CAS number: 61788-47-4
EC / List number: 262-978-7
Molecular Weight: 343.37374
Molecular Formula: C19H21NO5
Coconut fatty acids are vegetable oil derivatives that are used in a wide range of applications including cleaning products, soaps, detergents, surfactants and many more.
Many common household items are produced from coconut fatty acids, which is widely available domestically.
The term Coconut Fatty Acid actually refers to the chemical composition of the material and may not be reflective of the raw material basis.
Coconut fatty acids are vegetable based, but may be derived from various vegetable sources such as coconut or palm oil.
Further variations of coconut fatty acids can be made through the production process and can allow variances in IV, hydrogenation and chain length.
In recent years, many manufacturers have switch from traditional tallow (animal based) fatty acids to coconut and other vegetable based sources.
Coconut fatty acid have an approx. purity of 50% lauric acid and they are solid-pasty at room temperature and slightly yellow.
The main applications of Coconut fatty acid is coconut feedstock in the manufacture of cleaning products, soaps, metallic soaps, detergents, surfactants, alkyd resins, perfumes and fragrances, plasticizers and organic peroxides.
These light fraction is a mixture of caprylic-capric acid is a liquid at room temperature, slightly yellowish.
Coconut fatty acid is an irritating and corrosive product.
Coconut fatty acids freezing point is between 5-7° C.
The main applications of Coconut fatty acid is as a feedstock in the manufacture of alkyd resins for coatings, surfactants, perfumes and fragrances, metal soaps, lubricants, biocides and plasticizers.
Coconut fatty acids are a family of different types of fatty acids derived from coconut oil.
The major fatty acid is lauric acid and is accompanied by other saturated fatty acids as caprylic, capric, myristic, palmitic and stearic and in minor proportion of unsaturated fatty acids.
Coconut fatty acid and distilled coconut fatty acid offered by us is available at the reasonable prices and have a diverse application area.
Coconut fatty acid is available in different forms such as:
Coconut fatty acid is used in cosmetics, shampoos, and detergents.
Coconut fatty acid is used in chemical synthesis, polymers, cosmetics, as an anti-static agent, intermediate, viscosity adjustor, cleaning-washing agent, disinfectant, and surface active agent.
Coconut fatty acid is used to make basic organic chemicals, as a surface active agent for asphalt paving, paper mills, mining, and to make roofing and saturated materials, pesticides and other agrochemicals, dyes and pigments, and soaps-cleaning products.
Coconut fatty acid is permitted for use as an inert ingredient in non-food pesticide products.
9 common products containing coconut fatty acids include:
-Emulsifiers in household and industrial cleaning products
-Personal care applications
Historically, coconut fatty acids have been the main supply of C8-C14 to the oleochemical industry.
That trend has changed in favor of palm kernel in the past decade or so due to higher supply of PKO versus CNO.
Inventure can compete head-to-head with the price of CNO to offer you the most advantageous offering of coconut fatty acids available on the market, giving you the upper hand against your competitors.
Univar offers a wide range of coconut fatty acids.
Coconut fatty acids are used in a wide variety of products, including:
-Fatty derivatives/esters primarily converted via ethoxylation or amidization
-Paints and coatings - chain terminators that provide formulation flexibility, faster reaction rates and consistency in condensation reactions to make alkyd resins.
-Household and industrial cleaners - soaps used alone or in combination with other chemicals to formulate hard surface cleaners and detergents
-Personal care soaps used alone or in combination with other chemicals to formulate waterless hand cleaners
-Metalworking lubrication and load-carrying additives in metalworking fluids.
What Is Coconut Fatty Acid?
Coconut fatty acid is a dry powder derived from coconuts.
What Does Coconut Fatty Acid Do in Our Products?
Coconut fatty acid is surfactant or cleansing agent.
Coconut fatty acid is often found in laundry and dishwashing products, soap, face cleansers, shampoo, deodorant, body wash, and other products.
Why is Coconut Fatty Acid used?
Coconut fatty acid is used as a cleaning agent.
Surfactants are generally alkaline in nature, and by reducing the pH using coconut fatty acid, the product becomes less foamy.
Coconut fatty acid is easier to rinse the surfactant, stains, and dirt away while still providing a high level of cleaning power.
