DISODIUM LAURETH SULFOSUCCINATE

Disodium Laureth Sulfosuccinate  = DLS = MES

CAS number: 39354-45-5
EC / List number: 609-656-8
Molecular Formula: C16H28Na2O7S
Boiling Point: 513.3 °C at 760 mmHg
Molecular Weight: 410.43

Disodium Lauryl Sulfosuccinate is a sulfate-free anionic surfactant and ECOCERT approved. 
Disodium Laureth Sulfosuccinate is an excellent Foaming agent which produces a creamy rich lather in your products. 
Disodium Lauryl Sulfosuccinate is considerably milder than SLS whilst still producing plenty of foam. 
Disodium Lauryl Sulfosuccinate can be used in Shampoos, Bubble Bath products, Bath Bombs, Liquid Soap bases, Soap Bars and Body Wash Bases. 
Please be aware Disodium Laureth Sulfosuccinate is a very fine powder, so use in a well-ventilated area when decanting and manufacturing your products.

What Is Disodium Laureth Sulfosuccinate?
Disodium Laureth Sulfosuccinate is a surfactant. 
Disodium Laureth Sulfosuccinate is a disodium salt of ethoxylated lauryl alcohol bound to sulfosuccinic acid. 
Disodium Laureth Sulfosuccinate is primarily used in cleansing products, including bubble baths, bath soaps and detergents, shampoos and shaving cream.

Why is Disodium Laureth Sulfosuccinate used in cosmetics and personal care products?
In cosmetics and personal care products, Disodium Laureth Sulfosuccinate functions as a surfactant
-cleansing agent, a surfactant  
-foam booster or a surfactant
-hydrotrope.

What Is Disodium Laureth Sulfosuccinate?
Disodium laureth sulfosuccinate or DLS is a cleansing ingredient that is used to help improve the cleansing abilities of skincare products. 
Disodium Laureth Sulfosuccinate is generally considered to be less harsh than other cleansing ingredients such as sulfates. 
DLS is a common ingredient in shampoos, cleansers, and body washes. 
Disodium Laureth Sulfosuccinate is mainly due to its ability to lift oils and dirt from the skin, allowing them to be easily rinsed away. 
DLS also helps to improve the foaming of the product and helps to stabilize the product. 
DLS is not considered a sulfate, while the name may seem similar to sulfates such as sodium lauryl sulfate, it is considered to be far gentler on the skin and non-irritating. 

Disodium Laureth Sulfosuccinate acts as a de-greasing, emulsifier, and a foaming agent which is used in many shampoos and other cleaning products. 
Disodium Laureth Sulfosuccinate is considered as a gentle cleansing ingredient for hair & skin.
DISODIUM LAURETH SULFOSUCCINATE is classified as :
-Cleansing
-Foaming
-Foam boosting
-Hydrotrope
-Surfactant

Disodium Laureth Sulfosuccinate APPEARANCE
Clear colorless to lightly yellow liquid

Disodium Laureth Sulfosuccinate FUNCTION
Disodium Laureth Sulfosuccinate is a cleaning agent that is gentle to skin. 
Even in high consistency, Disodium Laureth Sulfosuccinate still causes little irritation. 
Disodium Laureth Sulfosuccinate also has good cleaning ability, resistance to hard water, medium foaming ability, easiness of rinsing, good smoothness and biodegradation.

Disodium Laureth Sulfosuccinate Description: Disodium Laureth SulfoSuccinate is available in a light yellow liquid form, which is a commonly used surfactant for making Cosmetic Products.
INCI Name: Disodium Laureth SulfoSuccinate
Directions To Use: Add as per the required quantity.
Note: Mix gently when formulating, to prevent excessive foaming.
Important: All of our products are for external use only. 
Please keep out of eyes, and out of the reach of children. 
Please read and understand the technical information on the Material Safety Data Sheet and accompanying disclaimers before using this product for manufacturing.

Disodium Laureth Sulfosuccinate SYNONYMS
Disodium Laureth Sulfosuccinate; Unistep SB50; ;Dodecyloxysulfonylsuccinic acid disodium salt; 2-(Laurylsulfo)succinic acid 1,4-disodium salt

Disodium Laureth Sulfosuccinate STORAGE
Store in dry and cool place, keep away from sunshine and rain.

Disodium Laureth Sulfosuccinate is a Very mild anionic co-surfactant, highly water soluble in a wide pH range, pH: 6.5 – 7.5 (in 5% aqueous solution). 
Disodium Laureth Sulfosuccinate contains 32% active substances.
Preservative benzoic acid.
Disodium Laureth Sulfosuccinate is a clear yellow liquid, no or faint odor.

Sodium Lauryl Sulfoacetate is derived from coconut and palm oils; a safe, skin-friendly surfactant (foaming agent) for both skin and hair. 
Disodium Laureth Sulfosuccinate, mild plant-derived surfactant creates a rich, luxurious lather that effectively removes surface oil, dirt, and bacteria without stripping or drying sensitive skin or hair.
Sodium lauryl sulfoacetate is also hydrophilic. 
This means Disodium Laureth Sulfosuccinate is attracted to water, which enables it to dissolve more readily in water, thus providing superior rinse-ability.
Sodium Laureth Sulfate is synthetic cleansing agents that are small molecule ingredients. 
They are capable of penetrating the skin, which can increase the occurrence of skin irritation.
Although an ingredient's name may sound similar to another, it does not mean that the molecules are similar with respect to shape, size, performance, or even function. 
Sodium lauryl sulfoacetate sounds similar to Sodium laureth sulfate, however, the two molecules are quite different from each other.
Sodium lauryl sulfoacetate is a large molecule ingredient.
Large molecule ingredients are considered to be mild, gentle, and non-irritating, as they cannot penetrate the skin. 
In contrast, sodium laureth sulfate is a small molecule ingredient and is capable of penetrating the skin, which can increase the occurrence of skin irritation.

CAS: 39354-45-5
INCI Name: Disodium laureth sulfosuccinate

Disodium Laureth Sulfosuccinate Benefits:
-Very mild co-surfactant compatible with anionic, nonionic, amphoteric surfactants
-Useful also as primary surfactant due to its good foaming and cleansing properties
-Especially suitable for products for delicate skin and baby shampoos,
-Disodium Laureth Sulfosuccinate has good emulsifying properties (useful as secondary o/w emulsifier)

Disodium Laureth Sulfosuccinate Use: 
-Disodium Laureth Sulfosuccinate can be added to formulas as is. 
-Recommended use level 4 – 40% depending on desired foaming and cleansing effects. 
-For external use only.

