DEXTROSE

DEXTROSE = Glucose = Corn sugar = Blood sugar = Grape sugar

CAS Number: 50-99-7
EC Number: 200-075-1
Molecular Weight: 180.16
Empirical Formula (Hill Notation): C6H12O6
pH: 5.9

There are 3 main forms of sugar we typically consume – glucose, fructose and sucrose. 
Sugars are an important source of energy for the human body as well as an essential additive in many food preparation processes.
Glucose and dextrose are basically the same thing. 
The names “Glucose” and “Dextrose” are often used interchangeably. 
Formally known as Dextrose Monohydrate or D-Glucose, dextrose is the most common type of glucose.

Dextrose is used most often in food as a sweetener (surprise, surprise) but can also give goods a longer shelf life. 
Common dextrose culprits include cookies, cakes, marshmallows, creams and fillings, cereals, and dried fruits.
Dextrose is the name of a simple sugar that is made from corn and is chemically identical to glucose, or blood sugar. 
Dextrose is often used in baking products as a sweetener, and can be commonly found in items such as processed foods and corn syrup.
Dextrose also has medical purposes. 
Glucose is dissolved in solutions that are given intravenously, which can be combined with other drugs, or used to increase a person’s blood sugar.
Because dextrose is a “simple” sugar, the body can quickly use it for energy.
Simple sugars can raise blood sugar levels very quickly, and they often lack nutritional value, examples of other simple sugars include glucose, fructose, and galactose. 
Products that are typically made of simple sugars include refined sugar, white pasta, and honey.

Glucose is a simple sugar with the molecular formula C6H12O6. 
Glucose is the most abundant monosaccharide, a subcategory of carbohydrates. 
Glucose is mainly made by plants and most algae during photosynthesis from water and carbon dioxide, using energy from sunlight, where it is used to make cellulose in cell walls, which is the most abundant carbohydrate. 
In energy metabolism, glucose is the most important source of energy in all organisms. 
Glucose for metabolism is stored as a polymer, in plants mainly as starch and amylopectin, and in animals as glycogen. 
Glucose circulates in the blood of animals as blood sugar. 
The naturally occurring form of glucose is d-glucose, while l-glucose is produced synthetically in comparatively small amounts and is of lesser importance. 
Glucose is a monosaccharide containing six carbon atoms and an aldehyde group, and is therefore an aldohexose. 
The glucose molecule can exist in an open-chain (acyclic) as well as ring (cyclic) form. 
Glucose is naturally occurring and is found in fruits and other parts of plants in its free state. 
In animals, glucose is released from the breakdown of glycogen in a process known as glycogenolysis.
Glucose, as intravenous sugar solution, is on the World Health Organization's List of Essential Medicines, the safest and most effective medicines needed in a health system.
Dextrose is also on the list in combination with sodium chloride.
The suffix "-ose" is a chemical classifier, denoting a sugar.

What is Dextrose?
Dextrose (corn sugar) is a simple sugar that is made from cornstarch and is chemically similar to glucose, or blood sugar. 
Dextrose is also known as D-glucose.
Glucose is a source of energy, and all the cells and organs in your body need glucose to function properly. 
Dextrose as a medication is given either by mouth (orally) or by injection.
Dextrose is used to treat very low blood sugar (hypoglycemia), most often in people with diabetes mellitus. 
Dextrose is given by injection to treat insulin shock (low blood sugar caused by using insulin and then not eating a meal or eating enough food afterward). 
Insulin shock works by quickly increasing the amount of glucose in your blood.
Dextrose is also used to provide carbohydrate calories to a person who cannot eat because of illness, trauma, or other medical condition. 
Dextrose is sometimes given to people who are sick from drinking too much alcohol.
Dextrose may also be used to treat hyperkalemia (high levels of potassium in your blood).

Dextrose is a simple sugar made from corn and other veggies and found in baked goods and other yummy foods. 
Because Glucose is a simple sugar, your body can easily convert it into energy.
Dextrose is also used medically to treat people with low blood sugar and dehydration. 
Glucose is administered via IV in hospitals but can also be taken on your own in gel or tablet form to raise your blood sugar.
You must monitor your blood sugar levels closely when using dextrose to prevent them from skyrocketing. 
When used Glucose safely and smartly, dextrose can be a lifesaver for people living with diabetes.
Dextrose, like anything else, isn’t a cure-all. 
Make sure you’re working with your doctor to manage your diabetes, follow a proper diet, and prevent hypoglycemia episodes.
Dextrose is a common type of added sugar that's made when corn is broken down with acids or enzymes before it's crystallized, according to the U.S. Food & Drug Administration.

What Is Dextrose Used For?
In the food industry, dextrose, often in the form of high-fructose corn syrup, is used as a preservative and sweetener, as it's able to stay dry and slows down the crystallization process in syrups, fondant and candy, according to Chemistry LibreTexts.
Dextrose is also used in a medical setting to help handle hypoglycemia (low blood sugar), according to Harvard Health Publishing. 
Considering dextrose is a form of carbohydrates, your doctor may prescribe dextrose tablets as a way to raise blood sugar levels. 
Basically, dextrose tablets are kind of like sugar pills.
For people who are unable to drink enough fluids or eat, a doctor may provide a dextrose injection, which supplies the body with extra water and carbs, according to the Mayo Clinic. 
Dextrose will help boost blood sugar intravenously without the need to actually eat or drink anything.
Dextrose injections may also be used to treat high potassium levels (aka hyperkalemia), according to Open Anesthesia. 
For people with hyperlakemia, a doctor may pair a dextrose injection with insulin to stabilize the levels of potassium in the blood.

Dextrose is used to treat low blood sugar levels. 
Symptoms of low blood sugar include sudden sweating, cold skin, shaking, irritability, fast heartbeat, hunger, blurred vision, dizziness, or tingling hands/feet. 
Dextrose is a good habit to carry glucose tablets, liquid, or gel to treat low blood sugar.
If you don't have these reliable forms of glucose, rapidly raise your blood sugar by eating a quick source of sugar such as table sugar, honey, or candy, or drink fruit juice or non-diet soda. 
To help prevent low blood sugar, eat meals on a regular schedule, and do not skip meals. 
Check with your doctor or pharmacist about what to do if you miss a meal.

Dextrose uses in food:
Dextrose is a sugar that comes from corn and sometimes other plants. 
Dextroses primary use in food is as a sweetener, especially in baked goods. 
Because of Dextroses wide availability, packaged food also commonly contains dextrose.
Aside from sweetening food, dextrose may also help neutralize food that is otherwise very spicy or salty.
Also, some companies add dextrose to certain products to extend their shelf life.

Other uses
Dextrose has a variety of other applications and uses and is an ingredient in many everyday products, including:
-bath products
-makeup
-skin care products
-hair care products
-animal feed
Some bodybuilders use dextrose as a post-workout supplement to replenish glycogen stores. 
Glycogen is a form of glucose that the body stores for energy.
When someone does an intense workout, the body uses up some of Dextroses stored glycogen.
Many bodybuilders add dextrose tablets or powder to water and drink it following a workout to replenish those glycogen stores as quickly as possible to help with muscle repair.
During the muscle repair process, muscles increase in strength and size, both essential outcomes for bodybuilders.