The Cosmetic Ingredients Review has deemed coconut acid as safe for use in cosmetics.
Whole Foods has deemed the ingredient acceptable in its body care and cleaning product quality standards.
How Coconut Fatty Acid Is Made?
Coconut oil comes from expressing the dried inner part of coconuts.
Coconut fatty acid is a glyceryl ester of coconut oil.
Is obtained by splitting and the subsequent vacuum distillation of coconut oil.
Coconut fatty acid obtained has a melting point above 25 º C.
Coconut fatty acid is solid at room temperature, opaque white and with a pungent smell.
Unlike other fatty acids, Coconut fatty acid is characterized by the presence of caprylic acid (up to 10%), rich in lauric acid.
The fatty acids in coconut oil can encourage your body to burn fat, and they provide quick energy to your body and brain.
Coconut fatty acid raise HDL (good) cholesterol in your blood, which may help reduce heart disease risk.
Oils derived from coconuts or palm fruit contain a variety of fatty acids and triglycerides.
To isolate a particular fatty acid or triglyceride, coconut and palm oil producers—some of the largest of whom are based in tropical regions such as the Philippines, Malaysia, and Indonesia—first extract unrefined oil from the meat of coconuts and the pulp of palm fruits.
Once separated, they fractionate the oil to yield higher purity compounds, such as capric acid, caprylic acid, and medium chain triglycerides (MCTs).
Throughout industry, coconut and palm oils increasingly find application due to their renewability and versatility.
Some of the industries that commonly use capric and caprylic acids include pharmaceutical, cosmetic, and manufacturing.
With decades of experience serving these industries and more, the team at Chemceed has the knowledge and skills to provide manufacturers with high-quality fatty acids suitable for their unique applications.
Wilfarin fatty acids are derived from both Palm Oil and Palm Kernel Oil and are produced from the splitting of fats at high temperature and pressure.
Depending on customer requirements, they are available as broad cuts or purer fatty acids by simple or fractional distillation.
Common applications for fatty acids include rubber processing, candles and cosmetic products or use as feedstock to produce derivatives such as MCTs, soap, and metallic soap.
Intermediate chemicals such as fatty alcohols, fatty amines and fatty esters can also be manufactured from fatty acids.
Depending on the grade / type of fatty acids, they are available in paper bags, bulker bags, drums, IBCs, flexibags and bulk shipments.
Coconut Fatty Acid 745 is used in soaps, bath products and household and industrial cleaning products as a surfactant, cleansing agent, emulsifier and a foam booster.
Coconut fatty acids high Lauric content makes an excellent lathering and conditioning bath soap.
The veg-based (from Palm Oil) Oleochemicals and Glycerine sold by Acme-Hardesty Co., are Non-GMO, allergen free, BSE free, and from RSPO (Roundtable for Sustainable Palm Oil) certified producers.
Coconut oil is 100% fat, 80-90% of which is saturated fat.
Coconut fatty acid has a firm texture at cold or room temperatures.
Fat is made up of smaller molecules called fatty acids, and there are several types of saturated fatty acids in coconut oil.
The predominant type of Coconut fatty acid is lauric acid (47%), with myristic and palmitic acids present in smaller amounts, which have been shown in research to raise harmful LDL levels.
Also present in trace amounts are monounsaturated and polyunsaturated fats.
Coconut oil contains no cholesterol, no fiber, and only traces of vitamins, minerals, and plant sterols.
Plant sterols have a chemical structure that mimics blood cholesterol, and may help to block the absorption of cholesterol in the body.
However, the amount found in a few tablespoons of coconut oil is too small to produce a beneficial effect.
When Coconut fatty acid comes to home and personal care products, consumers are becoming increasingly aware of how consumer goods are sourced.
Marketing products made from coconut is much easier than those that are palm-based.
Fatty acids are very useful chemistry due to their high-performance properties derived from renewable raw materials.
Univar Solutions offers a full range of fatty acids including coconut and polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA).
Coconut fatty acids are vegetable derived, from coconut oil or palm oil.
Coconut oil is the highest natural source of lauric acid.
