BUTYLGLYCOL

CAS Number: 111-76-2
EC Number: 203-905-0
Chemical formula: C6H14O2
Molar mass: 118.176 g·mol−1

Butylglycol is a clear, colorless oily liquid with a high boiling point, low volatility and slightly fruity odour.
As with other glycol ethers, Butylglycol is bifunctional, containing an ether and an alcohol group in the same molecule.
Butylglycol is completely miscible with water and a wide variety of organic solvents.
This excellent miscibility makes Butylglycol a versatile solvent and coupling agent offering excellent performance properties in a wide range of applications.

Butylglycol is bifunctional nature also means exhibiting the reactions typical of an alcohol, ie. esterification, etherification, oxidation and formation of an ether with acetates and alcoholates, which forms peroxides in the presence of atmospheric oxygen.
Butylglycol is produced by the reaction of ethylene oxide with normal butanol (n-butanol) in the presence of a catalyst.
Butylglycol is a flammable material.
Keep the product and empty containers away from heat, sparks and flames.

Applications of Butylglycol:
Selected applications of Butylglycol are described below.
As a low-volatility solvent, Butylglycol can be used to extend the drying time of coatings and improves their flow.
Butylglycol is especially recommended for paints for brush-application based on cellulose nitrate, chlorinated binders or cellulose ethers, because when Butylglycol is applied to dry coatings, it only softens them very slowly.
Small proportions of Butylglycol improve the brushability of, for example, alkyd resin paints and reduce their viscosity.

Butylglycol is also an extremely efficient flow improver for urea, melamine or phenolic stoving finishes.
Butylglycol has proved to be the most effective of a large number of organic solvents tested in a very wide range of aqueous coating systems.
In particular, it improves the properties of the paint by reducing the viscosity peak when oxidatively and physically drying water-based paints, including those for stoveenamelling, are diluted with water.
As a coalescing aid, Butylglycol can significantly lower the minimum filmforming temperature (MFFT) and improve flow in many physically drying paint systems.

Butylglycol improves the evaporation behaviour of the volatile constituents (e. g. in water-based stoving enamels) during hot-air or infrared drying.
Further information on the use of Butylglycol in aqueous coating systems can be found in our Technical Information Sheet “Butylglycol in water-based coating systems”. 

Further applications of Butylglycol are as follows:
-Solvent in printing inks for leather dyes, etc.
-Component in surface cleaners, e. g. to degrease metal surfaces.
-Cleaners
-Component in hydraulic fluids.
-Component in drilling and cutting oils (strong solvent).
-Starting material in the production of butyl glycol acetate which is also an excellent solvent.
-Starting material in the production of plasticizers, e. g. by reaction with phthalic anhydride.

Storage & Handling of Butylglycol:
Butylglycol should be stored under nitrogen.
The storage temperature of Butylglycol must not exceed 40 °C and moisture are excluded.
Under these conditions, a storage stability of 12 months can be expected.
As soon as the original packaging is opened, the liquid comes into contact with ambient air and this will cause the formation of large quantities of eroxides and their degradation products.
Opened containers of Butylglycol should therefore be used up as quickly as possible.
Butylglycol is recommended to use nitrogen blanketing for bulk storage tanks.
Only dedicated storage tank and unloading facilities should be used. 

Boiling range at 1013 hPa: 168 – 172 °C
Density at 20°C: 0.8995 – 0.9020g/cm3

Uses of Butylglycol:
Butylglycol use is dominated by the paint industry, which consumes about 75% of all BG produced.
This is because it is a low volatility solvent and therefore extends the drying times of coatings and increases the flow.
Other applications are as a solvent in printing inks and textile dyes and as a component of hydraulic fluids.
Butylglycol is also a component of drilling and cutting oils and is a key component of Corexit 9527, an oil spill dispersant product.