Where and Why is it used?
Dextrose has a high glycaemic index, which means it quickly increases the blood sugar levels. 
Dextros is therefore an excellent source of energy.
In food, dextrose is mainly used for its energetic content and low sweetening properties – dextrose has a lower sweetening power than sucrose. 
Dextrose is for example often found in baking products and desserts. 
Dextros is also used as a natural preservative to extend the shelf life of the product to which it is added, like in fruit jams.
Moreover, dextrose is commonly used in the medical sector, in numerous intravenous preparations. 
Glucose is also used as an oral gel or tablet available over the counter in pharmacies. 
People suffering from diabetes can use dextrose tablets or gels to raise their blood sugar levels quickly.
Whenever Dextros is used in food, dextrose is labelled as such on the product’s packaging.

Dextrose helps in providing carbohydrate calories to the person who is not able to eat because of illness, trauma or any serious medical conditions. 
Sometimes Dextrose are given to people who are sick from drinking excessive alcohol. 
Dextrose is also used for treating Hyperkalemia, a high level of potassium in the blood.
Dextrose is a simple sugar which is derived from corn and various vegetables. 
Dextrose has many uses, such as sweetening foods and extending the shelf life of many products. 
Bodybuilders can use dextrose as a supplement. 
Doctors use dextrose to treat many conditions, including dehydration and hypoglycemia. 
Dextrose is an effective treatment for low blood sugar levels. 
Glucose is inexpensive and widely available, making it a great option for people who tend to experience hypoglycemic episodes. 
However, Dextrose is very essential for carefully monitoring the blood sugar levels when using dextrose to avoid experiencing symptoms of high blood sugar. 
Dextrose is used for various reasons, such as:
-For treating low blood sugar
-For treating dehydration
-For providing nutrition in combination with amino acids and other substances

Dextrose is a simple sugar derived from corn and other vegetables. 
Glucose has many uses, including sweetening foods and extending the shelf life of many products.
Bodybuilders may use dextrose as a supplement. 
Doctors use dextrose to treat many conditions, including dehydration and low blood sugar.
Dextrose is an effective treatment for low blood sugar. 
Glucose is low cost and widely available, making it an excellent choice for people who tend to experience episodes of low blood sugar.
Glucose is essential to carefully monitor blood sugar levels when using dextrose to avoid experiencing symptoms of high blood sugar.

Blood sugar
Dextrose
Corn sugar
d-Glucose
Grape sugar
Systematic name:
(2R,3S,4R,5R)-2,3,4,5,6-Pentahydroxyhexanal
ᴅ-Glucose
ᴅ-gluco-Hexose
(2R,3S,4R,5R)-2,3,4,5,6-pentahydroxyhexanal
(3R,4S,5S)-6-(hydroxymethyl)oxane-2,3,4,5-tetrol
6-(hydroxymethyl)oxane-2,3,4,5-tetrol
D(+)-Glucose monohydrate
D-Glucose

Glucose is by far the most common carbohydrate and classified as a monosaccharide, an aldose, a hexose, and is a reducing sugar. 
Dextrose is also known as dextrose, because it is dextrorotatory (meaning that as an optical isomer is rotates plane polarized light to the right and also an origin for the D designation. 
Glucose is also called blood sugar as it circulates in the blood at a concentration of 65-110 mg/dL of blood.

Dextrose is a normal form of sugar which is normally produced by the liver. 
Glucose is a source of energy and all the cells and organs present in our body need glucose for functioning properly. 
Dextrose is used for treating low blood sugar and people with diabetes mellitus. 
Dextrose is given through injection for treating insulin shock, low blood sugar caused by using insulin and not eating enough food. 
Dextrose helps in quickly increasing the amount of glucose in the blood.

Dextrose is a type of sugar that is usually obtained from corn (maize) and which is, chemically speaking, the same as glucose. 
Glucose is used in a wide range of food products as a sweetener, preservative or stabiliser, and also in medicine and cosmetics, dextrose has a relatively wide range of applications.

While we’ve given “sugar rush” a bad name, there are times when your body needs a quick dose of energy — and dextrose can be the answer.
A proper dosage, typically administered through IV, can be the quick fix the body needs (when medically necessary), especially for people unable to absorb carbohydrates, amino acids, and fats.

There are 3 main forms of sugar we typically consume – glucose, fructose and sucrose. 
Sugars are an important source of energy for the human body as well as an essential additive in many food preparation processes.
Glucose and dextrose are basically the same thing. 
The names “Glucose” and “Dextrose” are often used interchangeably. 
Glucose is formally known as Dextrose Monohydrate or D-Glucose, dextrose is the most common type of glucose.

Of the 50-plus names for sugar, three are key here: dextrose, glucose, and fructose.
All are simple sugars, but they have some important differences.
Standard table sugar contains both fructose (about 50 percent) and glucose. 
Glucose is essentially blood sugar, so most cells in your body can metabolize it super easily, fructose — not so much. 
Glucose gets processed by your hard-working liver, which converts it into glucose so your body and brain can use it.
Dextrose is chemically identical to glucose. 
In science geek terms: Glucose appears in two different molecular arrangements known as isomers, namely L-glucose and D-glucose. D-glucose = Dextrose.

When we eat, our digestive system breaks down the food to create glucose which is the body’s primary source of energy. 
Glucose is the most common form of simple sugar found in living organisms. 
Once we consume glucose and it is absorbed into the blood, we typically refer to it as blood glucose or blood sugar.
Glucose is necessary to keep the body functioning properly and a sudden rise or decline in our blood sugar levels can produce unhealthy effects. 
Your body makes glucose from foods rich in carbohydrates like bread, fruits, and dairy products. 
You can also get glucose on-demand from quick-release glucose supplements which are an effective treatment for hypoglycaemia – a condition characterised by a decline in blood sugar. 
People with diabetes must be especially careful about their glucose levels.

Where Does Dextrose Come From?
Dextrose is a sugar extracted from corn starch. 
Although dextrose is derived from plants and is considered a "natural" product, that doesn't mean you can eat or use it with abandon. 
While dextrose isn't directly harmful to your health, understanding the long-term effects of added sugar can help you get a better handle on your intake.

Use Dextrose exactly as directed on the label, or as prescribed by your doctor. 
Do not use Dextrose in larger or smaller amounts or for longer than recommended.
The chewable tablet must be chewed before you swallow it.
If you take Dextrose gel in a pre-measured tube, be sure to swallow the entire contents of the tube to get a full dose.
Your hypoglycemia symptoms should improve in about 10 minutes after taking oral Dextrose, if not, take another dose of Dextrose. 
Seek medical attention if you still have hypoglycemia symptoms after taking two doses of Dextrose.
Dextrose injection is given through an IV into a vein. 
Do not inject Dextrose into a muscle or under the skin. 
The injection of Dextrose should be given only as an intravenous (IV) injection and should be given slowly. 
Tell your caregivers if you feel any burning, pain, or swelling around the IV needle when Dextrose is injected.
You may be shown how to use an IV at home. 
Do not give yourself Dextrose injection if you do not understand how to use the injection and properly dispose of needles, IV tubing, and other items used.
Use a disposable needle, syringe, or prefilled syringe only once. 
Follow any state or local laws about throwing away used needles and syringes. 
Use a puncture-proof "sharps" disposal container (ask your pharmacist where to get one and how to throw it away). 
Keep Dextrose container out of the reach of children and pets.
Call your doctor if your symptoms do not improve, or if they get worse.
Check the expiration date on Dextrose label each time you use this medicine. 
If Dextrose has been stored for a long time, the expiration date may have passed and the Dextrose may not work as well.
Store Dextrose at room temperature away from moisture and heat. 
Keep Dextrose container tightly closed when not in use.

