CETYL ALCOHOL

Cetyl alcohol has 16 carbon atoms.

Cetyl alcohol is a long-chain fatty alcohol with 16 carbon atoms. It is also known as 1-hexadecanol, hexadecyl alcohol and, in its unsaturated form, palmityl alcohol. Cetyl alcohol has many potential uses, including as an opacifier, emollient, emulsifier or thickening agent.

CAS No. 36653-82-4


Cetyl alcohol /ˈsiːtəl/, also known as hexadecan-1-ol and palmityl alcohol, is a C-16 fatty alcohol with the formula CH3(CH2)15OH. 
At room temperature, cetyl alcohol takes the form of a waxy white solid or flakes. 
The name cetyl derives from the whale oil (cetacea oil, from Latin: cetus, lit. 'whale', from Ancient Greek: κῆτος, romanized: kētos, lit. 'huge fish') from which it was first isolated.

Cetyl alcohol , also known as hexadecan-1-ol and palmityl alcohol, is a C-16 fatty alcohol with the formula CH3(CH2)15OH. 

Cetyl Alcohol is a saturated linear chain cetyl alcohol that can enhance the stability and texture of creams and lotions. In doing so, they present a smooth, dense appearance to these formulations and improve their feel on the skin. It is a mild, non-toxic and non-irritating waxy material with a typical sweet odor. It is light resistant and stable in the presence of acids or alkali, as well as stable to oxidation.

Cetyl alcohol helps thicken and add texture to cosmetic products, such as creams and lotions where it increases thickness, emulsifies and improves both feel and application.


Cetyl Alcohol is used to thicken and texture lotions and creams in cosmetics formulations.

Cetyl alcohol provides cosmetics products with consistency and serves as an emulsifier. Cetyl alcohol is a fatty alcohol that is well tolerated while having smoothing and non-oily components in emulsions and hair care products. It can also improve the absorption factor of emulsions.

CETYL ALCOHOL is classified as :
Emollient
Emulsifying
Emulsion stabilising
Foam boosting
Masking
Opacifying
Surfactant
Viscosity controlling


Cetyl alcohol functions as Emollient, Emulsion stabiliser, Stability enhancer,Thickener and as Viscosity builder in cosmetic products.

Chemical Name: Hexadecyl Alcohol or 1-Hexadecanol or Palmityl Alcohol
CAS#: 36653-82-4


Cetyl alcohol is a strong thickener without the weight and tack of waxes. At 1–4% it offers beautiful body and silkiness to lotions and conditioners, and I love it as a thickener in cosmetics where we can have thickening without the drag or tack of wax.


CAS Number: 36653-82-4
EINECS/ELINCS No: 253-149-0
COSING REF No:    32596
INN Name: cetyl alcohol
PHARMACEUTICAL EUROPEAN NAME: alcohol cetylicus
Chem/IUPAC Name: Hexadecan-1-ol

Description: All-purpose thickening alcohol (1-hexadecanol, hexadecyl or palmityl alcohol), derived from vegetable oils, > 95%, composed of fatty alcohols. White flakes, no or faint odor. Soluble in diethyl ether & acetone, slightly soluble in alcohol. Insoluble in cold water. Partially solubility in hot water (1.34x10-5 g/l).
CAS: 36653-82-4
INCI Name: Cetyl alcohol
Benefits:

Cetyl Alcohol is Non-gelling thickener and viscosity enhancer (also in water-free products like lipsticks)

Cetyl Alcohol has co-emulsifying properties if concentration is higher than 5 %

Cetyl Alcohol has mild emollient and moisturizing properties

Cetyl Alcohol can boost foam when together with surfactants

Use: Add to hot oil phase to melt for proper use (54°C/129°F), usual concentration 0.5-6%. For external use only.

Applications: Lotions, creams, hair shampoos, hair conditioners, body washes, makeup products.

Raw material source: Palm kernel oil (RSPO certified)
Manufacture: Cetyl alcohol is made by catalytic hydrogenation of the triglycerides obtained from palm kernel oil and followed by oxidation of a chain growth product of ethylene oligomerized on a triethylaluminum catalyst.

Cetyl Alcohol is a fatty alcohol used as an emulsion stabiliser and opacifier, adding body and viscosity to creams and lotions, and improving texture and feel with its characteristic velvety texture. It imparts emollient properties to formulations due to its absorption and retention in the epidermis where it lubricates and softens the skin. Useful in creams, lotions, and scrubs; it can also be used to increase the melt point and improve the texture of whipped butters and lotion bars.

INCI Name: Cetyl alcohol
Charge:Non-Ionic
HLB:15.5


Cetyl alcohol is a skin-friendly fatty alcohol with hydrating, conditioning, and softening properties. it helps homogenise and stabalise oil and water components that naturally separate. it is a soothing emollient, a thickener, and a carrier for other ingredients in a formula. it provides a smooth texture, easy glide on the skin, and helps the skin retain moisture.

Name: cetyl alcohol; 1-hexadecanol; hexadecan-1-ol*; cetanol; ethal; ethol; hexadecanol; hexadecyl alcohol; palmityl alcohol

Synonyms: Cetanol, 1-Hexadecanol, Ethal, Ethol, Palmityl alcohol, Hexadecan-1-ol, Hexadecyl alcohol, Hexadecanol, Alcohol, C16, Atalco C, Cachalot C-50, Cetaffine, Cetal, Cetylol, CO-1670, Crodacol-cas, DYTOL F-11, Loroll 24, Loxanol K, Product 308 Technical grade. Common uses are perfumery; emulsifier; foam stabilizer in detergents; chemical intermediate. Additional Description CAS # [36653-82-4]C16H34O Combustible; Low toxicity

CETYL ALCOHOL is a viscosity control agent / Emollient / Emulsifier : This product creates a thick, stable and homogeneous emulsion. It will also smooth and soften the skin, improving the penetration of actives.


Cetyl alcohol has hydrating properties that makes it a suitable emulsifier and stabilizer in pharmaceutical formulations. 
It is also present in washable ointment base due to its dispersant abilities and stabilizing properties. 
Potential antimicrobial activity of cetyl alcohol may be due to a change in cell membrane permeability that either blocks absorption of essential nutrients and induction of outward diffusion vital cellular components. 
This proposed mechanism of action is thought to be similar for other long-chain aliphatic alcohols with same antimicrobial activity, such as myristyl alcohol and behenyl alcohol

The Cetyl Alcohol Market can be segmented into its form, function and end use.