Polyunsaturated fatty acids are derived from a variety of natural oils and fats and have more than one double bond in their carbon chain.
Some of the most common grades are soya, linoleic, and sunflower fatty acid.
Fats can be characterized as saturated or unsaturated.
Saturated fats can be further divided into short-, medium- and long-chain fatty acids.
These types of fats have different effects in the body.
Unlike long-chain fatty acids, medium-chain fatty acids are absorbed directly into the bloodstream.
Coconut fatty acid don't raise blood cholesterol as much as long-chain fatty acids do, and they don't appear to be stored in the body's fat tissue as readily as long-chain fatty acids are.
Coconut oil has been of interest because it contains both medium-chain and long-chain fatty acids.
The primary component, however, is lauric acid.
Based on Coconut fatty acids structure and function, lauric acid lands in the middle, behaving in some ways like a medium-chain fatty acid and in others like a long-chain fatty acid.
Many studies of medium-chain fatty acids and health benefits have been conducted with manufactured oils — derived in part from coconut oil or other plant oils — that don't contain lauric acid.
Therefore, Coconut fatty acid's important not to draw conclusions about the benefits of coconut oil based on studies with oils called medium-chain triglyceride (MCT) oils.
Acid Value (mg KOH/g): 265-275
Saponification Value (mg KOH/g): 266-275
Iodine Value (% I2absorbed): 7-11
Titre (oC): 22-26
Color (Lov, R/Y): 1.0/10 Max
Moisture (%): 0.2 Max
C6 1 Max
C18 4 Max
C18-2 2 Max
Others 0.5 Max
Product Form Liquid / Solid
Coconut fatty acids can be converted to other derivatives.
Details are given on fatty acids, methyl esters, fatty alcohols, glycerine, monoalkyl phosphates, alkanolamides, surfactants, and tertiary amines.
Information includes chemistry, manufacture, processing, and uses.
There are numerous uses for these products and are detailed.
Examples include surfactants, which are main ingredients in detergents, emulsifiers in food, and flotation agents in mining.
Tertiary amines are used to prepare oxides used in cosmetic preparation.
Coconut fatty acids can be converted to other derivatives.
Principles and methods in the manufacture of various oleochemicals are discussed.
Coconut oil and palm kernel oil are import feedstocks in the oleochemical industry.
Oleochemicals are defined as chemicals made from oils.
Coconut oil is well positioned because it has the unique advantage of having its fatty acid composition falling within the carbon-chain spectrum desired for the production of oleochemicals.
C12–C14 fractions are highly sought after.
The caproic to capric (C6–C10) fatty acid fractions are good materials for plasticizer range alcohol and for polyol esters.
The latter are used in high-performance oil for jet engines and for a new generation of lubricants.
These fractions are also basic to the preparation of medium-chain triglycerides, a highly valued dietary fat.
The C12–C18 fractions are the primary raw materials for detergent-grade fatty alcohols.
COCONUT FATTY ACID USES AND APPLICATIONS
There is no shortage of uses for coconut fatty acid across industries.
We primarily provide coconut fatty acid for use as an ingredient in personal care products, but it can also be used as a lubricant for the automotive industry or machine work, as a fuel for the oil and gas industry, to condition leather, to polish wood and to dissolve adhesives.
Coconut fatty acid is also has many uses in the personal care industry, including:
The link between excessive consumption of dietary saturated fats and coronary heart disease (CHD) is now well established.
Because of its high content of saturated fatty acids, the consumption of foods containing coconut oil may therefore be a risk factor for CHD.
While the fatty acid composition of coconut oil is well established, relatively little is known about the other constituents of coconut: the milk, water, cream and meat fractions.
In this study, we show that while the water fraction is low in lipid content, the milk contains about 24% of the fat content of oil and the cream and meat fractions about 34%.
The other coconut constituents contain significant amounts of medium-chain triglycerides that are formed from fatty acids of chain length 8:0 to 14:0.
Coconut fatty acid, primarily 14:0, that are thought to be atherogenic.
On the other hand, medium-chain triglycerides may be advantageous under some circumstances in that they are absorbed intact and do not undergo degradation and re-esterification processes.
As a result, medium-chain triglycerides provide a ready source of energy and may be useful in baby foods or in diet therapy.
