NONYLPHENOL 10 EO


Composition: Nonylphenolpolyglycolether with 10 Mol EO
NP 10
NPE 10

Nonylphenol polyglycol ether
CAS number : 9016-45-9
Chemical Description: Nonylphenol ETHOXYLATE, POE-10
Chemical Group: Nonylphenol Ethoxylates
Functions: Emulsifier, Adjuvant, Wetting Agents

NP 10 is used as an emulsifiers for emulsion polymerization improving the shear, temperature and electrolyte stability of polymer dispersions. 
Recommended usage: 2 % active based on monomers.
NP 10 is used as a dispersing agent for emulsion paints to improve the scrub resistance.

NP 10 is a chemical compound that lowers the surface tension (or interfacial tension) between two liquids. 
NP 10 is a surfactant and it may act as detergents, wetting agents, emulsifiers, foaming agents, or dispersants.

NP 10 plays an important role as cleaning, wetting, dispersing, emulsifying, foaming and anti-foaming agents in many practical applications and products, including detergents, fabric softeners, motor oils, emulsions, soaps, paints, adhesives, inks, anti-fogs, ski waxes, snowboard wax, deinking of recycled papers, in flotation, washing and enzymatic processes, and laxatives. 
NP 10 also employed in agrochemical formulations such as herbicides (some), insecticides, biocides (sanitizers), and spermicides (nonoxynol-9).

Applications

NP 10 is used as emulsifier, washing agent, wetting agent, penetrating agent, dispersing agent, degreasing agent, refining agent and chemical intermediate in the chemical industry

NP-10 Surfactant is a nonylphenol ethoxylate-based surfactant. 
Nonylphenol 10 EO is nonionic and provides excellent detergency, rinse-ability, and low odor. 
Nonylphenol 10 EO is suggested for use in cleaners & degreasers, prewash spotters and metalworking fluids.

Excellent detergency
Outstanding wetting
Versatile solubility characteristics, soluble in water
Exceptional handling properties
Low odor
Excellent rinseability


Product properties *)
Active substance content: about 100 %
Appearance at 20 °C: viscous, slightly yellow liquid
pH value (DIN EN 1262), 1 % in water: about 6 – 8
Solubility at 20 °C in water: clear
Density (DIN 51757) at 50 °C: about 0.9 – 1.0 g/cm³
Viscosity (DIN 53015) at 50 °C: about 40 mPas
Cloud point (EN 1890): about 62 – 65 °C (1 % in water)

Nonylphenol 10 EO is a high active nonionic surfactant finding application in a variety of agricultural applications, detergents, sanitizers, industrial cleaners, metal cleaners, textile applications, and paper deinking.


Pour point (DIN/ISO 3016): about 10°C
Flash point (DIN/ISO 2592): > 200 °C
Lime-soap dispersion action (DIN 53903): 3-4 %
Surface tension (DIN 53914) at 20 °C: 30.4 mN/m (1 g/l)


Structure
Nonylphenol polyglycolether
(x = number of added-on molecules of ethylene oxide)
The first two digits indicate the approximate number of molecules of ethylene oxide forming the hydrophilic polyglycolether chains. 
The third digit indicates the concentration of the products (0 = approximately 100 % active ingredient).

Characteristics
Both the physico-chemical and processing characteristics of the Nonylphenol grades depend largely on the ratio of hydrophobic molecules (nonylphenol) to the hydrophilic – i.e. water solubilizing – polyglycolether chain (number of ethylene oxide molecules).

Compatibility
Being nonionic, the Nonylphenol grades are compatible with all other nonionic, anionic or cationic substances.
Electrolytes, for example neutral salts, alkalis and – to a lesser extent – acids, reduce the water solubility of Nonylphenol grades and may lead to their salting out, especially at high concentrations and temperatures. 
Decomposition of the products does not occur. 
For solutions containing high amounts of electrolytes, Nonylphenol grades with long polyglycolether chains may be used since, being more hydrophilic, they are not so easily salted out.

Stability: Nonylphenol grades have excellent resistance to compounds that cause hard water, to metal salts, including those of heavy metals, acids, alkalis, reductive agents and oxidative agents based on peroxide. 
With regard to oxidative agents giving off chlorine, the stability, as in the case of all polyglycolether derivatives, is limited to the use of dilute solutions. 
The preparation of highly concentrated mixtures of oxidative or reductive agents and polyglycolether derivatives is not possible.

Nonylphenol 1.8 EO 
CAS NO: 9016-45-9
Nonylphenol 4 EO 
CAS NO:9016-45-9
Nonylphenol 5 EO
CAS NO: 9016-45-9
Nonylphenol 6 EO 
CAS NO:9016-45-9
Nonylphenol 8 EO 
CAS NO:9016-45-9
Nonylphenol 9.5 EO 
CAS NO:9016-45-9
Nonylphenol 10 EO 
CAS NO:9016-45-9
Nonylphenol 11 EO 
CAS NO:9016-45-9
Nonylphenol 12 EO 
CAS NO:9016-45-9
Nonylphenol 13 EO 
CAS NO:9016-45-9
Nonylphenol 15 EO 
CAS NO:9016-45-9
Nonylphenol 20 EO 
CAS NO:9016-45-9
Nonylphenol 23 EO 
CAS NO:9016-45-9
Nonylphenol 30 EO 
CAS NO:9016-45-9
Nonylphenol 30 EO 70% in aqueous solution 
CAS NO:9016-45-9
Nonylphenol 40 EO 
CAS NO:9016-45-9
Nonylphenol 40 EO 70% in aqueous solution 
CAS NO:9016-45-9
Nonylphenol 50 EO 
CAS NO:9016-45-9
Nonylphenol 100 EO 
9016-45-9
Nonylphenol 100 EO 70% in aqueous solution 
CAS NO:9016-45-9


Solubility


a) in water
The solubility in water increases with the length of the polyglycolether chain. 
Nonylphenol 4 is practically water insoluble.Nonylphenol 4, on the other hand, gives cloudy solutions. 
The other Nonylphenol grades form clear, aqueous solutions at 20 °C.
Dilution of the Nonylphenol grades with water initially results in a significant increase in viscosity.

With the mean ethoxilation stages (Nonylphenol 8 to Nonylphenol 15), this increase in viscosity leads, in certain concentration ranges (45-70 %) to the formation of fairly stiff gels that are not readily diluted with cold water. 
To avoid this gel formation, dilution and dissolving are best carried out by stirring the Nonylphenol grades into warm or hot water.