On the basis of form, the Cetyl Alcohol market can be segmented into the clear liquid and waxy solids. Among these forms, Cetyl Alcohol market has been anticipated to have higher volume share in waxy solids sector due to its wide range application in various industries especially cosmetics.

On the basis of functions, the Cetyl alcohol market can be segmented into emulsification, thickening agent, anti- oxidant, conditioning agent, emollient, and surfactant. 
Emulsification and emollient are expected to have higher volume share as compared to other functions due to its large scale application in the cosmetic industry to produce products such as shampoos, skin creams, lotions etc.

On the basis of end use, Cetyl alcohol market can be segmented into the food industry, cosmetics industry, personal care and pharmaceutical industry. 
The cosmetic industry can be further sub-segmented into skin care, hair care, sun care and others.  
Cetyl alcohol has been extensively used in the production of various cosmetics products such as lipstick, sunscreen, hair dye etc.


Cetyl Alcohol, natural, can be usefully employed in your emulsions, and anhydrous formulas to increase viscosity (thicken), and to give the product a cushioned body. 
Cetyl Alcohol is one of the most widely used of the natural fatty alcohols, often employed as the sole conditioning agent in natural creme rinse or natural hair conditioners, as it adequately moisturizes and improves wet / dry comb out. 
A natural, and easy to use, rheology modifier that will improve the texture of all formulas that contain an oil phase, where Cetyl Alcohol delivers a 'conditioned' feel to the skin. 
Cetyl Alcohol NF is also a good choice when you're looking for a natural thickener, where it also provide a rich, smooth, emulsion.

Cetyl Alcohol is also, commonly, used as a natural thickener, which improves the stability of the emulsion to function, as a co-emulsifier, and it is compatible with almost all common cosmetic ingredients. 
When Cetyl Alcohol is used as the thickener in your formulation, as opposed to other natural thickener choices, it offers more ease of use because it won't impact the system pH, or add thixotropic behavior. 
A great choice when you optimize your formulas to strip out incidental ingredients for greener formulations. 
As a thickener Cetyl Alcohol offers simplicity.

Cetyl alcohol is a long chain of organic alcohol. 
It is also known by various other chemical names such as 1-Hexadecanol, cetanol, Hexadecan-1-ol, N-Hexadecyl alcohol or palmityl alcohol. 
Under room temperature, Cetyl alcohol is usually in the form of waxy white solid or flakes. 
There are various methods to obtain Cetyl alcohol and one of the modern method used is based on the reduction of palmitic acid, which is obtained from palm oil. 
It is one of the prime components for Cetearyl Alcohol which is another chemical compound, whose applications are extensively used in various industries. 


Cetyl alcohol is a flaky, waxy, white solid often derived from coconut, palm, or vegetable oil. These oils typically come from coconut palm trees, palm trees, corn plants, sugar beets, or soy plants.
Cetyl alcohol is used in hundreds of personal care, cosmetic, and household products, such as makeup, bath soap, detergents, shaving cream, lotions, shampoo and other products

Cetyl alcohol, also known as 1-hexadecanol or n-hexadecyl alcohol, is a 16-C fatty alcohol with the chemical formula CH3(CH2)15OH. 
It can be produced from the reduction of palmitic acid. 
Cetyl alcohol is present in a waxy white powder or flake form at room temperature, and is insoluble in water and soluble in alcohols and oils. 
Discovered by Chevrenl in 1913, cetyl alcohol is one of the oldest known long-chain alcohol. 
It may be contained in cosmetic and personal care products such as shampoos, creams and lotions. 
Mainly it is used as an opacifier, emulsifier, and thickening agent that alter the thickness of the liquid, and increase and stabilize the foaming capacity. 
Due to its water-binding property, cetyl alcohol is commonly used as an emollient that prevents drying and chapping of the skin 1. 
According to the FDA Code of Federal Regulations, cetyl alcohol is a safe synthetic fatty acid in food and in the synthesis of food components under the condition that it contain not less than 98 percent of total alcohols and not less than 94 percent of straight chain alcohols. 
Cetyl alcohol is also listed in the OTC ingredient list as a skin protectant for skin irritations caused by poison ivy, oak, sumac, and insect bites or stings. 
Cetyl alcohol is reported to be a mild skin or eye irritant.

Cetyl alcohol is a fatty alcohol that gives consistency to cosmetics. Cetyl alcohol is very good emollient, it softens, softens and protects the skin. 
In hair products, it facilitates detangling while softening the hair. 
Cetyl alcohol is generally very suitable for dry skin. Cetyl alcohol can be produced from coconut oil. Cetyl alcohol is authorized in organic.

The CIR (Cosmetic Ingredient Review) in an annual report published in 2008, concluded the safety of fatty alcohols.
Its functions (INCI)
Emollient : Softens and softens the skin
Emulsifying : Promotes the formation of intimate mixtures between immiscible liquids by modifying the interfacial tension (water and oil)
Emulsion stabilising : Promotes the emulsification process and improves the stability and shelf life of the emulsion
Foam boosting : Improves the quality of the foam produced by a system by increasing one or more of the following properties: volume, texture and/or stability
Masking : Reduces or inhibits the odor or basic taste of the product
Opacifying : Reduces transparency or translucency of cosmetics
Surfactant : Reduces the surface tension of cosmetics and contributes to the even distribution of the product when it is used
Viscosity controlling : Increases or decreases the viscosity of cosmetics


Cetyl Alcohol is a fatty alcohol used as an opacifier in shampoos, and as an emollient, emulsifier, or thickening agent in skin creams and lotions. 
Fatty alcohols can be natural, derived from plant-based oils like palm or coconut, or they can be synthetic. 
Cetyl Alcohol acts as emulsifiers, emollients, viscosity controllers and dispersants. 
Cetyl Alcohol functions as chemical intermediates, most often used in surfactants to enhance foaming and cleaning properties in detergents and cleaners.


APPLICATIONS

Skin Care:    All Creams, Lotions
Body Care:    Creams, Lotions, Salves and Anhydrous Products
Hair Care:    Conditioners, Cream Rinse, Styling Aids

IUPAC name: Hexadecan-1-ol
Other names: Cetanol, Cetyl alcohol, Ethal, Ethol, Hexadecanol, Hexadecyl alcohol, Palmityl alcohol


Cetyl Alcohol helps to improve the texture of formulations, protect the skin from moisture loss and reduce the ability of allergens and bacteria to affect the skin.