Butylglycol is also a chemical intermediate and therefore a starting material in the production of butylglycol acetate, which is itself an excellent solvent.
Butylglycol is also the starting material in the production of plasticizers by the reaction of phthalic anhydride.
Butyl glycol is also something used regularly in most households, as it is an ingredient in many household cleaning products.
Butylglycol provides very good cleaning power for household cleaning products and also provides a characteristic odor associated with most of these products.

Butylglycol also plays the same role in some industrial and commercial surface cleaners.
Butylglycol is widely used as a solvent and coupling agent in water-based paints, coatings and inks; here Butylglycol improves the flow of products and prolongs drying times.
Urea is an effective flow enhancer for melamine and phenolic oven linings.

Butylglycol is preferred in many products due to its mild fragrance.
Butylglycol acts as a solvent and coupling agent in many waxes, resins, oils and textile dyes and is used in many industrial, commercial and household cleaning products that offer the good cleaning power and fragrance typically associated with such products.
Butylglycol is an important starting material for various syntheses, which is one of the raw materials for the production of butyl glycol acetate, and for the production of plasticizers by reaction with phthalic anhydride.
Butylglycol is also formulated in insecticides, herbicides, pesticides and cosmetics, and forms an ingredient in hydraulic fluids and cutting and drilling oils.

Butylglycol is an organic compound with the chemical formula BuOC2H4OH (Bu = CH3CH2CH2CH2).
Butylglycol has a sweet, ether-like odor, as Butylglycol derives from the family of glycol ethers, and is a butyl ether of ethylene glycol.
As a relatively nonvolatile, inexpensive solvent, Butylglycol is used in many domestic and industrial products because of its properties as a surfactant.

Production of Butylglycol:
Butylglycol is commonly obtained through two processes; the ethoxylation reaction of butanol and ethylene oxide in the presence of a catalyst:

C2H4O + C4H9OH → C4H9OC2H4OH
or the etherification of butanol with 2-chloroethanol.
2-Butoxyethanol can be obtained in the laboratory by performing a ring opening of 2-propyl-1,3-dioxolane with boron trichloride.
Butylglycol is often produced industrially by combining ethylene glycol and butyraldehyde in a Parr reactor with palladium on carbon.

In 2006, the European production of butyl glycol ethers amounted to 181 kilotons, of which approximately 50% (90 kt/a) was 2-butoxyethanol. World production is estimated to be 200 to 500 kt/a, of which 75% is for paints and coatings and 18% for metal cleaners and household cleaners.
In the US, Butylglycol is considered a High Production Volume Chemical because greater than 100 million pounds of this chemical are produced per year.

Appearance: Clear, colorless liquid
Density: 0.90 g/cm3, liquid
Melting point: −77 °C (−107 °F; 196 K)
Boiling point: 171 °C (340 °F; 444 K)
Solubility in water:: Miscible (and in most organic solvents)
Vapor pressure: 0.8 mmHg[1]
Acidity (pKa): High pKa for -OH group
Viscosity: 2.9 cP at 25 °C (77 °F)
Flash point: 67 °C (153 °F; 340 K)
Autoignition temperature: 245 °C (473 °F; 518 K)
Explosive limits: 1.1–12.7%
XLogP3: 0.8
Hydrogen Bond Donor Count: 1
Hydrogen Bond Acceptor Count: 2
Rotatable Bond Count: 5
Exact Mass: 118.099379685
Monoisotopic Mass: 118.099379685
Topological Polar Surface Area: 29.5 Ų
Heavy Atom Count: 8
Complexity: 37.5
Isotope Atom Count: 0
Defined Atom Stereocenter Count: 0
Undefined Atom Stereocenter Count: 0
Defined Bond Stereocenter Count: 0
Undefined Bond Stereocenter Count: 0
Covalently-Bonded Unit Count: 1
Compound Is Canonicalized: Yes

Widespread uses of Butylglycol by professional workers:
Butylglycol is used in the following products: coating products, oil and gas exploration or production products, fillers, putties, plasters, modelling clay, metal surface treatment products, polymers and washing & cleaning products.
Butylglycol is used in the following areas: mining.
Butylglycol is used for the manufacture of: chemicals.
Other release to the environment of this substance is likely to occur from: outdoor use and indoor use (e.g. machine wash liquids/detergents, automotive care products, paints and coating or adhesives, fragrances and air fresheners).