Nevertheless, the possible negative effects of the saturated fatty acids and the absence of the essential fatty acid linolenic acid from all coconut constituents suggest that the coconut milk, oil and cream should not be used on a regular basis in adults.
Coconut fatty acid is derived from coconut oil produced from copra, which is the dried albumen of coconut.
Coconut fatty acid is a distilled fatty acid, used as a component of many products.
Coconut fatty acid has chemical characteristics that are very close to palm kernel fatty acid which can sometimes replace it.
The coconut fatty acid is a 100% natural origin material used in particular by the cosmetic industry (soaps, creams …).
Coconut fatty acid is easy to formulate and mixes easily with other fatty substances, such as oleic acid for example.
Lotions and face creams:
Coconut fatty acid is ideal for this use because of its excellent emulsifying properties.
Shampoos: Coconut fatty acid is an excellent conditioner.
Soaps: Coconut fatty acid produces a great deal of cleansing lather in a short amount of time, making it perfect for a soap ingredient
Coconut fatty acid can also give your cleansing product a pleasant smell and a clean appearance.
PACKAGING AND SHELF LIFE OF COCONUT FATTY ACID
Our coconut fatty acid is a foamy liquid that comes in our 400# drum.
Coconut fatty acid does not do well when exposed to heat and light.
When Coconut fatty acid's not in use, store it in the sealed drum in a cool, dry, well-ventilated location out of the heat and out of direct sunlight.
When stored in this way, coconut fatty acid can have a shelf life of at least one year.
Our Distilled coconut fatty acid import data and export data solutions meet your actual import and export requirements in quality, volume, seasonality, and geography.
Alongside we help you get detailed information on the vital export and import fields that encompass HS codes, product description, duty, quantity, price, etc.
The export import data from Seair paves the way for successful partnerships that generate profit for business from both the local and global precincts.
Why is Coconut fatty acid used in cosmetics and personal care products?
When Coconut fatty acid is used in cosmetics and personal care products, Coconut Oil and Coconut Acid, and the ingredients derived from Coconut Oil and Coconut Acid have the following functions.
-Anticaking agents - Magnesium Cocoate
-Emulsion stabilizers - Coconut Alcohol, Butylene Glycol Cocoate
-Hair conditioning agents - Cocus Nucifera (Coconut) Oil,
-Opacifying agents - Hydrogenated Coconut Acid
-Skin-conditioning agents - emollient - Caprylic/Capric/Coco Glycerides, Cocoglycerides, Ethylhexyl Cocoate, Isodecyl Cocoate, Lauryl Cocoate, Methyl Cocoate, Octyldodecyl Cocoate, Hydrogenated Coco-Glycerides
-Skin-conditioning agents - miscellaneous - Cocus Nucifera (Coconut) Oil, Pentaerythrityl Cocoate
-Skin-conditioning agents - occlusive - Cocus Nucifera (Coconut) Oil, Hydrogenated Coconut Oil, Coconut Oil Decyl Esters, Decyl Cocoate, Lauryl Cocoate, Tridecyl Cocoate
-Slip modifiers - Magnesium Cocoate
-Surfactants - cleansing agents - Coconut Acid, Hydrogenated Coconut Acid, Potassium Cocoate, Sodium Cocoate, Ammonium Cocomonoglyceride Sulfate, Sodium Cocomonoglyceride Sulfate, Potassium Hydrogenated Cocoate, Sodium Hydrogenated Cocoate
-Surfactants - emulsifying agents - Potassium Cocoate, Sodium Cocoate
-Surfactants - foam boosters - Coconut Alcohol
-Viscosity increasing agents - aqueous - Coconut Alcohol Viscosity increasing agents - nonaqueous - Coconut Alcohol, Butylene Glycol Cocoate, Magnesium Cocoate
Distilled Coconut Fatty Acid
Distilled Coconut Fatty Acid is commonly used in soaps as a super fattening agent.
Coconut fatty acid also finds extensive application in alkyd resin manufacturing and in manufacturing of chemical auxiliaries for textiles and other industries.
