SODIUM DIMETHYL DITHIOCARBAMATE


Dimethyldithiocarbamic acid sodium salt, 40% solution
Sodium Dimethyl Dithiocarbamate is used as accelerator in the vulcanization of NR and SBR lattices. Sodium Dimethyl Dithiocarbamate is used as radical inhibitor in the polymerization of SBR. Sodium Dimethyl Dithiocarbamate is a highly effective bactericide and fungicide in controlling the growth of bacteria and fungi in industrial recirculating water cooling towers, evaporative condensers, paper mills, beet sugar mills, cane sugar mills, secondary and tertiary oil recovery, and drilling fluids.

EC / List no.: 204-876-7
CAS no.: 128-04-1
Mol. formula: C3H6NNaS2

Synonyms: Sodium N,N-dimethyldithiocarbamate; Sodium dimethylaminocarbodithioate.

sodium;N,N-dimethylcarbamodithioate

Application:Sodium dimethyldithiocarbamate solution is a thiocarbonyl compound used in chemical synthesis
Chemical Family: Carbamodithioic acid, dimethyl-, sodium salt

Sodium dimethyldithiocarbamate is a thiocarbamate herbicide with a reported average use in California in 2001 of 173 pounds, mostly on citrus crops (CDPR, 2002)

Sodium dimethyldithiocarbamate is recommended to the synthetic industry for use as a polymerization shortstop ingredient in copolymerization of butadiene, styrene, and neoprene. 
Sodium dimethyldithiocarbamate is also used for reducing or recovering soluble metal concentrations in wastewater generated in plating and etching operations. 
Sodium Dimethyl Dithiocarbamate may be used in conjunction with other flocculating systems, where it is generally used in the final stages of the treatment process where soluble metal concentrations need to be below 1 ppm.

Sodium Dimethyl Dithiocarbamate is used as polymerization inhibitor in SBR rubber and as a precipitant for heavy metals in waste water treatment.

Sodium Dimethyl Dithiocarbamate (SDD) is a heavy metal precipitant/chelating agent that reacts with various heavy metal ions at room temperature (eg chromium, nickel, copper, zinc, manganese, cadmium, Vanadium and tin), forming water-insoluble chelating salts and forming precipitates for the purpose of removing heavy metal ions.
The manily usage of Sodium Dimethyl Dithiocarbamate is Heavy metals removal and metals precipitator in waste water treatment.


Application 
Industrial wastewater treatment 
Sugar industry Chemical industry 
Heavy metals removal and metals precipitator. 
Paper pulp Industry 
Biocidal products as fungicide 
Radical polymerization Inhibitors 
Accelerator for caoutchouc vulcanization, butylbenzene rubber agent

Uses
Microbicide for the sugar industry. 
Sodium Dimethyl Dithiocarbamate prevents sugar degradation by Leuconostoc species, thereby improving the cost-effectiveness of the sugar extraction process.

The metabolism of thermophilic bacteria may cause sugar loss during Saccharose extraction from sugar beet or sugar cane. 
The use of microbicides in necessary to prevent the cost-effectiveness of the sugar extraction process being significantly reduced. 
The range of microorganisms in raw sugar cane juice normally comprises around 60 - 70% Leuconostoc and Bacillus strains, 10 % other bacteria and yeasts. 
The Leuconostoc species are responsible for the biggest losses in the sugar extraction process. 
Owing to the heterogeneous composition of microorganisms, the degradation of saccharose occurs in varing ways, which makes assessment of saccharose loss very complex. 
Sodium dimethyl dithiocarbamate is a proven microbicide with a broad spectrum of activity.

Suggested additions
Sodium dimethyl dithiocarbamate should be dosed at the points where increased microorganism growth is particularly marked. Important metering points may be the juice tanks in the mills. 
Experience has shown the application concentration to lie between 16 and 25 ppm Sodium dimethyl dithiocarbamate in the raw juice.
When determining the application concentration of Sodium dimethyl dithiocarbamate, it is necessary to take into account the quality of raw meterial being processed and the hygenic condictions, for example in the mills.

APPLICATION IN LEATHER INDUSTRY:
Sodium dimethyldithiocarbamate is used as preservative for the bactericidal protection of the soaking float. 
Sodium dimethyldithiocarbamate is based on dimethyldithiocarbamate sodium salt.

Chemical and physical data
Composition : aqueous solution of sodium dimethyl dithiocarbamate
Description : pale yellow liquid, anionic
Specification
Assay (volumetric CS₂ -Separate) : 40.0 - 42.0 %
Alkalinity (calc, as NaOH) : max. 0.1%
pH (undiluted) : 9 - 10
Density (20 ºC) : 1.170 - 1.185 g/cm³
Colour index : max. 3

Specification values are subject to constant monitoring. Only data given in the current edition of the "Specification" are binding.

Characteristic data**
Vapour pressure (20 ºC) : approx. 20 mbar
Viscosity (20 ºC) : approx. 4.8 mPa-s
Crystallisation point : approx. 5 ºC
Solidification point : approx. -5 ºC DIN 51556
Flash point : not possible to carry out due to the vapour pressure of the water
Ignition temperature : >50 ºC DIN 51794
Stability range : pH 7-13
Solubility : miscible with water and lower alcohols in any ratio


 
Other use fields include:

Sugar industry
Chemical industry
Heavy metals removal and metals precipitator.
Paper pulp Industry
Biocide products as fungicide
Radicalar polymerization Inhibitors
Accelerator for caoutchouc vulcanization, butybenzene rubber agent.


Sodium dimethydithiocarbamate is a pale yellow coloured aqueous solution having a formula of C3H6NNaS2. 
Sodium dimethydithiocarbamate finds application as a disinfectant, fungicide, biocide, corrosion inhibitor. 
Main uses of Sodium dimethydithiocarbamate are as antifoulants in industrial cooling and air washer water systems, as well as pulp and paper mills and gas/oil drilling muds.

Sodium dimethydithiocarbamate acts as biocide for fuels, metalworking fluids, paints, coatings, adhesives, cloth, and paper/ paperboard; they act as antifoulants/ slimicides in a variety of liquids including industrial/ commercial cooling water, air washer water, sugar mill pulp/ process water, marine heat exchangers, gas/ oil recovery fluid, industrial wastewater treatment systems, industrial water purification systems, reverse osmosis water systems, and pasteurizer cooling water.


