CITRIC ACID MONOHYDRATE

CAS Number: 5949-29-1
Molecular Weight: 210.14
Linear Formula: HOC(COOH)(CH2COOH)2 · H2O

Citric acid monohydrate is an organic acid. 
Citric acid monohydrates molar enthalpy of solution in water has been reported to be ΔsolHm (298.15K, m = 0.0203molkg-1) = (29061±123)Jmol-1. 
Citric acid monohydrate can be produced by crystallization from mother liquor of citric acid solution at 20-25°C during citric acid synthesis. 
An investigation of its crystal growth kinetics indicates that growth is linearly dependent on size.
Citric acid monohydrate is a natural fruit acid that stabilizes wine and improves the acid balance of the wine

Citric acid monohydrate is a weak organic acid produced by citrus fruits. 
Citric acid plays a partial role in physiological oxidation of carbohydrates, proteins and fats to CO2 and H2O. 
Citric acid can be used to prepare a citrate buffer. 
Citrate has displayed anticoagulant activities via calcium chelation. 
As a calcium chelator, citrate can form complexes that prevent blood from clotting.

Citric Acid Monohydrate E330 is used in Food, Beverage, Pharmaceutical, Health & Personal care products, Agriculture/Animal Feed/Poultry. 
Citric Acid Monohydrate is a common form of citric acid. 
Citric acid monohydrate E330 is mainly used as an acid condiment, flavoring agent and preservative in food and beverage and as pharmaceutical excipients in pharmaceutical industry. 
Citric acid monohydrate is also used as antioxidant, plasticizer and detergent builder in chemical, cosmetics and detergent industries.

Citric acid monohydrate is used as an anticoagulant in blood banks, acidulant (beverages, confectionery, cheese, effervescent salts, pharmaceutical syrups, elixirs, effervescent powders, and tablets), antioxidant, sequestering agent to remove trace metals, and mordant to brighten colors.
Citric acid monohydrate is also used to make alkyd resins and in electroplating, special inks, and analytical chemistry.

Application
Citric acid monohydrate was used in the preparation of citric acid solution employed in the acetone method of 68Ga pre-purification and radiolabeling technique.
Citric acid is a naturally occurring fruit acid, produced commercially by microbial fermentation of a carbohydrate substrate. 
Citric acid is the most widely used organic acid and pH-control agent in foods, beverages, pharmaceuticals and technical applications.
Citric acid monohydrate occurs as colourless crystals or as white, crystalline powder with a strongly acidic taste. 
Citric acid monohydrate is efflorescent in dry air, very soluble in water, freely soluble in ethanol (96 %) and sparingly soluble in ether.
Citric acid monohydrate is non-toxic and has a low reactivity. 
Citric acid monohydrate is chemically stable if stored at ambient temperatures. 
Citric acid monohydrate is fully biodegradable and can be disposed of with regular waste or sewage.

Applications of Citric acid monohydrate:
•Citrate buffer preparations can be used in electrophoresis of microbial enzymes
•Unmasking of antigens and epitopes
•Acidifier
•Chelating Agent

Jungbunzlauer International AG offers a wide variety of products which includes citric acid monohydrate. 
Citric acid monohydrate is a natural occurring fruit acid, produced commercially by microbial fermentation of a carbohydrate substrate. 
Citric acid monohydrate is the most widely used organic acid and pH-control agent in foods, beverages, pharmaceuticals and technical applications. 
Citric acid monohydrate is very soluble in water, freely soluble in ethanol (96 %) and sparingly soluble in ether. 
Citric acid monohydrate is fully biodegradable and can be disposed of with regular waste or sewage. 
Citric acid monohydrate is available in various granulations. 
Applications: food, beverages, personal care, cleaners & detergents, industrial applications, healthcare, feed & pet food.

Citric Acid Monohydrate stabilizer is a fruit acid found in nature. 
Citric acid monohydrate has been specially selected for application in the beverages industry to stabilize wine as well as improve acid balance.
By using stabilization products, the beverages are microbiologically and chemically/physically stabilized and their shelf life is increased.