Cetyl alcohol is a hybrid of alcohols and fatty acids or oils and actually help to keep the skin moisturized and plumped.

Cetyl alcohol is so-called fatty (the good, non-drying kind of) alcohol that does all kinds of things in a skincare product: it makes your skin feel smooth and nice (emollient), helps to thicken up products and also helps water and oil to blend (emulsifier). Can be derived from coconut or palm kernel oil.

Cetyl alcohol has many functions in cosmetics and skincare products, including use as an emollient, emulsifier, thickener, and surfactant.

Emollient
As an emollient, cetyl alcohol has the ability to soften and smooth flakiness on the skin, which helps to reduce rough, dry skin. 
Emollients are also occlusive agents, which means they provide a layer of protection that helps prevent water loss from the skin. 

Skin barrier and hydration
As an emollient, topically applied cetyl alcohol has the ability to soften and soothe the skin. The fatty acids that make up this ingredient create a barrier on the skin that effectively seals moisture in while keeping air and other environmental elements out. Therefore, cetyl alcohol can be used in creams, lotions, and ointments that are designed to improve dry, flaky skin. Emollients help to maintain the skin’s natural barrier which is vital to the health of the skin. Disruption of the skin’s natural barrier has been linked to conditions such as eczema, dermatitis and psoriasis. 

Texture
Cetyl alcohol also functions as a thickening agent, which can help to improve the viscosity of skin care products. Cetyl alcohol is mainly used to improve the texture of formulations, to make them more appealing to the senses. While this may not seem like an important element to a product, it is vital to ensuring the product doesn’t separate or become clumpy so that the key ingredients can be distributed evenly to the skin. The main way the cetyl alcohol does this is through acting as a thickener. Thickeners improve the consistency, viscosity or adhesion to the skin. The term viscosity corresponds to the concept of ‘thickness’, for example, honey has a higher viscosity than water. Thus, cetyl alcohol can be used to thicken formulas, adding body and viscosity.

Surfactant
Cetyl alcohol also functions as a surfactant. Surfactant is the short term for surface active agent. Surfactants are compounds that lower the surface tension between two substances. Another job of surfactants is to degrease and emulsify oils and fats and suspend dirt, allowing them to be washed away.  This is great for lifting impurities away from the skin, allowing them to be cleansed away. This is possible because while one end of the surfactant molecule is attracted to water, the other end is attracted to oil. Thus, surfactants attract the oil, dirt, and other impurities that have accumulated on your skin during the day. Due to these properties, cetyl alcohol can be found in many different cleansers and body washes. Cetyl alcohol also increases the foaming capacity of formulations. 

Is Cetyl Alcohol Safe?
The US Food and Drug Administration, the regulatory group that is responsible for the safety of drug, food and skincare ingredients includes cetyl alcohol has approved cetyl alcohol for its indicated uses. It is also on the US Food and Drug Administration’s list of permitted food additives. The Cosmetic Ingredient Review Expert Panel evaluated the scientific data on cetyl alcohol and concluded that this ingredient is non-sensitizing, non-toxic, and safe to use in cosmetic products.

While the Cosmetic Ingredient Review Expert Panel considers cetyl alcohol to be safe for use in cosmetics, many dermatologists believe that this ingredient can be irritating for those with sensitive skin. There is some evidence that suggests that cetyl alcohol, along with other synthetic fatty alcohols, have the ability to alter the lipid bilayer of the epidermis and cause allergic dermal reactions. With this information, it is best that those with sensitive skin or skin conditions like eczema, rosacea, or psoriasis perform a patch test with any product containing cetyl alcohol.

Cetyl alcohol acts as a moisturizer in our products by helping bind moisture to the skin. 
Cetyl alcohol is a fatty alcohol and can also act as an emulsifier, giving proper texture to our products. 
Cetyl alcohol can be an emollient, keep things from separating, control how thick or runny a product is, act as a coupling agent, and even stabilize foams.

Cetyl alcohol doesn’t dissolve in water, but it dissolves in alcohol and oils. Cetyl alcohol is often combined with stearyl alcohol to make cetearyl alcohol, which is also a moisturizer in our products.


Pharmacodynamics
Cetyl alcohol exhibits skin protect properties against skin irritations caused by bites, rashes and stings. 
The inhibitory action of cetyl alcohol against the growth of Mycoplasma gallisepticum and Mycopiasma pneumoniae has been reported.


Cetyl Alcohol is a fatty alcohol used as an emulsion stabilizer and opacifier, adding body and viscosity to creams and lotions, and improving texture and feel with its characteristic velvety texture. It imparts emollient properties to formulations due to its absorption and retention in the epidermis where it lubricates and softens the skin. Useful in creams, lotions, and scrubs; it can also be used to increase the melt point and improve the texture of whipped butters and lotion bars.

Our Cetyl Alcohol is derived from RSPO Certified sustainable palm oil and the manufacturer is a member of the RSPO (Roundtable on Sustainable Palm Oil).

Cetyl alcohol also known as 1-hexadecanol and palmityl alcohol, is a fatty alcohol with the formula CH3(CH2)15OH. At room temperature, cetyl alcohol takes the form of a waxy white solid or flakes.

Cetyl alcohol is used in the cosmetic industry as an opacifier in shampoos, or as an emollient, emulsifier or  thickening agent in the manufacture of skin creams and lotions. It is also employed as a lubricant for nuts and bolts.

CAS Number: 36653-82-4 

Cetyl alcohol, also known as 1-hexadecanol and palmityl alcohol, is a common ingredient in a variety of personal care products and cosmetics. 
It is derived from vegetable oils such as palm or coconut oil.

Cetyl alcohol helps prevent creams from separating into oil and liquid. 
Cetyl alcohol is a chemical ingredient that helps to keep liquid and oil together is known as an emulsifier. Cetyl alcohol may also make a product thicker or increase the product’s ability to foam.

Cetyl alcohol is a fatty alcohol that functions as an emollient, emulsifier, thickener, and surfactant in a variety of cosmetics and skincare products. 
Cetyl alcohol is an organic compound that is classified as a fatty alcohol. Fatty alcohols are a hybrid between alcohols and fatty acids or oils. 
Cetyl alcohol helps to protect the skin from allergens, bacteria and moisture loss and improves the texture of products. 