Coconut fatty acid is used in the production of toilet, liquid & transparent soaps; alkyd resins for paints
Coco fatty acid
Coco fatty acids
Coconut fatty acids
Coconut oil acids
Fatty acids coco
Coconut oil fatty acid diethanolamide 6501
Coconut oil fatty acid,
Coconut oil fatty acid,
Coconut oil fatty acid chloride
Short oil alkyd resin,coconut oil fatty acid modified
Coconut oil fatty acid
HOW TO DISPOSE OF COCONUT FATTY ACID
If you find yourself with excess coconut fatty acid, be sure to find out what local guidelines are for disposal of this type of waste material to avoid any negative environmental impact. Do not reuse the coconut fatty acid drum.
WHY CHOOSE 18C BY ACME-HARDESTY AS YOUR COCONUT FATTY ACID SUPPLIER?
As one of the oldest oleochemical distributors in the country, 18c by Acme-Hardesty is the perfect company to contact when you want to buy coconut fatty acid.
We are the most experienced and the most efficient coconut fatty acid supplier you will find.
We get our coconut fatty acid from environmentally-friendly, non-GMO, BSE and allergen-free producers.
In addition to the tremendous quality of our coconut fatty acid and other oils, surfactants and similar personal care ingredients, we offer a level of customer service that can significantly boost your efficiency and productivity.
Our simple-to-use e-commerce platform and streamlined supply chain means you get all your orders fast and can put them right to work in your applications.
Our coconut fatty acid and other products are affordable and available in a wide range of order sizes.
We can provide a small batch for research purposes or for a personal care company that is just starting up as easily as we can provide a larger order for a big company doing high-volume in the personal care industry.
What is Coconut Fatty Acids Distillate?
Coconut Fatty Acid Distillate or CFAD is the by-product collected from oil refineries which contains lauric fatty acid as major saturated fatty acid.
The dark in colour oil present in liquid form is highly demanded for manufacturing of toilet soap.
Coconut Oil Fatty Acid Distillate exhibits an acid value in the range of 263 – 273.
CFAD is useful for applications where higher quality fatty acid is specified where salts have good solubility for use in liquid applications.
Appearance : Pale yellow colour liquid @ 30 OC
Odour : Characteristic
Colour 1” Lovibond Cell – Red : 0.5 Max
Colour 1” Lovibond Cell – Yellow : 2.5 Max
Titre OC : 23.0 - 29.0
Acid Value, mgm KOH/gm : 250.00 Min
Iodine Value, g I2/100gms : 21.0 Max
Saponification Value, mgm KOH/gm : 251.00 Min
% Moisture : 0.25 Max
Coconut Oil, also called Cocos Nucifera (Coconut) Oil, is a pale-yellow, semisolid, edible oil.
Coconut Acid is a mixture of fatty acids derived from Coconut Oil.
Other ingredients made from Coconut Oil and/or Coconut Acid that may be used in cosmetics and personal care products include:
Hydrogenated Coconut Oil, Hydrogenated Coconut Acid, Coconut Alcohol, Butylene Glycol Cocoate, Caprylic/Capric/Coco Glycerides, Cocoglycerides, Coconut Oil Decyl Esters, Decyl Cocoate, Ethylhexyl Cocoate, Isodecyl Cocoate, Lauryl Cocoate, Methyl Cocoate, Octyldodecyl Cocoate, Pentaerythrityl Cocoate, Tridecyl Cocoate, Magnesium Cocoate, Potassium Cocoate, Sodium Cocoate, Ammonium Cocomonoglyceride Sulfate, Sodium Cocomonoglyceride Sulfate, Hydrogenated Coco-Glycerides, Potassium Hydrogenated Cocoate and Sodium Hydrogenated Cocoate.
Among these ingredients made from Coconut Oil and/or its fatty acids, Coconut Oil is the most frequently used in the formulation of cosmetic and personal care products. Coconut Oil can be found in many categories of cosmetic and personal care products including bath products, eye makeup, hair care products, shaving creams, suntan products, skin care products and lipsticks.
The fatty acid profiles and triacylglycerol (TAG) compositions of oils from the solid endosperm of different Philippine coconut hybrids and their parentals were determined by using gas chromatography (GC) and high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC).
In general, varietal differences in fatty acid composition were observed.