Gel formation can also be overcome by the addition of alcohols, glycols and other solubilizing agents as well as by additions of salt.
Stable dilutions of Nonylphenol 6, which gives cloudy solutions with water, cannot be prepared with water alone with less than 40 % active substance. 
By using solubilizing agents, for example isopropyl alcohol, glycols or suitable anionic compounds, it is, however, possible to obtain clear, stable dilutions at low concentrations.


b) in organic solvents and oils
In non-aqueous media, the solubility of the Nonylphenol grades also depends on the degree of ethoxilation. 
In aliphatic hydrocarbons, the solubility quickly decreases with increasing length of the polyglycolether chain. 
In mineral oil, petroleum and paraffinic hydrocarbons, therefore, only the slightly hydrophilic products Nonylphenol 4 and Nonylphenol 6 are soluble.
In aromatic hydrocarbons, in alcohols, ketones and similar polar solvents, and in chlorinated hydrocarbons all Nonylphenol grades are soluble.


Physico-chemical data
Cloud point

In contrast to the anionic compounds, the water solubility of the nonionic Nonylphenol grades decreases with increasing temperature. 
Aqueous solutions that are clear at room temperature become cloudy as soon as the temperature is raised to the so-called cloud point.
The cloud point increases with the length of the polyglycolether chain and with the different Nonylphenol grades. 
Products with a high degree of ethoxilation, such as Nonylphenol 23 and Nonylphenol 30 do not show a cloud point in water up to boiling point. 
By the addition of salts, such as sodium chloride, it is possible to depress the cloud point so that its determination is possible.

Clouding is a reversible physical process; the solutions clear as they cool. 
The action of the Nonylphenol grades is not adversely influenced, with a few exceptions, by the cloud point. 
They can, therefore, in most cases be used even at temperatures above cloud point.

The cloud point is determined in water, 25 % aqueous butyldiglycol solution and in 10 % sodium chloride solution.
Butyldiglycol serves as solubilizer and permits the determination of cloud points of products with low degree of ethoxilation which are either insoluble in water or give cloudy solutions.
Surface-active characteristics

Like solubility, surface-active characteristics vary with the degree of ethoxilation.

a) Surface tension
The maximum reduction in surface tension is achieved with Nonylphenol 6. 
As the degree of ethoxilation increases, so the action on the surface tension of water is reduced.

b) Dispersing action
The values for lime-soap dispersion power established according to DIN 53903 indicate the excellent dispersing action of the Nonylphenol grades. 
They have, however, only limited application for other materials to be dispersed.

c) Wetting action
The wetting action of the Nonylphenol grades also greatly depends on the degree of ethoxilation. The most effective
grades are Nonylphenol 9 and Nonylphenol 10.

d) Foaming power
Being ethylene oxide derivatives, the Nonylphenol grades are characterized by moderate to low foaming action. 
Their foaming increases with the degree of ethoxilation but at no time reaches the foaming of other anionic compounds such as the alkylsulphates, alkylarylsulfonates etc.

e) Emulsifying action
The excellent emulsifying action of a number of Nonylphenol grades allows the preparation of stable emulsions. 
The selection of the most suitable degree of ethoxilation depends on the type of oil or organic solvent to be emulsified and on any other components that may be dissolved in the oil or solvent.

The following Nonylphenol grades are the most suitable for the various oils and solvents: 

Nonylphenol 4 to Nonylphenol 8 for mineral oils, petroleum and similar aliphatic hydrocarbons.
Nonylphenol 8 to Nonylphenol 13 for aromatic hydrocarbons.
Nonylphenol 9 to Nonylphenol 15 for chlorinated hydrocarbons
Nonylphenol 23 and Nonylphenol 30 for fatty acids (olein) and waxes.

By combining various Nonylphenol grades, emulsifier mixtures for particular conditions can easily be prepared. 
Mixtures of products whose degrees of ethoxilation vary greatly are frequently particularly effective. 
Combinations with anionic or cationic products are also possible and are of advantage in many cases.

Chemical
Description
Name: Nonylphenol Ethoxylate
Surfactant Type: Nonionic

Benefits 
• Excellent detergency
• Outstanding wetting
• Versatile solubility characteristics
• Exceptional handling properties
• Low odor
• Excellent rinseability

Applications 
• Cleaners & detergents
• Paper & textile processing
• Paints & coatings
• Agrochemicals
• Metalworking fluids

Typical Physical Properties
Actives, wt%: 100
Cloud Point (1): 63
HLB (2): 13.2
Moles EO: 10
Pour Point(3) 6

Appearance: Pale yellow liquid
pH, 1% aq solution 6
Viscosity at 25°C (77°F), cP: 237
Density at 20°C (68°F), g/mL: 1.060
Flash Pt, Closed Cup, ASTM D93 197°C 387°F
(1) Cloud point: °C, 1 wt% actives aqueous solution
(2) HLB Range: <10 w/o emulsifier, > 10 o/w emulsifier, 10-15 good wetting, 12-15 detergents
(3) Pour point: °C
Typical Physical Properties
CMC
(4) 55
Surface Tension(5) 33
Foam Height(6) 115/110
Draves 20 sec wetting conc, wt% at 25°C (77°F)
at 60°C (122°F)
0.06
0.04
(4) Critical Micelle Concentration: ppm at 25°C
(5) Surface tension: dynes/cm at 1% actives, 25°C
(6) Ross-Miles foam height: mm at 0.1 wt% actives, 25°C, initial / 5 minute

Solubility and Compatibility
• Soluble in water
• Soluble in chlorinated solvents and most polar solvents
• Chemically stable in the presence of dilute acids, bases and salts
• Compatible with soaps, anionic and other nonionic surfactants, and many organic solvents 


Nonylphenols are a family of closely related organic compounds composed of phenol bearing a 9 carbon-tail. 
Nonylphenols can come in numerous structures, all of which may be considered alkylphenols. 
They are used in manufacturing antioxidants, lubricating oil additives, laundry and dish detergents, emulsifiers, and solubilizers.
They are used extensively in epoxy formulation in North America but its use has been phased out in Europe.
These compounds are also precursors to the commercially important non-ionic surfactants alkylphenol ethoxylates and nonylphenol ethoxylates, which are used in detergents, paints, pesticides, personal care products, and plastics. 
Nonylphenol has attracted attention due to its prevalence in the environment and its potential role as an endocrine disruptor and xenoestrogen, due to its ability to act with estrogen-like activity.
The estrogenicity and biodegradation heavily depends on the branching of the nonyl sidechain.
Nonylphenol has been found to act as an agonist of the GPER (GPR30)


Structure and basic properties
Nonylphenols fall into the general chemical category of alkylphenols.
The structure of NPs may vary. 
The nonyl group can be attached to the phenol ring at various locations, usually the 4- and, to lesser extent, the 2-positions, and can be either branched or linear. 
A branched nonylphenol, 4-nonylphenol, is the most widely produced and marketed nonylphenol.
The mixture of nonylphenol isomers is a pale yellow liquid, although the pure compounds are colorless. 
The nonylphenols are moderately soluble in water [12] but soluble in alcohol.