Dextrose is another name for naturally occurring glucose. 
Chemical compounds can have two forms or mirror images called stereoisomers. 
In nature the dominant form of glucose produced is the right-handed isomer called D-glucose, with the left-handed form referred to as L-glucose. 
D-glucose is commonly referred to as dextrose, the shortened version of “dextrorotatory glucose.” 
Dextrose is a monosaccharide, a simple sugar, and is used as a building block for biological structures or can be broken down to power life-sustaining biochemical reactions. 
During the production of beer, mashing of grain breaks down many compounds with starch comprising a bulk of the targeted compounds. 
The starches are broken down by enzymes into the constituent parts, and some of these are dextrose molecules. 
During the kettle boil some dextrose binds with nitrogen-containing substances in a color- and flavor-forming Maillard reaction.  
Dextrose, along with other sugars, is consumed by yeast during fermentation and in turn yeast release alcohol, carbon dioxide, and flavor and aroma active compounds. 
Dextrose is the fermentation sugar first utilized by yeast at the outset of fermentation, so by the end of fermentation it is rarely present in beer above sensory threshold.

Dextrose isn’t just a staple in the bakery aisle of your local market. 
Dextrose can also be found in hospitals, where it’s used to treat several conditions, including:
-dangerously low blood sugar
-dehydration
-lack of nutrition (essentially, a solution containing dextrose, amino acids, and fats — called a TPN — is given to help people get nutrients when they can’t get ’em through foods)
Since Dextrose is “simple” sugar, the body can quickly tap into it for energy — sort of the way a kid taps into their Halloween stash and then spins like the Tasmanian Devil for 24 hours.

The Process of Glucose:
Our blood sugar levels rise and fall at different times of the day, depending on our physical activities and when we last ate. 
We get all the glucose our body needs from the food and drink we consume. 
A healthy person’s glucose level typically ranges between 4 – 7mmol/l before eating.
This Dextrose level can go as high as 8.5 – 9mmol/l for up to two hours after eating. 
To help your cells absorb glucose, the pancreas produces insulin, a hormone that breaks down glucose; as this happens, the blood sugar levels drop until our next meal.
Diabetes occurs when the body doesn’t produce sufficient amounts of insulin or cannot effectively use the insulin which is produced. 
People with Diabete need an external source of insulin (mainly from insulin injections) to regulate their glucose levels.

Molecular Characteristics of Glucose:
Glucose occurs naturally in two distinct types of molecular arrangements known as L-glucose and D-glucose isomers. 
These glucose isomers both contain identical molecules but are arranged in a mirror reflection of each other. 
While D-glucose isomer polarises light clockwise, the L-glucose isomer polarises light anticlockwise.
D-glucose is found naturally in plants and vegetables. 
L-glucose, on the other hand, does not occur naturally in nature, but can be synthesised in the laboratory. 
D-glucose is often referred to as Dextrose or Dextro, they are one and the same and are biochemically identical to the glucose are bodies need.

Naturally Occurring Sugars:
Dextrose is a form of glucose found in naturally occurring foods such as corn, fruits, and honey. 
Whilst dextrose, sucrose and fructose are all simple sugars, the impact each has on blood sugar levels varies can vary. 
Due Glucoses molecular make up, dextrose scores 100 on the glycaemic index as it raises blood glucose levels very quickly. 
Comparatively, sucrose and fructose score 65 and 19 on the GI scale.
Dextrose is also about 20% less sweet tasting than sucrose, which is why sucrose is often used as a sweetener in processed foods. 
According to the Sugar Association, the majority of dextrose in foods is derived from corn starch. 
You can find dextrose in many foods, desserts, drinks, snacks, and baked products. 
Glucose is especially favoured in the food industry for its swelling and preservative benefits while leaving the end product moderately sweet.

What are common dextrose preparations?
Dextrose is used to make several intravenous (IV) preparations or mixtures, which are available only at a hospital or medical facility.
Dextrose is also available as an oral gel or in oral tablet form over the counter from pharmacies.
Each dextrose concentration has its own unique uses. 
Higher concentrations are typically used as “rescue” doses when someone has a very low blood sugar reading.

How is dextrose used?
Dextrose is used in various concentrations for different purposes. 
For example, a doctor may prescribe dextrose in an IV solution when someone is dehydrated and has low blood sugar. 
Dextrose IV solutions can also be combined with many drugs, for IV administration.
Dextrose is a carbohydrate, which is one part of nutrition in a normal diet. 
Solutions containing dextrose provide calories and may be given intravenously in combination with amino acids and fats, this is called total parenteral nutrition (TPN) and is used to provide nutrition to those who cannot absorb or get carbohydrates, amino acids, and fats through their gut.
High-concentration dextrose injections are only given by professionals. 
These injections are administered to people whose blood sugar may be very low and who cannot swallow dextrose tablets, foods, or drinks.
If a person’s potassium levels are too high (hyperkalemia), sometimes doctors also give dextrose injections of 50 percent, followed by insulin intravenously, this may be done in the hospital setting. 
When the cells take in the extra glucose, they also take in potassium, this helps to lower a person’s blood potassium levels. The dextrose is given to prevent the person from being hypoglycemic. 
The insulin is treating the elevated potassium.
People with diabetes or hypoglycemia (chronically low blood sugar) may carry dextrose gel or tablets in case their blood sugar gets too low. 
The gel or tablets of Dextrose dissolve in a person’s mouth and quickly boost blood sugar levels. 
If a person’s blood sugar is less than 70 mg/dL and they are having low blood sugar symptoms, they may need to take the dextrose tablets. 
Examples of low blood sugar symptoms include weakness, confusion, sweating, and too-fast heart rate.

Energy Tablets:
Energy tablets generally contain a high proportion of dextrose; commonly used by athletes or those with diabetes seeking a swift boost to their blood sugar.
Dextrose Powders:
Dextrose can simply be bought in powder form to be used as an ingredient in cooking or to add to drinks
Sweets:
Dextrose is added to all kinds of sweets, though often corn syrup (glucose syrup) is used, which is a less concentrated form of dextrose.
Pastries & Baked Products:
Many baked products that are sugar-coated or particularly sweet will have had dextrose added.
Soft Drinks:
Dextrose is added to many soft drinks to add sweetness.

Increasing Your Blood Sugar Level with Dextrose:
Dextrose is identical to glucose (the names can be used interchangeably) and effective for managing low blood sugar. 
People with hypoglycaemia or diabetes can be given dextrose orally or intravenously to raise their blood sugar levels very quickly.