Cetyl alcohol was discovered in 1817 by the French chemist Michel Chevreul when he heated spermaceti, a waxy substance obtained from sperm whale oil, with potassium hydroxide. 
After cooling, flakes of cetyl alcohol were left behind. Thus, the name cetyl derives from the whale oil from which it was first isolated. 
However, since sperm whales are vulnerable to becoming an endangered species, cetyl alcohol is no longer derived from sperm whale oil. 
Modern production of cetyl alcohol is based around the reduction of palmitic acid, which is obtained from palm oil. 
This is why cetyl alcohol is also referred to as palmityl alcohol. 
Cetyl alcohol can also be derived from the by-products of the petroleum industry. 
Cetyl alcohol comes in the form of a white, waxy solid.

WHAT IS CETYL ALCOHOL?
It is common for Cetyl Alcohol to be wrongly understood as the type of alcohol that has drying effects on the skin, such as rubbing alcohol; however, on the contrary, Cetyl Alcohol is skin-friendly with hydrating, conditioning, and softening properties that benefit both skin and hair. It is an alcohol that is derived from a fat, such as a vegetable oil like Coconut Oil or Palm Oil; hence it is also called Palmityl Alcohol. Not to be mistaken for Ethyl Alcohol – the main ingredient in alcoholic beverages – Cetyl Alcohol receives its name from the Latin word cetus, meaning “whale oil,” as this was the substance from which Cetyl Alcohol was first obtained. NDA’s Cetyl Alchol Raw Material is available in the form of unscented flakes or pellets that, at room temperature, are waxy in texture and white in color.


 
HOW DOES CETYL ALCOHOL WORK?
When Cetyl Alcohol is added to natural cosmetic preparations, it functions as an agent that helps homogenize components that naturally separate (emulsifier), as a soothing lubricant (emollient), as a thickener, as an opacifier, and as a carrier for other ingredients in a formula. These stabilizing properties ensure that the oils and water remain combined, thus promoting an ideal, smooth texture that ultimately gives the final product an easy glide on the skin or hair.

Uses & Benefits
In personal care products like skin lotions and creams, cetyl alcohol serves as a thickening agent and emulsifier, to help keep product ingredients from separating. 
Because cetyl alcohol melts at temperatures higher than the average human body temperature, it is useful in cosmetic products like lipsticks, helping lip color adhere to the skin.

Cetyl alcohol is also a multipurpose food additive, used as a flavoring agent or in food decorations. 
For example, cetyl alcohol is an ingredient in colorful lettering or pictures on some types of candy or gum.

In industrial applications, cetyl alcohol is a primary ingredient in fuels, chemical intermediates and plasticizers and is used as a lubricant for nuts and bolts in manufacturing applications.


Preparation
Cetyl alcohol was discovered in 1817 by the French chemist Michel Chevreul when he heated spermaceti, a waxy substance obtained from sperm whale oil, with caustic potash (potassium hydroxide). 
Flakes of cetyl alcohol were left behind on cooling.
Modern production is based around the reduction of palmitic acid, which is obtained from palm oil.

Uses
Cetyl alcohol is used in the cosmetic industry as an opacifier in shampoos, or as an emollient, emulsifier or thickening agent in the manufacture of skin creams and lotions.
It is also employed as a lubricant for nuts and bolts, and is the active ingredient in some "liquid pool covers" (forming a non-volatile surface layer to reduce water evaporation, related latent vaporization heat loss, and thus to retain heat in the pool). 
Moreover, it can also be used as a non-ionic co-surfactant in emulsion applications.

Side effects
People who suffer from eczema can be sensitive to cetyl alcohol, though this may be due to impurities rather than cetyl alcohol itself.
However, cetyl alcohol is sometimes included in medications used for the treatment of eczema.


Why is cetyl alcohol in cosmetics?
Cetyl alcohol acts as a binding agent, helping the various ingredients in many moisturizers, lotions and creams bind together, which helps enable smooth application.
Cetyl alcohol is All-purpose thickening fatty alcohol used as a co-emulsifier, viscosity and consistency enhancer, gives a pleasant soft and velvety skin feel.


Is cetyl alcohol “alcohol free”?
Products labeled “alcohol free” may still contain cetyl alcohol, or other fatty alcohols such as stearyl, cetearyl or lanolin alcohol. 
The term “alcohol,” used by itself, generally refers to ethanol (also known as ethyl alcohol or grain alcohol).

What is the difference between cetearyl alcohol and cetyl alcohol?
Cetyl alcohol is an ingredient in cetearyl alcohol, which is a mixture of cetyl alcohol and stearyl alcohol.


Chemical formula: C16H34O
Molar mass: 242.447 g·mol−1
Appearance: White crystals or flakes
Odor: very faint, waxy
Density: 0.811 g/cm3
Melting point: 49.3 °C (120.7 °F; 322.4 K)
Boiling point: 344 °C (651 °F; 617 K)
Solubility in water: Insoluble
Solubility: Very soluble in ether, benzene, and chloroform.
Soluble in acetone.
Slightly soluble in alcohol.
log P    7.25[2]
Acidity (pKa): 16.20
Magnetic susceptibility (χ): -183.5·10−6 cm3/mol
Refractive index (nD): 1.4283 (79 °C)
Viscosity: 53 cP (75 °C)

Products with Cetyl alcohol
skin lotions
moisturizers
skin creams
sunscreen
shampoo
conditioners
hair removal creams
hair mousse
anti-frizz hair cream
hair dye
mascara


What Is It?
Cetearyl Alcohol, Cetyl Alcohol, Myristyl Alcohol and Behenyl Alcohol are white, waxy solids. Isostearyl Alcohol is a clear liquid. Cetyl Alcohol and Stearyl Alcohol are the two major components of Cetearyl Alcohol. These ingredients are all fatty alcohols and that are widely used in cosmetics and personal care products, especially in skin lotions and creams.

Why is it used in cosmetics and personal care products?
Cetearyl Alcohol and the other fatty alcohols keep an emulsion from separating into its oil and liquid components. These ingredients are also used to alter the thickness of liquid products and to increase foaming capacity or to stabilize foams.

