BUTYL ALCOHOL


N-BUTANOL = 1-BUTANOL = NORMAL NUTANOL = N-BUTYL ALCOHOL = BUTANOL = BUTYL ALCOHOL

1-Butanol (IUPAC: Butan-1-ol) also known as n-Butanol is a primary alcohol with the chemical formula C4H9OH and a linear structure. 
Isomers of 1-Butanol are isobutanol, 2-butanol, and tert-butanol. The unmodified term butanol usually refers to the straight chain isomer.


1-BUTANOL; n-Butanol;n-Butyl alcohol;Propyl carbinol;Butan-1-ol; Butyl alcohol
n-Butanol or n-butyl alcohol or normal butanol is a primary alcohol with a 4-carbon structure and the chemical formula C4H9OH. Its isomers include isobutanol, 2-butanol, and tert-butanol. Butanol is one of the group of “fusel alcohols” (from the German for “bad liquor”), which have more than two carbon atoms and have significant solubility in water.
n-Butanol occurs naturally as a minor product of the fermentation of sugars and other carbohydrates, and is present in many foods and beverages. It is also a permitted artificial flavorant in the United States, used in butter, cream, fruit, rum, whiskey, ice cream and ices, candy, baked goods and cordials. It is also used in a wide range of consumer products.

Substance name:1-butanol
Trade name:n-Butyl Alcohol
EC no:200-751-6
CAS no:71-36-3
HS code:29051300
Formula:C4H10O

Butanol (n-Butyl alcohol), a four carbon straight chain oxo alcohol, is a medium-boiling liquid that is useful as a chemical intermediate and as a solvent for ambient dry and baking coatings. 
Butanol is widely used as an etherification alcohol in the manufacture of amino resins that are used as curing agents in baking and physical-drying finishes. 
Butanol is also a very effective latent solvent for cellulosic lacquers and ambient-cured enamels, reducing formulation viscosity and providing excellent flow and leveling during film formation.
ECSA Chemicals

n-butanol can be used a chemical intermediate to create other chemicals (e.g.  Esters, n-butyl acetate and amino resins); alternatively it can be used as a solvent in the creation of consumer products.  n-butanol is used as a solvent for paints, coatings, varnishes, fats, oils, waxes, rubber and plasticizers.  Other uses include coating fabric in the textiles industry, as a cleaning or polishing agent, gasoline, brake fluid and in consumer products such as make-up, nail products, hygiene products and shaving products in the cosmetic industry.  The main user end market of this product is the chemical, petrochemical, textiles, cleaning and cosmetics industries.

Use: n-Butyl Alcohol is used the preparation of esters, as a solvent for resins and coatings, in plasticizers, dyes, hydraulic fluids, detergent formulations, in dehydrating agents, and waterproofing.

Butanol is a clear, colorless, mobile, neutral solvent of medium volatility. 
Butanol prevents blushing of coatings when they dry under humid conditions. 
Butanol widely used as a diluent in cellulose nitrate lacquers. 
Butanol improves flow, gloss and resistance to blushing. 
Butanol reduces the viscosity and thus improves brushability and flow, when added to alkyd resin paints. 
Butanol is used as solvents for dyes in printing inks and coatings.

CAS No.: 71-36-3

Synonyms: Butalcohol, Butanol, 1-Butanol, Butyl alcohol, Butyl hydrate, Butylic alcohol, Butyralcohol,

Butyric alcohol, Butyryl alcohol, n-Butyl alcohol, 1-Hydroxybutane, n-Propylcarbinol

n-Butanol is mainly used as an intermediate in the manufacture of butyl acetate, pharmaceuticals and polymers.

USES
N-butanol (NBA) is mainly used to produce butyl acrylates for the coatings and adhesives industries. Other smaller volume uses are in acetate and glycol ether formulations. It is also used directly as a solvent.

Miscellaneous uses include textile manufacture and impact modifiers for rigid polyvinyl chloride (PVC). It is also used in plasticizers, amino resins and butylamines.

CAS no:71-36-3;n-Butyl Alcohol;1-butanol;Normal butanol, n-Butanol, Normal butyl alcohol, n-Butyl alcohol.Synonyms:1-butyl alcohol; 1-hydroxy butane;alcohol C4; butan-1-ol; butanol; Butanols; butyl alcohol; butyl hydroxide; butyric alcohol; butyric alcohol, n- ;butyric alcohol, normal- ; hemostyp ; methyl ethyl carbinol; methylol propane;n-butan-1-ol;n-butyl alcohol;n-butyric alcohol;normal primary butyl alcohol;normal-butan-1-ol;normal-butanol;normal-butyl alcohol;normalbutyric alcohol;normal-propyl carbinol;n-prim butyl alcohol;n-propyl carbinol;primary-normalbutyl alcohol; prim-n-butyl alcohol; propyl carbinol;propyl methanol
Normal butanol, n-Butanol, Normal butyl alcohol, n-Butyl alcohol
N-butanol is used as a raw material for coating resins, butyl carboxylates such as butyl acetate, butyl acrylate, and glycol ethers.
On the other hand, it is widely used as a solvent because many organic materials are soluble in it.