Aqueous solution of approx. 40 % sodium dimethyl dithiocarbamate (SDDC). 
Sodium dimethyl dithiocarbamate (SDDC) is used as microbicide for the sugar industry. 
Sodium dimethyl dithiocarbamate (SDDC) is used for controlling the growth of microorganisms in sugar mills.
Sodium dimethyl dithiocarbamate (SDDC) is additive for the rubber industry. 
Sodium dimethyl dithiocarbamate (SDDC) is a short-stopper for the emulsion polymers SBR and NBR.
Sodium dimethyl dithiocarbamate (SDDC) is a Slimicide for industrial recirculating cooling water systems. 
Sodium dimethyl dithiocarbamate (SDDC) also has application in pulp and paper mills.
Sodium dimethyl dithiocarbamate (SDDC) is used in the waste water treatment (chemical for precipitation of heavy metals in the metalworking/galvanic industry).


Uses:

Sodium dimethydithiocarbamate is a biocide and fungicide in paper & pulp industry to prevent bacterial growth.

Sodium dimethydithiocarbamate is used in the removal of heavy metals (as a metal precipitator) in electroplating and etching industries.
Sodium dimethydithiocarbamate is biocides for sugar industries to prevent sugar inversion and to improve sugar yield.
Sodium dimethydithiocarbamate is biocide for industrial cooling towers.
Sodium dimethydithiocarbamate is used to remove bacteria and prevent fouling in industrial wastewater treatment.

Keep packages in sealed condition. Storage below 40 degrees should be avoided, as crystallization of the active ingredient can occur.

Sodium dimethyldithiocarbamate uses and applications include: Intermediate; pesticide; fungicide; corrosion inhibitor; rubber accelerator; biocide, fungicide, and algicide in water treatment; heavy metal precipitant to remove metals from wastewater streams; biocide in paper sizing, adhesives, cutting fluids; polymerization shortstop; termination agent for SB rubber production; antimicrobial in cane-sugar and beet-sugar mills; in food packaging adhesives; slimicide in food-contact paperpaperboard; accelerator for food-contact rubber articles for repeated use

FUNCTIONS: Antimicrobial,  Accelerator,  Biocide 

INDUSTRY: Water Treatment,  Adhesives,  Rubber 

Sodium dimethyldithiocarbamate contains no materials listed on the RoHS directive. 
It is the responsibility of the manufacturer of the FINAL article to ensure that the article complies with the extraction limitations and other limitations, including use limitations, applicable to its intended use and is technically suitable for that particular use.

STORAGE AND HANDLING:
Stainless steel, fiberglass, PVC, polyethylene, neoprene, polypropylene, hypalon and teflon are suitable for pumps, lines and tanks. 
Storage in mild steel will discolor product because of iron content. Copper, brass and aluminum should be avoided. 
Sodium dimethyldithiocarbamate is available in ATAMAN KIMYA's stocks.
Store at 40 – 90° F. 

Unopened containers can be stored up to one year with proper storage temperatures of 40 – 90 deg. F.
Storage below 40° F. should be avoided as some crystallization of the active ingredient can occur. 

Do not store above 90 deg. F. 
Sodium dimethyldithiocarbamate is a 40% water solution with an alkaline pH and for this reason, it should not be used in acid systems, where decomposition may occur. 
Do not apply to potable water systems, or to flume or washing systems where enzymes or bacteria are used. 

Composition:Sodium Dimethyl Dithiocarbamate

PRODUCT DESCRIPTION
Sodium Dimethyl Dithiocarbamate is highly effective bactericide for use in controlling growth of bacteria, fungi found in Sugar Mills, Paper Mills, Industrial cooling tower, Secondary and Tertiary oil recovery. 
Sodium Dimethyl Dithiocarbamate is recommended to the synthetic rubber industry for use as a polymerization shortstop ingredient in co-polymerization of butadiene, styrene and neoprene. 
Sodium Dimethyl Dithiocarbamate is also used for reducing or recovering soluble metal concentrations in waste water generated in plating and etching operations

Sources/Uses: 
SODIUM DIMETHYLDITHIOCARBAMATE is used as a disinfectant, corrosion inhibitor, coagulant, vulcanizing agent, chelating agent, fungicide, and biocide (paints, cutting oils, water treatment, leather tanning, and paper manufacturing); [HSDB]

Applications of Sodium dimethyldithiocarbamate
Farming (Pesticides)
Leather Tanning and Processing
Metal Machining
Painting (Pigments, Binders, and Biocides)
Pulp and Paper Processing
Sewer and Wastewater Treatment
Using Disinfectants or Biocides
Metal precipitation/stabilization.


Sodium dimethyldithiocarbamate solution 
SODIUM DIMETHYL DITHIOCARBAMATE 40 % (DMDTC)
Sodium dimethyldithiocarbamate solution
sds
SodiumDimethylDithiocarbamate(SDD/SDMC)
sodium N,N-dimethylcarbamodithioate


CAS NO: 128-04-1    
Sodium dimethyldithiocarbamate    40 %    
EINECS: 204-876-7

SODIUM DIMETHYLDITHIOCARBAMATE, 40% in water

Product form : Mixture
Physical state : Liquid
Formula : C3H6NNaS2
Synonyms : SODIUM DIMETHYLAMINOCARBODITHIOATE
DIMETHYLDITHIOCARBAMIC ACID, SODIUM SALT
DIMETHYLCARBAMODITHIOIC ACID, SODIUM SALT

Chemical family : METAL CARBOXYLATE

Other Names
Sodium Dimethyldithiocarbamate Solution
Dimethyl-Carbamodithioic Acid, Sodium Salt
CARBAMODITHIOIC ACID, DIMETHYL-, SODIUM SALT
Tricide
Sodium dimethyldithiocarbamate, aqueous solution
Sodium Dimethyldithiocarbamate (Mirecide - Sr/50)
Sodium Dimethyl Dithiocarbamate 40% Aqueous Soln.