Uses of Butylglycol at industrial sites:
Butylglycol is used in the following products: oil and gas exploration or production products, coating products, polymers, pharmaceuticals and cosmetics and personal care products.
Butylglycol  is used in the following areas: mining.
Butylglycol is used for the manufacture of: chemicals.
Release to the environment of Butylglycol can occur from industrial use: in processing aids at industrial sites, as an intermediate step in further manufacturing of another substance (use of intermediates) and of substances in closed systems with minimal release.

Butylglycol (also known as BG, 2-butoxyethanol, glycol monobutyl ether and ethylene glycol monobutyl ether, butyl cellosolve, butoxyethanol) is a clear, colourless, oily liquid with a unique sweet yet mild odour and has the formula C6H14O2.
Butylglycol is a butyl ether of ethylene glycol and is miscible with water and common organic solvents.
Butylglycol has been produced industrially for over half a century and is used primarily as a solvent in paints and surface coatings but also in inks and cleaning products.

Butylglycol an organic compound from the group of glycol ethers.
Butylglycol is C6H14O2 ethylene glycol butyl ether.
Butylglycol is widely used as an organic solvent in professional and consumer chemistry.

Butylglycol is widely used in cleaning agents, paints and coatings.
Butylglycol is used in the mining and construction industries.
Butylglycol organic solvent from the group of glycol ethers.
Due to the polar-non-polar structure of the molecule, it dissolves both water-soluble and water-insoluble substances.

Butylglycol is widely used as an ingredient in cleaning agents and pigments.
The 2-butoxyethanol solvent is used in the paints, varnishes and acrylic resins industry.
Butylglycol is used in degreasing agents in industrial and professional chemistry.
Butylglycol is used as an ingredient in alkaline preparations for foam car washing.
In professional chemistry Butylglycol is used in concentrates for washing glass surfaces.

Butylglycol is used as a component of agents for removing residues and dirt from polymer dispersions.
Butylglycol is used in dirt removal products in car workshops, printers and construction sites.
Butylglycol is approved as a food additive and is used in biocides, antifoams and stabilizers.
Butylglycol is used in the petroleum industry for its good surfactant properties in fracturing fluids and drilling stabilizers.
Butylglycol is also used as an anti-clotting ingredient. 
The use of butyl glycol as a reagent in synthesis processes is also known.

In addition, Butylglycol is used:
-In cleaning products for dry-wipe boards
-Production of silicone gaskets
-Production of latex paints
-Production of cleaners
-Herbicide production
-Cosmetics production

