N-OCTYL PYRROLIDONE


2-Pyrrolidinone, 1-octyl
General Statement 
2-Pyrrolidinone, 1-octyl- is a substituted heterocyclic organic compound and a rapid nonionic wetting agent in dishwashing, industrial, and institutional cleaners. 
N-OCTYL PYRROLIDONE also can serve as a solvent for polymers and hydrophobic substances and has uses as a dye carrier for aramid fabrics. 
2-Pyrrolidinone, 1-octyl- is a low to moderate hazard material and risk of adverse health effects associated with both occupational and consumer use of this chemical is anticipated to be low. 
Chemical Identity Name: 2-Pyrrolidinone, 1-octyl
Brand Names: Surfadone LP-100 
Chemical name (IUPAC): n-(n-octyl)-2-pyrrolidinone 
CAS number(s): 2687-94-7 
EC number: 403-700-8 
Molecular formula: C12H23NO

1-Octyl-2-pyrrolidone


N-Octylpyrrolidone is a wetting agent that exhibits a unique combination of solvency and surface activity.

N-Octyl-2-Pyrrolidone is a low-foaming, nonionic rapid wetting agent with an HLB of 6 and having no critical micelle concentration (CMC). 
Due to the electron delocalized lactam ring, N-Octyl-2-Pyrrolidone interacts with anionic surfactant micelles. 
This greatly enhances its water solubility, resulting in a synergistic surface tension reduction and wetting enhancement at low concentrations.

N-Octyl pyrrolidone (NOP) CAS NO.:2687-94-7

N-Octyl-pyrrolidone is a faint odor and colorless transparent liquid.

N-Octylpyrrolidone can be used as wetting agent in printing process, co-solvent for pesticide formulation, pharmaceutical excipients for veterinary injection, dye carrier for aramid fibers, softener and metal cleaning.

N-Octylpyrrolidone: It is a low foaming wetting agent which greatly enhances water solubility resulting in synergistic surface tension reduction and wetting enhancement at very low concentration.

Applications
N-Octylpyrrolidone is ideal for use in thickeners and foam stabilizers in shampoos, without need for salt or alkanolamides. 
N-Octylpyrrolidone can also be used in hair conditioning agents with mild substantivity, providing body, shine and manageability. 
N-Octyl-pyrrolidone also provides odor reduction in thioglycolate cold waves. N-Octyl-pyrrolidone works well in wipe applications for all-purpose, kitchen, bathroom, glass, floor, and disinfectant.

Minimizes streaking on glass
Spreads quickly and penetrates soil at low use levels for easy dirt and soil removal
Provides high solvency power for oily and greasy soils
Listed on U.S. EPA Safer Chemical Ingredient List
Exempt under California Air Resource Board VOC guideline definitions
Biodegradeable
Favorable toxicological profiles
High surface activity at low concentrations
Rapid wetting
Low foam
Synergism with anionic surfactants
Excellent solvency
Good compatibility
Low flammability
Vegan suitable


1-Octyl-2-Pyrrolidinone wetting agent is a low-foaming, N-octyl-2-pyrrolidone-based solvent for polymers and hydrophobic substances. 
Also, 1-Octyl-2-Pyrrolidinone acts as a wetting agent for aqueous systems. 
Due to the electron delocalized lactam ring, N-Octylpyrrolidone interacts with anionic surfactant micelles. 
N-Octylpyrrolidone wetting agent possesses enhanced water solubility, resulting in a synergistic surface tension reduction and wetting enhancement at low concentrations.

N-Octylpyrrolidone wetting agent
Surface Active Solvent for Specialty Applications

Description

N-Octylpyrrolidone wetting agent is a low foaming, nonionic rapid wetting agent with an HLB of 6 having no critical micelle concentration (CMC). 
Due to the electron delocalized lactam ring, N-Octylpyrrolidone interacts with anionic surfactant to form mixed micelles. 
This greatly enhances its water solubility, resulting in a synergistic surface tension reduction and wetting enhancement at very low concentrations.