Synonyms
Aceto SDD 40; Alcobam NM; Amersep MP 3R; Brogdex 555; Carbam S; Carbam-S; DDC; DMDK; Diaprosim AB 13; Dibam; Dibam A; Dimethyldithiocarbamate sodium salt; Dimethyldithiocarbamic acid, sodium salt; Diram; MSL; MSL (carbamate); MetalPlex 143; Methyl namate; N,N-Dimethyldithiocarbamate sodium salt; N,N-Dimethyldithiocarbamic acid, sodium salt; Nalmet A 1; Nocceler S; SDDC; Sanceler S; Sdmdtc; Sharstop 204; Sodam; Sodium N,N-dimethyldithiocarbamate; Sodium dimethyl dithiocarbamate; Sodium dimethylaminecarbodithioate; Sodium dimethylaminocarbodithioate; Sodium dimethylcarbamodithioate; Sta-Fresh 615; Steriseal liquid #40; Thiostop N; Vinditat; Vinstop; Vulnopol NM; Wing Stop B; Carbamic acid, dimethyldithio-, sodium salt; [ChemIDplus]


    
CAS No.128-04-1
Chemical Name:Sodium dimethyldithiocarbamate
Synonyms: msl;sddc;SDMC;dmdk;DIRAM;sodam;dibama;vinstop;vinditat;carbam-s


Sodium dimethyldithiocarbamate Synonyms:

Dimethyl dithiocarbamate, sodium salt
Dimethyldithiocarbamic acid sodium salt, 40% solution
Sodiumdimethyldithiocarbamat
Sodium Dimethyl Dithiocarbamate (Sdd/Sdmc)
sodium dimethyldithiocarbamate solution
SMEC(MICTUREOF[128-04-1]AND[142-59-6])
Sodium N,N-dimethyldithiocarbamate 95%
(Dimethyldithiocarbamato)sodium


Sodium dimethyldithiocarbamate
128-04-1
Sodium dimethylcarbamodithioate
Sodium dimethyl dithiocarbamate
Carbamodithioic acid, dimethyl-, sodium salt
UNII-769GO8W6QQ
Dimethyldithiocarbamic acid sodium salt
Dibam
Methyl namate
Thiostop N
Vulnopol NM
Alcobam NM
Dibam A
Sodium N,N-dimethyldithiocarbamate
sodium;N,N-dimethylcarbamodithioate
Wing Stop B
Sharstop 204
Brogdex 555
DMDK
SDDC
Sta-fresh 615
Aceto SDD 40
Steriseal liquid #40
769GO8W6QQ
Sodium dimethyldithiocarbamate solution
Carbamodithioic acid, N,N-dimethyl-, sodium salt (1:1)
Sodium dimethylaminecarbodithioate
Sodium dimethylaminocarbodithioate
DSSTox_CID_7050
N,N-Dimethyldithiocarbamate sodium salt
DSSTox_RID_78294
DSSTox_GSID_27050
DIMETHYLDITHIOCARBAMIC ACID, SODIUM SALT
Vinditat
Vinstop
Diram
Sdmdtc
Sodam
Nocceler S
Sanceler S
Carbam S
Carbam-S
CHEMBL569460
MSL (carbamate)
CAS-128-04-1
Diaprosim AB 13
Amersep MP 3R
MetalPlex 143
Nalmet A 1
Caswell No. 762
MSL
CCRIS 5535
CCRIS 9109
Carbamic acid, dimethyldithio-, sodium salt
HSDB 6811
EINECS 204-876-7
NSC 85566
ACMC-20ajof
EPA Pesticide Chemical Code 034804
Dimethyldithiocarbamate sodium dihydrate
AI3-14673
C3H6NNaS2
N,N-Dimethyldithiocarbamic acid, sodium salt
EC 204-876-7
SCHEMBL23192
Carbamodithioic acid, dimethyl-, sodium salt, dihydrat
DTXSID6027050
Sodium Dimethyl Dithio Carbamate
CARBAMIC ACID, DIMETHYLDITHIO-, SODIUM SALT, DIHYDRATE
Dimethyldithiocarbamate, sodium salt
Tox21_201971
Tox21_300391
MFCD00044839
AKOS000120803
NCGC00254258-01
NCGC00259520-01
AS-16148
S699
D0716
FT-0631748
128D041
Carbamic acid, dimethyldithio- sodium salt (8CI)
J-005564
J-013553
Q27266473
Sodium dimethyldithiocarbamate solution, ~40% in H2O


Sodium dimethyldithiocarbamate
Sodium dimethyldithiocarbamate
sodium dimethyldithiocarbamate

Translated names
Dimetilditijokarbamat tas-sodju (mt)
Dimetilditiocarbamat de sodiu (ro)
Dimetilditiocarbamato de sodio (es)
Dimetilditiocarbamato de sódio (pt)
Dimetilditiocarbammato di sodio (it)
Dimetyloditiokarbiminian sodu (pl)
Diméthyldithiocarbamate de sodium (fr)
Naatriumdimetüülditiokarbamaat (et)
Natrijev dimetilditiokarbamat (hr)
Natrijev dimetilditiokarbamat (sl)
Natrio dimetilditiokarbamatas (lt)
natrium-dimethyldithiokarbamát (cs)
Natriumdimethyldithiocarbamaat (nl)
natriumdimethyldithiocarbamat (da)
Natriumdimethyldithiocarbamat (de)
Natriumdimetylditiokarbamat (sv)
Natriumdimetyyliditiokarbamaatti (fi)
Nátrium-dimetil-ditiokarbamát (hu)
nátrium-dimetylditiokarbamát (sk)
Nātrija dimetilditiokarbamāts (lv)
Sodium dimethyldithiocarbamate (no)
Διμεθυλοδιθειοκαρβαμιδικό νάτριο (el)
Натриев диметилдитиокарбамат (bg)

CAS names
Carbamodithioic acid, N,N-dimethyl-, sodium salt (1:1)

IUPAC names
sodium (dimethylcarbamothioyl)sulfanide
sodium dimethyl carbamodithioate
sodium dimethyl[sulfanyl(carbonothioyl)]amine
Sodium dimethylaminomethanedithioate
sodium dimethylcarbamodithioate

SODIUM DIMETHYLDITHIOCARBAMATE
Sodium dimethyldithiocarbamate
sodium dimethyldithiocarbamate
Sodium dimethyldithiocarbamate
sodium dimethyldithiocarbamate

Sodium Dimethyldithiocarbamate Dihydrate
sodium N,N-dimethylcarbamodithioate
sodium N,N-dimethylcarbamodithionate
Sodium N,N-dimethyldithiocarbamate
sodium N,N-dimethyldithiocarbamate
sodium N-dimethyildithiocarbamate

sodium;N,N-dimethylcarbamodithioate

Trade names
Incoflor Bio B
Rubator MTS
SDDC, aqueous solution
Sodium dimethyldithiocarbamate

Sodium dimethyldithiocarbamate Chemical Properties, Uses, Production

Chemical Properties
CLEAR YELLOW SOLUTION

Chemical Properties
Sodium dimethyldithiocarbamate is a clear yellow liquid or yellow crystalline solid

General Description
Crystals or liquid. Becomes anhydrous at 266°F.

Air & Water Reactions
Slowly decomposes in aqueous solution to form carbon disulfide and methylamine or other amines. Such decompositions are accelerated by acids.