Nonylphenol arises from the environmental degradation of nonylphenol ethoxylates, which are the metabolites of commercial detergents called alkylphenol ethoxylates. 
NPEs are a clear to light orange color liquid. Nonylphenol ethoxylates are nonionic in water, which means that they have no charge. 
Because of this property they are used as detergents, cleaners, emulsifiers, and a variety of other applications. 
They are amphipathic, meaning they have both hydrophilic and hydrophobic properties, which allows them to surround non-polar substances like oil and grease, isolating them from water.

Production
Nonylphenol can be produced industrially, naturally, and by the environmental degradation of alkylphenol ethoxylates. 
Industrially, nonylphenols are produced by the acid-catalyzed alkylation of phenol with a mixture of nonenes. 
This synthesis leads to a very complex mixture with diverse nonylphenols.
Theoretically there are 211 constitutional isomers and this number rise to 550 isomers if we take the enantiomers into account.
To make NPEs, manufacturers treat NP with ethylene oxide under basic conditions.
Since its discovery in 1940, nonylphenol production has increased exponentially, and between 100 and 500 million pounds of nonylphenol are produced globally every year, meeting the definition of High Production Volume Chemicals.

Nonylphenols are also produced naturally in the environment. 
One organism, the velvet worm, produces nonylphenol as a component of its defensive slime. 
The nonylphenol coats the ejection channel of the slime, stopping it from sticking to the organism when it is secreted. 
It also prolongs the drying process long enough for the slime to reach its target.

Another surfactant called nonoxynol, which was once used as intravaginal spermicide and condom lubricant, was found to metabolize into free nonylphenol when administered to lab animals.

Applications
Nonylphenol is used in manufacturing antioxidants, lubricating oil additives, laundry and dish detergents, emulsifiers, and solubilizers.
It can also be used to produce tris(4-nonyl-phenyl) phosphite (TNPP), which is an antioxidant used to protect polymers, such as rubber, Vinyl polymers, polyolefins, and polystyrenics in addition to being a stabilizer in plastic food packaging. 
Barium and calcium salts of nonylphenol are also used as heat stabilizers for polyvinyl chloride (PVC).
Nonylphenol is also often used an intermediate in the manufacture of the non-ionic surfactants nonylphenol ethoxylates, which are used in detergents, paints, pesticides, personal care products, and plastics. 
Nonylphenol and nonylphenol ethoxylates are only used as components of household detergents outside of Europe.
Nonyl Phenol, is used in many epoxy formulations mainly in North America.

Prevalence in the environment
Nonylphenol persists in aquatic environments and is moderately bioaccumulative. 
It is not readily biodegradable, and it can take months or longer to degrade in surface waters, soils, and sediments. Nonbiological degradation is negligible.
Nonylphenol is partially removed during municipal wastewater treatment due to sorption to suspended solids and biotransformation.
Many products that contain nonylphenol have "down-the-drain" applications, such as laundry and dish soap, so the contaminants are frequently introduced into the water supply. 
In sewage treatment plants, nonylphenol ethoxylate degrades into nonylphenol, which is found in river water and sediments as well as soil and groundwater.
Nonylphenol photodegrades in sunlight, but its half-life in sediment is estimated to be more than 60 years. 
Although the concentration of nonylphenol in the environment is decreasing, it is still found at concentrations of 4.1 μg/L in river waters and 1 mg/kg in sediments.

A major concern is that contaminated sewage sludge is frequently recycled onto agricultural land. 
The degradation of nonylphenol in soil depends on oxygen availability and other components in the soil. 
Mobility of nonylphenol in soil is low.

Bioaccumulation is significant in water-dwelling organisms and birds, and nonylphenol has been found in internal organs of certain animals at concentrations of 10 to 1,000 times greater than the surrounding environment.
Due to this bioaccumulation and persistence of nonylphenol, it has been suggested that nonylphenol could be transported over long distances and have a global reach that stretches far from the site of contamination.

Nonylphenol is not persistent in air, as it is rapidly degraded by hydroxyl radicals.


Nonylphenol Ethoxylate product line is composed of surfactants resulting from the reaction of nonylphenol with ethylene oxide (EO). 
Depending on the number of ethylene oxide units (degree of ethoxylation), products with different values of HLB (hydrophilic-lipophilic balance) are obtained, allowing the formulator to select one or more products to be used in various applications

Nonylphenol Ethoxylate products are non-ionic surfactants, whose hydrophobic portion comes from nonylphenol and the hydrophilic portion, from the ethylene oxide chain. 
By increasing the degree of ethoxylation, the hydrophilic character of the molecule is increased (higher HLB), which alters its water solubility, foaming power, wettability and detergency, allowing the formulator to use these products as emulsifiers, detergents, solubilizers, humectants and degreasers in various application.