Scientific Facts: 
Cetearyl, Cetyl, Myristyl and Behenyl Alcohols are straight-chain alcohols. Isostearyl Alcohol is a branched chain alcohol. Cetearyl Alcohol is a mixture of mostly of Cetyl and Stearyl Alcohols, which are fatty alcohols that occur naturally in small quantities in plants and animals.

Myristyl Alcohol is a 14 carbon chain. Cetyl Alcohol has 16 carbons, while Stearyl and Isostearyl Alcohols have 18 carbons. Behenyl Alcohol is the largest fatty alcohol in this group with 22 carbons.

How Cetyl alcohol Is Made
Cetyl alcohol is manufactured by reducing ethyl palmitate (the waxy ester of palmitic acid) with metallic sodium and alcohol or under acidic conditions with lithium aluminum hydride as a catalyst.[8] The final product melts at a temperature higher than that of the human body, which makes it useful for makeup and other things that are warmed by the skin.[9]


APPLICATIONS FOR CETYL ALCOHOL
Cetyl Alcohol must be added to formulations in their heated oil phases. The higher the concentration of Cetyl Alcohol, the thicker the end product will be.

 

PRODUCT TYPE & FUNCTION    EFFECTS
When added to this kind of formulation…

Shampoo/Conditioner    Cetyl Alcohol works as a…
Moisturizer
Opacifier
Softener

It helps to…
Hydrate hair to protect against dryness
Prevent frizz
Boost the formulation’s foaming capacity
Enhance the conditioning agent's adherence to hair
Make products opaque in appearance
Reduce tangling
Increase viscosity

The recommended maximum dosage is 6%
When added to this kind of formulation…

Cetyl Alcohol works as a Opacifier, Softener and Emollient

Cetyl Alcohol helps to Soften skin, Balance and sustain the skin's moisture levels without leaving a greasy residue

Cetyl Alcohol keep makeup on the skin, rather than allowing it to fall off.

The recommended maximum dosage is 0.5-10%


Cetyl alcohol is an important ingredient in cosmetic products like creams, lotions, etc. either as such or after ethoxylation. 
Cetyl alcohol is obtained by high pressure hydrogenation of palmitic acid. 
In certain cosmetic products, a mixture of cetyl alcohol and stearyl alcohol gives better properties than pure cetyl alcohol.
Cetearyl alcohol, a mixture of cetyl and stearyl alcohols. is an odourless, white, waxy solid which is soluble in diethyl ether, benzene and chloroform and acetone and is insoluble in water. 


BENEFITS in Cosmetic Formulations

Cetyl alcohol acts as moisturizer in Face Wash and Face Mask/Peel formulations

Cetyl Alcohol works as Opacifier, Thickener, Co-emulsifier Emollient, Softener and Moisturizer in Body Wash/Gel    formulations


Cetyl Alcohol helps to Co-emulsify in order to thicken formulations, which contributes a creamier texture
Cetyl Alcohol enhances the foaming capacity of non-aqueous liquids, such as lotions
Cetyl Alcohol increases viscosity
Cetyl Alcohol soothes skin
Cetyl Alcohol creates an oily layer on the skin’s surface, which helps it retain water
Cetyl Alcohol stabilizes foaming properties in surfactants
Cetyl Alcohol hydrates and soften the skin to reduce irritation, cracking, and peeling
Cetyl Alcohol thickens the consistency of gels

The recommended maximum dosages: 
Body Lotion: 3%
Face Cream: 6%
Face Wash: 6%
Face Mask: 6%
Body Wash: 6%


CONTRAINDICATIONS FOR CETYL ALCOHOL
As with all other New Directions Aromatics products, Cetyl Alcohol Raw Material is for external use only. 
It is imperative to consult a medical practitioner before using this oil for therapeutic purposes. 
Pregnant and nursing women as well as those with sensitive skin are especially advised not to use Cetyl Alcohol Raw Material without the medical advice of a physician. 
This product should always be stored in an area that is inaccessible to children, especially those under the age of 7.

Prior to using Cetyl Alcohol Raw Material, a skin test is recommended. 
This can be done by melting Cetyl Alcohol pellet in 1 ml of a preferred Carrier Oil and applying a dime-size amount of this blend to a small area of skin that is not sensitive. 
Cetyl Alcohol must never be used near the eyes, inner nose, and ears, or on any other particularly sensitive areas of skin. 
Potential side effects of Cetyl Alcohol include irritation, stinging, burning, redness, or inflammation. 
In the event of an allergic reaction, discontinue use of the product and see a doctor, pharmacist, or allergist immediately for a health assessment and appropriate remedial action. 
To prevent side effects, consult with a medical professional prior to use.

An all-purpose, non-gelling thickening agent widely used throughout the cosmetic industry for the stable consistency it gives to the products, it is comprised of 95% fatty acids derived from vegetable oils, primarily palm oil. This versatile material is also an emollient, moisturizer, viscosity stabilizer, and foam enhancer. It comes in white, odourless flakes, which are insoluble in cold water, and only very slightly soluble in hot water and alcohol.

INCI: Cetyl Alcohol

Directions For Use: Cetyl Alcohol is added to oils and melted during the oil phase, and is a good secondary emulsifier when amounting to less than 5%. Use between 0.5 - 6% in the oil phase (e.g., 3% for a creamy lotion with approximately 3% emulsifier), and melt at 54ºC / 129ºF.

Note: Though this replaces the traditional ingredient, whale oil, in cosmetics and toiletries, this product does not contain any material derived from animals.

Cautions: Though unlikely to aggravate pre-existing medical conditions, do not use on broken skin or in therapeutic creams. Direct undiluted contact may cause some irritation or discomfort to the skin and eyes. Otherwise, with the use of good practices, there are no known hazards when formulating this material.

All of our products are for external use only. If ingested, do not induce vomiting. Call for immediate medical assistance or local poison control.