Reactivity Profile
Flammable gases are generated by the combination with aldehydes, nitrides, and hydrides. Incompatible with acids, peroxides, and acid halides.

Health Hazard
ACUTE/CHRONIC HAZARDS: When heated to decomposition it emits very toxic fumes.

Fire Hazard
Flash point data for Sodium dimethyldithiocarbamate are not available. Sodium dimethyldithiocarbamate is probably not flammable.

Safety Profile
Moderately toxic by ingestion and intraperitoneal routes. Mutation data reported. When heated to decomposition it emits very toxic fumes of NOx, SOx, and Na2O. See also CARBAMATES.

Potential Exposure
The slow release of poisonous gases from hydrolysis of many thio and dithiocarbamates requires the use of respirators during handling. Used as an antimicrobial/fungicidal agent in paints, water treatment; a registered biocide for cutting oils and aqueous systems in industries such as leather tanning and paper manufacturing. Used in the rubber industry as a vulcanization accelerator for making synthetic and natural rubbers (i.e., butadiene rubber, latex). Used as a fungicide on melons (tolerance set as 25 ppm). Also used as an indirect food additive for use only as a component of adhesives.

Shipping
UN2771 Dithiocarbamate and Thiocarbamate pesticides, solid, toxic, Hazard Class: 6.1; Labels: 6.1Poisonous materials. UN3077 Environmentally hazardous substances, solid, n.o.s., Hazard class: 9; Labels: 9-Miscellaneous hazardous material, Technical Name Required.UN3082 Environmentally hazardous substances, liquid, n.o.s., Hazard class: 9; Labels: 9-Miscellaneous hazardous material, Technical Name Required.

Purification Methods
Crystallise it from a small volume of H2O, or dissolve it in the minimum volume of H2O and add cold Me2CO, collect it and dry it in air. The solubility in Me2CO is 50g/400mL. The dihydrate loses H2O on heating at 115o to give the hemi-hydrate which decomposes on further heating [Kulka Can J Chem 34 1096 1956]. [Beilstein 4 IV 233.]

Incompatibilities
Sodium dimethyldithiocarbamate slowly decomposes in water, forming carbon disulfide, oxides of sulfur and nitrogen, hydrogen sulfide, ammonia, and amines, including methylamine; this decomposition is accelerated in the presence of acids. Flammable gases are generated by the combination with aldehydes, nitrides, and hydrides. Incompatible with acids, peroxides, and acid halides. Thiocarbamate esters are combustible. They react violently with powerful oxidizers such as calcium hypochlorite. Poisonous gases are generated by the thermal decomposition of thiocarbamate compounds, including carbon disulfide, oxides of sulfur, oxides of nitrogen, hydrogen sulfide, ammonia, and methylamine. Thio and dithiocarbamates slowly decompose in aqueous solution to form carbon disulfide and methylamine or other amines. Such decompositions are accelerated by acids. Flammable gases are generated by the combination of thiocarbamates with aldehydes, nitrides, and hydrides. Thiocarbamates are incompatible with carboxylic acid acids, peroxides, and acid halides.

Waste Disposal
Dispose of contents and container to an approved waste disposal plant. All federal, state, and local environmental regulations must be observed.
Sodium dimethyldithiocarbamate Preparation Products And Raw materials

Raw materials
Carbon disulfide Sodium hydroxide Dimethylamine

Preparation Products
Zinc dimethyldithiocarbamate 
AsoMate 
Tetramethylthiuram Disulfide


•    Dimethyl dithiocarbamate, sodium salt
•    Dimethyldithiocarbamic acid sodium salt, 40% solution
•    Sodiumdimethyldithiocarbamat
•    Sodium Dimethyl Dithiocarbamate (Sdd/Sdmc)
•    sodium dimethyldithiocarbamate solution
•    SMEC(MICTUREOF[128-04-1]AND[142-59-6])
•    Sodium N,N-dimethyldithiocarbamate 95%
•    (Dimethyldithiocarbamato)sodium
•    Sodium dimethylaminodithiocarbamate
•    DIRAM
•    dimethyl-carbamodithioic acid sodium salt
•    SodiuM DiMethyldithiocarbaMate (SDDC)
•    SodiuM diMethyldithiocarbaMate solution,~40% in H2O
•    noccelers
•    sancelers
•    sddc
•    sharstop204
•    sodam
•    sodiumdimethylaminocarbodithioate
•    sodiumdimethyl-dithiocarb
•    Sodiumdimethyldithocarbamate
•    sodiumdimethyldlthiocarbamate
•    SodiumN,N-dimethyldithiocarbaminate
•    sodiumn-dimethyl-dithiocarbaminate
•    sta-fresh615
•    sterisealliquid#40
•    thiostopn
•    vinditat
•    vinstop
•    vulnopolnm
•    SodiuM diMethyldithiocarbaMate (SDMC)
•    CarbaModithioic acid,N,N-diMethyl-,sodiuM salt (1:1)
•    Sodium dimethylcarbamodithioate 95%
•    Sodium dimethylcarbamodithioate
•    DIMETHYLDITHIOCARBAMIC ACID SODIUM SALT
•    DIMETHYLDITHIOCARBAMIC ACID SODIUM SALT DIHYDRATE
•    N,N-DIMETHYLDITHIOCARBAMATE SODIUM SALT
•    SODIUM N,N-DIMETHYLDITHIOCARBAMATE
•    SODIUM DIMETHYL DITHIOCARBAMATE
•    SODIUM DIMETHYLDITHIOCARBAMATE DIHYDRATE
•    SDMC
•    acetosdd40
•    alcobamnm
•    brogdex555
•    Carbamodithioicacid,dimethyl-,sodiumsalt
•    carbam-s
•    dibama
•    Dimethylcarbamodithioicacid
•    dimethyl-carbamodithioicacisodiumsalt
•    Dimethyldithiocarbamicacid
•    dimethyldithio-carbamicacisodiumsalt
•    dmdk
•    methylnamate
•    msl
•    wingstopb
•    SODIUM DIMETHYLDITHIOCARBAMATE 40% MIN
•    SODIUM DIMETHYLDITHIOCARBAMATE SOLUTION, ~40% IN WATER
•    Dimethyldithiocarbamic Acid Sodium


Alcobam Nm; Amersep Mp 3r; Carbam S; Carbamate; Ddc; Dibam; Dimethyldithiocarbamic Acid Sodium Salt; Diram; Febram; Methyl Namate; Msl; Nocceler S; Nocceler S 35; Nsc 49508; Nsc 70080; Preventol Z-L; Sanceler S; Sanceler S 40; Sdd; Sddc; Sharstop 204; Smc; Sodam; Thiostop N; Vinditat; Vulnopol Nm; Wing Stop B;Nabam