Side Effects of Dextrose:
A side effect of dextrose is its ability to increase blood sugar above acceptable levels – a condition known as hyperglycaemia. 
People with diabetes should be careful when taking dextrose as they might not be able to process it as quickly.

The 15-Minute Rule:
You can follow the 15-minute rule when administering dextrose as a treatment for hypoglycaemia. 
Consume 15 grams of dextrose and check the results after 15 minutes using a gluco-meter. 
Continue the process until your blood sugar level rises above 4 mmo/L. 

Summary:
Biochemically, D-glucose and dextrose are identical. 
Identicality makes dextrose the most efficient source of energy for the body, as unlike other simple sugars, dextrose can be absorbed directly into the blood stream to elevate blood sugar levels, making it a fast-acting treatment for diabetics and people suffering from hypoglycaemia.
 
grade:
pharmaceutical primary standard
form:
neat
CofA:
certificate is enclosed in each package
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USP
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150-152 °C (lit.)
Featured Industry:
Pharmaceutical (small molecule)
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neat
SMILES string:
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InChI:
1S/C6H12O6/c7-1-2-3(8)4(9)5(10)6(11)12-2/h2-11H,1H2/t2-,3-,4+,5-,6+/m1/s1
Inchi Key:
WQZGKKKJIJFFOK-DVKNGEFBSA-N

Glucose, dextrose, fructose, sucrose, lactose, maltose… sugars may seem complicated, but sometimes they’re simple — literally.
Dextrose is what’s dubbed a “simple sugar” and is made from corn (plus sometimes other veggies). 
Like other sugars, Dextrose is used in food, most commonly baked goods.
But Dextrose is also used in medicine, which is where things get interesting — or, not so simple.

Warnings:
If you have an allergy to corn, you could have an allergic reaction to dextrose. 
Talk to your doctor before using dextrose.
Follow all directions on your medicine label and package. 
Tell each of your healthcare providers about all your medical conditions, allergies, and all medicines you use.
You should not take Dextrose tablets, liquid, or gel if you are allergic to any of the ingredients in these forms of the medicine, or are allergic to corn products.
If possible before you receive dextrose, tell your doctor if you have ever had:
-diabetes (unless you are using dextrose to treat insulin-induced hypoglycemia)
-heart disease, coronary artery disease, or a stroke
-asthma
-kidney disease
-a possible head injury
-alcoholism
-any food allergies

When it comes to food, dextrose is often added to doughnuts or candies because it stays dry and non-greasy. 
You may spot dextrose in:
-Candy
-Packaged pastries
-Dairy desserts like ice cream and yogurt
-Soft drinks, sports drinks, energy drinks and juices
-Even popular health foods like yogurt or granola can contain high levels of added sugar. 
However, in these cases, they may appear under names like molasses or tapioca sugar, which are different types of sugar.

Other common sugar synonyms include wheat sugar, maple syrup and agave syrup, among many others.

What happens if I miss a dose?
Since Dextrose is used when needed, it does not have a daily dosing schedule. 
Call your doctor promptly if your symptoms do not improve after using dextrose.

What other drugs will affect Dextrose?
Other drugs may interact with dextrose, including prescription and over-the-counter medicines, vitamins, and herbal products. 
Tell your doctor about all your current medicines and any medicine you start or stop using.

CAS Number: 50-99-7 / 492-62-6 (α-d-glucopyranose)
Abbreviations: Glc
Beilstein Reference: 1281604
ChEBI:    CHEBI:4167 check
ChEMBL:    ChEMBL1222250 check
ChemSpider: 5589 check
EC Number: 200-075-1
Gmelin Reference: 83256
IUPHAR/BPS: 4536
KEGG: C00031 
MeSH: Glucose
PubChem CID: 5793
RTECS number: LZ6600000
UNII:
5SL0G7R0OK 
5J5I9EB41E (α-d-glucopyranose)

Get emergency medical help if you have signs of an allergic reaction to Dextrose: hives; difficult breathing; swelling of your face, lips, tongue, or throat.
Tell your caregivers or call your doctor right away if you have:
-redness, swelling, warmth, or skin changes where an injection was given;
-confusion;
-a light-headed feeling, like you might pass out;
-fever;
-swelling in your hands or feet; orsweating, pale skin, severe shortness of breath, chest pain.
Common side effects of a Dextrose injection may include:
-pain or tenderness where an injection was given; or
-flushing (warmth, redness, or tingly feeling) for several minutes after a Dextrose injection.

Dextrose powder and bodybuilding:
Dextrose is naturally calorie-dense and easy for the body to break down for energy. 
Dextrose powder is available and sometimes used as a nutritional supplement by bodybuilders who are looking to increase weight and muscle.
While the boost in calories and easy to break down nature of dextrose can benefit bodybuilders or those looking to increase muscle mass, it’s important to note that dextrose lacks other essential nutrients that are needed to accomplish this goal. 
Dextrose include protein and fat. 
Dextrose powder’s simple sugars also make it easier to break down, while complex sugars and carbohydrates may benefit bodybuilders more, as they are more successful at helping fat to burn.

How Is Dextrose Made?
Dextrose is made on an industrial level through a process called “enzymatic hydrolysis” whereby (usually in the case of dextrose) corn starch molecules are reduced to the simpler dextrose molecules. 
The use of enzymes ensure that the monosaccharide dextrose stays in tact when the polysaccharide corn starch is broken down through hydrolysis.
The enzyme that is generally used in the process is glucoamylase (also known as Glucan 1,4-alpha-glucosidase). 
Though Dextrose is produced by the pancreas and is present in saliva in humans and other animals, Dextrose is obtained from plants, fungi or bacteria for use in the production of dextrose, all of which are of course vegan friendly.

Dextrose is a sugar. 
Sugars can range from simple (small molecules) to complex (multiple types of longer chains of molecules). 
Commercially available dextrose is typically made from corn sugar and is quick and easy to digest and get into the blood stream. 

Who Should Use It? 
Anyone who needs the energy of a simple sugar can use dextrose. 
Dextrose is commonly used by endurance athletes who need constant, quick energy during their workouts (think sports drinks).  
Dextrose can also be used regularly for carb loading. 
However, due to Dextroses ability to spike insulin and increase the absorption of other molecules (like amino acids) Dextrose can also be used by anyone looking to boost the impact of their post-workout supplements. 

What are the benefits of Dextrose? 
Exercise challenges the muscles and breaks down their energy storage (glycogen) and muscle fibres (protein). 
We use protein shakes to help rebuild the muscle fibers, and we need carbs to help replenish the stores of glycogen for energy.  
The more quickly we can replenish these building blocks for our muscles, the faster we can recover and get ready for our next challenge or workout. 
Because dextrose is a simple sugar, Dextrose is very easily digested and transported throughout the body. 
Dextrose can take action quickly for an almost immediate benefit.  
Ingesting dextrose after a workout also increases the body’s insulin response, which can help your muscles also absorb protein and re-build glycogen stores to recover quickly.