Oil-in-water emulsions used in many pharmaceutical creams are not stabilized by the surfactant mechanical properties but rather stabilized by forming a gel network consisting of the structure-forming agents such as stearyl alcohol, cetyl alcohol, cetostearyl alcohol, etc. 
Cetostearyl alcohol is the combination of cetyl alcohol and stearyl alcohol. 
It is a crystalline bilayer/lamellae arrangement with attached surface molecules into the layer facing the hydrophilic portion of surfactants toward interlamellar space. 
This hydrophilic portion arrests water drainage from the interlamellar space, which in turn produces a gel that has the capacity to retain large volumes of water within the structure. 
In these emulsions (o/w) the oil phase is neither required for the delivery of water-soluble drugs nor for the gel formation but acts as a reservoir for the cetostearyl alcohol and is responsible for sensory characteristics of the formulation such as opacity. 
Cetostearyl alcohol and a hydrophilic surfactant are the primary structure-forming excipients used in semisolid dosage form, hence it is necessary to check for the interactions and crystalline phase transition between them as it can change the semisolid nature of the dosage form (cream, gel, ointment, suppository), physical properties, drug release, and pharmaceutical elegance

1-Hexadecanol
cetyl alcohol
Hexadecan-1-ol
36653-82-4
HEXADECANOL
Cetanol
Palmityl alcohol
Hexadecyl alcohol
n-Cetyl alcohol
Cetaffine
Cetylol
Cetal
Ethal
Ethol
Cetylic alcohol
N-Hexadecanol
n-Hexadecyl alcohol
n-1-Hexadecanol
Loxanwachs SK
Crodacol C
Loxanol K extra
1-Hexadecyl alcohol
Elfacos C
Loxanol K
Crodacol-CAS
Crodacol-CAT
Siponol wax-A
Atalco C
Cetalol CA
Siponol CC
Lanol C
1-Cetanol
Hyfatol 16
Cachalot C-50
Cachalot C-51
Cachalot C-52
Alcohol C-16
Product 308
Aldol 54
Dytol F-11
Adol
Cyclal cetyl alcohol
Alfol 16
Lorol 24
Adol 52
Adol 54
Adol 52 NF
Hyfatol
Epal 16NF
1-Hexadecyl alc
16-Hexadecanol
C16 alcohol
Adol 520
n-Hexadecan-1-ol
Cetylalkohol
Isocetyl alcohol
1-Hexanedecanol
Isohexadecyl alcohol
cetylalcohol
SSD RP
Normal primary hexadecyl alcohol
Alcohols, C14-18
CO-1670
CO-1695
Lipocol C
UNII-936JST6JCN
Fancol CA
Cetyl alcohol NF
Crodacol C70
Rita CA
1-Hydroxyhexadecane
Cetanol (TN)
Lanette 16
Philcohol 1600
Cetyl alcohol (NF)
Cetyl alcohol [NF]
Lorol C16
LorolL 24
Cachalot C-50 NF
Adol 52NF
MFCD00004760
936JST6JCN
CHEBI:16125
NSC4194
NCGC00159368-02
NCGC00159368-05
1-Hexadecanol, 96%
palmitic alcohol
DSSTox_CID_7991
DSSTox_RID_78633
DSSTox_GSID_27991
Hexadecanol (VAN)
Fatty alcohol(C16)
Caswell No. 165D
FEMA Number 2554
Hexadecyl alcohol, normal
CAS-36653-82-4
FEMA No. 2554
HSDB 2643
NSC 4194
EINECS 253-149-0
EPA Pesticide Chemical Code 001508
Cetyl alcohol (hexadecanol)
BRN 1748475
hexadecylalcohol
AI3-00755
Hexadecanol NF
Ceraphyl ICA
Crodacol C95NF
Dehydag wax 16
Eutanol G16
Crodacol C95 NF
Laurex 16
Alfol 16RD
hexadecan-1-ol group
SSD (Salt/Mix)
Cetanol (JP17)
Epal 16
Hyfatol 16-95
Kalcol 6098
Loxiol VPG 1743
1-Hexadecanol, 95%
ACMC-1AJXA
SSD RP (Salt/Mix)
CCCCCCCCCCCCCCCC[O]
bmse000487
CHEMBL706
Michel XO-150-16
EC 253-149-0
1-Hexadecanol, >=99%
SCHEMBL3381
124-29-8
4-01-00-01876 (Beilstein Handbook Reference)
ARONIS25150
DTXSID4027991
Cetyl alcohol, analytical standard
Cetyl alcohol, puriss., 95.0%
HMS3652H05
CS-D1348
HY-B1465
NSC-4194
ZINC8214519
EINECS 252-964-9
Tox21_111609
Tox21_300325
ANW-28459
LMFA05000061
s4173
SBB060167
STL283943
AKOS005287456
Tox21_111609_1
1-Hexadecanol, ReagentPlus(R), 99%
CCG-266894
DB09494
MCULE-9457426256
NE10353
NCGC00159368-03
NCGC00159368-04
NCGC00159368-06
NCGC00254286-01
BS-16666
SC-18656
ST075158
Cetyl alcohol, puriss., >=99.0% (GC)
FT-0701357
FT-0707360
SW219201-1
Cetyl alcohol, SAJ special grade, >=98.0%
Cetyl alcohol, Selectophore(TM), >=99.0%
EN300-19351

Hexadecan-1-ol [Wiki]
1-cetanol
1-Hexadecanol [ACD/Index Name] [ACD/IUPAC Name]
1-Hexadecanol [German] [ACD/Index Name] [ACD/IUPAC Name]
1-Hexadécanol [French] [ACD/IUPAC Name]
1-Hexanedecanol
1-Hydroxyhexadecane
249-583-5 [EINECS]
267-006-5 [EINECS]
36653-82-4 [RN]
Adol 52NF
Cachalot C 51
Cetalcos
Cetyl alcohol [NF]
Crodacol CAS
Crodacol CAT
HEXADECANOL
Kalcohl 60
Kalcol 68
Lanette 16
Laurex 16
Lorol C 16
Loxanwax SK
MFCD00004760 [MDL number]
n-Hexadecan-1-ol
PALMITIC ALCOHOL
Siponol Wax A
Tego Alkanol 16
Cachalot C-50 NF [NF]
Ceraphyl ICA
Crodacol C70
Crodacol C95NF
Dehydag wax 16
Eutanol G16
Fancol CA
Lipocol C
Lorol C16
LorolL 24
Michel XO-150-16
1219799-18-4 [RN]
1219799-21-9 [RN]
1-Hexadecan-d33-ol
1-HEXADECANOL-16,16,16-D3
1-HEXADECANOL-D2
1-hexadecyl alcohol
284474-73-3 [RN]
67762-27-0 [RN]
75736-52-6 [RN]
álcool cetílico [Portuguese]
BS-16666
CETYL ALCOHOL[1-3H]
cetylalcohol
CYTEL ALCOHOL
dytop F-11
Epal 16
Hexadecyl alcohol
http://www.hmdb.ca/metabolites/HMDB0003424
https://www.ebi.ac.uk/chebi/searchId.do?chebiId=CHEBI:16125
n-Cetyl alcohol
n-hexadecyl alcohol
n-Hexadecyl-15,15,16,16,16-d5 Alcohol
n-Hexadecyl-2,2,16,16,16-d5 Alcohol
Octadecanol, 1-
PL3
Siponol wax-A
Stearol
Stearyl alcohol [JAN] [JP15] [NF] [USAN]
Steraffine


hexadecan-1-ol
1-hexadecanol
palmityl alcohol
cetanol
hexadecyl alcohol
hexadecanol
n-1-hexadecanol
1-hexadecyl alcohol
1-cetanol
n-hexadecyl alcohol
C16 alcohol
1-hydroxyhexadecane
ethal
ethol
n-hexadecan-1-ol
n-cetyl alcohol
cetylic alcohol
1-hexanedecanol
cetostearyl alcohol