N-butanol is a 4-carbon, straight-chain alcohol. N-Butanol is used as a solvent and as a raw material for coating resins, butyl acrylate, butyl acetates, glycol ethers, etc.

Norman butanol is a 4-carbon, straight-chain alcohol. N-Butanol is used as a solvent and as a raw material for coating resins, butyl acrylate, butyl acetates, glycol ethers, etc.
CAS: No. 71-36-3 (T)
EINECS: No. 200-751-6
Normal butanol (NBA), also called normal butyl alcohol, is a 4-carbon, linear alcohol.


Butan-1-ol is a primary alcohol that is butane in which a hydrogen of one of the methyl groups is substituted by a hydroxy group. 
n-Butanol it produced in small amounts in humans by the gut microbes. 
n-Butanol has a role as a protic solvent, a human metabolite and a mouse metabolite. 
n-Butanol is a primary alcohol and an alkyl alcohol.


Normal butanol (NBA), also called normal butyl alcohol, is a 4-carbon, linear alcohol.
Normal butanol is almost insoluble in water, but is soluble in almost all organic solvents.
Our n-butanol has very low-level impurities and may be used as a raw material for a wide variety of chemicals.

Common Names: Normal butanol, n-Butanol, Normal butyl alcohol, n-Butyl alcohol


What is N-Butanol?
n-Butanol (also known as normal butanol and n-butyl alcohol) is a primary alcohol with a molecular formula of C4H10O. 
It has a colourless liquid of medium volatility and a characteristic banana-like odour. 
n-Butanol only has limited miscibility in water, however it is easily soluble in regular solvents such as ethers, alcohol, glycols and hydrocarbons. 
This solvent is very flammable, with a flashpoint of around 35° C.

The Production of N-Butanol
N-butanol can occur naturally as product of the fermentation of sugars and other carbohydrates.  
However, the major use (and therefore production) is in the industrial arena.  
It is a bulk petrochemical manufactured from the feedstock of propylene in an ‘oxo process’ in the presence of a homogeneous catalyst.  
This creates butyraldehde which is subsequently hydrogenated to produce n-butanol.

How is N-Butanol stored and distributed?
A chemical wholesaler would have a bulk petrochemical storage facility to maintain the product.  
Storage is normally in a cool, dry and well ventilated facility away from oxidising agents.  
N-butanol should be kept out of direct sunlight, heat and open flames.  
Solvents such as n-butanol should be stored in drummed containers such as isotanks made of stainless steel, aluminium or carbon steel.

A bulk solvent exporter would normally distribute this solvent in bulk vessels or tank trucks.  
For transportation purposes, n-butanol is classed as a flammable liquid with a fire hazard rating of 2.  
A full bulk chemical distributor would export the solvent throughout regions such as the UK, Europe, Africa and America.  
This product is a packing group 3.

What is N-Butanol used for?
n-butanol can be used a chemical intermediate to create other chemicals (e.g.  Esters, n-butyl acetate and amino resins); alternatively it can be used as a solvent in the creation of consumer products.  
n-butanol is used as a solvent for paints, coatings, varnishes, fats, oils, waxes, rubber and plasticizers.  
Other uses include coating fabric in the textiles industry, as a cleaning or polishing agent, gasoline, brake fluid and in consumer products such as make-up, nail products, hygiene products and shaving products in the cosmetic industry.  
The main user end market of this product is the chemical, petrochemical, textiles, cleaning and cosmetics industries.

Normal butanol is almost insoluble in water, but is soluble in almost all organic solvents.
Our n-butanol has very low-level impurities and may be used as a raw material for a wide variety of chemicals.


1-Butanol occurs naturally as a minor product of the fermentation of sugars and other carbohydrates and is present in many foods and beverages.
It is also a permitted artificial flavorant in the United States, used in butter, cream, fruit, rum, whiskey, ice cream and ices, candy, baked goods, and cordials.
It is also used in a wide range of consumer products.

The largest use of 1-butanol is as an industrial intermediate, particularly for the manufacture of butyl acetate (itself an artificial flavorant and industrial solvent). 
It is a petrochemical derived from propylene. Estimated production figures for 1997 are: United States 784,000 tonnes; Western Europe 575,000 tonnes; Japan 225,000 tonnes.

Production
Since the 1950s, most 1-butanol is produced by the hydroformylation of propylene (oxo process) to form butyraldehyde. 
Typical catalysts are based on cobalt and rhodium. The butyraldehyde is then hydrogenated to produce butanol.

N-butyl alcohol is a colorless liquid. Used in organic chemical synthesis, plasticizers, detergents, etc.
Butan-1-ol is a primary alcohol that is butane in which a hydrogen of one of the methyl groups is substituted by a hydroxy group. 
It it produced in small amounts in humans by the gut microbes. 
It has a role as a protic solvent, a human metabolite and a mouse metabolite. 
It is a primary alcohol and an alkyl alcohol.

