearance: Light yellow liquid
Alkyl polyglucoside surfactants (APGs) are obtained from renewable raw materials and are suited for products where mildness to human skin, environmental compatibility and high performance are a must.
The high level of stability across a wide pH range and exceptional flexibility and polyfunctionality of these non-ionic surfactants mean that they can be used in an enormous variety of home care and industrial & institutional (I&I) hard surface cleaners.
Belonging to the class of nonionic surfactants, the alkyl polyglucosides enable excellent compatibility in different formulation matrices.
These properties of Alkyl polyglycoside allow a variety of application areas in the Home Care and I&I segments.
Especially in hard surface cleaning, where different types of soils are present, the alkyl polyglucosides offer extraordinary cleaning efficiency on the wide range of stain types encountered in this type of cleaning, and are safe on almost all surfaces.
Alkyl polyglycoside can be incorporated into formulations that are acidic (such as bathroom and power cleaners), neutral (such as allpurpose and floor cleaners or wipes) and alkaline (such as kitchen or power cleaners).
This flexibility in formulation means that manufacturers can use one ingredient for multiple product lines, reducing complexity in the handling of raw materials.
EFFICIENT HARD SURFACE CLEANING
Modern hard surface cleaners have to be tough on dirt but kind to surfaces, leaving them shiny and free from residues.
The APG sugar surfactants offer extraordinary cleaning efficiency, whether used singly or in combination with other surfactants.
The cleaning performance of APG has been evaluated through consumer-relevant methods such as the Gardner test.
In this evaluation APG showed a soil removal capability of an oily soil of up to 70 percent in comparison to other nonionic surfactants.
Moreover this score was achieved even without any further additions.
APG is also compatible with all kind of surfactants and it shows synergistic effects with them, meaning that their cleaning performance can be further enhanced by the addition of other non-ionic surfactants and/or other components.
Alkyl polyglycosides high cleaning performance level is also virtually unaffected by changes in the pH value.
Preparation of Alkyl polyglycoside:
Alkyl glycosides are produced by combining a sugar such as glucose with a fatty alcohol in the presence of acid catalysts at elevated temperatures.