Lauric acid (C12) content was significantly higher in the hybrids PCA 15-8 (50.45%) and PCA 15-9 (50.26%) by about 3.16% points as compared to other hybrids, and higher in Tacunan Green Dwarf (50.50%) among the parentals.
Among the fatty acids, lauric acid exhibited the least variation.
In general, none of the hybrids had higher fatty acid content than their parentals.
The HPLC chromatogram of triacylglycerols (TAG) showed 8 major peaks which differ in carbon number (CN) by two: identified as TAG CN 30, 32, 34, 36, 38, 40, 42, and 44. TAGs CN 30 (4.08%) and CN 34 (19.20%) were found to be significantly higher in PCA 15-9 than in the other hybrids.
CN 36 was highest (21.94−23.66%) in all hybrids and parentals.
The TAG CNs varied significantly among hybrids and parents, i.e., in CN 30, 32, and 34, which are high in medium chain triacylglycerols (MCTs), and in CN 30 (for parentals only), 40, 42, and 44 (the latter two for parentals only), and none in CN 36.
MCTs calculated for two hybrids and their parents ranged from 13.81% to 20.55%.
Coconut fatty acid is used in soaps and bath products as a cleansing agent, a conditioner, an emulsifier, and a foam booster.
Coconut fatty acids has high lauric content makes an excellent lathering soap.
Coconut fatty acid is also a super fattening agent, which provides a very smooth consistency to bar soap, and delivers rich
Common Name: Coconut oil fatty acid
CAS Number: 61788-47-4
Molecular Weight: 343.37374
Boiling Point: N/A
Molecular Formula: C19H21NO5
Melting Point: N/A
Flash Point: N/A
COCONUT FATTY ACID DISTILLATE
Made fully refined coconut oil enriched with superior bake-through butter flavor and natural color simulating the properties of butter oil.
Coconut fatty acid produces a rich butter flavor that is carried through even under high temperature.
Thus, the richness of butter stays in the product even after baking, frying or cooking.
Coconut fatty acid is best suited for popcorn
Coconut oil contains 0.245 g of polyunsaturated fat per tablespoon.
Linoleic acid is the only fatty acid that makes up the polyunsaturated fat content of coconut oil.
Linoleic acid is considered to be an essential fatty acid.
The body is unable to make essential fatty acids so it is important to get them from food in order for the body to function properly.
Linoleic acid is an omega 6 fatty acid and is important for healthy brain function, skin and hair growth and bone health.
Coconut oil is composed mainly of the saturated fatty acid, lauric acid (12 carbon atoms), but also of other long-chain saturated fatty acids, myristic (14 carbon atoms) and palmitic acids (16 carbon atoms).
Mensink performed a comprehensive systematic review with meta-regression of each of these fatty acids on plasma LDL cholesterol and other lipoproteins.
Mensink’s review considered all sources of lauric, myristic, and palmitic acids, not only from coconut oil, but also in other foods such as dairy fat, palm kernel, and palm oil.
All these saturated fatty acids increased LDL cholesterol.
Lauric acid, the most prevalent fatty acid in coconut oil, had a significant linear effect on LDL cholesterol.
Mensink used carbohydrate as the direct comparator nutrient for the fatty acids.
His approach found even more of an effect on LDL cholesterol of these saturated fatty acids in comparison with mono- and polyunsaturated fatty acids, combining the 2 estimates (coconut oil minus carbohydrate) + (carbohydrate minus unsaturated fats).
This is a practical way to illustrate the dietary application of the present meta-analysis, because unsaturated oils like soybean, corn, olive, or peanut oils are practical replacements for coconut oil.
Diethanolamine coconut fatty acid condensate
Diethanolamine N-coco alkyl derivs.
N,N-Bis(2-hydroxyethyl)(coconut oil alkyl)amine
Ethanol, 2,2'-iminobis-, N-coco alkyl derivs.
[ChemIDplus] Cocamide DEA
[REPROTOX] Amidet B-112 (KAO)
Fatty acid diethanolamide
Ethanol, 2,2'-Iminobis-, N-Kokos-alkylderivate
Ethanol, imino–2,2'bis-, derives N-alkyles de coco
[IUCLID] ARMOSTAT 400
[Akzo Nobel MSDS] UN2735
Fatty acids are acyclic carboxylic acids with aliphatic tails of different lengths.