Key Attributes
Soil penetrant and softener in hard surface cleaners, such as metal cleaning
Wetting agent for industrial and institutional cleaners
Isopropyl alcohol replacement in fountain solutions
Pigment dispersion aid and pigment conditioning solvent
Component of photoresist strippers
Wetting agent for aqueous systems
Component in microemulsifying systems
Soluble in organic solvents; sparingly soluble in water
Excellent solvent for polymers and hydrophobic materials
Biodegradable

Applications and Usage Notes
Graphics
o Fountain Solutions– functions as an alcohol (isopropanol) substitute in lithographic printing solutions providing alcohol free solution, low VOC, lowers dynamic surface tension, rapid wetting of image areas of printing plates, less ink build-up, longer runs between cleanup.
o Pigment Conditioning and Dispersion – functions as a grinding aid and crystal growth inhibitor in pigment preparations. Improves color strength of phthalo blue dispersions, reduced viscosity decreases grinding time, non-combustible, low order of toxicity, less volatility than current systems.

Household, Industrial and Institutional Cleaners
Acts as a co-surfactant, co-emulsifier, soil penetrant and softener in the following:
Grease Removers
Metal Degreasers
Pre-Treatment Fluid for Paint Line / Ultrafiltration Membrane Cleanup

o Improves cleaning due to synergetic wetting effects with anionic, nonionic and amphoteric cosurfactants, promotes solubility of fragrances into formulae, aids penetrations and solubilization of greasy soils, reduces streaking, imparts foam stabilization, and effectively wets high energy (aluminum) and low energy (Teflon) substrates.

Miscellaneous
o Carbon black dispersant for rubber goods
o PVC Plasticizer- Improves cold flex at low dose (2-3%)
o Specialty Coating- wetting agent


Description: N-Octyl-2-pyrrolidone dist. (NOP) is a colorless to yellow liquid, with an amine-like odor. N-OCTYL-2-PYRROLIDONE is soluble in organic solvents.

Synonyms: NOP, 1-Octyl-2-pyrrolidinone, 1-Octylpyrrolidon-2, 1-Octyl-2-pyrrolidone, N-Octylbutyrolactam, N-Octylpyrrolidone, Octylpyrrolidone

Applications: N-OCTYL-2-PYRROLIDONE is an intermediate used in the production of Agrochemicals, Electronics, Industrial chemicals, Initial product for chemical syntheses and Solvent

N-Octyl-2-pyrrolidone CAS 2687-94-7 is a faint odor, mild, and amine-like yellowish liquid. It can be used as wetting agent in printing process, co-solvent for pesticide formulation, pharmaceutical excipients for veterinary injection, dye carrier for aramid fibers, softener and metal cleaning.

Technical Names:
1-Octyl-2-Pyrrolidinone
Caprylyl Pyrrolidone (INCI)
N-Octyl-2-Pyrrolidone
N-Octylpyrrolidone


Specification of N-Octyl-pyrrolidone

Appearance     Colorless transparent liquid
Content, %     ≥ 99.50
Water, %        ≤ 0.30
Color, Hazan    ≤ 30

Caprylyl Pyrrolidone is the substituted cyclic lactam that conforms to the formula: C12H23NO


Application of N-Octyl-pyrrolidone

Intermediate used in the production of:
- Solvents in chemical reactions
- Components in ink and coating formulations
- Coating strippers in the electronic industry
- Formulating agents in crop protection products
- Intermediates in the production of pharmaceuticals


2-Pyrrolidinone, 1-octyl
General Statement 
N-Octyl-pyrrolidone is a substituted heterocyclic organic compound and a rapid nonionic wetting agent in dishwashing, industrial, and institutional cleaners. 
N-Octyl-pyrrolidone also can serve as a solvent for polymers and hydrophobic substances and has uses as a dye carrier for aramid fabrics. 
N-Octyl-pyrrolidone is a low to moderate hazard material and risk of adverse health effects associated with both occupational and consumer use of this chemical is anticipated to be low. 
Chemical Identity Name: 2-Pyrrolidinone, 1-octyl
Brand Names: Surfadone LP-100 Chemical name (IUPAC): n-(n-octyl)-2-pyrrolidinone CAS number(s): 2687-94-7 EC number: 403-700-8 Molecular formula: C12H23NO

Synonyms: N-n-Octylpyrrolidone; 1-Octyl-2-pyrrolidone; 2-Pyrrolidinone,1-octyl; N-Octylpyrrolidinone; 1-n-octylazacyclopentan-2-one; 1-octyl-pyrrolidone; n-octyl-2-pyrrolidone; 1-n-Octyl-2-pyrrolidone; N-Octyl pyrrolidone; caprylyl pyrrolidone; N-octyl-2-pyrrolidinone; 1-Octylpyrrolidin-2-one; N-Octylpyrrolidone; 1-Octyl-2-pyrrolidinone;

EC / List no.: 403-700-8
CAS no.: 2687-94-7
Mol. formula: C12H23NO

N-Octyl-2-pyrrolidone (NOP)

N-OCTYL PYRROLIDONE is a speciality pyrrolidone with solvent and low-foam surfactant characteristics 

Cleaners
With its low foaming surfactant nature and cosolvency, NOP provides additional low-foaming cleaning power to a variety of cleaner formulations.

