CHLOR PARAFINE

CAS number: 63449-39-8
EC number: 264-150-0
Chemical formula: C12H19Cl7

Chlor Parafines are used as secondary plasticizers for polyvinyl chloride (PVC) in applications such as electrical cables when the inherent low inflammability of PVC would be impaired by primary plasticizers (e.g., dioctyl phthalate). 
Chlor Parafines are used on a large scale as extreme-pressure additives in metal-machining fluids, e.g., in the automobile industry, precision engineering industry and in machinery construction. 
As additives to paints, coatings and sealants, chlorinated paraffins improve resistance to water and chemicals. 

Systems of this kind are especially suitable for marine paints, as coatings for industrial flooring, vessels and swimming pools (e.g., rubber and chlorinated rubber coatings), and as road marking paints. 
The flame-retarding properties of highly chlorinated paraffins are important for their use in plastics, fabrics, paints and coatings. 
Chlor Parafines are also used with decabromodiphenyl oxide and antimony trioxide in polyester fabrics for tents (Priha et al., 1988).

Chlor Parafine are a class of chemicals used for a variety of applications. 
Chlor Parafine can be classified according to the length of their chlorine chains, and commercial formulations may include a mix of compounds in this class. 
CAS 106232-86-4 is considered a Long Chain Chlorinated Paraffin (LCCP), with 24 chlorine atoms. 
The long form is less environmentally sensitive than short-length varieties.

Chlorinated paraffin is largely inert, almost insoluble in water, and flame retardant. 
Chlor Parafine can function as a plasticizing additive to for metal lubricants and cutting fluids, plastics, rubber, paint, adhesives, and more. 
Most of the world’s chlorinated paraffin is produced in China.

Chlor Parafine (CPs) are complex mixtures of polychlorinated n-alkanes. 
The chlorination degree of CPs can vary between 30 and 70 wt%. CPs are subdivided according to their carbon chain length into short-chain CPs (SCCPs, C10–13), medium-chain CPs (MCCPs, C14–17) and long-chain Chlor Parafine (LCCPs, C>17). 
Depending on chain length and chlorine content, CPs are colorless or yellowish liquids or solids.

USES OF Chlor Parafine:
Chlor Parafine Used as a secondary plasticizer in polymer compositions (cable, shoe and other flexible PVC compounds, films, plastisols, linoleum, etc.), as a component in oiling compositions in leather industry. 
Well combined with basic plasticizers based on phthalic acid (dibutyl phthalate and dioctylphthalate) and easily introduced into PVC compositions used for the production of “flexible” (cables, hoses, boots, films, linoleum, etc.) and “rigid” (conduits, fittings) products.
Chlor Parafine – is a complex chemical substance of polychlorinated n-alkanes used in multiple applications across diverse industries.
The main application for Chlor Parafine is as a flame retardant. 
When exposed to high temperatures, Chlor Parafine releases a substantial amount of HCI. 
In Chlor Parafines condensed phase, HCI contributes to the formation of char. 
In Chlor Parafines vapor phase, it can function as a flame poison.

Production of Chlor Parafine:
Chlor Parafine are synthesized for industrial by reaction of chlorine gas with unbranched paraffin fractions at a temperature of 80–100 °C since the 1930s.
Commercial products have been classified as substances of unknown or variable composition. 
Chlor Parafine are complex mixtures of chlorinated n-alkanes containing thousands of homologues and isomers which are not completely separated by standard analytical methods.

Physical Properties of Chlor Parafine:
Chlor Parafine is physically a homogeneous substance. 
Chlor Parafine is colorless or colorless yellow, amber or honey yellow. 
The most important properties of Chlor Parafine is viscosity, density, thermal stability, solubility and refractive index. 
Most Chlor Parafine becomes darker with heat as a result of the release of HCl.