IUPAC NAME
disodium; N-[2-(sulfidocarbothioylamino)ethyl]carbamodithioate
sodium; N,N-dimethylcarbamodithioate


Dimethyl dithiocarbamate, sodium salt Dimethyldithiocarbamic acid sodium salt, 40% solution Sodiumdimethyldithiocarbamat Sodium Dimethyl Dithiocarbamate (Sdd/Sdmc) sodium dimethyldithiocarbamate solution SMEC(MICTUREOF[128-04-1]AND[142-59-6]) Sodium N,N-dimethyldithiocarbamate 95% (Dimethyldithiocarbamato)sodium Sodium dimethylaminodithiocarbamate DIRAM dimethyl-carbamodithioic acid sodium salt SodiuM DiMethyldithiocarbaMate (SDDC) SodiuM diMethyldithiocarbaMate solution,~40% in H2O noccelers sancelers sddc sharstop204 sodam sodiumdimethylaminocarbodithioate sodiumdimethyl-dithiocarb Sodiumdimethyldithocarbamate sodiumdimethyldlthiocarbamate SodiumN,N-dimethyldithiocarbaminate sodiumn-dimethyl-dithiocarbaminate sta-fresh615 sterisealliquid#40 thiostopn vinditat vinstop vulnopolnm SodiuM diMethyldithiocarbaMate (SDMC) CarbaModithioic acid,N,N-diMethyl-,sodiuM salt (1:1) Sodium dimethylcarbamodithioate 95% Sodium dimethylcarbamodithioate DIMETHYLDITHIOCARBAMIC ACID SODIUM SALT DIMETHYLDITHIOCARBAMIC ACID SODIUM SALT DIHYDRATE N,N-DIMETHYLDITHIOCARBAMATE SODIUM SALT SODIUM N,N-DIMETHYLDITHIOCARBAMATE SODIUM DIMETHYL DITHIOCARBAMATE SODIUM DIMETHYLDITHIOCARBAMATE DIHYDRATE SDMC acetosdd40 alcobamnm brogdex555 Carbamodithioicacid,dimethyl-,sodiumsalt carbam-s dibama Dimethylcarbamodithioicacid dimethyl-carbamodithioicacisodiumsalt Dimethyldithiocarbamicacid dimethyldithio-carbamicacisodiumsalt dmdk methylnamate msl wingstopb SODIUM DIMETHYLDITHIOCARBAMATE 40% MIN SODIUM DIMETHYLDITHIOCARBAMATE SOLUTION, ~40% IN WATER Dimethyldithiocarbamic Acid Sodium


Sodium Dimethyl Dithiocarbamate 40% solution


Synonyms
Dimethyl dithiocarbamate, sodium salt;
SDD; SDDC
Molecular Formula: C3H6NS2Na
CAS Number: 128-04-1
Molecular weight: 179


Applications

Sodium Dimethyl Dithiocarbamate is used as accelerator in the vulcanization of NR and SBR lattices. Sodium Dimethyl Dithiocarbamate is used as radical inhibitor in the polymerization of SBR. Sodium Dimethyl Dithiocarbamate is a highly effective bactericide and fungicide in controlling the growth of bacteria and fungi in industrial recirculating water cooling towers, evaporative condensers, paper mills, beet sugar mills, cane sugar mills, secondary and tertiary oil recovery, and drilling fluids.

Heavy metal removal for waste water.

Appearance: light yellow clear liquid.
Odor: ammonia
Assay: ≥ 40.0%
pH value: 9.0 ~ 12.5
Density: 1.17 ~ 1.19

Related Products List

Sodium Dimethyl Dithiocarbamate 40%Cas No. 128-04-1Sodium Dimethyldithiocarbamate 40%Sodium Dimethyl DithiocarbamateSodium Diethyl DithiocarbamateSodium Dimethyldithiocarbamate

Synonyms:
     carbamic acid, dimethyldithio- sodium salt (8CI)
     carbamodithioic acid, dimethyl-, sodium salt
     carbamodithioic acid, N,N-dimethyl-, sodium salt (1:1)
     dimethyl dithiocarbamate sodium salt
     dimethylcarbamodithioic acid sodium salt
     dimethylcarbamodithioic acid, sodium salt
     dimethyldithiocarbamate sodium salt
N,N-    dimethyldithiocarbamate sodium salt
     dimethyldithiocarbamate, sodium salt
     dimethyldithiocarbamic acid sodium salt
     dimethyldithiocarbamic acid, sodium salt
N,N-    dimethyldithiocarbamic acid, sodium salt
     sodium dimethylaminecarbodithioate
     sodium dimethylaminocarbodithioate
     sodium dimethylcarbamodithioate
     sodium dimethyldithiocarbamate
     sodium dimethyldithiocarbamates
     sodium N,N-dimethylcarbamodithioate
     sodium N,N-dimethyldithiocarbamate
     sodiumdimethyldithiocarbamate
     sta-fresh 615
     vinditat
     vinstop


ACETO SDD 40
ALCOBAM NM
AMERSEP MP 3R
BROGDEX 555
CARBAM S
CARBAMIC ACID, DIMETHYLDITHIO-, SODIUM SALT
CARBON S
DDC
DIAPROSIM AB 13
DIBAM
DIBAM A
(DIMETHYLDITHIOCARBAMATO)SODIUM
DIMETHYLDITHIOCARBAMIC ACID SODIUM SALT
DIMETHYLDITHIOCARBAMIC ACID, SODIUM SALT
DMDK
METHAMSODIUM
METHYL NAMATE
MIDFLOC 1300L
MSL
MSL (CARBAMATE)
N,N-DIMETHYLDITHIOCARBAMIC ACID SODIUM SALT
NOCCELER S
SANCELER S
SDDC
SHARSTOP 204
SODAM
SODIUM DIMETHYLAMINOCARBODITHIOATE
SODIUM DIMETHYLAMINODITHIOCARBAMATE
SODIUM DIMETHYLDITHIOCARBAMATE
SODIUM N,N-DIMETHYLDITHIOCARBAMATE
STAFRESH 615
STERISEAL LIQUID #40
THIOSTOP N
VINDITAT
VINSTOP
VULNOPOL NM
WING STOP B


Controlling bacteria in sugar processing plants
Abstract
Glutaraldehyde when combined with biocidally active dithiocarbamates is effective in controlling the growth of bacteria of the genus Leuconostoc present in sugar processing plants.