Crop Protection
N-OCTYL PYRROLIDONE is utilised as a cosolvent in crop protection formulations. It also contributes to formulation wetting due to its surfactant nature.

Ink
N-OCTYL PYRROLIDONE is used in fountain solution formulations for offset printing.

Rubber
N-OCTYL PYRROLIDONE functions as an efficient wetting agent for silica and other fillers and pigments in rubber formulations

Uses and Applications:  2-Pyrrolidinone, 1-octyl-, through its interaction with anionic surfactant micelles, enhances water solubility and results in synergistic surface tension reduction and wetting enhancement at low concentrations. 
N-OCTYL PYRROLIDONE is also used as an intermediate in the production of electronics, industrial chemicals, and as an initial product of some chemical syntheses. 
N-OCTYL PYRROLIDONE is also used in the textile industry


N-octyl pyrrolidone (Agsol Ex 8 or Surfadone LP 100) is used commercially in several applications, either neat or in conjunction with other formulated compositions. 
The main advantage of N-octyl pyrrolidone is its high solvency for hydrophobic molecules. 
N-octyl pyrrolidone can also form mixed micelles with several other surfactants, especially with anionic emulsifiers such as sodium lauryl sulfate (SLS) and sodium laureth sulfate. 
N-octyl pyrrolidone is unique in also being a surface active solvent and thus it can function as an interfacial solvent. 
This property is advantageous in many consumer formulations e.g. to control the release of organic fragrances and to provide additional wetting on surfaces in spray solutions.


Synonyms: 1-octylpyrrolidine;N-OCTYL PYRROLIDONE;1-Octyl-2-pyrrolidon;n-octylpyrrolidinone;1-OCTYL-2-PYRROLIDONE;N-OCTYL-2-PYRROLIDONE;1-octyl-2-pyrrolidinon;1-N-OCTYL-2-PYRROLIDONE;1-OCTYL-2-PYRROLIDINONE;1-OCTYLPYRROLIDIN-2-ONE

•    1-OCTYLPYRROLIDIN-2-ONE
•    1-OCTYL-2-PYRROLIDINONE
•    1-OCTYL-2-PYRROLIDONE
•    1-N-OCTYL-2-PYRROLIDONE
•    N-OCTYL PYRROLIDONE
•    N-OCTYL-2-PYRROLIDONE
•    1-octyl-2-pyrrolidinon
•    2-Pyrrolidinone,1-octyl-
•    n-octylpyrrolidinone
•    1-Octyl-2-pyrsiiolidinone
•    1-Octyl-2-pyrrolidon
•    N-(n-octyl)-pyrrolidin-2-on
•    1-n-OCLyl-2-Pyrrolidone
•    1-n-Octyl-2-pyrrolidone
•    1-octylpyrrolidine
•    1-n-Octyl-2-pyrrolidone>
•    N-Octyl pyrrolidone fandachem
•    2687-94-7
•    C12H23NO
•    Pyrrolidines
•    Heterocyclic Building Blocks
•    Building Blocks
•    Building Blocks
•    Heterocyclic Building Blocks
•    Pyrrolidines
•    surfactant
•    Building Blocks
•    C11 to C30+
•    Chemical Synthesis
•    Heterocyclic Building Blocks

1-octylpyrrolidin-2-one
2687-94-7
1-Octyl-2-pyrrolidone
N-Octyl-2-pyrrolidone
N-Octylpyrrolidone
2-Pyrrolidinone, 1-octyl-
1-Octyl-2-pyrrolidinone
1-n-Octyl-2-pyrrolidone
N-(n-octyl)-2-pyrrolidinone
N-Octylpyrrolidinone
BRN 1526318
Q63395635
n-(n-octyl)-2-pyrrolidone
N-Octyl pyrroldone
n-octyl-pyrrolidone
N-n-Octylpyrrolidone
ACMC-1CJMS
1-octyl-pyrrolidin-2-one
EC 403-700-8
DSSTox_CID_16435
DSSTox_RID_79280
DSSTox_GSID_36435
SCHEMBL37427
KSC489O5D
1-Octyl-2-pyrrolidone, 98%
CHEMBL3186828
DTXSID4036435
CTK3I9751
KS-00000WRD
WPPOGHDFAVQKLN-UHFFFAOYSA-
ZINC2545315
Tox21_301550
ANW-26072
MFCD00074965
AKOS015839938
CS-W015668
NCGC00255442-01
SC-17449
CAS-2687-94-7