Industrial use
Constituting 85% of its use, 1-butanol is mainly used in the production of varnishes. 
It is a popular solvent, e.g. for nitrocellulose. 
A variety of butyl esters are used as solvents, e.g. butoxyethanol. 
Many plasticizers are based on butyl esters, e.g., dibutyl phthalate. 
The monomer butyl acrylate is used to produce polymers. It is the precursor to n-butylamines.

Biofuel
1-Butanol has been proposed as a substitute for diesel fuel and gasoline. 
It is produced in small quantities in nearly all fermentations (see fusel oil). 
Clostridium produces much higher yields of butanol. 
Research is underway to increase the biobutanol yield from biomass.

Butanol is considered as a potential biofuel (butanol fuel). 
Butanol at 85 percent strength can be used in cars designed for gasoline (petrol) without any change to the engine (unlike 85% ethanol), and it provides more energy for a given volume than ethanol, due to butanol's lower oxygen content, and almost as much as gasoline. 
Therefore, a vehicle using butanol would return fuel consumption more comparable to gasoline than ethanol. 
Butanol can also be added to diesel fuel to reduce soot emissions.

The production of, or in some cases, the use of, the following substances may result in exposure to 1-butanol: artificial leather, butyl esters, rubber cement, dyes, fruit essences, lacquers, motion picture, and photographic films, raincoats, perfumes, pyroxylin plastics, rayon, safety glass, shellac varnish, and waterproofed cloth.

ATAMAN n-Butanol (n-Butyl alcohol), a four carbon straight chain oxo alcohol, is a medium-boiling liquid that is useful as a chemical intermediate and as a solvent for ambient dry and baking coatings. 
It is widely used as an etherification alcohol in the manufacture of amino resins that are used as curing agents in baking and physical-drying finishes. 
ATAMAN n-Butanol is also a very effective latent solvent for cellulosic lacquers and ambient-cured enamels, reducing formulation viscosity and providing excellent flow and leveling during film formation.

The chemical substances for this product are listed as Inert Ingredients Permitted for Use in Nonfood Use Pesticide Products, and in Food Use Pesticide Products with limitations, under the Federal Insecticide, Fungicide, and Rodenticide Act (FIFRA). 


Applications/uses
Agriculture intermediates
Architectural coatings
Auto OEM
Auto plastics
Auto refinish
Building materials
Coil coatings
Construction chemicals
Furniture
General industrial coatings
 
Graphic arts
Industrial maintenance
Lubricants
Marine
Paints & coatings
Process solvents
Protective coatings
Specialty chemicals
Wood coatings


Uses:
Stabilizers
Plasticizers
Coatings additives
Lubricants
Pharmaceuticals
Pesticides
Perfumes
Food additives
Preservatives
Chemical intermediates

Other applications for n-Butanol are as follows:

Solvent for dyes, e. g. in printing inks.
Extractant in the production of drugs and natural substances such as antibiotics, hormones, vitamines, alkaloids and camphor.
Additive in polishes and cleaners, e. g. floor cleaners and stain removers.
Solubilizer in the textile industry, e. g. additive in spinning baths or carrier for colouring plastics.
Additive in de-icing fluids.
Additive in gasoline for spark-ignition engines (prevents carburetter icing).
Mobile phase in paper and thin-layer chromatography.
Humectant for cellulose nitrate.
Feddstock for the production of glycol ethers (in reaction with ethylene or propylene oxide).
Starting material for various butyl monocarboxylates, e. g. butyl acetate and butyl butyrate, which are widely used as solvents.
Feedstock for the production of flotation aids, e. g. butyl xanthate. n-BUTANOL
The butyl esters of various dicarboxylic acids, e. g. sebacic, adipic and stearic acids, are used as synthetic and semisynthetic lubricants and hydraulic fluids.


Final product applications of Butyl Alcohol
Solvent in lacquers and lacquer thinners
Solvent in etch primers
Solvent in liquid printing inks
Solvent in foundry dressings
Solvent in stain removers
Raw material for the manufacture of xanthates
Raw material for the manufacture of acetates
Raw material for the manufacture of butylated resins
Raw material for manufacture of glycol ethers


Occurrence in nature
1-Butanol occurs naturally as a result of carbohydrate fermentation in a number of alcoholic beverages, including beer,grape brandies,wine,and whisky.
It has been detected in the volatiles of hops, jack fruit,heat-treated milks, musk melon, cheese, southern pea seed,and cooked rice.
1-Butanol is also formed during deep frying of corn oil, cottonseed oil, trilinolein, and triolein.

1-Butanol is one of the "fusel alcohols" (from the German for "bad liquor"), which include alcohols that have more than two carbon atoms and have significant solubility in water.
It is a natural component of many alcoholic beverages, albeit in low and variable concentrations.
It (along with similar fusel alcohols) is reputed to be responsible for severe hangovers, although experiments in animal models show no evidence for this.