Chemical properties of Chlor Parafine:
Chlor Parafine is not a simple chemical compound, but rather a complex mixture of various molecules whose differences are along the hydrocarbon chains, the number and location of chlorine atoms attached to these chains. 
In products with low chlorine percentages, chlorinated paraffin molecules During the chlorination process of paraffin, type III carbon atoms react more rapidly than type II; and type II carbon atoms reacts faster than type I, but the stability of the working atoms in paraffin is the opposite of the rule and is reduced from the type I to the third. 
Chlor Parafine decomposes by light or heat above 120 degrees Celsius, and the decomposition process is carried out by removing hydrogen chloride gas. This is called a dehydrolysis reaction.

Production of Chlor Parafine:
Chlor Parafine are synthesized by reaction of chlorine gas with unbranched paraffin fractions (<2 % isoparaffins, <100 ppm aromatics) at a temperature of 80–100 °C.
The radical substitution may be promoted by UV-light.
CxH(2x+2) + y Cl2 → CxH(2x−y+2)Cly + y HCl

When the desired degree of chlorination is achieved, residues of hydrochloric acid and chlorine are blown off with nitrogen. 
Epoxidized vegetable oil, glycidyl ether or organophosphorous compounds may be added to the final product for improved stability at high temperatures.
Commercial products have been classified as substances of unknown or variable composition. 
Chlor Parafines are complex mixtures of chlorinated n-alkanes containing thousands of homologues and isomers which are not completely separated by standard analytical methods.

Industrial applications of Chlor Parafine:
Production of Chlor Parafine for industrial use started in the 1930s, with global production in 2000 being about 2 million tonnes.
Currently, over 200 CP formulations are in use for a wide range of industrial applications, such as flame retardants and plasticisers, as additives in metal working fluids, in sealants, paints, adhesives, textiles, leather fat and coatings.

Chlor Parafine (CPs) are complex mixtures of polychlorinated n-alkanes. 
The degree of chlorination of KPs can range from 30 to 70% by weight. 
Chlor Parafine can be divided into short chain Chlor Parafine (SCCPs, C10-13), medium chain Chlor Parafine (MCCPs, C14-17), and long chain CPs (LCCPs, C>17) according to the length of the carbon chain are split.
Depending on chain length and chlorine content, Chlor Parafine are colorless or yellowish liquid or solid. 
Chlor Parafine are synthesized at 80-100 °C by reacting chlorine gas with unbranched paraffin fractions (<2 isoparaffins, <100 ppm aromatics). 

Radical substitution can be amplified by UV-light. CxH (2x + 2) + yCL2 → CxH (2x-y + 2) CLy + yHCL When the desired degree of chlorination is achieved, hydrochloric acid and chlorine residues are removed with nitrogen. 
Epoxidized vegetable oil, glycidyl ether, or organophosphorus compounds can be added to provide better stability at elevated temperatures in the final product. 
Commercial products are classified as substances of unknown or variable composition. 
Chlor Parafines are complex mixtures of chlorinated n-alkanes containing thousands of homologs and isomers that are not completely separated by standard analytical methods. 

Chlor Parafine used in the polymer industry, especially in PVC, as Plasticize Softener, to delay Flame-retardant flammability for plastics and tires, as a depressant Point Pour in paints, as well as in paints. 
The additive for high-pressure engine oil is widely used and hundreds of thousands of tons of Chlor Parafine are produced and consumed worldwide each year. 
In the country, paraffin chloride 52% has been widely used as a softener in the cabling, synthetic leather, flooring, etc., as a single use grade alone or alongside DOP.

The chemical and physical properties of chlorine paraffin depend on the following factors:
-The length of the hydrocarbon chain
-chlorine content of the product
-Reaction conditions (especially reaction temperature)

Chlor Parafine is used on a large scale as extreme-pressure additives in metal-machining fluids, e.g., in the automobile industry, precision engineering industry and in machinery construction. 

KEYWORDS:
63449-39-8, 264-150-0, Chlorinatedparaffin 70%dry, CHLORINATEDALKANESC22-40, Chlorinated paraffin, Chlorinating paraffin, liquidchlorinatedparaffin, Chlor Parafine, CPs, Chlorinated Paraffin Waxes

The industrial name: Chlor Parafine
The appearance form: clear yellowish viscous liquid with a distinct sweet smell

Paraffin is a generic name for alkanes with the chemical formula C n H2 n + 2 . 
Paraffin wax refers to solid paraffin with n = 20-40. 
Paraffin is a petroleum material found in the market in either liquid or solid or jelly form, the type of jelly and solid used for the production of candle types and the liquid type for industrial use.