Other names of Butylglycol
2-Butoxyethanol
111-76-2
ETHYLENE GLYCOL MONOBUTYL ETHER
Butyl cellosolve
Butoxyethanol
Ethanol, 2-butoxy-
n-Butoxyethanol
Ethylene glycol butyl ether
Butyl oxitol
Glycol butyl ether
Glycol ether eb
3-Oxa-1-heptanol
2-butoxyethan-1-ol
EGBE
Dowanol EB
2-Butoxy-1-ethanol
Gafcol EB
Poly-Solv EB
O-Butyl ethylene glycol
Jeffersol eb
Butyl cellu-sol
BUCS
Ektasolve EB
Glycol monobutyl ether
Chimec NR
2-Butoxy ethanol
2-Butossi-etanolo
2-Butoxy-aethanol
2-n-Butoxyethanol
Butylcelosolv
Butoksyetylowy alkohol
2-Butoxy-ethanol
Ethylene glycol n-butyl ether
EGMBE
Monobutyl glycol ether
Monobutyl ether of ethylene glycol
Ethylene glycol mono-n-butyl ether
n-Butyl Cellosolve
.beta.-Butoxyethanol
ethyleneglycol monobutyl ether
Butyglycol
Monobutyl ethylene glycol ether
2-n-Butoxy-1-ethanol
Ether alcohol
Ethylene glycol, monobutyl ether
Butyl icinol
UNII-I0P9XEZ9WV
Minex BDH
NSC 60759
2-Hydroxyethyl n-butyl ether
2-Butoxyethanol (ethylene glycol monobutyl ether)
Butyl monoether glycol
Eter monobutilico del etilenglicol
I0P9XEZ9WV
Butyl 2-hydroxyethyl ether
Ether monobutylique de l'ethyleneglycol
9004-77-7
CHEBI:63921
DSSTox_CID_4097
DSSTox_RID_77286
DSSTox_GSID_24097
Butylcelosolv [Czech]
Caswell No. 121
butylcellosolve
g lycol ether eb
beta-Butoxyethanol
2 -Butoxyethanol
Butylglycol [French,German]
2-Butoxy-aethanol [German]
CAS-111-76-2
SMR001253761
2-Butossi-etanolo [Italian]
Butoxyethanol, 2-
Ektasolve EB solvent
CCRIS 5985
HSDB 538
Butoksyetylowy alkohol [Polish]
Ek tasolve EB solvent
Glycol ether eb acetate
EINECS 203-905-0
UN2369
n-butoxyethanol sodium salt
EPA Pesticide Chemical Code 011501
BRN 1732511
Butyloxitol
AI3-0993
butoxy-ethanol
Polyethylene glycol butyl ether
AI3-09903
Eter monobutilico del etilenglicol [Spanish]
Ethylene glycol mono butyl ether
Butyl Glycolether
EB Solvent
Ether monobutylique de l'ethyleneglycol [French]
3-oxaheptan-1-ol
Polyethylene glycol, monobutyl ester
2-(n-Butoxy)ethanol
BuOCH2CH2OH
ACMC-1BYYD
ethylenglycolmonobutylether
2-(1-Butyloxy) ethanol
EC 203-905-0
EC 500-012-0
2-Butoxy-aethanol(GERMAN)
SCHEMBL15712
MLS002174253
MLS002454362
WLN: Q2O4
Butyglycol(FRENCH, GERMAN)
Ethylene glycol monobutyl ether (EGBE)(2-Butoxyet)
ethylene glycol-monobutyl ether
Polyoxyethylene monobutyl ether
CHEMBL284588
Poly(oxy-1,2-ethanediyl), alpha-butyl-omega-hydroxy-
QSPL 003
DTXSID1024097
2-BUTOXY ETHANOL (ETHYLENE GLYCOL MONOBUTYL ETHER)
Ethylene glycol butyl ether, 99%
2-butoxyethanol (butyl cellosolve)
NSC60759
ZINC1690437
Tox21_202399
Tox21_300123
MFCD00002884
NSC-60759
SBB059918
Ethylene glycol butyl ether, >=99%
AKOS009028760
MCULE-4417721312
NCGC00090683-01
NCGC00090683-02
NCGC00090683-03
NCGC00090683-04
NCGC00090683-05
NCGC00254083-01
NCGC00259948-01
LS-13220
B0698
FT-0626297
ST51046186
EN300-19317
Ethylene Glycol Monobutyl Ether Reagent Grade
C19355
73914-EP2269986A1
73914-EP2272849A1
73914-EP2275469A1
73914-EP2287940A1
73914-EP2289965A1
73914-EP2298828A1
73914-EP2301983A1
73914-EP2308926A1
73914-EP2309564A1
73914-EP2371809A1
73914-EP2380873A1
Ethylene glycol butyl ether, analytical standard
Q421557
Ethylene glycol butyl ether, for synthesis, 99.0%
J-508565
Ethylene glycol butyl ether, SAJ first grade, >=99.0%
Z1259086991
Ethylene glycol butyl ether, spectrophotometric grade, >=99.0%
Ethylene glycol monobutyl ether 

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