The positive and negative effects of dextrose depend on an individual's overall health and their medical conditions. 
People with certain health conditions should be particularly careful with dextrose consumption. 
Dextrose is a normal sugar derived from corn. 
If dextrose is consumed in large quantities, it can spike the body’s blood sugar levels and may increase the risk of several health conditions, such as:
-Diabetes: 
People battling any type of diabetes should watch their dextrose intake. 
Dextrose may increase blood sugar levels and cause more problems. 
With a glycemic index of 100, dextrose is not safe for diabetics to use. 
The blood sugar level may go up instantly after taking dextrose, which may lead to several complications.
-Heart diseases: 
People who have a history of heart ailments should be careful with their intake of dextrose and other forms of sugar. 
Popular research shows that there is a connection between heart diseases and sugar intake.
-Kidney diseases: 
Intake of dextrose and other forms of sugar must be monitored carefully in people suffering from kidney-related ailments.
-Weight gain: 
Excessive consumption may lead to a buildup of fat, his happens because the body metabolizes simple sugars instantly and stores them as fat when a person is eating more than what is required. 
Dextrose may contribute to obesity.
Too much dextrose intake regularly may lead to insulin resistance. 
Glucose stays in the bloodstream for too long, this happens because dextrose can increase the release of insulin, which may make a person feel tired and increase the risk of many diseases.
Apart from the above conditions, excess dextrose should be avoided in patients with depression, acne, and other skin conditions.
Excess consumption of dextrose may also lead to frequent urination and stomach pain/upset.
Patients who have swelling in arms, feet, or legs may also need to avoid dextrose.

Emergency Overview of Dextrose:
Glucose may cause skin, eye, and respiratory tract irritation. 
Use Glucose personal protective equipment. 
Ensure adequate ventilation. 
Wash off immediately with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes. 
Get medical attention immediately if symptoms occur. 
Rinse immediately with plenty of water, also under the eyelids, for at least 15 minutes. 
Obtain medical attention. Move to fresh air. 
If breathing is difficult, give oxygen. 
Get medical attention immediately if symptoms occur. 
Do not induce vomiting. 
Obtain medical attention. 
Obtain medical attention. 

Dextrose (C6H12O6) is a simple sugar that is a subcategory of carbohydrates that is mainly made by plants and most algae during photosynthisis.

Dextrose is another name for glucose, a simple sugar that plays an important role in cellular energy production. 
Dextrose is actually the primary source of energy for most living organisms. 
Dextrose is a natural sweetener derived from corn with moderate sweetness and a fine texture that''s easily utilized by the body. 
Dextrose is particularly beneficial for active individuals as an energy source before and during workouts, and for replenishment of energy levels post-workout. 
Use Dextrose in place of table sugar at a 1.3:1 ratio.

With 70% of the sweetness of traditional sugar, dextrose offers mildly sweet flavor enhancement along with a smooth mouthfeel and cooling sensation in a variety of foods and beverages. 
As a formulator looking for effective sweetening solutions, you can benefit from this highly versatile sweetener prized for its mild sweetness, natural flavor enhancement, high fermentability and negative heat of solution.

Dextrose safety tips:
Given the potential ups and possible downs, dextrose should be administered by a trained medical professional or with caution. 
After taking dextrose tablets, it’s recommended that you check your blood sugar immediately.
If the outlook isn’t good, it’s a sign that you’ll need to adjust your insulin intake to lower your blood sugar. 
Check with your doctor for the proper training and tools.

Dextrose is beneficial for health when consumed in moderation. 
The benefits of dextrose are:
The cells in the body metabolize dextrose and keep the body active. 
Many bodybuilders rely on dextrose supplements to load their body up with enough carbs after a workout. 
Glucose helps boost metabolism.
The body can store dextrose in the form of glycogen, which is converted into energy when the body is lacking the required energy, this helps maintain energy and ensures that the body functions optimally.
Dextrose is the brain fuel. 
Glucose can help cope with fatigue just before an examination.
Dextrose is a fast-digesting sugar, which means that it helps replenish energy in a short time.
Consuming Glucose within half an hour of completing a workout will make the person feel active again.

Dextrose is generally known to be quite harmless when used with other drugs, even so, tell your doctor if you’re taking any other medications on the side — they’ll know when not to prescribe dextrose.

Manufacturers of different products use dextrose to increase the shelf life of their products.
When used in baked goods, it helps them brown easily; when used in wines, it helps improve the fermentation process.
Dextrose can also be used to preserve certain foods in a better way because it is not as sweet as regular sugar.
Dextrose also has medicinal properties and is an ingredient used in solutions that are given intravenously. Combined with other drugs, it may help improve the blood sugar levels to provide an energy boost. However, this may reduce the level of sodium in the blood.

Summary: 
Dextrose is a type of sugar and like all sugars, it should be consumed moderately. 
There are no special dangers associated with dextrose outside of the risks associated with all sugars.

Heat capacity (C): 218.6 J/(K·mol)
Std molarentropy (So298): 209.2 J/(K·mol)
Std enthalpy of formation (ΔfH⦵298): −1271 kJ/mol
Heat of combustion, higher value (HHV): 2,805 kJ/mol (670 kcal/mol)
Chemical formula: C6H12O6
Molar mass: 180.156 g/mol
Appearance: White powder
Density: 1.54 g/cm3
Melting point:
α-d-Glucose: 146 °C (295 °F; 419 K)
β-d-Glucose: 150 °C (302 °F; 423 K)
Solubility in water: 909 g/L (25 °C (77 °F))
Magnetic susceptibility (χ): −101.5×10−6 cm3/mol
Dipole moment: 8.6827

Dextrose Vs Glucose:
Because of this, the terms dextrose and glucose are often used interchangeably, though dextrose is generally used to describe the sweet, white powder that is usually produced from corn, whereas the term glucose is generally used when describing the sweet, white powder that has been produced from other fruits and vegetables.
Without delving into the minutiae of the chemical composition of sugars and carbohydrates in general, let us say that for all practical purposes, dextrose and glucose are one and the same.
Dextrose (glucose) is found naturally in many plants, and it is also produced by animals when glycogen is broken down. 
Dextrose is the sugar used by humans as a primary energy source and it is what is present in the blood when people refer to blood sugar levels. 
As such, Dextrose is the level of glucose that needs to be monitored by people with diabetes (as we discuss in our article whether or not a vegan diet can help with diabetes). 
Dextrose is used as a food additive to add sweetness, as a thickener, or to increase moisture levels in all kinds of foods and drinks.

Dextrose (or glucose) is not to be confused with fructose, galactose, or sucrose.
Fructose – Found in honey, berries and many root vegetables, fructose – alongside glucose and galactose – is one of the three monosaccharides that humans can absorb into their blood, i.e. that raises blood sugar levels. 
Combines with glucose to form sucrose.
Galactose – The third of the trio of dietary monosaccharides.
Sucrose – Also known as table sugar; while dextrose is a monosaccharide, sucrose is a disaccharide that contains molecules of glucose and fructose bonded together.