Based on their carbon atom chain length, fatty acids are classified into the following three groups: short-chain fatty acids with <6 carbon atoms, medium-chain fatty acids (MCFA) and long-chain fatty acids that contain 6–12 carbons and >12 carbons, respectively.
Fatty acids are major components of triacylglycerols, phospholipids and other complex lipids, therefore representing main contributors to dietary fat in humans.
Plant oils like palm, coconut and olive oils, nuts, seeds and seed oils, cocoa butter and animal-derived fats as lard, tallow and butter, are rich of fatty acids that are important components of cell membranes and essential sources of energy.
Previous studies have demonstrated that fatty acids are also involved in diverse transduction pathways, in gene transcription and relevant biological events as cell metabolism, inflammation, apoptosis and production of bioactive lipid mediators, thus contributing to multiple patho-physiological responses.
Coconut Oil is obtained by expression from the dried inner flesh of the coconut, Cocos nucifera.
Coconut Oil is a source of lower chain length fatty acids, including lauric acid, capric acid, myristic acid and palmitic acid.
The traditional use of Coconut Oil and the salts of the Coconut Acid, Potassium Cocoate and Sodium Cocoate is in the manufacture of soap.
Coconut Oil has many other uses including in baking, candy making and in the manufacture of candles.
Coconut oil constitutes the major commercial product of coconut.
Coconut oil is used as a cooking fat, hair oil, body oil, and industrial oil.
Refined coconut oil is prepared exclusively for industrial purposes and is widely used in the manufacture of biscuits, chocolates, icecreams, margarine, and confectionery items.
Coconut fatty acid is also used for the manufacture of paints and pharmaceutical agents.
Desirable properties such as a low melting point, resistance to rancidity, pleasant flavor, and easy digestibility make it an ideal ingredient in the food industry.
Coconut oil is a source of many oleo chemicals such as fatty acids, methyl esters, and fatty alcohol.
For cooking and toiletry purposes, Coconut fatty acid is commonly used in the form of filtered coconut oil.
Virgin coconut oil, which is a high-quality oil, is prepared from the milk extracted from the raw kernel.
This type of coconut oil is most suitable as a massage oil for babies.
Coconut oil is a rich source of saturated fatty acids, and short- and medium-chain fatty acids account for 70% of these fatty acids.
Coconut fatty acid has a low content of unsaturated fatty acids with a negligible content of both n:6 and n:3 polyunsaturated fatty acids and a low n:6/n:3 ratio (< 4).
The highly resistant nature of coconut oil to oxidative rancidity is attributed to its high concentration of saturated fat and low unsaturated fatty acids.
This quality makes Coconut fatty acid suitable for storage without deterioration.
Coconut and palm oils which were the major sources of dietary fats for centuries in most of West Africa have been branded as unhealthy highly saturated fats.
Their consumption has been peddled to supposedly raise the level of blood cholesterol, thereby increasing the risk of coronary heart disease.
This adverse view has led to a reduction in their consumption in West Africa and they have been substituted for imported vegetable oils.
Recent information however, indicates some beneficial effects of these oils particularly their roles in nutrition, health and national development.
There is the need for a better understanding of their effects on health, nutritional status and national development.
This paper therefore attempts to review the roles which coconut and palm oils play in these respects in developing countries, as a means of advocating for a return to their use in local diets.
Coconut oil (or coconut butter) is an edible oil derived from the wick, meat, and milk of the coconut palm fruit.
Coconut oil is a white solid fat, melting at warmer room temperatures of around 25° C (78° F), in warmer climates during the summer months it is a clear thin liquid oil. Unrefined varieties have a distinct coconut aroma.
Coconut fatty acid is used as a food oil, and in industrial applications for cosmetics and detergent production.
Due to Coconut fatty acids high levels of saturated fat, numerous health authorities recommend limiting its consumption as a food.
Dry process of Coconut fatty acid:
Dry processing requires that the meat be extracted from the shell and dried using fire, sunlight, or kilns to create copra.
The copra is pressed or dissolved with solvents, producing the coconut oil and a high-protein, high-fiber mash.