CAS Number 2687-94-7 
Empirical Formula (Hill Notation) C12H23NO 
Molecular Weight 197.32  
Beilstein/REAXYS Number 1526318  
EC Number 403-700-8  
MDL number MFCD00074965  
PubChem Substance ID 24860036  NACRES NA.22,,

1-Octyl-2-pyrrolidone is a permeation enhancer and its effect in transport of steroidal permeants across hairless mouse skin was investigated via a parallel pathway skin model.

1-Octyl-2-pyrrolidinone
1-OCTYL-2-PYRROLIDONE
2-Pyrrolidinone, 1-octyl-
N-(n-octyl)-2-pyrrolidinone

EC Inventory
N-(N-Octyl)-2-pyrrolidinone
N-(n-octyl)-2-pyrrolidinone
N-(n-Octyl)-2-pyrrolidone
N-(n-octyl)-2-pyrrolidone
N-Octyl-2-pyrrolidone
N-Octylpyrrolidinone

1-n-oktil-2-pirrolidon (hu)
1-octil-2-pirrolidona (es)
1-octil-2-pirrolidona (pt)
1-octyl-2-pyrrolidon (da)
1-Octyl-2-pyrrolidon (de)
1-octyl-2-pyrrolidon (nl)
1-oktil-2-pirolidon (sl)
1-oktyl-2-pyrrolidon (no)
1-oktyl-2-pyrrolidon (sv)
1-oktylo-2-pirolidon (pl)
1-Oktyyli-2-pyrrolidoni (fi)
1-ottil-2-pirrolidone (it)
1-oκτυλo-2-πυρρoλιδBoν (el)
<I>N</I>-(n-oktil)-2-pirolidon (hr)
N-(n-octil)-2-pirolidona (ro)
N-(n-octyl)-2-pyrrolidone (fr)
N-(n-oktil)-2-pirolidinonas (lt)
N-(N-oktil)-2-pirolidinons (lv)
N-(n-oktyl)-2-pyrrolidinon (no)
N-(n-oktyl)-2-pyrrolidon (no)
N-(n-oktylo)-2-pirolidon (pl)
N-(n-oktüül)-2-pürrolidoon (et)
N-(n-октил)-2-пиролидoн (bg)
N-oktyl-2-pyrrolidon (cs)
N-oktylo-2-pirolidon (pl)
N-oktylpyrolidín-2-ón (sk)

CAS names
2-Pyrrolidinone, 1-octyl-


IUPAC names
1-n-Octyl-2-pyrrolidone
1-OCTYL-2-PYRROLIDONE
1-octylpyrrolidin-2-one
2-Pyrrolidinone, 1-octyl-
N-(n-octyl)-2-pyrrolidinone 
N-(n-octyl)-2-pyrrolidinone
N-(n-octyl)-2-pyrrolidone
NOP

Trade names
Agsolex 8
Flexidone 100
Gaftex HI-8
NOP
SURFADONE LP 100

Exposure, Hazard and Safety Assessment 
The following section describes possible exposures scenarios and hazards associated with 2-Pyrrolidinone, 1-octyl- . 
The exposure assessment describes both the amount of and the frequency with which a chemical substance reaches a person, a population of people, or the environment. 
Hazard refers to the inherent properties of a substance that make it capable of causing harm to human health or the environment. 
The safety assessment reports the possibility of a harmful event arising from exposure to a chemical or physical agent under specific conditions. 
Just because a substance may possess potentially harmful properties does not mean that it automatically poses a risk. 
It is not possible to make that determination without understanding the exposure. 

Human Health Effects Human Exposure Assessment 
Consumer: 2-Pyrrolidinone, 1-octyl- is used in the production of agrochemicals, electronics, industrial chemicals and solvents. 
Consumer exposure is most likely limited to low levels of 2-Pyrrolidinone, 1-octyl- present within final product formulations. 
Worker: In industrial settings, 2-Pyrrolidinone, 1-octyl- is manufactured and handled in closed processes as much as possible, which ensures that worker exposure to 2-Pyrrolidinone, 1-octyl- is minimized. 
When there is potential for exposure, during loading, unloading, sampling or during maintenance operations, exposure to 2-Pyrrolidinone, 1-octylcan be further minimized by the proper use of personal protective equipment. 
Human Hazard Assessment 2-Pyrrolidinone, 1-octyl- is low for both acute and repeat dose toxicity. 
It is neither mutagenic or genotoxic, is not associated with reproductive or developmental toxicity, and is not classified for carcinogenicity. 
2-Pyrrolidinone, 1-octylcan cause serious eye damage and skin corrosion.