Effect on blood sugar of Dextrose:
If you need to use dextrose, your blood sugar could increase too much afterward. 
You should test your blood sugar after using dextrose tablets, as directed by your doctor or diabetes educator. 
You may need to adjust your insulin to lower your blood sugar.
If you are given IV fluids with dextrose in the hospital, your nurse will check your blood sugar. 
If the blood sugar tests too high, the dose of your IV fluids may be adjusted or even stopped, until your blood sugar reaches a safer level. 
You could also be given insulin, to help reduce your blood sugar.

As dextrose tablets or injections are often used to treat hypoglycemia, the substance will boost blood glucose levels. 
For people living with diabetes or hyperglycemia (high blood sugar), this can be problematic, which is why you don't want to take dextrose without your doctor's recommendation.

Chemical properties:
Glucose forms white or colorless solids that are highly soluble in water and acetic acid but poorly soluble in methanol and ethanol. 
Dextrose melt at 146 °C (295 °F) (α) and 150 °C (302 °F) (β), and decompose starting at 188 °C (370 °F) with release of various volatile products, ultimately leaving a residue of carbon.
With six carbon atoms, Dextrose is classed as a hexose, a subcategory of the monosaccharides. 
d-Glucose is one of the sixteen aldohexose stereoisomers. 
The d-isomer, d-glucose, also known as dextrose, occurs widely in nature, but the l-isomer, l-glucose, does not. 
Glucose can be obtained by hydrolysis of carbohydrates such as milk sugar (lactose), cane sugar (sucrose), maltose, cellulose, glycogen, etc. 
Dextrose is commonly commercially manufactured from cornstarch in the US and Japan, from potato and wheat starch in Europe, and from tapioca starch in tropical areas.
The manufacturing process uses hydrolysis via pressurized steaming at controlled pH in a jet followed by further enzymatic depolymerization.
Unbonded glucose is one of the main ingredients of honey. All forms of glucose are colorless and easily soluble in water, acetic acid, and several other solvents. 
Dextrose is only sparingly soluble in methanol and ethanol.

If you have diabetes and you’ve been skipping meals or exercising more than usual, your blood sugar levels may drop. 
In mild cases, you can follow your normal plan of action.
But more significant blood sugar drops are dangerous and can land you in the hospital.
Dextrose injections of 50 percent followed by insulin are also given to people with hyperkalemia, a condition that happens when levels of potassium in your body skyrocket.
Again, in science geek terms, here’s what happens: When dextrose is injected, it feeds your body’s cells with glucose. 
But this also delivers a dose of potassium (kinda like a BOGO offer) that helps lower your blood potassium levels. 
In just one shot of Dextrose, your condition improves without you becoming hypoglycemic.
It’s also given intravenously to dialysis patients to prevent hyperkalemia.
When it comes to treating hypoglycemia, or low blood sugar, dextrose comes up top compared to its sugary counterparts, like glucagon.
Studies compared IV administration of both glucagon and dextrose to people with diabetes treated with insulin and discovered that those given dextrose woke up and regained control of their bodies faster than those who were given glucagon.

While dextrose can be prescribed for people with diabetes, it doesn’t come risk-free. 
Dextrose may increase your blood sugar too much, raising your levels sky-high. When this happens, hyperglycemia may strike.
Symptoms may include:
-sudden or excessive thirst and dehydration
-nausea or vomiting
-shortness of breath
-confusion
-upset or crampy stomach
-a frequent need to pee
-diarrhea
-swelling
-dry skin

Glucose was first isolated from raisins in 1747 by the German chemist Andreas Marggraf.
Glucose was discovered in grapes by Johann Tobias Lowitz in 1792, and distinguished as being different from cane sugar (sucrose). 
Glucose is the term coined by Jean Baptiste Dumas in 1838, which has prevailed in the chemical literature. 
Friedrich August Kekulé proposed the term dextrose, because in aqueous solution of glucose, the plane of linearly polarized light is turned to the right. 
In contrast, d-fructose (a ketohexose) and l-glucose turn linearly polarized light to the left. 
The earlier notation according to the rotation of the plane of linearly polarized light (d and l-nomenclature) was later abandoned in favor of the d- and l-notation, which refers to the absolute configuration of the asymmetric center farthest from the carbonyl group, and in concordance with the configuration of d- or l-glyceraldehyde.
Since glucose is a basic necessity of many organisms, a correct understanding of its chemical makeup and structure contributed greatly to a general advancement in organic chemistry.
This understanding occurred largely as a result of the investigations of Emil Fischer, a German chemist who received the 1902 Nobel Prize in Chemistry for his findings.
The synthesis of glucose established the structure of organic material and consequently formed the first definitive validation of Jacobus Henricus van 't Hoff's theories of chemical kinetics and the arrangements of chemical bonds in carbon-bearing molecules.
Between 1891 and 1894, Fischer established the stereochemical configuration of all the known sugars and correctly predicted the possible isomers, applying Van 't Hoff's theory of asymmetrical carbon atoms. 
The names initially referred to the natural substances. 
Their enantiomers were given the same name with the introduction of systematic nomenclatures, taking into account absolute stereochemistry.

Intravenous sugar solution, also known as dextrose solution, is a mixture of dextrose (glucose) and water.
Dextrose solution is used to treat low blood sugar or water loss without electrolyte loss.
Water loss without electrolyte loss may occur in fever, hyperthyroidism, high blood calcium, or diabetes insipidus.
Dextrose solution is also used in the treatment of high blood potassium, diabetic ketoacidosis, and as part of parenteral nutrition.
Dextrose solution is given by injection into a vein.
Side effects may include irritation of the vein in which Dextrose solution is given, high blood sugar, and swelling.
Excess use of Dextrose solution may result in low blood sodium and other electrolyte problems.
Intravenous sugar solutions are in the crystalloid family of medications.
Dextrose solutions come in a number of strengths including 5%, 10%, and 50% dextrose.
While Dextrose solution may start out hypertonic they become hypotonic solutions as the sugar is metabolised.
Dextrose solution versions are also available mixed with saline.
Dextrose solutions for medical use became available in the 1920s and 1930s.
Dextrose solution is on the World Health Organization's List of Essential Medicines.

Types of glucose/dextrose include:
-D5W (5% dextrose in water), which consists of 278 mmol/L dextrose
-D5NS (5% dextrose in normal saline), which, in addition, contains normal saline (0.9% w/v of NaCl).
-D5 1/2NS 5% dextrose in half amount of normal saline (0.45% w/v of NaCl).
-D5LR (5% dextrose in lactated Ringer solution)
-D50 – 50% dextrose in water