Definition of Chlor Parafine:    
The state of matter in which the particles of a substance are loosely bound by intermolecular forces. 
The weakness of these forces permits movement of the particles and consequently liquids can change their shape within a fixed volume. 
The liquid state lacks the order of the solid state. 
Thus, amorphous materials, such as glass, in which the particles are disordered and can move relative to each other, can be classed as liquids.

Agricultural Uses of Chlor Parafine:     
Liquid is an amorphous (non-crystalline) form of matter intermediate between gases and solids in which the molecules are much more highly concentrated than in solids. 
Liquids take the shape of their containers but have fixed volume at a particular temperature and are incompressible.
Liquid molecules are free to move within the limits set by intermolecular attractive forces. 
At the aidliquid interface the vibration of the molecules causes some of them to be ejected from the liquid at a rate depending on the surface tension. 
The tendency of molecules to escape from a liquid surface is called fugacity and is largely responsible for evaporation. 

When the air space is restricted, the escaping molecules eventually saturate the air and thus the number of molecules leaving the liquid is equal to those returning to it as a result of molecular attraction. In these circumstances, the liquid/air system is said to be in equilibrium.
Liquids vary greatly in viscosity, boiling point, vapor pressure and surface tension. 
Mercury has a specific gravity of 13.6 and the highest surface tension of all liquids. 
Glass has the highest viscosity. 
Polar liquids are those where molecules have opposite electrical charges on their terminal atoms or groups, which impart a force called dipolemoment. 
Water is a polar liquid with high dielectric constant. Pure hydrocarbon liquids are generally non-polar.

Chlor Parafine (CPs) are complex mixtures of polychlorinated n-alkanes. 
The chlorination degree of Chlor Parafine can vary between 30 and 70 wt%. 
Chlor Parafine are subdivided according to their carbon chain length into short chain CPs (SCCPs, C10–13), medium chain Chlor Parafine (MCCPs, C14–17) and long chain Chlor Parafine (LCCPs, C>17). 
Depending on chain length and chlorine content, CPs are colorless or yellowish liquids or solids.
Chlor Parafine are synthesized by reaction of chlorine gas with unbranched paraffin fractions ( 2 % isoparaffins, 100 ppm aromatics) at a temperature of 80–100 °C. The radical substitution may be promoted by UV-light.

About Chlor Parafine Helpful information
Chlor Parafine is registered under the REACH Regulation and is manufactured in and / or imported to the European Economic Area, at ≥ 10 000 to < 100 000 tonnes per annum.
Chlor Parafine is used by consumers, in articles, by professional workers (widespread uses), in formulation or re-packing, at industrial sites and in manufacturing.

Consumer Uses of Chlor Parafine:
Chlor Parafine is used in the following products: adhesives and sealants.
Other release to the environment of Chlor Parafine is likely to occur from: indoor use in close systems with minimal release (e.g. cooling liquids in refrigerators, oil-based electric heaters).

Article service life
Release to the environment of Chlor Parafine can occur from industrial use: formulation in materials. Other release to the environment of Chlor Parafine is likely to occur from: indoor use in long-life materials with low release rate (e.g. flooring, furniture, toys, construction materials, curtains, foot-wear, leather products, paper and cardboard products, electronic equipment) and outdoor use in long-life materials with low release rate (e.g. metal, wooden and plastic construction and building materials). Chlor Parafine can be found in complex articles, with no release intended: machinery, mechanical appliances and electrical/electronic products (e.g. computers, cameras, lamps, refrigerators, washing machines). Chlor Parafine can be found in products with material based on: rubber (e.g. tyres, shoes, toys), leather (e.g. gloves, shoes, purses, furniture) and paper (e.g. tissues, feminine hygiene products, nappies, books, magazines, wallpaper).