Disodium Laureth Sulfosuccinate applications: Body washes, shampoos, bubble baths, cleansing lotions, creams, hand soaps, baby products, hair conditioners, cream rinses.

Raw material source: Coconut oil and sulfosuccinic acid
Manufacture: Sulfosuccinate is produced by reacting coconut-oil derived ethoxylated lauryl alcohol with sulfosuccinic acid which is made from maleic anhydride followed by addition of sodium bisulfite.
GMO: GMO free but not certified
Vegan: Does not contain animal-derived components

Disodium Laureth Sulfosuccinate
An de-greasing ingredient often found in cleaning products, including shampoo 
Disodium Laureth Sulfosuccinate also known as MES.
According to the Gateway Group, Disodium Laureth Sulfosuccinate is a cleaning agent that is gentle to skin. 
Even in high consistency, Disodium Laureth Sulfosuccinate still causes little irritation. 
Disodium Laureth Sulfosuccinate also has good cleaning ability, resistance to hard water, medium foaming ability, easiness of rinsing, good smoothness and biodegradation. 
Disodium Laureth Sulfosuccinate’s found in 95% of commercial shampoos (Source) and acts as a degreaser by binding to dirt and oil on the hair and scalp. 
Disodium Laureth Sulfosuccinate leaves hair clean and shiny and is also found in bubble bath, facial and hand cleanser, dishwasher detergent, etc. 
Basically, Disodium Laureth Sulfosuccinate is found in any cleaning agent that foams.

Disodium Laureth Sulfosuccinate
Disodium Laureth Sulfosuccinate is a top performing surfactant that has many advantages when formulating. 
Disodium Laureth Sulfosuccinate is easy to use, very mild , highly water soluble and used  in a wide pH range.

Description: Very mild anionic co-surfactant, highly water soluble in a wide pH range, pH: 6.5 - 7.5 (in 5% aqueous solution). 
Contains 32% active substances. 
Preservative benzoic acid. 
Clear yellow liquid, no or faint odor.
CAS: 39354-45-5
INCI Name: Disodium laureth sulfosuccinate

Benefits of Disodium Laureth Sulfosuccinate:
Very mild co-surfactant compatible with anionic, nonionic, amphoteric surfactants
Useful also as primary surfactant due to its good foaming and cleansing properties
Especially suitable for products for delicate skin and baby shampoos,
Has good emulsifying properties (useful as secondary o/w emulsifier)
Use: Can be added to formulas as is. Recommended use level 4 - 40% depending on desired foaming and cleansing effects. For external use only.
Disodium Laureth Sulfosuccinate Applications: Body washes, shampoos, bubble baths, cleansing lotions, creams, hand soaps, baby products, hair conditioners, cream rinses.

Disodium Laureth Sulfosuccinate is known to be very gentle to the skin, even at very high concentrations it remains non-irritating to even sensitive skin types.
Structurally Disodium Laureth Sulfosuccinate is a considerably larger molecule than many other surfactants and belongs to a category known as anionic surfactants, meaning that it has a negative charge. 
The safety and mildness of Disodium Laureth Sulfosuccinate lies in the absence of a sulfate ion head, which is commonly found in many other surfactants. 
The sulfate ion, which originates in sulfuric acid, is replaced with the more stable and safer sulfonated ester. 
The result is an effective yet safe product that offers a plethora of advantages over sulfate chemicals.

The disodium laureth sulfosuccinate is a top  choice for making any number of products where a natural focus is desired. 
Disodium Laureth Sulfosuccinate, also known as DLS, or DLS mild,  is the perfect choice for making non irritating natural products - from ultra mild shampoos, products for sensitive skin, baby products, facial products and so many other gentle and natural hair care and skin care products. 
Since the DLS is non-irritating and  doesn't  strip hair or skin of their natural oils, and cleans effectively, the skin and hair are left feeling soft and conditioned after rinse off of the formulated product.
If you need a good surfactant for making many top performing sulfate free products like mild Shampoos, hand soaps with low irritation this is a perfect choice. 
Disodium Laureth Sulfosuccinate is used in foaming skin care products, creams and lotions with cleansing properties, baby shampoos, bubble baths and more.
Disodium Laureth Sulfosuccinate is easy to use and easy to formulate with. 

Disodium Laureth Sulfosuccinate is a surfactant used in skin and hair care. 
Disodium Laureth Sulfosuccinate is a disodium salt of ethoxylated lauryl alcohol and is bound to sulfosuccinic acid. 
Disodium Laureth Sulfosuccinate is primarily used in cleansing products, such as bath soaps and detergents, shampoos and shaving creams.

If functions in a number of ways which include
-acting as cleansing agent 
-foam booster
-hydrotrope.

Disodium Laureth Sulfosuccinate Description: Very mild anionic co-surfactant, highly water soluble in a wide pH range, pH: 6.5 - 7.5 (in 5% aqueous solution).
 
Use: Disodium Laureth Sulfosuccinate can be added to formulas as is. 
Recommended use level 4 - 40% depending on desired foaming and cleansing effects. For external use only.
 
Disodium Laureth Sulfosuccinate Applications: Can be used for formulating body washes, shampoos, bubble baths, cleansing lotions, creams, hand soaps, baby products, hair conditioners, cream rinses.

DLS Mild can be used  as the primary or Secondary Surfactant, and often used as a hydrotrope. 
You can blend and combine DLS Mild with just about any another surfactant such as SCI (sodium cocoyl Isethionate), Sodium Coco-Sulfate Surfactant, and many other of our natural surfactants. 
And, to increase the viscosity, add approximately 2-3%  Crothix Liquid
Product is packaged in typically HDPE containers. 5 gallon (40 Lb +-) Packaged in a re-usable 5 gallon pail with a resealable spout. 
The gallons and 4 x 1 gallon case ships in either 1 gallon round or 1 gallon flat / F Style HDPE.
DLS  Disodium Laureth Sulfosuccinate is an Anionic Surfactant. Preserved with formaldehyde.

Is this substance dangerous or bad for you? Researchers say no. 
The molecules are larger and cannot penetrate the skin in the way other surfactants do. 
Disodium Laureth Sulfosuccinate’s considered very gentle on the skin, and it’s even suitable for more sensitive skin types. 
Disodium Laureth Sulfosuccinate’s manufactured as an added gentle foaming agent in a variety of shampoos, body washes, bubble baths, cleaning lotions, hand soaps, and creams. 
Disodium Laureth Sulfosuccinate’s highly water soluble and can be added to any formula with no reconstruction of the compounds. 
Since Disodium Laureth Sulfosuccinate’s not sulfated in production, it will be free of sulfates (the salt of sulfuric acid which is potentially harmful to the skin).