A regional segment for the market of Cetyl alcohol is divided into five different regions: North America, Latin America, Europe, Asia Pacific, and Middle East & Africa. Europe has been leading market from past five years in the global cosmetics market. The consumption rate of various cosmetic products has been increasing extensively in Europe. Germany has been the main market for Europe followed by France, United Kingdom, and Italy. Cetyl alcohol being the main ingredient for various cosmetic products suggest that Cetyle alcohol market has the higher share in European regions in terms of value sales. On the other hand, North America region and Asia Pacific regions are being as the emerging market for Cetyl alcohol since these regions are witnessing the rise in consumption of various cosmetic products.

Cetyl Alcohol Market: Drivers and Restraints:

Cetyl alcohol plays a pivotal role in the cosmetic industry. 
They work as an emollient, emulsifier, thickener and carrying agent for other ingredients contained in a cosmetic solution. 
Cetyl alcohol act as a surfactant in shampoos, thickening agent in the manufacture of skin care creams and lotions. 
It also used as a thickening agent in the manufacture of soaps, particularly those made with vegetable oil. 
It imparts emollient properties to formulations of skin care products due to its absorption and retention in the epidermis where it lubricates and softens the skin. 
Moreover, the value sales for the global cosmetic industry has been on the rise. 
Anti-aging creams and skin care products are in high demand among the aging population in the developed countries. 
The millennial population is now much considerate on various cosmetic products around the world. 
Hence the growing global consumption rate for cosmetic products can help in driving the demand for Cetyl alcohol market.

1-Hexadecanol
1-hexadecanol
Cetyl alcohol
Hexadecan-1-ol
hexadecan-1-ol

CAS names
1-Hexadecanol


IUPAC names
1-Hexadecanol
Alcohol C16
Cetyl Alcohol
Hexadecan-1-ol
hexadecan-1-ol
Hexadecan-1-ol
hexadecan-1-ol
Hexadecanol

Palmerol 1214 NFPalmerol 1216

Trade names
Alfol 16
Cetyl Alcohol
CO-1695
CO-1698
ECOROL 16/98
ECOROL 16/99
ECOROL 26
ECOROL 28
ECOROL 68/30
ECOROL 68/50
ECOROL 68/70
Fatty alcohol 1618
Ginol 16
Ginol 1618
Kalcol
Leunapol-FA 16
Nacol 16
Nafol 1218
Nafol 1618
Rofanol 50/55 V
Rofanol 60/65 V
Rofanol 70/75 V
Rofanol 80/85 V
TA-1618

CETYL ALCOHOL AND CETEARYL ALCOHOL
Another group of alcohols found in nature are the fatty alcohols, which are derived from saturated vegetable fats such as coconut oil and palm oil.

These have the appearance of solid white fatty waxes and are beneficial to both skin and hair, containing fatty acids that are highly compatible with human cell physiology.

Examples include Cetyl alcohol and Cetearyl alcohol, the latter of which we use in our hair conditioners for its nourishing and emollient properties.

As the above examples hopefully illustrate, many different compounds make up the group known as 'alcohols', and different alcohols possess widely differing properties.

Some alcohols can have potentially harmful effects (i.e. ethanol) and must be used with caution in personal care products, whereas others (i.e. cetearyl alcohol) are beneficial and are used as very effective nourishing and conditioning agents.


Cetyl Alcohol
* A fatty alcohol that's either produced from the end products of the petroleum industry, or derived from plants (palm oil-palmityl alcohol). 
It comes in the form of a white, waxy solid. 
It's no longer derived from sperm whale oil (where it was originally discovered) seeing how whales are now an endangered species.
Works as an emollient, emulsifier, thickener and carrying agent for other ingredients contained in a cosmetic solution. 
It keeps the oil and water parts of an emulsion from separating, and gives products good spreadability. 
As a thickening agent and surfactant, it helps alter the viscosity and increase the foaming capacity of non-aqueous (i.e. lotions) and aqueous solutions (i.e. shampoo). 
It is often misinterpreted as an "alcohol" related to ethyl or rubbing alcohol, both of which can be extremely drying to the skin. 
The truth, in fact, is quite the opposite, as cetyl alcohol is well known to effectively condition and soften the skin and hair. 
Because of its multi-functional capabilities, this ingredient is used in a wide range of personal care products such as moisturizer, face cream, shampoo/conditioner, anti-aging treatment, hair dye, sunscreen, cleanser and lipstick.


Manufacturers of skincare products often use short-chain alcohols such as ethanol and propanol as they help other ingredients to mix together, and they have germ-killing properties.

Alcohols are also included in some cosmetic products to help other ingredients penetrate the skin. In products like toners and cleansers, alochols are used to help shrink pore size and tighten skin. These alcohols are also very volatile and give products a quick-drying finish.

Despite how commonly they are used in skincare products, these short-chain alcohols are not ideal cosmetic ingredients as they can irritate the skin and they cause loss of water by disturbing the skin's protective barrier. You should avoid products with alcohols such as ethanol, propanol or isopropanol and benzyl alcohol, especially if your skin is dry.

The other type of alcohols used in skincare products, the long-chain, fatty alcohols (such as cetyl and stearyl alcohols and their mixture called cetostearyl or cetearyl alcohol) are non-irritating and can be very beneficial for dry skin. Unlike ethanol which has a drying effect for the skin, the fatty alcohols prevent drying and chapping of the skin and help to keep moisture in.