Benefits of Dextrose:
-Provides a source of calories
-Readily metabolized
-May decrease losses of body protein and nitrogen
-Promotes glycogen deposition
-Decreases or prevents ketosis if sufficient doses are provided

alpha-D-Glucose monohydrate
UNII-4L3WC4P6GF
4L3WC4P6GF
alpha-D-glucopyranose monohydrate
alpha-D-Glucopyranose, hydrate (1:1)
(Glucosum) Monohydricum
dextrose monohydrat
D(+)-Glucose Monohydrate
(2SR,3R,4S,5S,6R)-6-(hydroxymethyl)tetrahydropyran-2,3,4,5-tetrol monohydrate
Delflex neutral PH
Dextrose (USP)
Cartose (TN)
Dextrose 25%
D-Glucose - monohydrate
Glucose hydrate (JP17)
DEXTROSE 60%
SCHEMBL364282
alpha-d(+)-glucose monohydrate
Dextrose 5% in plastic container
DTXSID30881263
Dextrose 10% in plastic container
Dextrose 20% in plastic container
Dextrose 30% in plastic container
Dextrose 40% in plastic container
Dextrose 50% in plastic container
Dextrose 60% in plastic container
Dextrose 70% in plastic container
Dextrose 2.5% in plastic container
Dextrose 7.7% in plastic container
Dextrose 38.5% in plastic container
AKOS015915125
(2S,3R,4S,5S,6R)-6-(Hydroxymethyl)tetrahydro-2H-pyran-2,3,4,5-tetraol hydrate
D02325
Q27259948
(2S,3R,4S,5S,6R)-6-(hydroxymethyl)oxane-2,3,4,5-tetrol;hydrate

What is Dextrose and why is it in foods?
Dextrose and maltodextrin is a form of glucose derived from starches. 
Table sugar, or sucrose, is what most of us consider “sugar.” but just because you aren’t sprinkling sugar on your foods, or baking with it doesn’t mean you aren’t eating sugar. 
Sugar comes in many different forms, and Dextrose is one of them.
Dextrose / maltodextrin is made when starchy plants – primarily corn – are broken down into monosaccharides using enzymes, and to a lesser extent acids. 
Dextrose is from natural sources, dextrose is considered “natural,” but it is still processed.
Uses:
Dextrose is added to foods for sweetness, as a filler or a texturizing agent, and also for extending the shelf-life of packaged foods.
Foods/products that typically contain Dextrose are:
Packaged sauces, dry seasoning/dip mixes, flavored chips such as Ranch or BBQ, baking mixes, cured meats, canned foods, pickles, crackers, and prepared “fresh” foods.
Dextrose can appear on a label under other names including corn sugar, wheat sugar, rice sugar, dextrose monohydrate, d-glucose, grape sugar and dextrose anhydrase.
Cultured dextrose is pretty much the same thing made similar with similar side affects. 
Cultured dextrose sound healthy, like cultured yogurt, right? Chances are you’ve heard of “cultured dextrose” and seen it in ingredients. 
Have you heard of “preservative 280”? It’s the same thing.
Cultured dextrose used to be called preservative 280 (propionic acid), one of a group of chemicals and nasty additive that’s used as mold inhibitors in foods. 
When your body consumes preservatives, it can’t break it down naturally as intended, causing bloating, digestive issues, and headaches, and even fat storage.

Medical Uses of Dextrose:
The human body runs on energy, and the energy it needs is provided in the form of a simple sugar created in the liver that courses through the blood system to supply cells with fuel — glucose. 
When the human body is not able to produce adequate amounts of glucose, cells react negatively and medical intervention is often necessary. 
To answer that call, dextrose is available. 
Like glucose, dextrose is a simple sugar the body absorbs rapidly to stabilize its myriad functions.
Dextrose’s Role in Medicine:
Dextrose and glucose are chemically identical, meaning the body utilizes them in the same manner. 
Therefore, an intravenous dose of dextrose delivers a rapid response. 
Depending on the nature of the disorder, varied amounts of dextrose may be necessary to bring the body back into homeostatic equilibrium.  
Carbohydrate Supplement: Dextrose is also used to provide carbohydrate calories to a person who cannot eat because of illness, trauma, or other medical condition. 
Dehydration: Rapid loss of fluids is generally thought to occur with exercise but is also evident in burn victims and other medical disorders. 
Along with water, the body loses important chemicals. Dextrose is often given intravenously to combat dehydration.
Nutritional Supplement: The body relies on proteins, fats, and carbohydrates to function. 
As a carbohydrate, dextrose fills that need and is often supplemented with a form of protein and fat to offer total parenteral nutrition. 
Patients suffering from trauma, illness, or medical conditions that prevent them from either eating a proper amount of calories or malnourishment may require an injection of dextrose.
Diabetes Control: Patients with diabetes mellitus who take insulin and neglect to eat afterward may experience insulin shock. 
Low blood sugar causes mental confusion, rapid heart rate, excessive sweating, and weakness.
Blood Potassium Level Control: A high blood potassium level can throw off the tenuous balance of the body’s electrolytes. 
When dextrose is given, cells eagerly accept it from the bloodstream, inadvertently accepting potassium at the same time. 
As the potassium leaves the bloodstream, blood potassium levels return to normal.
Alcohol Overconsumption: Excessive alcohol ingestion can cause sickness, and dextrose can counter that effect.
Oral Dextrose: Diabetic patients or those with hypoglycemia may supplement their intake of nutrients with dextrose tablets or gels. 

How is Glucose made:
Now a days, the food industry makes the same chemical by culturing propionibacteria such as dextrose, whey, rice or wheat. Due to a “natural” way manufacturing, they can claim “no artificial preservatives”. This is how cultured dextrose has come to be accepted even in organic products! It’s just another preservative, just fyi.

Side effects of Dextrose and Cultured Dextros can include:
• Upset stomach
• Fat storage (remember it’s a refined sugar)
• Hyperglycemia
• Frequent urination
• Skin dryness
• Increased Thirst
• Fatigue

Vapor Pressure: Negligible
Quantity: 500g
Identification: Pass Test
Melting Point: 146.1°C
Specific Rotation: +52.5 to +53.0° (+ or −)
pH: 5.9
Ignition Residue: 0.02% max.
Packaging: Glass Bottle
Loss on Drying: 0.2% max.
Color: White

Store Glucose in a closed container at room temperature, away from heat, moisture, and direct light. Keep from freezing.
Keep Glucose out of the reach of children.
Do not keep outdated medicine or medicine no longer needed.
Ask your healthcare professional how you should dispose of any medicine you do not use.
Eating foods that naturally contain dextrose is fine, but when Glucose is extracted, processed, refined, and gone through who knows how many steps Dextrose is not really natural anymore. 
Why do we have to eat foods with added Dextrose and Cultured Dextrose? Dextrose just causes more health issues this world already has. 
Avoid Glucose, and just eat REAL food.

Clinical Pharmacology:
When administered intravenously, these solutions provide a source of water and carbohydrate.
Isotonic and hypertonic concentrations of dextrose are suitable for parenteral maintenance of water requirements when salt is not needed or should be avoided.

Indication And Usage:
Intravenous solutions containing dextrose are indicated for parenteral replenishment of fluid and minimal carbohydrate calories as required by the clinical condition of the patient.

Contraindications:
5% Dextrose Injection, USP without electrolytes should not be administered simultaneously with blood through the same infusion set because of the possibility that pseudoagglutination of red cells may occur.