Nonionic surfactant for use in paints and coatings, paper and textile processing, cleaners and detergents, agrochemicals, and metalworking fluids; with excellent detergency, outstanding wetting, versatile solubility characteristics, and exceptional handling properties. 
It can also be used in oilfield drilling and production formulations.
Uses:
•    Cleaning product formulations
•    Paints and coatings
•    Emulsion polymerization
•    Anywhere there is a need for increased surface activity
Benefits:
•    Deliver a combination of economy and performance
•    Excellent detergency and wetting
•    Good solubilization and emulsification


Alternatives to NPEs There is enormous variability in the structure of non-ionic surfactants. 
Most non-ionic surfactants rely on polyethoxylation to provide the hydrophilic moiety. 
Others rely on glycerol (glycerin), glucosides, or other sugars, either as monosaccharides (e.g. sorbitol) or disaccharides (e.g. sucrose) (Seidel 2004c). 
The simplest substitution for NPEs is to use other APEs. 
NPEs are just one of many APEs available commercially, and other APEs are used for many of the same commercial purposes as emulsifiers, dispersants, and surfactants. 
The main alternatives for NPEs also include alcohol ethoxylates, both linear and branched, and glucose-based carbohydrate derivatives such as alkylpolyglucoside, glucamides, and glucamine oxides. 
Some surfactants may substitute for specific applications only, for instance, silicon surfactants are used in production of polyurethane foam while napthalene condensates are used in photofinishing solutions. 
In other cases, NPE can be replaced with a surfactant blend of alternative nonionics or a blend that include anionic or amphoteric surfactants. 
Market acceptance of these alternatives depends on a number of factors including cost and performance in the intended use. 
Many of these alternatives are less persistent and break down to chemicals which are less toxic than NP and may be deemed safer substitutes for NPEs by EPA


Nonylphenols and nonylphenol ethoxylates are both groups of chemicals, members of the large families of alkyl phenols (AP) and alkyl phenol ethoxylates (APE), respectively. 
Nonylphenols (NP) have a phenolic ring on which a nine carbon alkyl chain is attached. 
The various nonylphenols are differentiated by the position in which the alkyl chain is attached to the phenolic ring and also by the structure of the alkyl chain (linear or branched). 
Nonylphenols ethoxilates (NPE) result form the reaction of nonylphenol with ethylene oxide (EO). 
The degree of ethoxylation for commercially available ranges from four moles of ethoxylates (NPE4) to eighty moles of ethoxylates (NPE80) . 
Industry production of nonylphenols and nonylphenol ethoxylates results in mixtures of isomers, containing also impurities like unreacted ethylene oxide, gycol ethers 
Nonylphenols and nonylphenol ethoxylates are largely used in industry, in grater quantities then other members of the APE family. 
According to the Alkylphenols & Ethoxylates Research Council (APERC, 2002) 
CAS number 84852- 15-3 is the most descriptive of commercially available nonylphenols. 
The CAS numbers 25154-52-3 and 04-40-5 are considered by APERC less descriptive with respect to the branching and position of the nonyl group. 
Also, ‘linear, or normal, n-NP is difficult to produce and is therefore less likely to be commercially relevant’. 
For NPE, there are some CAS registration numbers specific to certain levels of ethoxylates, however, all degrees of ethoxylation may be manufactured under the CAS number for poly-ethoxylates (CAS 127087-87-0), as long as they are synthesized via polymerization reaction between NP and EO, according to US EPA


Nonylphenol ethoxylates (NPE) are chemicals that have surface – active properties that make them useful as surfactants, wetting agents, emulsifiers and dispersants.
Nonylphenolethoxylates with less than 10 ethoxyl groups (EO) are used as detergents, i.e. they dissolve a small amount of dirt/grease in a great deal of water. 
Nonylphenolethoxylates with 9 between 10 and 30 EO are used as emulsifiers, i.e. they help to form stable systems of more fat in less water. 
Nonylphenolethoxylates with up to 80 EO can be used as dispersants.


Nonyl Phenol Ethoxylates are produced by the reaction of ethylene oxide and alklyphenol. 
Ethoxylation temperature is kept minimum as possible. 
Nonionic surfactants are used in detergent and cleaning sectors. 
NPEs 6 EO,7 EO, 8 EO,9 EO,10 EO,14 EO are transparent and almost colourless liquids.


The industry uses NP for industrial and institutional cleaning, textile auxiliaries, leather auxiliaries, emulsion polymerization, agricultural pesticides and paint production


Poly(oxy-1,2-ethanediyl), .alpha.-(nonylphenyl)-.omega.-hydroxy-


IUPAC names
2-(2-nonylphenoxy)ethanol
2-[2-(4-nonylphenoxy)ethoxy]ethanol
Alkylphenol Ethoxylate
ALPHA-(NONYLPHENYL)-OMEGA-HYDROXYPOLY(OXYETHYLENE)
Amines, tallow alkyl, ethoxylated
Ethoxylated nonyl phenol
ethoxylated nonyl phenol
Ethoxylated nonylphenol
ETHYLENE OXIDE - NOYLPHENOL POLYMER
Etoxilato de nonilfenol
NONYL PHENOL ETHOXYLATE
NONYL PHENOL ETHOXYLATED (R22-R41-R51/53)
nonyl phenol reacted with ethylene oxide
NONYL PHENYL ETHOXYLATE 9 MOLES ETHYLENE OXIDE
Nonylphenol Ethoxylate
Nonylphenol ethoxylate
Nonylphenol ethoxylates
NONYLPHENOL POLYETHOXYLATE
Nonylphenol, ethoxilate
NONYLPHENOL, ETHOXYLATED
Nonylphenol, ethoxylated
nonylphenol, ethoxylated
Nonylphenolpolyglycolether
Nonylphenolpolyglykolether
Nonylphenoxypoly(ethylenoxy)ethanol
Nonylphenyl-polyethylene glycol
Poly(oxy-1,2-ethanediyl) , .alpha.-(nonylphenyl) -.omega.-hydroxy-
Poly(oxy-1,2-ethanediyl), .alpha.-(nonylphenyl)-.omega.-hydroxy-
Poly(oxy-1,2-ethanediyl), a-(nonylphenyl)-w-hydroxy-
Poly(oxy-1,2-ethanediyl), α-(nonylphenyl)-ω-hydroxy-
Polyethylene glycol nonylphenyl ether
α-(Nonylphenyl)-ω-hydroxypoly(oxy-1,2-ethanediyl)

Trade names
(Nonylphenoxy)polyethylene oxide

A 730

A 730 (surfactant)