How Disodium Laureth Sulfosuccinate Compares to Sodium Lauryl Sulfate
Disodium Laureth Sulfosuccinate is often incorrectly compared to Sodium Lauryl Sulfate (SLS) because they are both used in cosmetic products as a foaming agent and emulsifier. 
SLS is another common chemical found in cosmetic products such as shampoos, scalp treatments, and body washes. 
The biggest difference between the two chemicals is that sodium lauryl sulfate is less chemically modified and contains smaller molecules that can penetrate and irritate the skin.
Therefore Sodium Lauryl Sulfate is considered more hazardous to the skin.

Disodium Laureth Sulfosuccinate is useful for making:
-Shampoos
-Shampoos and body washes with low irritation
-Body Washes
-Low irritation bath and body products and foaming bath specialties.

Disodium Laureth Sulfosuccinate or DLS is an anionic surfactant that is one of the mildest in the range. 
Contrary to what one might think, it is not one of the sulfates (whatever, some say it does), it cleanses hair and body more gently than SLES.

Disodium Laureth Sulfosuccinate Advantages:
-good cleaning properties,
-anionic surfactant with mild skin effects,
-reduces the irritating effect in formulations containing SLES,
-foam booster and stabilizer in personal hygiene products,
-has hydrotropic effect.

Disodium Laureth Sulfosuccinate Application:
-mild shampoos, shower gels, bath gels, liquid soaps,
-face washing preparations,
-body and face scrubs,
-sprays, conditioners and hair straightening preparations,
-anti-acne and anti-wrinkle preparations,
-colored cosmetics,
-dishwashing liquids,
-laundry detergents.

Disodium Laureth Sulfosuccinate Features:
CHEMICAL NAME: Alcohol, C10-16, ethoxylated (3), sulfosuccinate, disodium salt; Poly (oxy-1,2-ethanediyl), α- (3-carboxy-1-oxo-3-sulfopropyl) -ω- (dodecyloxy) -, sodium salt
(1: 2) Aqueous solution
INCI NAME: Disodium Laureth Sulfosuccinate
CAS NUMBER: 39354-45-5
FUNCTION: Basic surfactant, foaming agent, cleaning agent
External appearance at (20 ÷ 25) ° C: liquid color
light yellow or yellow
pH of a 1% solution: 5.5 ÷ 8.5
Dry matter,% (m / m): min 38
Solubility in water: no restrictions
Other solvents: ethanol, isopropanol
Density at 20 ° C, g / ml: about 1.1
Viscosity at 25 ° C, cP: about 100
Molecular mass, g / mol: 545
Freezing point, ° C: around -8
Preservative, ppm: max 15 CIT / MIT

Disodium Laureth Sulfosuccinate Characteristics    
Disodium Laureth Sulfosuccinate has an excellent emulsifying, dispersing, cleansing, wetting, solubilizing, foaming, permeating abilities. 
Good lime soap dispersing power. 
Disodium Laureth Sulfosuccinate is suitable for neutral formula system. 
Disodium Laureth Sulfosuccinate is compatibility with sodium lauryl sulfoacetate, can provide good foaming and thickening performances. 
Disodium Laureth Sulfosuccinate can be used in sulfate-free formula.

Other means of identifications of Disodium Laureth Sulfosuccinate:
Poly (oxy-1,2-ethanediyl), .alpha .- (3-carboxy-1-oxo-3-sulfopropyl) -. Omega .- (dodecyloxy) -, sodium salt (1: 2);
Poly (oxy-1,2-ethanediyl), alpha- (3-carboxy-1-oxo-3-sulfopropyl) – omega – (dodecyloxy) -, disodium salt;
Poly (oxy-1,2-ethanediyl), .alpha .- (3-carboxy-1-oxo-3-sulfopropyl) – omega .- (dodecyloxy) -, disodium salt;
DISODIUM LAURETH SULFOSUCCINATE;
Sulfosuccinic acid, ester with ethoxylated lauryl alcohol, disodium salt;
sulfosuccinic acid 4-ester with polyethylene glycol dodecyl ether, disodium salt;
Sodium salt of lauryl alcohol polyglycol ether sulfosuccinate;
LAURETH SULFOSUCCINATE

Disodium Laureth Sulfosuccinate is a surfactant primarily used in cleansing products, including bubble baths, bath soaps and detergents, shampoos and shaving cream.
DLS is found in many ‘greener’ more natural formulas as it is used to replace the harsher sulfates because of its non-irritating properties.
Disodium Laureth Sulfosuccinate is extremely gentle and is used for its degreasing, foaming, and emulsifying benefits.

Product Name: Disodium Laureth Sulfosuccinate 
Synonym: Disodium 2-Lauryloxysulfonylsuccinate; Butanedioic Acid, ((Dodecyloxy)
Sulfonyl)-,Disodium Salt; Disodium Laureth Sulphosuccinate
CAS No.: 40754-59-4 68815-56-5
Molecular Formula: C22H40Na2O10S
Molecular Weight: 542.59
 
Disodium Laureth Sulfosuccinate Characteristic:
-Disodium Laureth Sulfosuccinate has excellent detergent, emulsification, dispersion, wetting and solubilizing property;
-Disodium Laureth Sulfosuccinate very mild of eye, skin and hair, keep lower irritation even in bigger usage concentrayion, also can outstanding reduce other surfactant irritation;
-Disodium Laureth Sulfosuccinate has good famines, has abundant, stabilize and fine foam;
-Disodium Laureth Sulfosuccinate has excellent calcium soap disperse ability and resist hard water performance;
-Disodium Laureth Sulfosuccinate has good compound property, can compatibility with anionic and nonionic surfactant,plant extract, form very stable system.

Disodium Laureth Sulfosuccinate is a clear, odorless liquid mild surfactant that can be used alone or with another surfactant.
Mild enough for baby and sensitive skin products and is a great foamer in hard or soft water.
Disodium Laureth Sulfosuccinate is is popular for use in body wash, shampoo, cleanser, soaps and bubble baths.
Recommended Use: 4.0 to 40.0% 
INCI: Disodium Laureth Sulfosuccinate
CAS#: 6881-56-5
Shelf Life: 2 years with proper storage away from heat and cold.
FOR EXTERNAL USE ONLY

Disodium Laureth Sulfosuccinate Storage:
Store at room temperature in the dry, cool and ventilate place

Is disodium laureth sulfosuccinate safe?
Disodium Laureth Sulfosuccinate is a larger molecule derived from coconut. 
The molecule itself has no sulfate ion head and is too big to penetrate skin which is in part why it is more gentle. 
The result is an effective yet safe product that offers a plethora of advantages over sulfate chemicals.