1-Butanol is used as an ingredient in processed and artificial flavorings,and for the extraction of lipid-free protein from egg yolk,natural flavouring materials and vegetable oils, the manufacture of hop extract for beermaking, and as a solvent in removing pigments from moist curd leaf protein concentrate.

Metabolism and toxicity
The acute toxicity of 1-butanol is relatively low, with oral LD50 values of 790–4,360 mg/kg (rat; comparable values for ethanol are 7,000–15,000 mg/kg).
It is metabolized completely in vertebrates in a manner similar to ethanol: alcohol dehydrogenase converts 1-butanol to butyraldehyde; this is then converted to butyric acid by aldehyde dehydrogenase.
Butyric acid can be fully metabolized to carbon dioxide and water by the β-oxidation pathway. 
In the rat, only 0.03% of an oral dose of 2,000 mg/kg was excreted in the urine.
At sub-lethal doses, 1-butanol acts as a depressant of the central nervous system, similar to ethanol: one study in rats indicated that the intoxicating potency of 1-butanol is about 6 times higher than that of ethanol, possibly because of its slower transformation by alcohol dehydrogenase


n-Butanol is used as a solvent and as a feedstock for syntheses.
A survey of the various applications is presented below, but does not claim to be complete.
About half of the production of pure n-Butanol and its derivatives (primarily esters) is used as solvents in the coatings industry. 
The advantage here is that n-Butanol prevents blushing of certain coatings when they dry under humid conditions. 
Thus it is widely used as a diluent in cellulose nitrate lacquers and serves to improve their flow, gloss and resistance to blushing (blushing only occurs in the presence of volatile solvents and at high humidities). 
For this purpose addition rates of 5 –10 % are generally sufficient.
n-Butanol is an eminently suitable solvent for acid-curable lacquers and baking finishes derived from urea, melamine, or phenolic resins.
In these applications, it is mostly used together with glycol ethers or ethanol.
When added even in small proportions to alkyd resin paints, n-Butanol reduces their viscosity and thus improves their brushability and flow. 
Low concentrations of n-Butanol prevent cobwebbing in lacquers formulated from spirit-soluble resins.
Some butyl esters of dicarboxylic acids, phthalate anhyride and acrylic acid are established plasticizers for plastics, rubber mixes and dispersions. 
The most important are dibutyl phthalate (DBP), benzylbutyl phthalate (BBP) and butyl acrylate. 
Dibutyl sebacate (DBS) and dibutyl azelate (DBZ) are of lesser importance. 
The corresponding adipate is too volatile as a plasticizer and therefore of no practical significance in these applications.
Other applications for n-Butanol are as follows:
– Solvent for dyes e.g. in printing inks.
– Extractant in the production of drugs and natural substances such as antibiotics, hormones, vitamins, alkaloids and camphor.
– Additive in polishes and cleaners, e. g. floor cleaners and stain removers.
– Solubilizer in the textile industry, e. g. additive in spinning baths or carrier for colouring plastics.
– Additive in de-icing fluids.
– Additive in gasoline for spark-ignition engines (prevents carburetter icing).
– Mobile phase in paper and thin-layer chromatography.
– Humectant for cellulose nitrate.
– Feedstock for the production of glycol ethers (in reactions with ethylene or propylene oxide).
– Starting material for various butyl monocarboxylates, e.g. butyl acetate and butyl butyrate, which are widely used as solvents.
– Feedstock for the production of flotation aids (e. g. butyl xanthate). 
The butyl esters of various dicarboxylic acids, e.g. sebacic, adipic and stearic acids, are used as synthetic and semisynthetic lubricants and hydraulic fluids.


Chemical formula: C4H10O
Molar mass:74.123 g·mol−1
Appearance:Colourless, refractive liquid
Odor: banana-like, harsh, alcoholic and sweet
Density: 0.81 g/cm3
Melting point: −89.8 °C 
Boiling point: 117.7 °C 
Solubility in water: 73 g/L at 25 °C
Solubility: very soluble in acetone
miscible with ethanol, ethyl ether
log P:0.839
Vapor pressure: 6 mmHg (20 °C)
Acidity (pKa): 16.10
Magnetic susceptibility (χ): −56.536·10−6 cm3/mol
Refractive index (nD): 1.3993 (20 °C)
Viscosity: 2.573 mPa·s (at 25 °C) 
Dipole moment: 1.66 D

IUPAC name: Butan-1-ol. Other names:n-Butanol; n-Butyl alcohol; n-Butyl hydroxide; n-Propylcarbinol; n-Propylmethanol; 1-Hydroxybutane; Methylolpropane.CAS Number: 71-36-3 