Adekatol NP

Adekatol NP 1100

Adekatol NP 650

Adekatol NP 660

Adekatol NP 700

Adekatol NP 720

Adekatol NP 760

Adekatol NP 900

Aduxol AH-020; 20-EO

Aerosol NPES 3030 P

Afilan CVH

Agral

Agral 90

Agral LN

Agral Plus

Agral R

AKROPAL N 100; 10-EO

Akyporox NP 105

Akyporox NP 95

Alfenol

Alfenol 10

Alfenol 18

Alfenol 22

Alfenol 28

Alfenol 710

Alfenol 8

Alfenol N 8

Alkasurf NP

Alkasurf NP 11

Alkasurf NP 15

Alkasurf NP 8

Alkylphenolethoxylat C9 12EO; 12-EO

Antarox 897

Antarox CO

Antarox CO 430

Antarox CO 530

ANTAROX CO 610; 8-9-EO

Antarox CO 630

Antarox CO 730

Antarox CO 850

Antarox CO 880

ANTAROX CO 890

Antarox CO 970

APEO C9 + 100EO; 100-EO

APEO C9 + 10EO; 10-EO

APEO C9 + 11EO; 11-EO

APEO C9 + 12EO; 12-EO

APEO C9 + 13EO; 13-EO

APEO C9 + 14EO; 14-EO

APEO C9 + 15.0EO; 15-EO

APEO C9 + 15EO; 1,5-EO

APEO C9 + 17.0EO; 17-EO

APEO C9 + 17.3EO; 17,3-EO

APEO C9 + 17EO; 1,7-EO

APEO C9 + 18EO; 18-EO

APEO C9 + 1EO; 1-EO

APEO C9 + 20EO; 20-EO

APEO C9 + 23EO; 23-EO

APEO C9 + 25EO; 25-EO

APEO C9 + 28EO; 28-EO

APEO C9 + 2EO; 2-EO

APEO C9 + 30EO; 30-EO

APEO C9 + 35EO; 35-EO

APEO C9 + 3EO; 3-EO

APEO C9 + 4.4EO; 4,4-EO

APEO C9 + 40EO; 40-EO

APEO C9 + 4EO; 4-EO

APEO C9 + 5.5EO; 5,5-EO

APEO C9 + 50EO; 50-EO

APEO C9 + 5EO; 5-EO

APEO C9 + 6-7EO; 6-7-EO

APEO C9 + 6.5EO; 6,5-EO

APEO C9 + 6EO; 6-EO

APEO C9 + 70EO; 70-EO

APEO C9 + 7EO; 7-EO

APEO C9 + 8-9EO; 8-9-EO

APEO C9 + 8.60EO; 8,6-EO

APEO C9 + 8.75EO; 8,75-EO

APEO C9 + 8.90EO; 8,9-EO

APEO C9 + 86EO; 86-EO

APEO C9 + 8EO; 8-EO

APEO C9 + 9-10EO; 9-10-EO

APEO C9 + 9.5EO; 9,5-EO

APEO C9 + 9EO; 9-EO

APEO C9 + nEO; n-EO

Arkopal 130

Arkopal 160

Arkopal 40

Arkopal 60

Arkopal 80

Arkopal 9

Arkopal N

Arkopal N 040

Arkopal N 040; 4-EO

Arkopal N 060

Arkopal N 060; 6-EO; 100% Active Matter; active substance

Arkopal N 080

Arkopal N 080; 8-EO; 100% Active Matter; active substance

Arkopal N 090

Arkopal N 090; 9-EO; 100% Active Matter; active substance

Arkopal N 100

Arkopal N 100; 10-EO; 100% Active Matter; active substance

Arkopal N 110; 11-EO; 100% Active Matter; active substance

Arkopal N 130; 13-EO; 100% Active Matter; active substance

Arkopal N 150; 15-EO; 100% Active Matter; active substance

Arkopal N 230; 23-EO; 100% Active Matter; active substance

Arkopal N 300; 30-EO

ARKOPAL N 307; 30-EO

Arkopal N; 15-EO; 100% Active Matter; active substance

Arlypon NP 20; 20-EO

Arlypon NP 30; 30-EO

Arlypon NP 4,4; 4,4-EO

Arlypon NP 6; 6-EO

Arlypon NP 86; 86-EO

AVIROL 4167 NETZMITTEL; unbekannt1

Berol 259; 2-EO

BF 5239; 9,5-EO

BG 8716; 9,5-EO

Canasol NF 2000; 20-EO

Cemulsol NP 12; 12-EO

CEMULSOL NP 6; 6-EO

Dehydat 63; 3-EO

Dehydat 64; 4-EO

Dehydat 69; 10-EO; 99,9% Active Matter; active substance

Dehydrophen 100; 10-EO

Dehydrophen 55; 5,5-EO; 100% Active Matter; active substance

Dehydrophen 65; 6,5-EO

Dehydrophen C10; 9-10-EO

Dehydrophen C; 6,5-EO

Dehydrophen CF; 5,5-EO; 100% Active Matter; active substance

Dehydrophen D; 9,5-EO

Dehydrophen PNP 10/40; 10-EO; 40% Active Matter; active substance

Dehydrophen PNP 10/E; 10-EO

Dehydrophen PNP 10; 10-EO

Dehydrophen PNP 12; 12-EO

Dehydrophen PNP 13; 13-EO

Dehydrophen PNP 15; 15-EO

Dehydrophen PNP 20; 20-EO

DEHYDROPHEN PNP 25; 25-EO

Dehydrophen PNP 2; 2-EO

Dehydrophen PNP 4; 4-EO

Dehydrophen PNP 6; 6-EO

Dehydrophen PNP 8; 8-EO

DEHYDROPHEN PNP 9.5; 9,5-EO

Dehydrophen PNPD; 8-EO

Disponil 20; 10-EO

Disponil 286; 10-EO

Disponil KB-26; 25-EO

Disponil NP 1005 EXP; 100-EO

Disponil NP 1005; 100-EO

Disponil NP 100; 100-EO

Disponil NP 1024 EW-POL 9461; 9-10-EO

DISPONIL NP 1024; 10-EO; 24% Active Matter; active substance

Disponil NP 10; 10-EO; 100% Active Matter; active substance

Disponil NP 11; 11-EO

Disponil NP 12; 12-EO

Disponil NP 13; 13-EO

Disponil NP 208; 20-EO

Disponil NP 20; 20-EO

Disponil NP 2380 EXP; 23-EO

Disponil NP 2380; 23-EO; 80% Active Matter; active substance

Disponil NP 2528 EXP EW-POL 80; 25-EO

Disponil NP 2528; 25-EO

Disponil NP 2530; 25-EO; 30% Active Matter; active substance

Disponil NP 3025; 30-EO; 25% Active Matter; active substance

Disponil NP 307 EW-POL 8080; 30-EO

Disponil NP 3070; 30-EO

Disponil NP 307; 30-EO; 70% Active Matter; active substance

Disponil NP 30; 30-EO

Disponil NP 3; 3-EO

Disponil NP 40; 40-EO

Disponil NP 4; 4-EO