CONTROLLING BACTERIA IN SUGAR PROCESSING PLANTS 

This invention deals with the use of biocidally active chemicals which control the growth of Leuconostoc bacteria in the production of sugar.
Sucrose, which constitutes up to 2% of the weight of the cane or beet, is readily degraded by bacterial action. 
The first step in the degradation is the production of invert sugars, fructose and glucose.
The second step is the production of lactic acid under the conditions prevailing in beet sugar manufacture, or dextran, under the conditions common in the cane sugar mills. 
Since this degradation is primarily caused by bacteria, it is important to maintain control of microbial organisms throughout the mill to avoid loss of production of sucrose. Microbial activity also causes processing difficulties, such as filter blinding, slime formation, and odors. The primary cause of these bacteria generated problems is bacteria of the genus, Leuconostoc.
As the crops arrive at the mill they contain soil and trash accumulated during the harvesting operation. 
In the case of cane sugar harvested by pushers, similar to bulldozers, the refuse may constitute as much as 1 to 25X of the weight of the material delivered to the mill. 
This is not merely inert material; it represents a major source of bacterial inoculation since soil organisms are present with appreciable fecal matter from birds, rodents, and other small animals that live on the crop lands.
Because of this, washing is a critical operation to the preparation of raw materials going to further extraction processes. 
On the other hand, washing should not be excessive, as this leads to loss of sucrose in the wash water.
After washing, sucrose is extracted from the raw material. 
In cane sugar mills, this is usually done by crushing and milling the washed, cut cane stalks, producing juice containing approximately 12 to 15% sucrose. 
In the beet sugar industry, the beets are sliced into long, narrow pieces (cossettes), and the sucrose extracted by washing with water in diffusers at about 168 degrees Fahrenheit (7 degrees Centigrade). There is growing interest in the use of diffusers in place of crushers and mills in cane processing to reduce maintenance costs and improve yield. These impure sucrose solutions are raw sugar.
The cane stalks are pressed after initial crushing and milling to reclaim as much sugar as possible, and the remaining solids (called bagasse) are usually burned in boilers to generate steam.
Bagasse may also be used as a raw material for such products as insulation board or acoustical tile. 
In the beet sugar industry, the beet pulp residue is quite high in protein, and it may be mixed with some of the plant production of molasses for cattle feed.
As with most other natural products, there area variety of chemicals other than sucrose in the cane and beets. 
These must be removed from the raw sugar solutions to maximize the yield of sugar, minimize the production of molasses, and reduce taste-, color-, and odor-producing impurities. 
This is done in a purification or clarification step. Lime is used to precipitate these impurities, and the lime mud is removed by conventional solidslliquid separation devices. 
The mud is washed to reclaim as much sugar as possible, and it may then be (a) reburned to produce fresh lime, (b) returned to the fields for its fertilizer value (it often contains significant phosphate), or (c) sent to landfill.
The purified juice must be concentrated to produce a thick syrup, the form of sugar often used by the beverage industry, or to produce a crystalline product. 
The juice is concentrated by evaporation. Since it contains calcium from the lime treatment, a common problem in the industry is the formation of scale in the pans (simple steam-jacketed evaporators) or in the multiple effect evaporators.

THE DRAWINGS Fig.l shows the effectiveness of dithiocarbamates in controlling Leuconostoc species bacteria in sugar mill process environments.
Fig.2 shows the effectiveness of glutaraldehyde in controlling Leuconostoc species bacteria in sugar mill process environments.
Fig.3 shows that when a dithiocarbamate blend is combined with glutaraldehyde that improved control of Leuconostoc species bacteria in sugar mills is achieved at low dosages.

THE INVENTION 
The invention comprises a method for controlling bacteria of the genus, Leuconostoc in sugar processing plants. 
Specifically the method comprises treating the raw sugar prior to its clarification with a biocidally active amount of a composition comprising: 
a) a biocidally active dithiocarbamate and mixtures thereof; and.
b) Glutaraldehyde, with the weight ratio of a:b being within the range of 1:1 to 1:17.

THE BIOCIDAL ACTIVE DITHIOCARBAMATES 
The biocidal active dithiocarbamates are partially illustrated by the following compounds: 
a) Sodium dimethyldithiocarbamate 
b) Potassium dimethyldithiocarbamate 
c) Potassium-N-hydroxymethyl-N-methyl dithiocarbamate 
d) Potassium dimethyldithiocarbamate 
e) Disodium ethylene bis dithiocarbamate 
f) Sodium dimethyl dithiocarbamate 
g) Disodium cyanodithiocarbonate 
h) Sodium N-methyl dithiocarbamate 

The dithiocarbamates may be used as blends. 
A particularly effective blend is referred to hereafter as NABAM.
This is an industry recognized abbreviation for the following composition: Disodium ethylenebisdithiocarbamate 15% by weight Sodium dimethyl dithiocarbamate 15% by weight Water Balance 

DOSAGE AND RATIO OF NABAn TO GLUTARALDEHYDE 
In treating the sugar mills to prevent the growth of Leuconostoc species bacteria, it is necessary that the compositions used in the practice of the invention be added to the raw sugar prior to the clarification step. 
Typically, the compositions of the invention would be added to the extraction process in the initial processing of the sugar cane or the beets. 
A general dosage range of the compositions, based on active ingredients, is within the range of 5-188 ppm by weight.
Satisfactory results are frequently achieved using dosages within the range of 10-50 ppm with good results in most cases being achieved when the dosage is within the range of ler-30 ppm by weight.
In order to produce the synergistic effects of the invention the microbiocidally active carbamate, and, in particular, the NABAM, is combined in a weight ratio, based on active ingredients, to glutaraldehyde in a general ratio from 1:1 to 1:17. A preferred ratio of the NABAM to the glutaraldehyde is 1:3 to 1:8, with the most preferred range being 1:3 to 1:5.
One of the major advantages of the invention is that the blend of the biocidally active carbamates and the glutaraldehyde work very quickly to reduce the numbers of Leuconostoc bacteria in these sugar mill systems. When added prior to the clarification step, they provide a good biocidal prevention against Leuconostoc bacteria proliferation within the entire plant system.