Widespread uses by professional workers
Chlor Parafine is used in the following products: adhesives and sealants.
Chlor Parafine is used in the following areas: building & construction work.
Other release to the environment of Chlor Parafine is likely to occur from: outdoor use in close systems with minimal release (e.g. hydraulic liquids in automotive suspension, lubricants in motor oil and break fluids).

Formulation or re-packing
Chlor Parafine is used in the following products: polymers, coating products, fillers, putties, plasters, modelling clay, adhesives and sealants, inks and toners, lubricants and greases and paper chemicals and dyes.
Release to the environment of Chlor Parafine can occur from industrial use: formulation of mixtures, formulation in materials, in the production of articles and for thermoplastic manufacture.

Uses at industrial sites
Chlor Parafine is used in the following products: polymers, coating products, fillers, putties, plasters, modelling clay, adhesives and sealants, leather treatment products and textile treatment products and dyes.
Chlor Parafine is used in the following areas: building & construction work.
Chlor Parafine is used for the manufacture of: plastic products, textile, leather or fur, rubber products, electrical, electronic and optical equipment, furniture, fabricated metal products and machinery and vehicles.
Release to the environment of Chlor Parafine can occur from industrial use: in processing aids at industrial sites, in the production of articles, for thermoplastic manufacture, formulation of mixtures, as an intermediate step in further manufacturing of another substance (use of intermediates), as processing aid, as processing aid and of substances in closed systems with minimal release.
Other release to the environment of Chlor Parafine is likely to occur from: indoor use as processing aid.

Manufacture
Release to the environment of Chlor Parafine can occur from industrial use: manufacturing of the substance, formulation of mixtures, formulation in materials, in the production of articles, as processing aid and of substances in closed systems with minimal release.
Other release to the environment of Chlor Parafine is likely to occur from: outdoor use in long-life materials with low release rate (e.g. metal, wooden and plastic construction and building materials) and indoor use in long-life materials with low release rate (e.g. flooring, furniture, toys, construction materials, curtains, foot-wear, leather products, paper and cardboard products, electronic equipment).

Chemical and Physical properties:
Chlor Parafine are manufactured by the chlorination of specified normal paraffin fractions (straight-chain hydrocarbons) obtained from petroleum refining. 
Ordinary commercial Chlor Parafine are not single compounds but are mixtures, each containing several homologous n-alkanes corresponding to their manufacture from n-paraffin fractions with several different degrees of chlorination.

Chlor Parafine are characterized to a first approximation by the carbon-chain length range of their n-alkanes and by the chlorine content of the product. 
An average chain length for the hydrocarbon feedstock or an average molecular weight is often stated as well. 
For example, a chlorinated paraffin referred to as C12, 60% chlorine, would be a product with an average chain length of 12 carbons with approximately 60% chlorine.

Chlor Parafines that have been manufactured from pure n-paraffins are generally unreactive and stable during storage at normal temperatures.
Depending on their chain length and degree of chlorination, Chlor Parafines are colourless or yellowish, mobile to highly viscous liquids or waxy to glassy solidified substances.
Chlor Parafines are practically insoluble in water, although they can form emulsions and/or suspensions (Schenker, 1979).
Chlor Parafines formulations are used in a wide range of industrial applications including flame retardants and plasticisers. 
The product functions as an additive in metal working fluids, sealants, paints and coatings.

Chlor Parafines are obtained by chlorinating linear aliphatic hydrocarbon. 
Furthermore, Chlor Parafine is possible to produce different Chlor Parafines, from liquid to solid. 
You can make a distinction between the cChlor Parafines by the percentage of chlorine and the length of paraffin chains. 
Therefore you receive them with a different average molecular weight and a proportion of chlorine, which varies from 30 up to 70 %. Due to the fact that chlorinated paraffins contain different physical properties, they are suitable for applications from many different areas / sectors: Paints and varnishes, Plastics & Rubber, Fabrics & Oils & Tan agents.