Disponil NP 6,5; 6,5-EO

Disponil NP 6; 6-EO

Disponil NP 9; 9-EO; 100% Active Matter; active substance

Disponil PNP 157; 15-EO

Disponil PNP 158; 15-EO

DISPONIL PNP 208; 20-EO

Disponil VP-LA 3206; 4-EO

Dowfax 9 N 8; 8-EO

Dowfax 9 N 9; 9-EO

DOWFAX 9N10 NONIONIC SURFACTANT; 10-EO

Dowfax 9N10; 10-EO

Dowfax 9N4; 4-EO

Dowfax 9N6; 6-EO

Empilan NP 10; 10-EO

Empilan NP 12; 12-EO

Empilan NP 15; 15-EO

Empilan NP 6; 6-EO

Empilan NP 8; 8-EO

Empilan NP 9; 9-EO

ETHOXYLATED NONYLPHENOL

Etilon N 10; 9-EO

Etilon N 15

Etilon N 4; 4-EO

Etilon N 6; 6-EO

Etilon N 9; 9-EO

Etophen 107

EUMULGIN 286 CF; 9-EO

EUMULGIN 286 DEO; 10-EO

Eumulgin 286; 10-EO; 100% Active Matter; active substance

Eumulgin W 1500; 15-EO

EW 8080; 30-EO; 70% Active Matter; active substance

EW-POL 7999; 10-EO

EW-POL 8059/2 >99%; 25-EO; 99% Active Matter; active substance

EW-POL 8059/2; 25-EO; 99% Active Matter; active substance

EW-POL 8059/3 >99%; 25-EO; 99% Active Matter; active substance

EW-POL 8059/3; 25-EO; 99% Active Matter; active substance

EW-POL 8059/4 >99%; 25-EO; 99% Active Matter; active substance

EW-POL 8059/4; 25-EO; 99% Active Matter; active substance

EW-POL 8059/II ca. 75%; 25-EO; 75% Active Matter; active substance

EW-POL 8059/II; 25-EO; 70% Active Matter; active substance

EW-POL 8059; 25-EO; 100% Active Matter; active substance

EW-POL 9075/1; 28-EO

EW-POL 9348; 4-EO

EW-POL 9461; 9-10-EO; 24% Active Matter; active substance

EW-POL 9462; 30-EO; 25% Active Matter; active substance

Fluidol GB; 9,5-EO

Fluidol K 6; 6-EO; 100% Active Matter; active substance

Fluidol W 100 21.07.94; 9,5-EO

Fluidol W 100; 9,5-EO; 100% Active Matter; active substance

Hostapal CV hochkonz

HYONIC PE-100

HYONIC PE-90

i-Nonylphenol + 10 EO; 10-EO; 100% Active Matter; active substance

ICONOL NP(50)-70%; 70% Active Matter; active substance

IDH 47901; 86-EO

Igepal 11/67; 10-EO; 91,3% Active Matter; active substance

Igepal 12/67; 7-EO; 96,1% Active Matter; active substance

Igepal 13/67; 4,4-EO; 93,5% Active Matter; active substance

Igepal 7/67; 17,3-EO; 88,9% Active Matter; active substance

IGEPAL BC/9; 9-EO

Imbentin N 52; 9,5-EO; 99% Active Matter; active substance

Imbentin N 63 S; 20-EO

Imbentin N-35; 8-EO

Intrasol NP 10; 10-EO; 99% Active Matter; active substance

K/DISPONIL 20; 10-EO

K/DISPONIL NP 20; 20-EO

K/DISPONIL NP 307; 30-EO

K/PRODUKT F 787; 4-EO

KB-26; 25-EO

LAMACIT 877 (GRUNAU); 14-EO

LAMACIT 877 FL; 14-EO

LAMACIT 877 FLUESSIG; 14-EO

Lamacit 877; 14-EO

LAMACIT G 21 PASTE ; 14-EO

Lamacit G 21; 14-EO

LAMACIT KW 80-18 FL; 18-EO

Lamacit KW 80-18; 18-EO

LB-35; 15-EO

Lerolat N 100; 10-EO

Linear Alkyl Phenol + 60-65% EO; 9-EO; 100% Active Matter; active substance

Lissapol NX; 8-EO; 100% Active Matter; active substance

Lutensol AP 10; 10-EO

Lutensol AP 14; 14-EO; 100% Active Matter; active substance

Lutensol AP 6; 6-EO

Lutensol AP 7; 7-EO

Lutensol AP 8; 8-EO

Lutensol AP 9

LUTENSOL AP 9; 9-EO

LW-975; 10-EO

Makon NF-5

Marlophen 84; 4-EO

Marlophen 86; 6-EO

Marlophen 87; 7-EO

Marlophen 88; 8-EO

MARLOPHEN 89; 9-10-EO

Merpoxen 30; 3-EO

Merpoxen 50; 5-EO; 100% Active Matter; active substance

Merpoxen 90; 9-EO; 100% Active Matter; active substance

Merpoxen NO 100; 10-EO; 100% Active Matter; active substance

Merpoxen NO 110; 11-EO; 100% Active Matter; active substance

Merpoxen NO 120; 12-EO; 100% Active Matter; active substance

Merpoxen NO 130; 13-EO; 100% Active Matter; active substance

Merpoxen NO 140; 14-EO

Merpoxen NO 150; 15-EO; 100% Active Matter; active substance

Merpoxen NO 200; 20-EO; 100% Active Matter; active substance

Merpoxen NO 30; 3-EO

Merpoxen NO 40; 4-EO; 100% Active Matter; active substance

Merpoxen NO 50; 5-EO; 100% Active Matter; active substance

Merpoxen NO 60; 6-EO; 100% Active Matter; active substance

Merpoxen NO 65; 6,5-EO

Merpoxen NO 80; 8-EO; 100% Active Matter; active substance

Merpoxen NO 90

Merpoxen NO 95; 9,5-EO

Merpoxen NO; 15-EO; 100% Active Matter; active substance

Niox KB 18; 10-EO

Nonoxynol Series

Nonoxynol-10

Nonoxynol-10 (INCI)

Nonoxynol-100

Nonoxynol-100 (INCI)

Nonoxynol-11

Nonoxynol-11 (INCI)

Nonoxynol-12

Nonoxynol-12 (INCI)

Nonoxynol-120

Nonoxynol-120 (INCI)

Nonoxynol-13

Nonoxynol-13 (INCI)

Nonoxynol-14

Nonoxynol-14 (INCI)

Nonoxynol-15

Nonoxynol-15 (INCI)