Human Health Safety Assessment 
Consumer: 2-Pyrrolidinone, 1-octyl- is used in the production of agrochemicals, electronics, industrial chemicals and solvents. 
Consumer exposure is most likely limited to low levels of 2-Pyrrolidinone, 1-octyl- present within final product formulations. 2-Pyrrolidinone, 1-octyl- is low for both acute and repeat dose toxicity. 
N-OCTYL PYRROLIDONE is neither mutagenic or genotoxic, is not associated with reproductive or developmental toxicity, and is not classified for carcinogenicity. 
Based on the low levels of 2-Pyrrolidinone, 1-octyl- present in consumer products and the low toxicity associated with the chemical, subsequent risk is unlikely. 
Worker: In industrial settings, 2-Pyrrolidinone, 1-octyl- is manufactured and handled primarily in closed processes which limit exposure. 
Based on good manufacturing processes and industrial hygiene the occupational health risk associated with 2-Pyrrolidinone, 1-octyl- is low. 
Environmental Effects Environmental Exposures 2-Pyrrolidinone, 1-octyl- is readily biodegradable and has a moderate potential for bioaccumulation. 
N-OCTYL PYRROLIDONE is soluble in water and has a low potential for volatilization. 
Volatilization from water surfaces is not expected. 
If released into the environment it is estimated that 2-Pyrrolidinone, 1-dodecyl-will primarily partition to soil and water.

1526318
1-Octyl-2-pyrrolidinon [German] [ACD/IUPAC Name]
1-Octyl-2-pyrrolidinone [ACD/IUPAC Name]
1-Octyl-2-pyrrolidinone [French] [ACD/IUPAC Name]
1-Octyl-2-pyrrolidon [Dutch]
1-Octyl-2-pyrrolidone
2687-94-7 [RN]
2-Pyrrolidinone, 1-octyl- [ACD/Index Name]
403-700-8 [EINECS]
MFCD00074965 [MDL number]
N-Octylpyrrolidone
T5NVTJ A8 [WLN]
UY5896000
(E)-1-(2,6,6-trimethylcyclohexa-1,3-dien-1-yl)but-2-en-1-one
[2687-94-7]
1-n-Octyl-2-pyrrolidone
1-Octil-2-pirrolidona [Spanish]
1-Octil-2-pirrolidona [Portuguese]
1-Octyl-2-pyrrolidon [Danish]
1-Octylpyrrolidine [ACD/IUPAC Name]
1-Ottil-2-pirrolidone [Italian]
2687-44-7 [RN]
99464-83-2 [RN]
CAPRYLYL PYRROLIDONE
EE4037008
http:////www.amadischem.com/proen/503720/
http://en.atomaxchem.com/2687-94-7.html
β-Damascenone
N-(N-OCTYL)-2-PYRROLIDONE
n-octyl pyrrolidone
N-Octyl-2- Pyrrolidone
N-Octyl-2-pyrrolidone
N-Octylpyrrolidinone
Surfadone LP-100 surfactant


USAGE CATEGORIES: Agricultural Chemicals, Crop Protection, Electronic Chemicals, Household, Industrial & Institutional Chemicals, Industrial Chemicals, Inks & Digital Inks, Metal Working, Finishing & Flux, Pharmaceutical & Fine Chemicals, Solvents & Degreasers, Surfactants & Emulsifiers, Textile Auxiliaries

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Surfadone LP-100 is a wetting agent that exhibits a unique combination of solvency and surface activity.

We have N-Octyl-2-Pyrrolidone for the care chemicals industry. This wetting agent and surfactant is ideal for cleaning applications.