1-butanol
Butan-1-ol
butanol
n-butanol
Butyl alcohol
n-butyl alcohol
71-36-3
1-hydroxybutane
Propylcarbinol
Butyl hydroxide
Propylmethanol
Methylolpropane
Hemostyp
Butyric alcohol
n-Butan-1-ol
1-Butyl alcohol
Butanolo
Propyl carbinol
Alcool butylique
Butylowy alkohol
BuOH
Butanolen
Normal primary butyl alcohol
Butanol [French]
Butanolen [Dutch]
RCRA waste number U031
Butanolo [Italian]
CCS 203
n-BuOH
Butyl alcohol (natural)
Butyric or normal primary butyl alcohol
n-Butylalkohol
FEMA Number 2178
Alcool butylique [French]
Butylowy alkohol [Polish]
butanol-1
n-Propyl carbinol
Butanol, 1-
FEMA No. 2178
CCRIS 4321
Butyl alcohol (NF)
Butyl alcohol [NF]


n-butanol [Wiki]
1-Butanol [ACD/Index Name] [ACD/IUPAC Name]
1-Butanol [German] [ACD/Index Name] [ACD/IUPAC Name]
1-Butanol [French] [ACD/Index Name] [ACD/IUPAC Name]
1-Butanol ZerO2(R)
225-201-2 [EINECS]
71-36-3 [RN]
969148 [Beilstein]
Alcohol, n-Butyl
butan-1-ol
butanol [Wiki]
Butanol, 1-
Butanolen [Dutch]
butyl alcohol [NF]
Butylowy alkohol [Polish]
Degassed and low oxygen 1-butanol
MFCD00002964 [MDL number]
n-BuOH [Formula]
n-butyl alcohol
Alcool butylique
118104-91-9 [RN]
1219794-84-9 [RN]
1BO
1-Butanol 500 µg/mL in Methanol
1-Butanol 500 µg/mL in Methanol
1-Butanol, anhydrous
1-Butanol-d [ACD/Index Name]
1-Butyl alcohol
1-HYDROXYBUTAN-2-YL
1-hydroxybutane
21044-20-2 [RN]
25493-17-8 [RN]
32586-14-4 [RN]
34193-38-9 [RN]
64118-16-7 [RN]
64156-70-3 [RN]
6AH
91732-68-2 [RN]
BuOH [Formula]
Butan-1-ol, GlenDry, anhydrous
Butan-1-ol, GlenPure, analytical grade
Butanolen
Butanolo
Butyl hydroxide
butylalcohol
Butylowy alkohol
Butyric alcohol
BUTYROL
C8E
HDO
Hemosty
http://www.hmdb.ca/metabolites/HMDB0004327
https://www.ebi.ac.uk/chebi/searchId.do?chebiId=CHEBI:28885
NBA
NBU
n-butan-1-ol
n-Butan-1-ol|n-Butanol
n-Butane
N-Butanol, ACS, 99.4+%
n-Butanol;n-Butyl alcohol
n-Butanolbutanolen
n-Butylalkohol
n-Butyl--d6 Alcohol
n-C4H9OH [Formula]
n-Propyl carbinol
propyl carbinol
propyl methanol
Propylcarbinol
Propylmethanol
WLN: Q4
正丁醇 [Chinese]


1-Butanol
1-butanol
Butan-1-ol
butan-1-ol
butan-1-ol; n-butanol
Butyl alcohol
n-butanol

Translated names
1-бутанол (bg)
Alcohol butylowy (pl)
butaan-1-ol (nl)
butaan-1-ool (et)
butan-1-ol (cs)
butan-1-ol (da)
Butan-1-ol (de)
butan-1-ol (es)
butan-1-ol (hr)
butan-1-ol (mt)
butan-1-ol (no)
butan-1-ol (pl)
butan-1-ol (pt)
butan-1-ol (ro)
butan-1-ol (sl)
butan-1-ol (sv)
butan-1-ol;n-butanol (fr)
Butan-1-oli (fi)
butan-1-olis (lt)
butan-1-olo (it)
butanol (sk)
bután-1-ol (hu)
bután-1-ol (sk)
butān-1-ols (lv)
n-butanol (cs)
n-butanol (da)
n-Butanol (de)
n-butanol (es)
n-butanol (fr)
n-butanol (hr)
n-butanol (hu)
n-butanol (mt)
n-butanol (nl)
n-butanol (no)
n-butanol (pl)
n-butanol (pt)
n-butanol (ro)
n-butanol (sl)
n-butanol (sv)
n-butanoli (fi)
n-butanolis (lt)
n-butanolo (it)
n-butanols (lv)
n-butanool (et)
n-βουτανόλη (el)
n-бутанол (bg)
βουταν-1-όλη (el)
CAS names: 1-Butanol