In baking, we usually refer to industrially made glucose. 
Glucose is made from corn and the resulting product, a thick syrup, is then adjusted to a uniform viscosity or consistency. 
The particular form of Glucose is defined by what is known as the dextrose equivalent, or DE for short. 
Corn syrup is the most familiar form of glucose.
In plant baking, high-fructose corn syrup (HFCS) is the major sweetening agent in bread and buns. 
It consists of roughly half fructose and half dextrose. 
Dextrose (chemically identical to glucose) is available in crystalline form and has certain advantages over sucrose:
Glucose is easily fermentable.
Glucose contributes to browning in bread and bun making.
In crystalline form, Glucose is often used in doughnut sugars as it is more inclined to stay dry and non-greasy.
Glucose is hygroscopic and valued as a moisture-retaining ingredient.
Glucose retards crystallization in syrups, candies, and fondant.
Corn syrup is made from the starch of maize (corn) and contains varying amounts of glucose and maltose, depending on the processing methods. 
Corn syrup is used in foods to soften texture, add volume, prevent crystallization of sugar, and enhance flavour.

100% Pure Dextrose Powder, aka grape sugar, is a naturally occurring form of glucose. 
70% as sweet as sugar and very hygroscopic. 
Dextrose inhibits crystallization in ice creams and sorbets and also provides flexibility to rolled fondant.

When Dextrose is administered intravenously, solutions containing carbohydrate in the form of dextrose restore blood glucose levels and provide calories. 
Carbohydrate in the form of dextrose may aid in minimizing liver glycogen depletion and exerts a protein sparing action. 
Dextrose Injection, USP undergoes oxidation to carbon dioxide and water.
Water is an essential constituent of all body tissues and accounts for approximately 70% of total body weight. 
Average normal adult daily requirement ranges from two to three liters (1.0 to 1.5 liters each for insensible water loss by perspiration and urine production, respectively). 

Dextrose as corn syrup was an important ingredient in its own right. 
And as crystalline dextrose, Dextrose could be substituted for refined beet or cane sugar in some uses. 
Dextrose was cheaper than regular sugar, so there were some manufacturers who were substituting it on the sly prior to the 1940s. 
When WWII food disruptions led to sugar rationing, dextrose suddenly had a new allure.
Chemically, dextrose is identical to glucose. 
Glucose is the simple sugar from which living cells directly extract energy. 
Our bodies use glucose immediately as it is absorbed through the blood stream (hence “blood sugar”); other simple sugars, like fructose, have to be metabolized before they become available as fuel. 
Corn sugar is sometimes called glucose. 
When corn sugar, in the form of a syrup, was first introduced as a food ingredient, producers used the term “glucose”: problems with confusion with “glue,” however, led to the new term “corn syrup” in 1914, which is pretty much what we’ve called it ever since. 

Priming sugar and corn sugar are the same thing—dextrose! 
Dextrose, sometimes known as glucose, is a very simple sugar derived from cornstarch and is very similar in consistency to powdered sugar. 
Though, being made from corn rather than cane sugar, there is little to no flavor added when using dextrose in brewing recipes.
Dextrose is mostly used as priming sugar to provide in-bottle carbonation. 
Some pre-hopped can beer kits call for the addition of dextrose as an additional fermentable sugar to boost alcohol content. 
When using dextrose for this purpose, very little flavor is added to the brew giving a much lighter body than if using a malt extract. 
Dextrose is considered an adjunct.

Contraindications:
A concentrated dextrose solution should not be used when intracranial or intraspinal hemorrhage is present nor in the presence of delirium tremens if the patient is already dehydrated.
Dextrose Injection, USP without electrolytes should not be administered simultaneously with blood through the same infusion set because of the possibility that pseudoagglutination of red cells may occur.
Warnings:
Concentrated dextrose in water should be administered only after suitable dilution. 
Hypertonic dextrose solutions should be given slowly. 
Significant hyperglycemia and possible hyperosmolar syndrome may result from too rapid administration. 
The physician should be aware of the symptoms of hyperosmolar syndrome, such as mental confusion and loss of consciousness, especially in patients with chronic uremia and those with known carbohydrate intolerance.
The intravenous administration of this solution can cause fluid and/or solute overloading resulting in dilution of serum electrolyte concentrations, overhydration, congested states or pulmonary edema. 

How to take Dextrose?
Use Dextrose as written on the label or as prescribed by the doctor. 
Avoid using Dextrose in larger or smaller amounts or for longer than recommended. 
The chewable tablet of Dextrose should be chewed properly before swallowing.
Your hypoglycemic symptoms should improve within about 10 minutes after taking oral dextrose, if not, take another dose. 
Seek medical attention if you still have symptoms of hypoglycemia after taking two doses. 
Dextrose injection is given intravenously into a vein. 
Avoid injecting Dextrose into the muscle or on the skin. 
The injection must be given only as an intravenous injection. 
Tell your doctors if you feel burning, pain, or swelling around the IV needle when dextrose is injected. 
They may show you how to use an IV at home. 
Avoid giving yourself dextrose injection if you don’t understand how to use the injection and how properly you should dispose the needles, IV tubes, and other used items. 
Use a disposable needle, syringe, or prefilled syringe only one time. 
Follow state or local laws about disposing of used needles and syringes. 
Use a puncture-proof "sharps" disposal container.

As it is chemically identical, Dextrose is used in baking products as a sweetener and can be often found in items such as processed foods. 
Dextrose also has medical purposes, where it is dissolved in solutions or drugs which are used to increase a person’s blood sugar. 
And because Dextrose is a simple sugar, the body quickly uses it for energy.
Precautions – If we consume more sugar, Dextrose gets stored in the muscles as glycogen. 
Eating too much sugar over time can also lead to weight gain and a condition called as insulin resistance, which means that the glucose is not effectively being delivered to the cells in the body.

Who should not take Dextrose?
-People with a problem with high blood sugar should avoid consuming products with dextrose.
-If you have any kind of swelling in arms, feet, or legs.

Calories per gram: 4
Sweetness Index (compared to Sucrose which is 1 on the scale): 0.75
Glycemic Index: 100
Description: Dextrose is a Free flowing white powder.
Mean Particle Size: 220 microns
Bulk Density: 0.52 g/cc
Moisture: 8.7%
Tapped Bulk Density: 0.62
Carr’s Index: 16.1
Hausner ratio: 1.20

Dextrose, also called glucose, grape-sugar and diabetic sugar, a carbohydrate of the formula CJ-11206. 
Dextrose occurs in honey, grapes, in the body fluids of the animal kingdom and in the urine of diabetic patients. 
Dextrose forms about 0.15 per cent of normal arterial blood. 
The sugar of grapes consists largely of dextrose as the fruit ripens, but : when quite ripe it becomes ‘invert’ sugar, that is equal quantities of Dextrose.

Dextrose in children
Dextrose can be used in children similarly to how it is used in adults, as a medical intervention for hypoglycemia.
In cases of severe pediatric hypoglycemia, children will often be given dextrose intravenously. 
Prompt and early treatment in children and infants with hypoglycemia is essential, as untreated hypoglycemia can result in neurological damage. 
If they’re able to take Dextrose, dextrose may be given to children orally.
In the case of neonatal hypoglycemia, which can be caused by several disorders such as metabolism defects or hyperinsulinism, infants can have small amounts of dextrose gel added to their diet to help them maintain healthy blood sugar levels. 
Consult your doctor for how much dextrose to add to their diet. 
Infants that were born prematurely are at risk for hypoglycemia, and may be given dextrose via an IV.

What happens if I overdose the dextrose?
Seek emergency medical attention 

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