Citric acid monohydrate, as sour additive , flavoring and preservatives in food& beverage such as soft drink , steam water, candy,Biscuit,canned , fruit jam&juice,and as the antioxidant in the oil.
Citric Acid Anhydrous is the water-free form of the commonly known Citric Acid. 
This ingredient is odorless and colorless and exists in a crystalline form as a solid. 
Produced naturally and synthetically, Citric Acid in anhydrous and other forms serves an essential purpose in human functions.

Function&Application:
-In the food industry, Citric acid monohydrate is used as the acidulant in the making of soda, candy, biscuit, can, jam, juice and so on. 
Citric acid monohydrate can be used as the antioxidant of grease. 
-In the medicine industry, Citric acid monohydrate is the raw material of many pharmaceuticals, such as ferric ammonium citrate (blood tonic), sodium citrate (blood transfusion agent) and so on. 
-Citric acid is also used as the acidulant in lots of medicines. 
-In the chemical industry, Citric acid monohydrate can be taken as the non-toxic plasticizer to make the plastic film of food package. 
-Citric acid monohydrate can be used as both the auxiliary agent in the industrial and civil detergent to make nuisanceless detergent and the retarder in concrete.

Citric acid monohydrate may be used:
As release-modifying agent to improve the release of diltiazem hydrochloride from melt extruded Eudragit RS PO tablets.
To prepare citrate buffer for use in the preparation of platelets for intravital microscopy.
To prepare Tris-citrate buffer employed for the electrophoresis of bacterial enzymes.

Chemical Properties
Citric acid monohydrate occurs as colorless or translucent crystals, or as a white crystalline, efflorescent powder. 
Citric acid monohydrate is odorless and has a strong acidic taste. 
The crystal structure is orthorhombic. 
monohydrate crystals lose water of crystallization in dry air or when heated to about 40 to 50 °C. 
Citric acid monohydrate softens at 75 °C and melts at approximately 100 °C.
Citric acid monohydrate is a natural preservative and is used to add an acidic, or sour, taste to foods and soft drinks.
Citric acid monohydrate acts as a preservative and antioxidant. 
Citric acid monohydrate is also used as an acidulant, flavoring agent and antistaling agent in fruit drinks, candy, cookies, biscuits, canned fruits, jams, and jellies. 
Citric acid monohydrate differs from other forms of citric acid by having a moisture percentage ranging from 7.5-9.0.

Uses
Citric Acid Monohydrate is used as an Acidulate, Food additive, Pharmaceutical application and as a synergist in antioxidant mixtures.
Citric Acid Monohydrate is a tricarboxylic acid found in citrus fruits. 
Citric acid is used as an excipient in pharmaceutical preparations due to its antioxidant properties. 
Citric acid monohydrate maintains stability of active ingredients and is used as a preservative. 
Citric acid monohydrate is also used as an acidulant to control pH and acts as an anticoagulant by chelating calcium in blood.

Production Methods
Citric acid occurs naturally in a number of plant species and may be extracted from lemon juice, which contains 5–8% citric acid, or pineapple waste. 
Anhydrous citric acid may also be produced industrially by mycological fermentation of crude sugar solutions such as molasses, using strains of Aspergillus niger . 
Citric acid is purified by recrystallization; the anhydrous form is obtained from a hot concentrated aqueous solution and the monohydrate from a cold concentrated aqueous solution.

Pharmaceutical Applications
Citric acid (as either the monohydrate or anhydrous material) is widely used in pharmaceutical formulations and food products, primarily to adjust the pH of solutions. 
Citric acid monohydrate has also been used experimentally to adjust the pH of tablet matrices in enteric-coated formulations for colon-specific drug delivery. 
Citric acid monohydrate is used in the preparation of effervescent granules, while anhydrous citric acid is widely used in the preparation of effervescent tablets. 
Citric acid has also been shown to improve the stability of spray-dried insulin powder in inhalation formulations.
In food products, citric acid is used as a flavor enhancer for its tart, acidic taste. 
Citric acid monohydrate is used as a sequestering agent and antioxidant synergist. 
Citric acid monohydrate is also a component of anticoagulant citrate solutions. 
Therapeutically, preparations containing citric acid have been used to dissolve renal calculi.