IUPAC NAMES:
1,2,3,4,6,7,10-heptachlorododecane
2,3,4,5,6,8-hexachlorodecane
4,8,11,14,17,21-hexachlorotetracosane
Alkanes, C18-28, chloro
C18-28 Long Chain Chlorinated Paraffin
chlorinated paraffin
Chlorinated Paraffin Waxes
Chloro hydrocarbon waxes
LCCPs
Lonf chain chlorinated paraffin
Long Chain Chlorinated Paraffin
Long Chain Chlorinated Paraffin C18-36 (LCCP)
Paraffin oil, chlorinated
Paraffin waxes and Hydrocarbon waxes (C18 and longer), chloro
PARAFFIN WAXES AND HYDROCARBON WAXES, CHLORINATED
Paraffin waxes and Hydrocarbon waxes, chloro
Paraffin waxes and hydrocarbon waxes, chloro
paraffin waxes and Hydrocarbon waxes, chloro
paraffin waxes and hydrocarbon waxes, chloro
Paraffin waxes and Hydrocarbon waxes, chloro
Paraffin waxes, chloro
Polyethylene-based rubber

SYNONYMS: 
Chlorinating paraffin (42%)
Chlorinatedparaffin,70%dry
CHLORINATEDALKANESC22-40
Chlorinated paraffin
C22-40 alkanes, chlorinated-, (chlorinated paraffin)
Chlorinating paraffin (50%~54%)
Chlorinating paraffin
Chlorinating paraffin (70%)
Ultrafine aluminum hydroxide
The lowest price chlorinated paraffin wax 52% China trade assurance high quality
liquid
liquidchlorinatedparaffin
Chlorinated Paraffin (40%)
Chlorinated Paraffin (70%)
Chlorinated Paraffin 52%
Chlorinated Paraffin 60%
Paraffin waxes and Hydrocarbon waxes, chloro
CHLORINATEDPARAFFIN52%
CHLORINATEDPARAFFIN60%
CHLOROPARAFFIN
Chlorinated paraffins52
CHLORINATED PARAFFIN (50-54%)
CERECLORS52
CHLORINATEDPARAFFINWAXESANDHYDROCARBONWAXES
POLYCHLORINATEDPARAFFINS
PARAFFINWAXANDHYDROCARBONWAX,CHLORINATES
HYDROCARBONWAXES,CHLORINATED
Chloralkane C >17 (fest)
Chlorinated paraffin
Chlorinated waxes
synthetic fatliquoring agent 3^<#^>
Cereclor
Chlorinated paraffins (C23, 43% chlorine)
Paraffin(C=2032) chloride
Ncgc00091464-01
Chloroparaffin 40% Cl 10g [63449-39-8]
Chloroparaffin 50% Cl 10g [63449-39-8]
Chlorinated paraffin (45% chlorine) 10g [63449-39-8]
Chlorinated paraffin (45% chlorine)
Plastoil 1040
Plastoil 152
chlorination approximately
Chlorowax 500C (Chlorinated Hydrocarbon 59%)
Chlorafin 40 (Chlorinated Paraffin)@100 μg/mL in Toluene
Unichlor 502-50 (Chlorinated Hydrocarbons 52%)@100 μg/mL in Toluene
Chloroparaffin (50% chlorine)
Unichlor 40-90 (Chlorinated Hydrocarbons 38.5%)
Chlorowax 500C (Chlorinated Hydrocarbon 59%)@100 μg/mL in Toluene
CPW-100 @1000 μg/mL in Hexane
Unichlor 40-90 (Chlorinated Hydrocarbons 38.5%)@100 μg/mL in Toluene
Unichlor 70AX (Chlorinated Hydrocarbons 70%)
Unichlor 70AX (Chlorinated Hydrocarbons 70%)@100 μg/mL in Toluene
Chlorafin 40 (Chlorinated Paraffin)
Paroil 170-8@100 μg/mL in Toluene
Chlorinated paraffin ISO 9001:2015 REACH

Bu internet sitesinde sizlere daha iyi hizmet sunulabilmesi için çerezler kullanılmaktadır. Çerezler hakkında detaylı bilgi almak için Kişisel Verilerin Korunması Kanunu mevzuat metnini inceleyebilirsiniz.