IUPAC names
1-BUTANOL
1-Butanol
1-butanol
1-Butanol
1-butanol
1-Butanol (n-Butanol)
1-Hydroxy Butane
Buan-1-ol
Butan-1-ol
butan-1-ol
Butan-1-ol
butan-1-ol
Butan-1-ol,
butan-1-ol/n-butanol
butan-1-ol; n-butanol
butan-1.ol
Butan-2-ol
Butanol
butanol
Butanol
butanol
butyl alcohol
Butyl Alcohol
EC 200-751-6 n-Butanol
Isobutanol
Isobutanol, n-Butyl Alcohol
n-butano
n-Butanol 
n-butanol 
N-Butanol
N-butanol
n-Butanol
n-butanol
n-Butyl Alcohol
n-Butyl alcohol
n-butyl alcohol
NORMAL BUTYL ALCOHOL

N-Butanol
N-butanol
n-Butanol
n-butanol
n-Butyl Alcohol
n-Butyl alcohol
n-butyl alcohol
NORMAL BUTYL ALCOHOL

1-butanol
Butan-1-ol
butanol
n-butanol
Butyl alcohol
n-butyl alcohol
71-36-3
1-hydroxybutane
Propylcarbinol
Butyl hydroxide
Propylmethanol
Methylolpropane
Hemostyp
Butyric alcohol
n-Butan-1-ol
1-Butyl alcohol
Butanolo
Propyl carbinol
Alcool butylique
Butylowy alkohol
BuOH
Butanolen
Normal primary butyl alcohol
RCRA waste number U031
CCS 203
n-BuOH
Butyric or normal primary butyl alcohol
n-Butylalkohol
butanol-1
n-Propyl carbinol
UNII-8PJ61P6TS3
NSC 62782
Butyl alcohol (NF)
Butyl alcohol [NF]
1-Butanol, for HPLC
MFCD00002964
CHEMBL14245
8PJ61P6TS3
35296-72-1
CHEBI:28885
NCGC00090961-02
Butanols
1-Butan-d9-ol
DSSTox_CID_1740
Butanol [French]
DSSTox_RID_76300
DSSTox_GSID_21740
Butanolen [Dutch]
Butanolo [Italian]
1-Butanol, analytical standard
1-Butanol, 99%, extra pure
Butyl alcohol (natural)
FEMA Number 2178
1-Butanol, 99.5%, ACS reagent
1-Butanol, 99.5%, for analysis
1-Butanol, 99+%, for spectroscopy
Alcool butylique [French]
Butylowy alkohol [Polish]
1 Butanol
1-Butanol, ACS reagent, >=99.4%
CAS-71-36-3
1BO
HSDB 48
Butanol, 1-
FEMA No. 2178
CCRIS 4321
1-Butanol, 99+%, Extra Dry, AcroSeal(R)
EINECS 200-751-6
RCRA waste no. U031
butaneol
butylalcohol
butyl-alcohol
n-butylalcohol
normal butanol
1-butylalcohol
AI3-00405
n-Butanolbutanolen
nBuOH
1 -butanol
1- butanol
1-n-Butanol


Applications    
Normal butanol is used as a raw material for coating resins, butyl carboxylates such as butyl acetate, butyl acrylate, and glycol ethers.
On the other hand, it is widely used as a solvent because many organic materials are soluble in it.

What is N-Butanol?
n-Butanol (also known as normal butanol and n-butyl alcohol) is a primary alcohol with a molecular formula of C4H10O. It has a colourless liquid of medium volatility and a characteristic banana-like odour. n-Butanol only has limited miscibility in water, however it is easily soluble in regular solvents such as ethers, alcohol, glycols and hydrocarbons. This solvent is very flammable, with a flashpoint of around 35° C.

The Production of N-Butanol
N-butanol can occur naturally as product of the fermentation of sugars and other carbohydrates.  However, the major use (and therefore production) is in the industrial arena.  It is a bulk petrochemical manufactured from the feedstock of propylene in an ‘oxo process’ in the presence of a homogeneous catalyst.  This creates butyraldehde which is subsequently hydrogenated to produce n-butanol


n-butanol [Wiki]
1-Butanol [ACD/Index Name] [ACD/IUPAC Name]
1-Butanol [German] [ACD/Index Name] [ACD/IUPAC Name]
1-Butanol [French] [ACD/Index Name] [ACD/IUPAC Name]
1-Butanol ZerO2(R)
225-201-2 [EINECS]
71-36-3 [RN]
969148 [Beilstein]
Alcohol, n-Butyl
butan-1-ol
butanol [Wiki]
Butanol, 1-
Butanolen [Dutch]
butyl alcohol [NF]
Butylowy alkohol [Polish]
Degassed and low oxygen 1-butanol
MFCD00002964 [MDL number]
n-BuOH [Formula]
n-butyl alcohol
Alcool butylique
118104-91-9 [RN]
1219794-84-9 [RN]
1BO
1-Butanol 500 µg/mL in Methanol
1-Butanol 500 µg/mL in Methanol
1-Butanol, anhydrous
1-Butanol-d [ACD/Index Name]
1-Butyl alcohol
1-HYDROXYBUTAN-2-YL
1-hydroxybutane
21044-20-2 [RN]
25493-17-8 [RN]
32586-14-4 [RN]
34193-38-9 [RN]
64118-16-7 [RN]
64156-70-3 [RN]
6AH
91732-68-2 [RN]
BuOH [Formula]
Butan-1-ol, GlenDry, anhydrous
Butan-1-ol, GlenPure, analytical grade
Butan-1-ol, n-Butyl alcohol, BuOH
Butanolen
Butanolo
Butyl hydroxide
butylalcohol
Butylowy alkohol
Butyric alcohol
BUTYROL
C8E
HDO
Hemosty
NBA
NBU
n-butan-1-ol
n-Butan-1-ol|n-Butanol
n-Butane
N-Butanol, ACS, 99.4+%
n-Butanol, HPLC grade
n-Butanol;n-Butyl alcohol
n-Butanolbutanolen
n-Butylalkohol
n-Butyl--d6 Alcohol
n-C4H9OH [Formula]
n-Propyl carbinol
propyl carbinol
propyl methanol
Propylcarbinol
Propylmethanol
WLN: Q4
正丁醇 [Chinese]