The CIR (Cosmetic Ingredient Review) Expert Panel has assessed Cetyl Alcohol, Stearyl Alcohol and Cetearyl Alcohol as non-irritating, non-toxic and safe to use in cosmetic products. Skin reactions caused by them are uncommon; however, there are rare cases of irritation or contact allergy associated with products containing these ingredients. Reactions occur for the most part in people with sensitive skin types, particularly in people suffering from eczema. So if you have a known allergy or irritation should occur, do not use products containing Cetyl or Cetearyl alcohol.


Cetyl Alcohol can increase moisturization properties of your homemade lotions, cremes, balms and ointments. 
It's widely used in making hair care products ( such as conditioners and hair masks) to give luxurious feel and look to a products and to aid in the rinse off. 


Cetyl Alcohol is emulsion stabilizer to keep oil and water from separating in your homemade body butter, sugar scrub, creme or lotion.
Cetyl Alcohol serves as an oil phase thickener, solidifier and co-emulsifier (helper of an emulsifying wax). 
Cetyl Alcohol needs to be melted, preferably, together with other oils (moringa, argan, castor, apricot), butters (cupuacu, tamanu, babassu), waxes (carnauba, candelilla, sunflower) and other fatty alcohols (stearyl, cetearyl, behenyl)
Cetyl Alcohol CAN HELP TO KEEP YOUR SKIN HYDRATED


Cetyl alcohol is a type of alcohol used in cosmetic products to soften skin and nails. At room temperature, cety alcohol takes the form of a waxy solid or flakes. Cetyl Alcohol is an emollient and emulsion stabilizer used in many cosmetic preparations including baby lotion, brilliantine hair dressings, deodorants and antiperspirants, cream depilatories, eyelash creams and oils, foundation creams, hair lacquers, hair straighteners, hand lotions, lipsticks liquid powders, nail polish removers and shampoos.

C16H34O
Chemical name. 1-Hexadecanol; CAS Reg. No. 36653-82-4.
Description. Unctuous, colourless flakes or a white, crystalline mass; odour, faint and characteristic.
Solubility. Practically insoluble in water; soluble in ethanol (~750 g/l) TS and ether R.
Category. Emulsifying agent; viscosity-increasing agent.

Storage. 
Cetyl alcohol should be kept in a well-closed container.

Requirements
Definition. 
Cetyl alcohol is a mixture of solid alcohols consisting mainly of 1-hexadecanol (C16H34O).
Melting range. 46-51 °C.
Acid value. Not more than 2.
Saponification value. Not more than 2.
Iodine value. Not more than 3.


Cetyl alcohol is used in the cosmetic industry as an opacifier in shampoos, or as an emollient, emulsifier or thickening agent in the manufacture of skin creams and lotions. It is also employed as a lubricant for nuts and bolts.

Cetyl alcohol is the 16-carbon alcohol corresponding to palmitic acid, so called because it is isolated from among the hydrolysis products of spermaceti. This medication is used as a moisturizer to treat or prevent dry, rough, scaly, itchy skin and minor skin irritations (e.g., diaper rash, skin burns from radiation therapy). Most emollients can be used safely and effectively with no side effects. However, burning, stinging, redness, or irritation may occur. A very serious allergic reaction to this drug is rare.

Cetyl alcohol thickens and adds body to out concoctions as well as improving slip. It’s an emollient and it thickens/hardens without the weight or tackiness of wax.

Cetyl alcohol is hard to swap out. If you’re making a lotion or conditioner and it’s used at 4% or less, cetearyl alcohol is probably your best alternative. Cetearyl alcohol makes for a heavier, fluffier end product, so keep that in mind. Learn more about cetearyl alcohol here.
If cetyl alcohol is functioning as the main thickener in an anhydrous product keep in mind that it will also be contributing to the silky finish of the product as well as the firmness. Cetearyl alcohol is probably still your best option, but the end product will be different.

Benefits: it is used as emollient, emulsifier, thickener and conductor for other ingredients in cosmetic solutions. It also works to allow the product more coverage and to be easily spread and blended into skin. 

Cetyl alcohol (C16H34O), also known as 1-hexadecanol or palmityl alcohol, functions as an emulsion stabilizer, opacifier, emollient and surfactant in the pharmaceutical and cosmetics industry. It is a fatty alcohol, and at room temperature exists as a waxy or flaky white solid. Cetyl alcohol has been reported to lead to cases of contact dermatitis

Other Names
1-HEXADECANOL
Cachalot C-51
Cetylic alcohol
n-Cetyl alcohol
Cetal
Cetalol CA
Cetanol
Cetylol
n-1-Hexadecanol
n-Hexadecano
Palmityl alcohol

Cosmetic Uses:    
emulsion stabilisers
fragrance
opacifying agents
skin conditioning - emollient
surfactants
surfactant - emulsifying
surfactant - foam boosting
viscosity controlling agents

Use: Opacifier in Shampoos. Emollient, Emulsifier or Thickening Agent in Skin Creams and Lotions. Metal Lubricant. Nonionic Surfactants.

It is an oleochemical, derived entirely from vegetable (coconut and/or palm kernel, supplemented with palm oil stearine) feedstock. It finds widespread application as an opacifier, emulsion thickener/bodifier and stabilizer, viscosity stabilizer, and rinse-out hair conditioning component.

Use: cosmetics, pharmaceuticals, foods, tooth paste, tobaccos, paints, inks, paints, surface active agents, polyurethanes.

Use: Pharmaceuticals and Cosmetics use : Emulsion stabilizer for creams and lotions. Quality modifier of lipsticks. Additive for ointment base and cream conditioners. The smooth touch to skin for cosmetic uses. Auxiliary for emulsifiers. Thickening agent.

Use: Cosmetics and Personal Care, Cleaning and Detergents, Industrial, Pharmaceutical and Veterinary

Cetyl alcohol is a natural fatty alcohol that is compatible with anionic, cationic and nonionic surfactants. Lipocol® C is used in emulsion systems as a viscosity builder and emulsion stabilizer.

Cetyl alcohol may be contained in cosmetic and personal care products such as shampoos, creams and lotions, lipsticks, helping lip color adhere to the skin. Mainly it is used as an opacifier, emulsifier and thickening agent that alter the thickness of the liquid and increase and stabilize the foaming capacity. Cetyl alcohol is also a multipurpose food additive, used as a flavoring agent or in food decorations.
 

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