Cyclohexane is an alicyclic hydrocarbon comprising a ring of six carbon atoms; the cyclic form of hexane, used as a raw material in the manufacture of nylon.
It has a role as a non-polar solvent. It is a cycloalkane and a volatile organic compound.
Cyclohexane appears as a clear colorless liquid with a petroleum-like odor. Used to make nylon, as a solvent, paint remover, and to make other chemicals. Flash point -4°F. Density 6.5 lb / gal (less than water) and insoluble in water. Vapors heavier than air.
Cyclohexane is a cycloalkane with the molecular formula C6H12. Cyclohexane is non-polar. Cyclohexane is a colourless, flammable liquid with a distinctive detergent-like odor, reminiscent of cleaning products (in which it is sometimes used). Cyclohexane is mainly used for the industrial production of adipic acid and caprolactam, which are precursors to nylon.
Cyclohexyl is the alkyl substituent of cyclohexane and is abbreviated Cy
Preferred IUPAC name: Cyclohexane
Other names: Hexanaphthene (archaic
CAS Number: 110-82-7
What is Cyclohexane?
Cyclohexane (also known as CYX, hexamethylene, hexahydrobenzene, hexanaphthene, and benzenehexahydride) is a colourless, volatile, and flammable liquid with the formula C6H12.
It has a mild odour and is insoluble in water but soluble in alcohol, ether, acetone, benzene, and ligroin.
Cyclohexane occurs naturally in petroleum crude oil, volcanic gases and cigarette smoke.
How is it produced?
Industrial cyclohexane can be produced by two methods. The first is the catalytic hydrogenation of benzene using rhodium on carbon, and the second method is via fractional distillation of petroleum.
How is it stored and distributed?
Cyclohexane has a specific gravity of 0.78 and a flashpoint of -20° C and is highly flammable. It should be stored in a cool, dry, and well-ventilated area which is free from the risk of ignition. For transportation purposes, it is classified as hazard class 3 and packing group II and is should be labelled as an irritant, and harmful if swallowed or inhaled.
What Cyclohexane used for?
Cyclohexane is used predominately in the nylon industry where approximately 90% of it is consumed in the industrial production of adipic acid and caprolactam, which are themselves used to generate nylon6 and nylon6.6.
The remaining 10% is used both as a solvent for paints, resins, varnish and oil, and as a plasticiser.
Cyclohexane can also be used as an intermediate in the manufacture of other industrial chemicals such as cyclohexanone and nitrocyclohexanone.
Cyclohexane [ACD/Index Name] [ACD/IUPAC Name] [Wiki]
Cyclohexan [German] [ACD/IUPAC Name]
Cyclohexane [French] [ACD/Index Name] [ACD/IUPAC Name]
MFCD00003814 [MDL number]
Acid red 300
Cyclohexane 100 Âµg/mL in Methanol
Cyclohexane 2000 Ã‚Âµg/mL in Methanol
Cyclohexane 2000 Âµg/mL in Methanol
Cyclohexane GC, for residue analysis
Cyclohexane, ACS Grade
Cyclohexane, GlenDry, anhydrous
Cyclohexane, GlenPure, analytical grade
RCRA waste number U056
Caswell No. 269
Cyclohexane, oxidized, non-volatile residue
cyclohexane vs benzene
cyclohexane structural formula
cyclohexane boiling point
cyclohexane polar or nonpolar
Hexahydrobenzene, Hexamethylene, Naphthene