Is disodium laureth sulfosuccinate bad for skin?
Depending on the concentration and formulation, Disodium Laureth Sulfosuccinate can be irritating to the skin and eyes. 
Therefore, the CIR Expert Panel concluded that Disodium Laureth Sulfosuccinate was safe in the present practices of use and concentration when formulated to be non-irritating.

Is sodium lauryl Sulfoacetate bad for hair?
She doesn't believe that SLSA is harmful to hair, saying, “Disodium Laureth Sulfosuccinate's not proven to be bad for the hair. 
Disodium Laureth Sulfosuccinate's in fact very mild and removes oils and bacteria and it has good cleansing properties.” 
While Disodium Laureth Sulfosuccinate is not as natural of an ingredient as she would like for her brand, she does not say readers should avoid it.

Disodium Laureth Sulfosuccinate Synonyms
Butanedioic acid, sulfo-, laureth ester, disodium salt;
Succinic acid, sulfo-, laureth ester, disodium salt;
Sulfobutanedioic acid, laureth ester, disodium salt;
Polyethylene glycol lauryl ether disodium sulfosuccinate;
Sulfosuccinic acid, ester with ethoxylated lauryl alcohol, disodium salt;

Disodium Laureth Sulfosuccinate Description: Very mild anionic co-surfactant, highly water soluble in a wide pH range, pH: 6.5 - 7.5 (in 5% aqueous solution). 
Disodium Laureth Sulfosuccinate contains 32% active substances. 
Disodium Laureth Sulfosuccinate Properties: Very mild co-surfactant compatible with anionic, nonionic, amphoteric surfactants (also useful as primary surfactant), especially suitable for products for delicate skin & baby shampoos, good foaming & cleansing effects, also useful as secondary o/w emulsifier.
Disodium Laureth Sulfosuccinate Use: Can be added to formulas as is. 
Recommended use level 4 - 40% depending on desired foaming and cleansing effects. 
For external use only.
Applications: Body washes, shampoos, bubble baths, cleansing lotions, creams, hand soaps, baby products, hair conditioners, cream rinses.
INCI: Disodium Lauryl Sulfosuccinate

Category
Anionic Surfactant
Sulfonate
Polyether Sulfonate(Salt)
Sulfosuccinic Acid Polyether Ester(Salt)
Sulfosuccinic Acid Linear Alkanol Polyoxyethylene Ether Ester(Salt)

Chemical Numbering System
CASRN:39354-45-5 / 58450-52-5
EINECS:N/A / N/A
Molecular Formula & Molecular Weight
Molecular Formula: (C2H4O)n.C16H30O7S.2Na
Molecular Weight: N/A

Is Disodium Lauryl Sulfosuccinate natural?
Quite simply, Disodium Laureth Sulfosuccinate's a de-greasing, emulsifier, and foaming agent used in many shampoos and other cleaning products much like SLS and SLES. 
Disodium Laureth Sulfosuccinate's organic because the molecule is based on carbon-carbon bonds, but it's also not like other chemicals either.

Are sulfates and sulfonates the same?
The name may be misleading, but sodium C14-16 olefin sulfonate is not a sulfate. 
Sulfonate is related to but not the same as sulfates. 
In a sulfonate the sulfur is linked direct to a carbon atom where as a sulfate is linked directly to the carbon chain via an oxygen atom.

Sodium lauryl sulfate and sodium laureth sulfate are the most commonly used surfactants when formulating hair shampoos due to their excellent foaming ability and the ease of viscosity adjustment. 
However, when formulating a body wash or body shampoo, a milder or less irritating surfactant is preferred

Category: Surfactants
Actives, %: 32
Cloud Point, °C: -2
Density at 25°C, g/ml: 1.03
Form at 25°C: Liquid
Freeze Point, °C: -6
Pour Point, °C: -3
Solids, %: 39
Specific Gravity at 25°C: 1.03
Viscosity at 25°C, cps: 200
RVOC, U.S. EPA %: 0

Is sodium lauroyl sarcosinate the same thing as sodium lauryl sulfate?
Here's the 411: They may have the same initials (SLS), but sodium lauroyl sarcosinate and sodium lauryl sulfate are NOT the same thing.
Sodium lauroyl sarcosinate is only similar to sodium lauryl sulfate in that they're both surfactants, but that's about where it ends.

Is sodium laureth sulfate good for skin?
Nazarian says although sodium lauryl sulfate is not a bad ingredient for most people, it can, in fact, be an irritant. 
"If you're going to get Disodium Laureth Sulfosuccinate in your eyes or if you're not going to wash it off your skin and you're going to leave some of the residue on your skin, it can be irritating," Nazarian says.

Is sodium lauryl sulfate bad for you?
The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) regards SLS as safe as a food additive. 
According to most research, SLS is an irritant but not a carcinogen. 
Studies have shown no link between the use of SLS and increased cancer risk. 
According to a 2015 study, SLS is safe for use in household cleaning products.

Is sodium lauroyl sarcosinate bad for your skin?
Sodium lauroyl sarcosinate is not expected to be potentially toxic or harmful, and has a low oral toxicity. 
Disodium Laureth Sulfosuccinate is not found to be mutagenic, irritating or sensitizing, although as stated above, it may enhance the penetration of other ingredients through the skin.

What Are The Bad Ingredients In Hair Products?
-Sulfates are surfactants (surface acting agents) that are used to clean the dirt and excess sebum on the scalp.
-Parabens. 
-Polyethylene Glycols (PEG) 
-Phthalates.
-Formaldehyde. 
-Triclosan.
-Dimethicone. 
-Retinyl palmitate.

What is sodium lauroyl sarcosinate in skin care?
Sodium lauroyl sarcosinate is a synthetic or plant-derived surfactant (cleansing agent) that also works as an emulsifier. 
Disodium Laureth Sulfosuccinate is most often used in face and body cleansers and shampoos but is sometimes also used in leave-on products.