EVALUATION OF THE INVENTION Inoculum: A bacterium isolated from sugar beet raw juice and belonging to the genus, Leuconostoc. was used as the test microorganism. 
The Leuconostoc bacterium was cultured at 3 degrees C. in 5 mL of a broth medium (lg sucrose, 25g Nail. lg tryptone, 5g. yeast extract, and .2g NaN3 per liter). 
The cells were washed once with sterile saline solution (0.85X NaCl) and resuspended in 12.5mL sterile saline.
Test Protocol: A 1:5 mixture of filter sterilized sugar beet raw juice and sugar beet pulp press water was inoculated with the resuspended Leuconostoc bacteria to a cell density of 16 colony forming units (CFU) per mL. 25mL volumes of the inoculated raw juice/pulp press water mixture was dispensed to vials containing the appropriate quantities of the carbamate and glutaraldehyde to achieve the following test matrix:: Carbamate Glutaraldehyde Glut./Carbamate only only combination No Biocide No Biocide No Biocide Sppm Sppm Sppml6ppm 18ppm lppm lppm\6ppm 2ppm 2ppm 20ppm/6ppm 5ppm 5ppm 5ppm\6ppm All biocide concentrations are shown as active ingredient (a. i.).
Each test vial was sampled at 1 hour, 3 hours1 and 24 hours. Surviving Leuconostoc bacteria were enumerated by standard microbiological techniques using sucrose/gelatin/azide agar incubated 48 to 72 hours at 30degrees C.
The Drawings show the results achieved using the above test procedure by comparing (CFU) v. Time of Exposure. 
Fig. 1 shows that NABAM gives only mediocre results even at high dosages.
Increasing the dosage did not substantially improve performance.
Fig. 2 illustrates that to be effective glutaraldehyde must be fed to the raw sugar at dosages of about 5 ppm or more. 
Fig. 3 demonstrates that as little as 6ppm of NABAM allows a much smaller amount of glutaraldehyde to give good results.


carbamic acid, dimethyldithio- sodium salt (8CI)
     carbamodithioic acid, dimethyl-, sodium salt
     carbamodithioic acid, N,N-dimethyl-, sodium salt (1:1)
     dimethyl dithiocarbamate sodium salt
     dimethylcarbamodithioic acid sodium salt
     dimethylcarbamodithioic acid, sodium salt
     dimethyldithiocarbamate sodium salt
N,N-    dimethyldithiocarbamate sodium salt
     dimethyldithiocarbamate, sodium salt
     dimethyldithiocarbamic acid sodium salt
     dimethyldithiocarbamic acid, sodium salt
N,N-    dimethyldithiocarbamic acid, sodium salt
     sodium dimethylaminecarbodithioate
     sodium dimethylaminocarbodithioate
     sodium dimethylcarbamodithioate
     sodium dimethyldithiocarbamate
     sodium dimethyldithiocarbamates
     sodium N,N-dimethylcarbamodithioate
     sodium N,N-dimethyldithiocarbamate
     sodiumdimethyldithiocarbamate
     sta-fresh 615
     vinditat
     vinstop


173.320 Chemicals for controlling microorganisms in cane-sugar and beet-sugar mills.
Agents for controlling microorganisms in cane-sugar and beet-sugar mills may be safely used in accordance with the following conditions:
(a) They are used in the control of microorganisms in cane-sugar and/or beet-sugar mills as specified in paragraph (b) of this section.
(b) They are applied to the sugar mill grinding, crusher, and/or diffuser systems in one of the combinations listed in paragraph (b) (1), (2), (3), or (5) of this section or as a single agent listed in paragraph (b) (4) or (6) of this section. 
Quantities of the individual additives in parts per million are expressed in terms of the weight of the raw cane or raw beets.

(1) Combination for cane-sugar mills:
Parts per million
Disodium cyanodithioimidocarbonate ........................ 2.5
Ethylenediamine ........................................................ 1.0
Potassium N-methyldithiocarbamate ......................... 3.5

(2) Combination for cane-sugar mills:
Parts per million
Disodium ethylenebisdithiocarbamate ....................... 3.0
Sodium dimethyldithiocarbamate .............................. 3.0

(3) Combinations for cane-sugar mills and beet-sugar mills:
Parts per million

(i) Disodium ethylenebisdithiocarbamate .................. 3.0
Ethylenediamine ........................................................ 2.0
Sodium dimethyldithiocarbamate .............................. 3.0
(ii) Disodium cyanodithioimidocarbonate ................... 2.9 

[Code of Federal Regulations]
[Title 21, Volume 3]
[Revised as of April 1, 2020]
[CITE: 21CFR173.320]

TITLE 21--FOOD AND DRUGS
CHAPTER I--FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION
DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES
SUBCHAPTER B - FOOD FOR HUMAN CONSUMPTION (CONTINUED)
PART 173 -- SECONDARY DIRECT FOOD ADDITIVES PERMITTED IN FOOD FOR HUMAN CONSUMPTION

Subpart D - Specific Usage Additives

Sec. 173.320 Chemicals for controlling microorganisms in cane-sugar and beet-sugar mills.
Agents for controlling microorganisms in cane-sugar and beet-sugar mills may be safely used in accordance with the following conditions:

(a) They are used in the control of microorganisms in cane-sugar and/or beet-sugar mills as specified in paragraph (b) of this section.

(b) They are applied to the sugar mill grinding, crusher, and/or diffuser systems in one of the combinations listed in paragraph (b) (1), (2), (3), or (5) of this section or as a single agent listed in paragraph (b) (4) or (6) of this section. Quantities of the individual additives in parts per million are expressed in terms of the weight of the raw cane or raw beets.

(1) Combination for cane-sugar mills:

Parts per million
Disodium cyanodithioimidocarbonate    2.5
Ethylenediamine    1.0
Potassium N-methyldithiocarbamate    3.5
(2) Combination for cane-sugar mills:

Parts per million
Disodium ethylenebisdithiocarbamate    3.0
Sodium dimethyldithiocarbamate    3.0
(3) Combinations for cane-sugar mills and beet-sugar mills:

Parts per million
(i) Disodium ethylenebisdithiocarbamate    3.0
Ethylenediamine    2.0
Sodium dimethyldithiocarbamate    3.0
(ii) Disodium cyanodithioimidocarbonate    2.9
Potassium N-methyldithiocarbamate    4.1
(4) Single additive for cane-sugar mills and beet-sugar mills.