Nonoxynol-18

Nonoxynol-18 (INCI)

Nonoxynol-20

Nonoxynol-20 (INCI)

Nonoxynol-23

Nonoxynol-23 (INCI)

Nonoxynol-3

Nonoxynol-3 (INCI)

Nonoxynol-30

Nonoxynol-30 (INCI)

Nonoxynol-35

Nonoxynol-35 (INCI)

Nonoxynol-40

Nonoxynol-40 (INCI)

Nonoxynol-44

Nonoxynol-44 (INCI)

Nonoxynol-5

Nonoxynol-5 (INCI)

Nonoxynol-50

Nonoxynol-50 (INCI)

Nonoxynol-6

Nonoxynol-6 (INCI)

Nonoxynol-7

Nonoxynol-7 (INCI)

Nonoxynol-8

Nonoxynol-8 (INCI)

Nonoxynol-9

Nonoxynol-9 (INCI)

Nonoxynol-N

Nonylphenol + 1.7 EO; 1,7-EO

NONYLPHENOL + 100EO; 100-EO

NONYLPHENOL + 10EO; 10-EO; 99,9% Active Matter; active substance

NONYLPHENOL + 11EO; 11-EO

NONYLPHENOL + 12 EO. GEREINIGT; 12-EO

Nonylphenol + 13 EO; 13-EO

NONYLPHENOL + 14EO; 14-EO

Nonylphenol + 15 EO; 15-EO

Nonylphenol + 2 EO; 2-EO

NONYLPHENOL + 20EO; 20-EO

Nonylphenol + 23 EO; 23-EO

NONYLPHENOL + 25EO; 25-EO

NONYLPHENOL + 28EO; 28-EO

NONYLPHENOL + 30EO; 30-EO

NONYLPHENOL + 3EO; 3-EO

NONYLPHENOL + 4 EO W; 4-EO

NONYLPHENOL + 4EO; 4-EO

Nonylphenol + 5 EO; 5-EO

Nonylphenol + 5,5 EO; 5,5-EO

NONYLPHENOL + 6,5EO; 6,5-EO

NONYLPHENOL + 6EO; 6-EO

NONYLPHENOL + 7EO; 7-EO

Nonylphenol + 8 EO; 8-EO

Nonylphenol + 9 EO; 9-EO; 100% Active Matter; active substance

NONYLPHENOL + 9,5EO; 9,5-EO

Nonylphenol + 9-10 EO; 9-10-EO

Nonylphenol + EO

NONYLPHENOL 12 EO; 12-EO

NONYLPHENOL 14 EO GEREINIGT; 14-EO

Nonylphenol 6-7 EO; 6-7-EO

Nonylphenol ether with EO

Nonylphenol-(10)polyglycolether

Nonylphenol-(14)polyglycolether

Nonylphenol-(18)polyglycolether

Nonylphenol-(20)polyglycolether

Nonylphenol-(30)polyglycolether

Nonylphenol-(6)polyglycolether

Nonylphenol-(7)polyglycolether

Nonylphenol-(70)polyglycolether

Nonylphenol-(8,6)polyglycolether

Nonylphenol-(8,9)polyglycolether

Nonylphenol-(XX)polyglycolether

Nonylphenol-10 EO

Nonylphenol-15 EO

Nonylphenol-18 EO

Nonylphenol-20 EO

Nonylphenol-3 EO

Nonylphenol-4 EO

Nonylphenol-8 EO

NONYLPHENOL. ETHOXYLIERT

Nonylphenolether mit EO

Nonylphenolethoxylate

Nonylphenyl-5 EO

NP 10; 10-EO; 9,9% Active Matter; active substance

NP 1; 1-EO

NP 20; 20-EO

NP 30; 30-EO

NP 3; 3-EO; 99% Active Matter; active substance

NP 55/52; 9-10-EO

NP 5; 5-EO; 99% Active Matter; active substance

NP 6; 6-EO

NP 9, Montedison, 5608; 9-EO

NP 9; 9-EO; 100% Active Matter; active substance

NP+10-EO; 10-EO

OMC 183; 6,5-EO

OMC 730/7; 7-EO

OMC 730; 7-EO

OMC 998; 10-EO

Pluvial W 100; 9,5-EO; 100% Active Matter; active substance

PNP 6

PNP 8

Poly(oxy-1,2-ethandiyl), α-(nonylphenyl)-ω-hydroxy-

Poly(oxy-1,2-ethanediyl), alpha-(nonylphenol)-omega-hydroxy-

Poly(oxy-1,2-ethanediyl), α-(nonylphenol)-ω-hydroxy-

Poly(oxy-1,2-ethanediyl), α-(Nonylphenyl)-ω-hydroxy-

POLYOXYAETHYLEN(10,5)(NONYLPHENYL)-AETHER

POLYOXYAETHYLEN(13,5)(NONYLPHENYL)-AETHER

POLYOXYAETHYLEN(20)(NONYLPHENYL)-AETHER

POLYOXYAETHYLEN(35)(NONYLPHENYL)-AETHER

POLYOXYAETHYLEN(4)(NONYLPHENYL)-AETHER

POLYOXYAETHYLEN(7)(NONYLPHENYL)-AETHER

POLYOXYAETHYLEN(8-9)(NONYLPHENYL)-AETHER

POLYOXYAETHYLEN(9)(NONYLPHENYL)-AETHER

POLYOXYAETHYLEN(9-10)(NONYLPHENYL)-AETHER

POLYOXYAETHYLEN-(NONYLPHENYL)-AETHER

PRODUKT EB 6; 10-EO

Produkt F 787; 4-EO

Präparat 892; 10-EO

PRÄWOZELL N 8

Remcopal N 10

RENEX 688; 8-EO; 100% Active Matter; active substance

RENEX 698; 9-EO

RIECHSTOFF C 045; 10-EO

Riechstoff C 43; 6,5-EO

Riechstoff C 45; 10-EO

RS 4117 UC5; 9,5-EO

RS C 045; 10-EO

RS C 43; 6,5-EO

RS C 45; 10-EO

Sinnopal NP 10; 10-EO

Sinnopal NP 15; 15-EO

Sinnopal NP 20; 20-EO

Sinnopal NP 307; 30-EO; 70% Active Matter; active substance

Sinnopal NP 30; 30-EO

Sinnopal NP 3; 3-EO

Sinnopal NP 4; 4-EO

Sinnopal NP 5; 5-EO

Sinnopal NP 6; 6-EO

Sinnopal NP 8,75; 8,75-EO

Sinnopal NP 8; 8-EO

SINNOPAL NP 9 CF; 9-EO

Sinnopal NP 9; 9-EO

Surfac NO 60; 6-EO

Surfac NO 80; 8-EO

Surfac NO 90; 9-EO

Synperonic NP 10; 10-EO

Synperonic NP 13; 13-EO; 100% Active Matter; active substance

Synperonic NP 15; 15-EO

Synperonic NP 4; 4-EO; 100% Active Matter; active substance

Synperonic NP 5; 5-EO; 100% Active Matter; active substance

Synperonic NP 6; 6-EO; 100% Active Matter; active substance

Synperonic NP 8.75; 8,75-EO; 100% Active Matter; active substance

Synperonic NP 8; 8-EO

Synperonic NP 9; 9-EO; 100% Active Matter; active substance

Synperonic NX; 8-EO; 100% Active Matter; active substance

Syntopon F 100

T-DET N-9/SURFONIC N-95

Tensid NP 55-40; 4-EO

Tergitol NP 4; 4-EO; 90-100% Active Matter; active substance

TERGITOL SURFACTANT NP-9; 9-EO

TERIC GN 5

TERIC GN-15

TERIC GN-9

TERIC N 11; 11-EO

TERIC N 13; 13-EO

Teric N 15; 15-EO

TERIC N-2

TERIC N-30; 30-EO; 100% Active Matter; active substance

TERIC N-4

TIGERFAX NPE 15; 15-EO

TIGERFAX NPE 2; 2-EO

TIGERFAX NPE 5; 5-EO

TIGERFAX NPE 9; 9-EO

TRYCOL 6953; 12-EO

TRYCOL 6960 (NP-1) POE (1.5) NONYL; 1,5-EO