Is sodium lauroyl isethionate good for skin?
Sodium Cocoyl Isethionate is toxic.
The reality is Sodium Cocoyl Isethionate is a safe and gentle surfactant (cleaning agent) that works very well in skin cleansers and body wash. 
The point is that you will not automatically know what toxic ingredients to avoid just by looking at names on a skincare label.

Disodium Laureth Sulfosuccinate and shampoo
This is the last surfactant in our shampoo before we move on to some other fun categories!  
Disodium Laureth Sulfosuccinate (DLSS) is the most mild surfactant we put in our shampoo.  
Disodium Laureth Sulfosuccinate has the lowest eye and skin irritation of any surfactant in the formula. 
The Cosmetic Ingredient Review (CIR) report has been out for a long time and you can find it here. 
Certain sulfosuccinates are so mild you could pour them directly in your eye and they would feel no worse than water.  
I wouldn’t recommend trying it at home though!

Why do we use Disodium Laureth Sulfosuccinate in formulations?    
Disodium Laureth Sulfosuccinate is a cleansing, foaming surfactant. 
Disodium Laureth Sulfosuccinate can be used as a primary surfactant or as part of a blend.

What is Disodium Laureth Sulfosuccinate?    
Disodium Laureth Sulfosuccinate is a mild anionic surfactant. 
Disodium Laureth Sulfosuccinate is not the same as Disodium Lauryl Sulfosuccinate, though I believe you could use either in most applications. 
The laureth version is produced with ethoxylation, while the lauryl version is not.

Disodium lauryl sulfosuccinate
lauryl sulfosuccinate disodium
aerosol A 102
disodium 4-(2-(dodecyloxy)ethyl) 2-sulphonatosuccinate
disodium 4-[2-(dodecyloxy)ethyl] 2-sulphonatosuccinate
disodium salt of lauryl alcohol polyethylene glycol ether sulfosuccinate
disodium;4-(2-dodecoxyethoxy)-4-oxo-2-sulfonatobutanoate
poly(oxy-1,2-ethanediyl), a-(3-carboxy-1-oxo-3-sulfopropyl)-omega-(dodecyloxy)-, 2Na
poly(oxy-1,2-ethanediyl), a-(3-carboxy-1-oxo-3-sulfopropyl)-omega-(dodecyloxy)-, disodium salt
stepan-mild LSB
sulfosuccinic acid, ester with ethoxylated lauryl alcohol, disodiumsalt
surfagene S 30
surfapon EL
surfapon SB-3

We also have data to show they produce a very small bubble similar to the SCI I mentioned a few posts back.  
The addition of Disodium Laureth Sulfosuccinate, therefore, is similar to the reasons we added Lauryl Glucoside.  
Disodium Laureth Sulfosuccinate provided better micelle packing, which improves the foam.  
Disodium Laureth Sulfosuccinate mitigates the irritation potential of the SLS/SLES base.  
But, the added benefit is Disodium Laureth Sulfosuccinate doesn’t hurt the persistence of the foam.  
We just added a dab of Disodium Laureth Sulfosuccinate to the formula, but found adding it made the foam better, and improved combability after just using shampoo.

Origin: Produced by reacting coconut-oil derived ethoxylated lauryl alcohol with sulfosuccinic acid which is made from maleic anhydride followed by addition of sodium bisulfite.
Overview: Disodium Laureth Sulfosuccinate is a mild co-surfactant with good foaming and cleansing properties. 

Disodium Laureth Sulfosuccinate is a mild anionic surfactant. 
Although the name sounds similar to lauryl sulfate, they are completely different. 
In simple terms, sulfosuccinate does not contain sulfates, Disodium Laureth Sulfosuccinate is not sulfated during the production process. 
Succinate is a salt of succinic acid, not sulfuric. 
The sulfate ion of sulfuric acid in sodium lauryl sulfate ( SLS ) in succinate has been replaced by a softer and more stable sulfoester ion. 
Structurally, sulfosuccinate is a much larger molecule than other surfactants, so Disodium Laureth Sulfosuccinate practically cannot penetrate the skin. 
By its properties, Disodium Laureth Sulfosuccinate is absolutely non-toxic even in high concentrations. 
Disodium Laureth Sulfosuccinate is part of delicate and children's shampoos, intimate hygiene products. 
According to Contact Dermatitis magazine, Disodium Laureth Sulfosuccinate is 5 times more delicate and more effective than SLS .

Disodium Laureth Sulfosuccinate Characteristic:
-Quite gentle on the skin even in high concentrations, good compatibility with skin and mucous membranes.
-Low irritation potential and a noticeable decrease in the irritation effect of other surfactants, especially in combination with SLES .
-Average degree of disinfection and degreasing.
-Excellent washing ability and easy rinsing.
-Good dispersibility of calcium soaps and against hard water. 
Disodium Laureth Sulfosuccinate is stable in hard water. 
Good foam stability even in hard water.
-Conducts active ingredients in shampoo and reduces hair color washout.
-Medium foaming ability and perfect solubility, easy adjustment of viscosity.
-Forms a fine creamy foam with good detergent properties.
-Fully compatible with other anionic, nonionic and amphoteric surfactants.  

Disodium Laureth Sulfosuccinate Application:
-Shampoos, shower gels, liquid foam bath
-Means for intimate hygiene
-Means for washing hands
-Detergents: Dishwashing
-Liquid detergents: liquid soaps and gels for washing

Disodium Laureth Sulfosuccinate Processing method
Disodium Laureth Sulfosuccinate , as a rule, becomes cloudy and crystallizes during storage, which does not have a negative effect on quality. 
For working up, Disodium Laureth Sulfosuccinate is necessary to heat the product before ° 30-35 C .   

Disodium Laureth Sulfosuccinate Storage conditions: a hermetically sealed package  away from heat and light, at a temperature  not higher than   20-30 C . 
Disodium Laureth Sulfosuccinate may undergo hydrolysis. 
The rate of hydrolysis depends on temperature and pH. 
At temperatures above 30C, the hydrolysis process may begin. 
pH below 5 or above 7 will also accelerate hydrolysis.
Shelf life  - 6 months at   a maximum temperature of   30 C .

What does sodium palmate do to the skin?
Sodium palm kernelate is a common ingredient in soap that helps cleanse skin and acts as an emulsifying ingredient.

What does sodium lauroyl isethionate do?
Sodium lauroyl isethionate (SLI) is a mild surfactant used in various personal care applications. 
Sodium lauroyl isethionate exhibits excellent detergency properties. 
Disodium Laureth Sulfosuccinate is also used as a cleansing agent in several applications such as shampoos, facial care products, body washes, and toothpastes.