n-Butanol is a clear, mobile, neutral liquid with a characteristic odour. It is miscible with all common solvents, e. g. alcohols, ketones, aldehydes, ethers, glycols, and aromatic and aliphatic hydrocarbons. Its miscibility with water, however, is restricted. n-Butanol is used as a solvent and as a feedstock for syntheses. A survey of the various applications is presented below, but does not claim to be complete. About half of the production of pure n-Butanol and its derivates (primarily esters) is used as solvents in the coatings industry. The advantage here is that n-butanol prevents blushing of certain coatings when they dry under humid conditions. Thus it is widely used as a diluent in cellulose nitrate lacquers and serves to improve their flow, gloss and resistance to blushing (blushing only occurs in the presence of volatile solvents and at high humidities). For this purpose addition rates of 5 – 10 % are generally sufficient.

n-Butanol is an eminently suitable solvent for acid-curable lacquers and baking finishes derived from urea (Plastopal®), melamine (Luwipal®), or phenolic resins. In these applications, it is mostly used together with glycol ethers or ethanol. When added even in small proportions to alkyd resin paints, n-Butanol reduces their viscosity and thus improves their brushability and flow. Low concentrations of n-Butanol prevent cobwebbing in laquers formulated from sprit-soluble resins. Some butyl esters of dicarboxylic acids, phthalic anhydride and acrylic acid are established plasticizers for plastics, rubber mixes and dispersions. The most important are dibutyl phthalate (DBP), benzylbutyl phthalate (BBP) and butyl acrylate. Dibutyl sebacate (DBS) and dibutyl azelate (DBZ) are of lesser importance. The corresponding adipate is too volatile as a plasticizer and therefore of no practical significance in these applications.

Other applications for n-Butanol are as follows:

Solvent for dyes, e. g. in printing inks.
Extractant in the production of drugs and natural substances such as antibiotics, hormones, vitamines, alkaloids and camphor.
Additive in polishes and cleaners, e. g. floor cleaners and stain removers.
Solubilizer in the textile industry, e. g. additive in spinning baths or carrier for colouring plastics.
Additive in de-icing fluids.
Additive in gasoline for spark-ignition engines (prevents carburetter icing).
Mobile phase in paper and thin-layer chromatography.
Humectant for cellulose nitrate.
Feddstock for the production of glycol ethers (in reaction with ethylene or propylene oxide).
Starting material for various butyl monocarboxylates, e. g. butyl acetate and butyl butyrate, which are widely used as solvents.
Feedstock for the production of flotation aids, e. g. butyl xanthate. n-BUTANOL
The butyl esters of various dicarboxylic acids, e. g. sebacic, adipic and stearic acids, are used as synthetic and semisynthetic lubricants and hydraulic fluids.

 

Other names: Butyl alcohol; n-Butan-1-ol; n-Butanol; n-Butyl alcohol; Butyl hydroxide; CCS 203; Hemostyp; Methylolpropane; Propylcarbinol; n-C4H9OH; Butanol; Butan-1-ol; 1-Hydroxybutane; Alcool butylique; Butanolo; Butylowy alkohol; Butyric alcohol; Propylmethanol; Butanolen; 1-Butyl alcohol; Rcra waste number U031; Butanol-1; NSC 62782


Segmentation

By Application

Butyl Acrylate
Butyl Acetate
Glycol Ethers
Direct Solvent
Plasticizers
Lubricants
Agriculture Intermediates
Coating resin
By End Use

Agriculture
Marine Industry
Pharmaceutical
Chemical Industry
Personal Care
Paints and Coatings
Construction


What is N-Butanol?
N-Butanol, also known as 1 butanol, or butyl alcohol, is an alcohol produced by petrochemical processes or fermentation of sugars derived from corn.