TRYCOL 6960; 1,5-EO

TRYCOL 6961 (NP-4) POE (4) NONYL; 4-EO

Trycol 6961 (NP-4); 4-EO

TRYCOL 6961; 4-EO

TRYCOL 6962 (NP-6) POE (6) NONYL; 6-EO

TRYCOL 6962; 6-EO

TRYCOL 6964 (NP-9) POE (9.0) NONYL; 9-EO

TRYCOL 6964; 9-EO

TRYCOL 6965; 11-EO

TRYCOL 6969; 35-EO

TRYCOL 6970 (NP-407) POE (40) NONYL; 40-EO

TRYCOL 6970; 40-EO

TRYCOL 6974 (NP-10) POE (10) NONYL; 10-EO

TRYCOL 6974; 10-EO

Ultranex NP 60; 6-EO; 99% Active Matter; active substance

α-(Nonylphenyl)-ω-hydroxypoly(oxy-1,2-ethanediyl)

α-(Nonylphenyl)-ω-hydroxypolyoxyethylene

ω-Hydroxy-α-(nonylphenyl)poly(oxy-1,2-ethanediyl)

Other names
Poly(oxy-1,2-ethanediyl), .alpha.-(nonylphenyl)-.omega.-hydroxy-
Poly(oxy-1,2-ethanediyl), α-(nonylphenyl)-ω-hydroxy-

Other identifiers
102188-45-4

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Alkylphenol ethoxylates (APEs) are a group of nonionic surfactants that have been popular for more than 40 years due to their effectiveness, economy and ease of handling and formulating. 
Nonylphenol ethoxylates (NPEs) represent the main product type in this group. 
They are used mainly in industrial and institutional cleaning, textile and leather processing, metalworking fluids, agrochemicals, emulsion polymerisation, paints, and in a host of smaller applications such as oil field chemicals and paper production. 
Within the framework of the Existing Substances Regulation 93/793/EEC, the European Commission has undertaken a comprehensive risk assessment on nonylphenol (NP). 
NP has been on this list due to the large quantities produced and used annually, its toxicity to aquatic organisms, and concerns that it is not readily biodegradable. 
NPEs have also been assessed as they are the main pathway of NP to the environment via their biodegradation in the aquatic environment.


The course of action taken by the European commission is the proposal for an amendment – the 26th Amendment – to Directive 76/769/EC, the so-called Marketing and Use Directive relating to restrictions on the marketing and use of nonylphenol and nonylphenol ethoxylates for those uses, which have an impact on the aquatic environment. This 26th Amendment has been published in the Official Journal of the EU on 17 July 2003 and regulates in Annex 1 that nonylphenol and nonylphenol ethoxylates may not be placed on the market or used as a substance or constituent of preparations in concentrations equal or higher than 0.1% by mass for the following purposes: • Industrial and institutional cleaning except controlled closed dry cleaning systems where the washing liquid is recycled or incinerated or cleaning systems with special treatment where the washing liquid is recycled or incinerated • Domestic cleaning • Textiles and leather processing except processing with no release into waste water and systems with special treatment where the washing liquid is recycled or incinerated • Emulsifier in agricultural teat dips • Metal working except uses in controlled closed systems where the washing liquid is recycled or incinerated • Manufacturing of pulp and paper • Cosmetic products • Other personal care products except spermicides • Co-formulants in pesticides and biocides. 

Alcohol ethoxylates (FAEs) are the products of choice for the replacement of nonylphenol ethoxylates (NPEs). The performance properties of these nonionic surfactants can be adjusted by the alcohol selection and by the length of the hydrophilic polyethylene glycol chain. In comparison to NPEs, alcohol ethoxylates are usually more biodegradable and their degradation products are unobjectionable in terms of their aquatic toxicity. In order to find the right alternative product for nonylphenol ethoxylates the functions of these products in the various applications need to be considered. Among the more important features of NPEs are their excellent emulsifying and dispersing properties, which enable the user to very effectively formulate stable emulsions or dispersion concentrates. In the application they act as wetting agents, solubilisers or detergents. The majority of mid-chain alcohol ethoxylates are even better wetting agents or detergents in most applications. The difficult task for the replacement of NPEs with FAEs is to balance the good wetting and detergency properties with the emulsifying, dispersion and the other properties, which are additionally needed in most applications. Due to the diverse formulation and application requirements, in most cases only the formulator is able to select from among the diverse physical and performance properties of the FAEs to find the right alternative product.

PLEASE ASK YOUR ATAMAN CHEMICALS REPRESENTATIVE TO THE RIGHT REPLACEMENT PRODUCT OF NONYLPHENOLS.
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