Disodium Laureth Sulfosuccinate Description:
Disodium Laureth Sulfosuccinate (DLS) CAS 36409-57-1 is a cleansing chemical which is also known as a surfactant. 
However, Disodium Laureth Sulfosuccinate is not considered to be a sulfate. 
Disodium Laureth Sulfosuccinate is a usual chemical found in some ‘greener’ or more natural formulas which is used to replace the harsher sulfates owning to its non-irritating yet effective characteristics. 
Disodium Laureth Sulfosuccinate (DLS) CAS 36409-57-1 can be found in many shampoo and cleansing formulas and it is utilized for its degreasing, foaming, and emulsifying benefits. 
Disodium Laureth Sulfosuccinate is considered to be extremely gentle to the skin and hair even at higher concentrations.

Disodium Laureth Sulfosuccinate (DLS) CAS 36409-57-1 has excellent washing, emulsifying, dispersing, wetting and solubilizing abilities;
At the same time, Disodium Laureth Sulfosuccinate has relatively very low irritation, good compatibility and is able to significantly control the irritation of other surfactants;
The foam formed by Disodium Laureth Sulfosuccinate (DLS) CAS 36409-57-1 is fine and stable; low surface tension and excellent calcium soap dispersion;
What is more, Disodium Laureth Sulfosuccinate (DLS) CAS 36409-57-1 has excellent anti-hard water performance, low degreasing power, moderate detergency, easy to rinse and no slippery feeling.

Disodium Laureth Sulfosuccinate Usage and Application:
Disodium Laureth Sulfosuccinate (DLS) CAS 36409-57-1 is widely used in the preparation of shampoos, facial cleansers, shower gels, hand sanitizers, surgical cleaning agents and other daily cleaning products. 
Disodium Laureth Sulfosuccinate is also able to be utilzied as an emulsifier in the emulsion polymerization industry, as well.

Other names:
Disodium Fatty Alcohol Polyoxyethylene Ether Sulfosuccinate
DODECYL ETHER SULFOSUCCINATE DISODIUM SALT;
Butanedioic acid,(dodecyloxy)sulfonyl-,disodium salt;
disodium [(dodecyloxy)sulphonyl]succinate;
Butanedioic acid,sulfo-,4-2-2-2-(dodecyloxy)ethoxyethoxyethyl ester,disodium salt;
DISODIUM LAURYL SULFOSUCCINATE;

Does sodium laureth sulfate remove silicone?
You can remove silicone residue from hair or skin with cleansers containing Sodium or Ammonium Lauryl/Laureth Sulfate, Sodium C14-17 Alkyl Sulfonate (Olefin Sulfonate), or Cocoamidopropyl Betaine.
But there is a limited amount of surface on the hair for the silicone to bond to, and it will not accumulate indefinitely.

Is sodium lauroyl isethionate safe?
With an EWG score of 1, Sodium Lauroyl Methyl Isethionate is deemed to be very safe, non-toxic, a non irritant, and is biodegradable.

Is sodium lauroyl sarcosinate bad for your hair?
In addition to cleaning the hair, regular use of a shampoo with sodium lauroyl sarcosinate has also been shown to improve the appearance of the hair (especially locks that are damaged) by boosting shine and body.
Disodium Laureth Sulfosuccinate works so well, gently cleansing the hair without ever over-stripping.

What ingredient in shampoo dries out hair?
Sodium Lauryl Sulfate

Is sodium myristoyl sarcosinate safe?
The CIR Expert Panel concluded that the acyl sarcosines and sarcosinates were safe as used in rinse-off products. 
They may be safely used in leave-on products at concentrations up to 5%, the highest concentration tested in clinical irritation and sensitization studies.

Is sodium lauroyl lactylate bad for skin?
Side Effects of Sodium Lauroyl Lactylate "The EWG, or the Environmental Working Group, rates this ingredient as a very low-risk ingredient," Karhade explains. 
"Disodium Laureth Sulfosuccinate's unlikely to cause any significant skin or other issues except in those with a specific allergy to it.

Is sodium hyaluronate good for skin?
Moisturize the skin Sodium hyaluronate is hydrophilic, meaning it easily mixes with water. 
When applied topically, Disodium Laureth Sulfosuccinate attracts moisture in skin cells. 
This reduces dryness and flaking by increasing skin hydration. 
Compared to high molecular weight HA, sodium hyaluronate can provide a greater hydrating effect.

What is sodium lauroyl lactylate in shampoo?
The sodium salt of lactic acid, a food-grade emulsifier and mild surfactant, used as a foaming and cleansing agent and to give the hair a soft, silky texture. 
The emulsifier of choice for natural products, it offers excellent moisturizing properties and leaves a smooth feel after application.

Is sodium lauroyl lactylate toxic?
Sodium lauroyl lactylate has no known health concerns as an ingredient. 
Disodium Laureth Sulfosuccinate is excluded from the toxic chemicals with ill-effects listed in GoodGuide. 
Disodium Laureth Sulfosuccinate is food grade, a natural emulsifier, and foaming agent often used for natural products for the body, hair, and face.

Is sodium lauroyl lactylate dairy?
Sodium Lauroyl Lactylate is similar to SSL—but lauric acid is used instead of stearic acid. 
So, the main ingredients in sodium lauroyl lactylate are lactic acid and lauric acid. 
We've covered that lactic acid is usually vegan. 
Therefore, sodium lauroyl lactylate is probably vegan.

Is lauryl Lactyl lactate safe?
The FDA has approved Lauryl Lactate as GRAS (Generally Recognized as Safe) when used as a food additive.

What is sodium stearoyl lactylate made of?
Sodium stearoyl lactylate is manufactured by the reaction of lactic acid and stearic acid and conversion to sodium salts. 
Typically, lactic acid — a naturally occurring substance — is neutralized with sodium or calcium hydroxide, and the excess water is distilled out.

Are emulsifiers safe to eat?
A recent study suggests emulsifiers – detergent-like food additives found in a variety of processed foods – have the potential to damage the intestinal barrier, leading to inflammation and increasing our risk of chronic disease.