Parts per million
2,2-Dibromo-3-nitrilopropionamide (CAS Reg. No. 10222-01-2). Limitations: Byproduct molasses, bagasse, and pulp containing residues of 2,2-dibromo-3-nitrilopropionamide are not authorized for use in animal feed    Not more than 10.0 and not less than 2.0.
(5) Combination for cane-sugar mills:

Parts per million
n-Dodecyl dimethyl benzyl ammonium chloride    0.05+/-0.005
n-Dodecyl dimethyl ethylbenzyl ammonium chloride    0.68+/-0.068
n-Hexadecyl dimethyl benzyl ammonium chloride    0.30+/-0.030
n-Octadecyl dimethyl benzyl ammonium chloride    0.05+/-0.005
n-Tetradecyl dimethyl benzyl ammonium chloride    0.60+/-0.060
n-Tetradecyl dimethyl ethylbenzyl ammonium chloride    0.32+/-0.032
Limitations. Byproduct molasses, bagasse, and pulp containing residues of these quaternary ammonium salts are not authorized for use in animal feed.

(6) Single additive for beet-sugar mills:

Parts per million
Glutaraldehyde (CAS Reg. No. 111-30-8)    Not more than 250.
(c) To assure safe use of the additives, their label and labeling shall conform to that registered with the Environmental Protection Agency.

[42 FR 14526, Mar. 15, 1977, as amended at 47 FR 35756, Aug. 17, 1982; 50 FR 3891, Jan. 29, 1985; 57 FR 8065, Mar. 6, 1992]


PREVENTOL Z
Aqueous solution of approx. 42 % sodium dimethyl dithiocarbamate (SDDC).
Microbicide for the sugar industry. 
Preventol Z is used for controlling the growth of microorganisms in sugar mills.
Additive for the rubber industry. 
Preventol Z is a short-stopper for the emulsion polymers SBR and NBR.
Slimicide for industrial recirculating cooling water systems. 
Preventol Z also has application in pulp and paper mills.
Waste water treatment (chemical for precipitation of heavy metals in the metalworking/galvanic industry).
Inter alia registered in Europe, Switzerland, Australia and Japan.

Germany and the EU :
EC-No. (EINECS) 204-876-7

Switzerland :
BAG.T No.: 61498

USA :
TSCA listed
FDA
$173.320 - Component of process aids in sugar manufacture
$175.105 - Adhesives based on polymers in indirect contact with foodstuffs
176.300 - Slimicides in the manufacture of paper and cardboard in indirect contact with foodstuffs
$177.2600 - Rubber articles in indirect contact with foodstuffs FIFRA The product is not registered.


BIOCIDES
KEBOCID 310
Biocide for the Beet and Cane Sugar Industry

Technical Data
Description: slightly yellowish liquid
Density at 25°C (g/cm3): approx. 1.2
pH-Value (100 g/l water): approx. 8.5 – 10.5
Solubility in water at 20°C: miscible

Application and Properties
KEBOCID 310 is a broad spectrum biocide on the basis of dithiocarbamates which is added in the extraction area at the sugar processing to avoid losses in sucrose caused by microorganisms. The broad spectrum of action of KEBOCID 310 ensures the inactivation of bacteria, yeasts and fungi.

Packing
250 kg barrels
1.100 kg container


BUSAN 1027
Technical processing aid in beet sugar mills

Product characteristics
Sodium dimethyldithiocarbamate: 35 – 50 %
Inert ingredients: 50 – 65 %
Density at 25°C: 1.18 g/ml
pH: 9 – 10
Shelf life: 6 months

General
Busan 1027 is a technical processing aid for the sugar industry that is effective in the control of bacteria that cause sucrose losses, troublesome slimes, and bad odors during the manufacture of beet sugar.

Application
Busan 1027 can be used in beet sugar mills to treat the wash water (used to wash the beet roots), the diffuser system, and the raw juice.
In diffuser systems, Busan 1027 should be added continuously to the diffuser water supply. 
If the diffuser system is not treated with Busan 1027 and the raw juice from the diffuser has to be stored for 1 to 3 days during a mill shutdown, the raw juice should be treated with Busan 1027. This treatment will help prevent spoilage of the juice during storage.
Busan 1027 is more effective when added to juice having a pH value below 5.5. 
Higher juice temperatures (up to about 65°C) will also increase its effectiveness.

Product Information PREVENTOL Z for the sugar industry.

Uses
Microbicide for the sugar industry. Preventol Z prevents sugar degradation by Leuconostoc species, thereby improving the cost-effectiveness of the sugar extraction process.
Chemical and physical data
Composition : aqueous solution of sodium dimethyl dithiocarbamate
Description : pale yellow liquid, anionic
Specification*
Assay (volumetric CS₂ -Separate) : 40.0 - 42.0 %
Alkalinity (calc, as NaOH) : max. 0.1%
pH (undiluted) : 9 - 10
Density (20 ºC) : 1.170 - 1.185 g/cm³
Colour index : max. 3

Specification values are subject to constant monitoring. Only data given in the current edition of the "Specification" are binding.

Characteristic data**
Vapour pressure (20 ºC) : approx. 20 mbar
Viscosity (20 ºC) : approx. 4.8 mPa-s
Crystallisation point : approx. 5 ºC
Solidification point : approx. -5 ºC DIN 51556
Flash point : not possible to carry out due to the vapour pressure of the water
Ignition temperature : >50 ºC DIN 51794
Stability range : pH 7-13
Solubility : miscible with water and lower alcohols in any ratio

** Characteristic data provide further information about the product and are not subject to constant monitoring. They are therefore not binding.

Storage
If correctly stored and kept in the orignal sealed package, the shelf life is 1 year, Avoid tempratures under +10 ºC and over 40 ºC. The product is sensitive to frost bewlow +5ºC. Below +10 ºC, parts of the product myay crystallise which can be solved by warming up th products to 35 - 40 ºC. During storage a small amount of seiment may form.

Application
The metabolism of thermophilic bacteria may cause sugar loss during Saccharose extraction from sugar beet or sugar cane. The use of microbicides in necessary to prevent the cost-effectiveness of the sugar extraction process being significantly reduced. The range of microorganisms in raw sugar cane juice normally comprises around 60 - 70% Leuconostoc and Bacillus strains, 10 % other bacteria and yeasts. The Leuconostoc species are responsible for the biggest losses in the sugar extraction process. Owing to the heterogeneous composition of microorganisms, the degradation of saccharose occurs in varing ways, which makes assessment of saccharose loss very complex. With its active ingredient sodium dimethyl dithiocarbamate, Preventol Z is a proven microbicide with a broad spectrum of activity.

Suggested additions
Preventol Z should be dosed at the points where increased microorganism growth is particularly marked. Important metering points may be the juice tanks in the mills. Experience has shown the application concentration to lie between 16 and 25 ppm Preventol Z in the raw juice.
When determining the application concentration of Preventol Z, it is necessary to take into account the quality of raw meterial being processed and the hygenic condictions, for example in the mills.

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