The mash is of poor quality for human consumption and is instead fed to ruminants; there is no process to extract protein from the mash.
Wet process of Coconut fatty acid:
The all-wet process uses coconut milk extracted from raw coconut rather than dried copra.
The proteins in the coconut milk create an emulsion of oil and water.
The more problematic step is breaking up the emulsion to recover the oil.
Coconut fatty acid is used to be done by prolonged boiling, but this produces a discolored oil and is not economical.
Modern techniques use centrifuges and pre-treatments including cold, heat, acids, salts, enzymes, electrolysis, shock waves, steam distillation, or some combination thereof.
Despite numerous variations and technologies, wet processing is less viable than dry processing due to a 10–15% lower yield, even taking into account the losses due to spoilage and pests with dry processing.
Wet processes also require investment of equipment and energy, incurring high capital and operating costs.
Proper harvesting of the coconut (the age of a coconut can be 2 to 20 months when picked) makes a significant difference in the efficacy of the oil-making process.
Copra made from immature nuts is more difficult to work with and produces an inferior product with lower yields.
Conventional coconut oil processors use hexane as a solvent to extract up to 10% more oil than produced with just rotary mills and expellers.
They then refine the oil to remove certain free fatty acids to reduce susceptibility to rancidification.
Other processes to increase shelf life include using copra with a moisture content below 6%, keeping the moisture content of the oil below 0.2%, heating the oil to 130–150 °C (266–302 °F) and adding salt or citric acid.
Virgin coconut oil (VCO) can be produced from fresh coconut milk, meat, or residue.
Producing it from the fresh meat involves either wet-milling or drying the residue, and using a screw press to extract the oil.
VCO can also be extracted from fresh meat by grating and drying it to a moisture content of 10–12%, then using a manual press to extract the oil.
Producing it from coconut milk involves grating the coconut and mixing it with water, then squeezing out the oil.
The milk can also be fermented for 36–48 hours, the oil removed, and the cream heated to remove any remaining oil.
A third option involves using a centrifuge to separate the oil from the other liquids.
Coconut oil can also be extracted from the dry residue left over from the production of coconut milk.
A thousand mature coconuts weighing approximately 1,440 kilograms (3,170 lb)[clarification needed] yield around 170 kilograms (370 lb) of copra from which around 70 litres (15 imp gal) of coconut oil can be extracted.
Refined, bleached, and deodorized (RBD) oil is usually made from copra and dried coconut kernel, which is pressed in a heated hydraulic press to extract the oil.
This yields practically all the oil present, amounting to more than 60% of the dry weight of the coconut.
This crude coconut oil is not suitable for consumption because it contains contaminants and must be refined with further heating and filtering.
Another method for extraction of coconut oil involves the enzymatic action of alpha-amylase, polygalacturonases, and proteases on diluted coconut paste.
Unlike virgin coconut oil, refined coconut oil has no coconut taste or aroma.
RBD oil is used for home cooking, commercial food processing, and cosmetic, industrial, and pharmaceutical purposes.
RBD coconut oil can be processed further into partially or fully hydrogenated oil to increase its melting point.
Since virgin and RBD coconut oils melt at 24 °C (76 °F), foods containing coconut oil tend to melt in warm climates.
A higher melting point is desirable in these warm climates, so the oil is hydrogenated.
The melting point of hydrogenated coconut oil is 36–40 °C (97–104 °F).
In the process of hydrogenation, unsaturated fats (monounsaturated and polyunsaturated fatty acids) are combined with hydrogen in a catalytic process to make them more saturated.
Coconut oil contains only 6% monounsaturated and 2% polyunsaturated fatty acids.
In the partial hydrogenation process, some of these are transformed into trans fatty acids.
Fractionated coconut oil provides fractions of the whole oil so that Coconut fatty acids different fatty acids can be separated for specific uses.
Lauric acid, a 12-carbon chain fatty acid, is often removed because of its high value for industrial and medical purposes.
The fractionation of coconut oil can also be used to isolate caprylic acid and capric acid, which are medium-chain triglycerides, as these are used for medical applications, special diets and cosmetics, sometimes also being used as a carrier oil for fragrances.