Disodium Laureth Sulfosuccinate is suitable for products for delicate skin and baby shampoos. 
Disodium Laureth Sulfosuccinate has good emulsifying properties and is useful as a secondary emulsifier.
Disodium Laureth Sulfosuccinate Suggested Uses:
-Body washes
-Shampoos
-Bubble baths
-Cleansing lotions
-Creams
-Hand soaps
-Baby products
-Hair conditioners
-Cream rinses
-Ideal Concentration Level in Products: 4% to 40%

Sodium lauryl sulfate (SLS) and Sodium laureth sulfates (SLES) are ingredients commonly used in producing shampoo, soaps, detergents, toothpaste and a whole lot of personal care products. 
Sodium lauryl sulfate can be made from petroleum oil (via the OXO process) or from coconut or palm oil (via the Ziegler process). 
In both processes, fatty acids are extracted and converted to fatty alcohols, then sulfonated to become a crystalline salt. 
If SLS undergoes a chemical process called “ethoxylation,” it becomes SLES.
SLS and SLES are found in high concentrations in industrial products, including engine degreasers, floor cleaners, and car wash products and used in lower concentrations in household and personal care products such as cleaning products, toothpastes, shampoos, and shaving foams.
Sulfates strip the skin (and scalp, in the case of shampoo) of natural oils that our skin actually needs for protection. 
Disodium Laureth Sulfosuccinate can be very irritating to people with sensitive skin. Studies show that even modest amounts in products can cause allergic reactions. 
What’s more, because Disodium Laureth Sulfosuccinate removes the skin’s natural, protective oils, the body ends up producing more oil (the very thing you’re trying to get rid of) to compensate. 
The debate on SLS and the link to cancer is still ongoing.
Why switching to sulfate-free shampoo might be good for you. 
Sulfate is a powerful agent in shampoos, it does not contribute to the hair cleaning process, instead it strips the natural oils in your hair, causing it to dry out. 
Disodium Laureth Sulfosuccinate also makes the colour of your hair fade over time. 
Curly and kinky hair are naturally prone to dryness and overusing shampoos that contain sulfate may lead to dryness, irritation, and ultimately breakage. 
A good sulfate free shampoo will not produce much lather yet it gently cleanses the hair, conditions and balances the hair’s pH levels, thus preventing cuticle damage.

Chemical description: Disodium salt of lauryl sulfosuccinate ethoxylated with 3 moles of EO
INCI name: Disodium Laureth Sulfosuccinate
EC name: Poly(oxy-1,2-ethanediyl), α-(3-carboxy-1-oxo-3-sulfopropyl)-ω-(dodecyloxy)-, sodium salt (1:2)
CAS: 39354-45-5
EC: 609-656-8

Strengths    
Disodium Laureth Sulfosuccinate is a good mild cleansing surfactant with good foaming/lathering properties. 
Disodium Laureth Sulfosuccinate’s also inherently acidic, which makes it easier to make acidic cleansers.

Weaknesses    
Disodium Laureth Sulfosuccinate is not considered natural—this isn’t an weakness to everyone, though.

Alternatives & Substitutions    
You’ll want to look at other anionic surfactants; liquid ones will be the easiest. 
Sodium C14-16 Alpha Olefin Sulfonate (Bio-Terge AS40) would be a pretty simple swap as the active surfactant matter (ASM) is close, but the pH is higher, so you’ll need to test and potentially adjust the pH of your finished product. 
Sodium Laureth Sulfate (SLeS) could also work, but be sure to compare active surfactant matter values as different Sodium Laureth Sulfate (SLeS) can have very different active surfactant matters.

Spolion POA is a mild anionic surfactant ,Disodium Laureth Sulfosuccinate, which can be used as a primary or secondary surfactant, mild cleansing agent, hydrotrope and outstanding wetting agent in the formulations of low irritation shampoos, hand soaps, baby shampoos, bubble baths, skin creams and lotions and all “sulfate-free” formulations.

How to Work with Disodium Laureth Sulfosuccinate:    
Include Disodium Laureth Sulfosuccinate in the water phase of your formulations; Disodium Laureth Sulfosuccinate can be hot or cold processed.

Disodium Laureth Sulfosuccinate Storage & Shelf Life    
Stored somewhere cool, dark, and dry, Disodium Laureth Sulfosuccinate should last at least two years.

appearance at 20°C: clear yellowish liquid
density at 20°C, g/cm3, approx.    1.10
actives, % wt., min.: 31
solids, % wt., min.: 38
pH, 10% solution: 4.0 - 7.5

Associated Health Problems
Both SLS and Disodium Laureth Sulfosuccinate are known as anionic surfactants. 
Anionic surfactants are not just used in cosmetic products, but also in industrial cleaners found in car washes, floor cleaners, and engine degreasers. 
Disodium Laureth Sulfosuccinate’s not considered a carcinogen by OSHA or IARC and has no chronic toxicity that has been reported. 
While Disodium Laureth Sulfosuccinate has gentler properties than its sister chemical, SLS, studies have shown that it can potentially irritate the skin in some people. 
Like all chemicals, Disodium Laureth Sulfosuccinate should not be ingested, and if it gets into your eyes then it should immediately be rinsed out with water.

Our Recommendation
Although most people don’t suffer irritation from MES, it’s still a surfactant so it’s possible that you could experience some minor irrigation. 
Disodium Laureth Sulfosuccinate’s not a dangerous chemical, but it’s best to avoid all surfactants. 
We recommend using natural products whenever possible. 
Below we have provided a table that displays some of the best natural options for the most common health/cosmetic products.

Safety Measures/Side Effects:
Disodium Laureth Sulfosuccinate is very gentle and causes low irritation to skin and eyes. 
However, many sources claim that MES is carcinogenic because it contains surfactants, which can be contaminated with nitrosamines. 
Disodium Laureth Sulfosuccinate is true that MES is used in car washes, engine degreasers, and other products used on an industrial level, but is generally considered gentle when used in low concentrations such as in health care products.

Disodium Laureth Sulfosuccinate Scientific Facts: 
Disodium Laureth Sulfosuccinate is an anionic surfactant. 
This means that Disodium Laureth Sulfosuccinate has a negative charge. 
The negative charge is associated with the sulfosuccinate portion of the compound. 
Surfactants function by reducing the surface tension of water which makes Disodium Laureth Sulfosuccinate easier to wash dirt from the skin and hair.

Disodium Laureth Sulfosuccinate Safety Information: 
The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) includes Disodium Laureth Sulfosuccinate on its list of indirect food additives that may be used as an emulsifier and/or surface active agent in articles in contact with food. 
The safety of Disodium Laureth Sulfosuccinate has been assessed by the Cosmetic Ingredient Review (CIR) Expert Panel. 
The CIR Expert Panel evaluated the scientific data and concluded that this ingredient was safe for use in cosmetics and personal care products in the present practices of use and concentration when formulated to be non-irritating.