Synonyms:
N-    octyl pyrrolidone
1-    octyl-2-pyrrolidinone
1-    octyl-2-pyrrolidone
1-N-    octyl-2-pyrrolidone
N-    octyl-2-pyrrolidone
1-    octylpyrrolidin-2-one
N-    octylpyrrolidinone
N-    octylpyrrolidone
2-    pyrrolidinone, 1-octyl-


Synonyms
N-Octyl pyrrolidone
caprylyl pyrrolidone
T5NVTJ A8
1-octyl-pyrrolidone
2-Pyrrolidinone, 1-octyl-
1-n-octylazacyclopentan-2-one
1-Octyl-2-pyrrolidinone
N-Octylpyrrolidinone
EINECS 403-700-8
n-octyl-2-pyrrolidone
MFCD00074965
1-Octyl-2-pyrrolidone
N-octyl-2-pyrrolidinone
N-Octylpyrrolidone
N-n-Octylpyrrolidone
1-n-Octyl-2-pyrrolidone
2-Pyrrolidinone,1-octyl
1-Octylpyrrolidin-2-one
N-Octyl-Pyrrolidone


Pyrrolidone derivates are slow-evaporating, highly polar organic solvents miscible with water and organic solvents.

APRYLYL PYRROLIDONE
CAPRYLYL PYRROLIDONE is classified as :
Cleansing
Foaming
Hair conditioning
Surfactant
CAS Number    2687-94-7
EINECS/ELINCS No:    403-700-8
COSING REF No:    74862
Chem/IUPAC Name:    Pyrrolidone, N-octyl-

Surfadone LP specialty surfactants combine the hydrophilic, dipolar pyrrolidone ring with a hydrophobic alkyl group and exhibit a unique combination of solvency and surface activity. 
They are multifunctional and provide a variety of performance benefits in a range of applications. 
Applications 
Fountain solutions 
Pigment dispersions 
Waterborne adhesives 

N-Octylpyrrolidone
Performance Features and Benefits 
High surface activity at low concentrations 
Rapid wetting 
Low foam Synergism with anionic surfactants 
Excellent solvency 
Good compatibility 
Low flammability 
Exempt under California Air Resource Board VOC guideline definitions 
Biodegradable

Lithographic dampening (fountain) solutions: N-OCTYL PYRROLIDONE is currently the preferred surfactant technology for alcohol-free, continuous dampening systems for web offset printing. 
Performance in such a dynamic process is determined by the speed with which the bulk surfactant influences the interface. 
The high dynamic surface activity of N-OCTYL PYRROLIDONE provides rapid wetting of the non-image area of the printing plate to ensure high print quality. 
N-OCTYL PYRROLIDONE surfactant also provides low foam, low VOC, high flash points, and by minimization of ink build up, allows longer runs between clean up. 
Fountain solution concentrates typically incorporate 2-5% N-OCTYL PYRROLIDONE surfactant. 

Pigment dispersions: To provide stable mill bases with high tinctorial strength, Surfadone LP-100 surfactant functions to enhance the wettability of organic pigments.
 At low use levels, N-OCTYL PYRROLIDONE surfactant permits high pigment loading with low viscosity and is particularly effective with phthalocyanine pigments. 

Photoresist strippers: In non-aqueous formulations, 10-20% N-OCTYL PYRROLIDONE is used as a co-solvent, usually in conjunction with M-Pyrol (N-methyl-2-pyrrolidone) and BLO (γ-butyroIactone), to enhance performance by broadening the solvency range. 

Printed circuit board cleaners: In aqueous formulations, 1-2% N-OCTYL PYRROLIDONE enhances wetting of aluminum and Teflon* substrates, and facilitates removal of polymerized rosin residues.

Waterborne adhesives: Achieving acceptable adhesion as well as good flow and leveling in water-based systems requires the use of high-performance wetting agents. 
The low dynamic surface tensions possible through the use of Surfadone surfactants (specifically Surfadone LP-100 surfactant), together with their low VOC, support their use as high-performance, low-foaming wetting agents in these applications. 
The low hydrophiliclypophilic balance (HLB) values of Surfadone surfactants indicate that they will not add to the water sensitivity of the finished product. 


Specialty cleaning: In addition to providing high surface activity and wetting, N-OCTYL PYRROLIDONE combines a broad spectrum solvent capability with favorable safety features. 
Consequently, they are frequently safer alternatives to hazardous solvents and provide solvency for a wide range of organic materials and resins. 
In aqueous metal cleaners, 1-2% N-OCTYL PYRROLIDONE facilitates cleaning performancecand interacts with alkoxylated thiol surfactants to minimize odor. 

N-OCTYL PYRROLIDONE is readily soluble in most organic solvents and exhibit unique solubility characteristics in water. 
• In aqueous solution at ambient temperature, single-phase systems are obtained with N-OCTYL PYRROLIDONE concentrations < 0.002%. 


 

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