Applications of N-Butanol in the Manufacturing Industry
It is used in plastics, polymers, lubricants, brake fluids, and  synthetic rubber.
It can be used as a source of fuel.
As an environmentally friendly and powerful solvent for cleaning and polishing products.
N-Butanol is present in numerous beverages and food and it is used as an artificial food flavoring in the USA.
Applications of N-Butanol on the Cosmetic and Laboratory Industry
Humectant for cellulose nitrate
Used in the cosmetic industry as well in products such as shampoo, shaving products and soaps.
As a chemical intermediate to create other vital compounds such as Glycol Ether, Acrylate Esters, Amino Resins, Acetates, and Animes.
One interesting fact about N-Butanol is that it is almost insoluble in water, but soluble in almost all other organic solvents.

Benefits of N-Butanol
Can be used in gasoline engines without modification.
High energy content.
Low vapor pressure and low evaporation rate.
Used as an intermediate to create other chemicals.
Fewer emissions than regular fuel.
N-Butanol as a Source of Fuel
Did you know that N-Butanol is a better alternative to fuel rather than Ethanol? N-Butanol offers higher energy, it is more compatible with the gasoline structure, it does not absorb water from ambient air, and it is not corrosive.


DESCRIPTION
Uses
Butyl Acrylate
Floor Polishes
Butyl Acetate
Flotation Aids
Butyl Esters
Herbicide Esters
Cleaners
Nail Polish
Dibutyl Phthalate
Paint Thinners
Dibutyl Sebacate
Extraction Solvent
Solvent (cosmetics, lacquers, paint & perfumes)
Textiles
Urea–formaldehyde & melamine–formaldehyde resins


Trade name n-Butanol
Synonyms Butyl Alcohol, 1-Butanol
Use Fuel additive, Industrial use, Intermediate, Oilfield, Paint and Coatings, Process/Extraction
Solvent, Raw material for chemical processes, Raw material for industry, Solvent

N Butanol
N Butanol is a clear, mobile solvent with a characteristic odour similar to banana. It is flammable and has medium volatility. It is miscible with common solvents such as alcohols, ketones, aldehydes, ethers, glycols and aromatic and aliphatic hydrocarbons but has only limited miscibility in water.

Synonyms: CAS No. 71-36-3, Normal butanol, Butyl hydroxide, 1-Hydroxybutane, Butanol, n-Butyl alcohol, Propyl carbinol, Propylmethanol, 1-Butanol, Butyl alcohol, Butyric alcohol, Propylcarbinol, Methylolpropane

Applications of N Butanol
N Butanol is used as a solvent, as an ingredient in various formulations such as cosmetics and as a starting material to produce other chemicals.

N Butanol is primarily used in the coatings industry where it is widely used as a diluent in cellulose nitrate lacquers as it improves their flow, gloss and resistance to blushing. It is suitable for use as a solvent for acid-curable lacquers and baking finishes derived from urea, melamine, or phenolic resins, where it is mainly used together with glycol ethers or ethanol.

It has a number of other applications including:

a solvent for dyes in printing inks and other products
as an additive in polishes, cleaners and stain removers
as a swelling agent for textiles
as an extractant in the production of drugs, antibiotics, hormones, vitamins, alkaloids and camphor
as a solubilizer in the textile industry, for example as an additive in spinning baths or a carrier for colouring plastics
as an additive in de-icing fluids and gasoline (to prevent carburettor icing)
in paper and thin-layer chromatography
as a humectant for cellulose nitrate
as a feedstock for the production of glycol ethers
as a starting material for various butyl monocarboxylates which are widely used as solvents
as a feedstock for the production of flotation aids


The global n-butanol market is expected to witness significant growth over the forecast period in light of increasing demand in various sectors including coatings, paints, adhesives, sealants, inks, and solvent products in various countries including China, India, Mexico, Saudi Arabia, Germany, and the U.S. Rising consumption in food & beverage sector as artificial flavor owing to high demand for fruit, butter, cream, rum, ice cream and ices, candy, whiskey, baked goods, and cordials will increase market size over the next seven years. 

Growing consumption of n-butanol in butyl acrylate, butyl acetate, glycol ethers, direct solvent, and plasticizers owing to high demand in marine coatings, automotive coatings, engineering plastics, super absorbent polymers, and adhesives is expected to augment n-butanol industry growth over the forecast period. Rising usage in various segments including pharmaceuticals, herbicide esters, polymers, pyroxylin plastics, and printing will fuel n-butanol market penetration in the near future. In addition, high usage as a reactant and diluents to manufacture melamine-formaldehyde and urea-formaldehyde resins are expected to create immense growth potential over the upcoming years. 

Rapid industrialization along with rising disposable income is expected to increase consumption of paints, coatings, varnishes, resins, and dyes which in turn will augment n-butanol market demand. Increasing investment by various major players in countries including India, China, Malaysia, Sweden, Taiwan, Saudi Arabia, and South Africa is expected to propel industry growth. However, fluctuation in raw material prices including propylene and syngas along with environmental regulations pertaining to n-butanol is expected to restrict industry growth over the next seven years. However, technological advancements along with product innovation to develop bio-butanol will open new market avenues over the next seven years. 

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