What is Disodium Laureth Sulfosuccinate:
Disodium laureth sulfosuccinate is a surfactant (detergent) used in shampoos for cleansing and foam boosting.  

What are Disodium Laureth Sulfosuccinates risks:
-DLS is created using the carcinogen ethylene oxide, traces of which can remain in the product, along with its carcinogenic by-product 1,4-dioxane. 
-Skin irriation
-Eye irritation 

Disodium Laureth Sulfosuccinate has a lauryl alcohol group that is ethoxylated. 
The lauryl alcohol group in Disodium Laureth Sulfosuccinate is bound to a polyethylene glycol chain that contains an average of 1 to 4 ethoxy units. 
The ethoxylate of lauryl alcohol serves to increase the water solubility of the compound.
A cleansing agent that's described by multiple manufacturers as a very mild, non-irritating surfactant but with great foam properties. 
Disodium Laureth Sulfosuccinate's recommended for gentle cleansers suitable for sensitive or baby skin.

Based on its high molecular weight and negative charge, the CIR Expert Panel concluded that it not likely that Disodium Laureth Sulfosuccinate as used in personal care products would penetrate the skin. 
The CIR Expert Panel reviewed data that showed no systemic toxicity following oral exposure. 
Disodium Laureth Sulfosuccinate was not genotoxic and related compounds were not reproductive or developmental toxicants. 
Disodium Laureth Sulfosuccinate was not a sensitizer. 
Depending on the concentration and formulation, Disodium Laureth Sulfosuccinate can be irritating to the skin and eyes. 
Therefore, the CIR Expert Panel concluded that Disodium Laureth Sulfosuccinate was safe in the present practices of use and concentration when formulated to be non-irritating. 
Trace amounts of 1,4-dioxane, a by-product of ethoxylation may be found Disodium Laureth Sulfosuccinate. 
The potential presence of 1,4-dioxane is well known and can be controlled through purification steps to minimize it from the ingredient before blending into cosmetic formulations.

CONDITIONS TO AVOID: Direct source of heat, sunlight and other sources of ignition
MATERIALS TO AVOID: Strong acids, alkali, and oxidizing agents.
HAZARDOUS DECOMPOSITION PRODUCTS: Will not form when stored or handled as prescribed
HAZARDOUS POLYMERIZATION PRODUCTS: Not anticipated when stored or handled as prescribed

APPEARANCE : Clear, low viscous liquid
COLOR : colorless to pale yellow
ODOR : Fatty
pH (10% AQUEOUS SOLUTION) : 5.0 – 7.0
FREEZING POINT : -5°C
INITIAL BOINLING POINT/RANGE : No data available
FLASH POINT : > 98°C
EVAPORATION RATE : No data available
FLAMMABILITY (SOLID/GAS) : No data available
FLAMMABILITY/EXPLOSIVE LIMITS : No data available
UPPER : No data available
LOWER : No data available
VAPOR PRESSURE : No data available
VAPOR DENSITY : No data available
RELATIVE DENSITY : 1.1100 – 1.1200 @ 25°C
SOLUBILITY(IES) : Soluble in water
PARTITION COEFFICIENT: n-octanol/water : Not determined
AUTO-IGNITION TEMPERATURE : No data available
DECOMPOSITION TEMPERATURE : No data available
VISCOSITY (BROOKFIELD, #1, 12 rpm) : 200 cps maximum @ 28°C
EXPLOSIVE PROPERTIES : No data available
OXIDIZING PROPERTIES : No data available
SHELF-LIFE: : At least 1-year from the date of manufacture

DISODIUM LAURYL SULFOSUCCINATE
LAURETH SULFOSUCCINATE DISODIUM SALT
Dinatrium-[(dodecyloxy)sulfonyl]succinat
disodium [(dodecyloxy)sulphonyl]succinate
LAURYL ETHER SULFOSUCCINATE DISODIUM SALT
DODECYL ETHER SULFOSUCCINATE DISODIUM SALT
Dodecyloxysulfonylsuccinic acid disodium salt
2-(Laurylsulfo)succinic acid 1,4-disodium salt
[(dodecyloxy)sulfonyl]-butanedioicacidisodiumsalt
Butanedioic acid, (dodecyloxy)sulfonyl-, disodium salt

Disodium laureth sulfosuccinate is a gentle surfactant that foams with water and cleanses the skin and hair.
Surfactants are partly water-soluble and partly oil-soluble, which allows the oil and water-based ingredients of a formula to blend well, but also to be rinsed well.
Disodium laureth sulfosuccinate is often used in cosmetics as a milder alternative to sulfates, although one doesn’t systematically replace the other as they are not the same material and will not behave in the same way with other ingredients. 
Disodium Laureth Sulfosuccinate is derived from palm oil, which is why Lush try not to overuse it and find other options when possible.

PERSONAL PRECAUTIONS: Use personal protective equipment
Wash hands after exposure with the substance
Avoid contact with eyes, skin and clothing
ENVIRONMENT PRECAUTIONS: Take Do not discharge into drains
CLEAN-UP METHODS:
SMALL SPILLS: Absorb with suitable absorbent material
Collect in suitable and properly labeled container
LARGE SPILLS: Contain spilled material if possible
Pump into suitable and properly labeled containers
Dispose of the absorbed/collected material in accordance with regualtions

HANDLING: Follow general occupational hygiene such as wash hands before and after use
Do not eat, drink or smoke in work areas
Remove contaminated clothing
Avoid spills
STORAGE: Store the material in a clean and dry place at 20 – 30°C away from direct heat and sunlight
Once the carboy is opened, ensure airtight closure after usage
In the original sealed condition, when stored as suggested, the shelf-life of the product is at least 1-year
On prolonged storage, product may undergo hydrolysis
The rate of hydrolysis depends on the temperature and pH
At temperatures above 30°C, hydrolysis may start
At temperatures above 40°C, it is rapid
pH outside range 5.0 – 7.0 will also accelerate the rate of hydrolysis
Product may become hazy and may show some precipitation when chilled
Gentle warming (not exceeding .5°C) with mixing should bring back the material to its original state
Stacking should be maximum 1 + 1 carobys

INGESTION: Immediately rinse mouth and them drink plenty of water
If feeling unwell after accidental swallowing, consult the doctor
INHALATION: Remove to fresh air
SKIN CONTACT: Flush with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes.
Seek medical advice if necessary
EYE CONTACT: Flush with water for at least 15 minutes under running water with eyelids held open 
Consult the doctor if necessary
 

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