Biotechnological Applications
Citric acid monohydrate was used in the preparation of citric acid solution employed in the acetone method of 68Ga pre-purification and radiolabeling technique.

Citric acid monohydrate may be used:
As release-modifying agent to improve the release of diltiazem hydrochloride from melt extruded Eudragit RS PO tablets.
To prepare citrate buffer for use in the preparation of platelets for intravital microscopy.
To prepare Tris-citrate buffer employed for the electrophoresis of bacterial enzymes.

In Food
Citric Acid Monohydrate E330 is widely used as organic acid and pH-control agent, flavoring and preservative in food production in candy, cookies, biscuits, canned fruits, jams, and jellies, Baby Food, Infant Formula, Bakery, Cereals, Snacks, Confectionery, Dairy, Desserts, Ice Cream, Meat, Seafood, Ready Meals, Instant Food, Sauces, Dressings, Seasonings.

In Beverage
Citric Acid Monohydrate E330 can be used as acidity regulator and antioxidant in beverage such as in Alcoholic Beverages, Carbonated Soft Drinks, Instant Drinks, Syrups, Juice Drinks, RTD Tea and Coffee, Sports and Energy Drinks, Waters

In Pharmaceutical
Citric Acid Monohydrate E330 can be used as thrombin inhibitor and fungicide in Pharmaceutical.

In Health and Personal care
Citric Acid E330 is used in cosmetics and personal care products as a preservative and to adjust the ph balance. 
Citric acid is also one of a group of ingredients known as alpha hydroxy acids that are used as the active ingredients in chemical skin peels. 
citric acid was used in almost every category of cosmetic product with over 10,000 reported uses. 
Citric Acid can be used in baby products, make-up, lipstick, bath products, soaps and detergents, hair dyes and colors, and hair and skin care products.

In Agriculture/Animal Feed/Poultry
Citric Acid Monohydrate E330 can be used as antioxidant and ph regulator in Agriculture/Animal Feed/Poultry feed such as in broiler feed, chicken feed.

In Other Industries
Citric Acid Monohydrate E330 is widely used as cleansing agent, surfactant in various other industries.
-As cleansing agent: in plumbing cleaning to remove scale.
-As anti crease agent: in textile to prevent formaldehyde contamination.
-As additive: in plastic manufacturing to improve mechanical properties.
-As concrete retardant: in construction to improve concrete quality.

Storage
Store citric acid in its originally bottle or container undiluted. 
Keep the acid at a relative humidity of 50 percent and in a temperature range of 50 to 86 degrees Fahrenheit. 
Temperatures above 104 degrees Fahrenheit can cause citric acid in granular form to harden. 
Do not add water or any other liquid to the acid, this reduces its potency. 
Follow any and all recommendations and warnings on the acid’s bottle or container. 
The acid can irritate your skin and eyes, so keep it out of your eyes, mucus members and any open cuts or wounds.

Origins
Citric acid is extracted from fruits and vegetables including lemons, limes, oranges, tomatoes and grapefruits. 
The acid is even produced in refineries by combining molasses, dextrose and cane sugar. 
Citric acid, like other ingredients and foods, is regulated and approved by the US Food and Drug Administration and European food regulatory agencies for use in food and medical industries.

Solubility
The acid is extremely soluble in water. 
Citric acid also blends easily in foods, creams and medicines. 
No special catalyst is needed to break down the acid. 
After dissolving, the acid’s flavor is still present, Citric acid monohydrates level of flavoring varies depending on how much you added to the liquid or substance you dissolved it in.

Additional Uses
Citric acid is also used to stabilize other ingredients, taste and color when cooking; in bread making to add flavoring; as a astringent; and to adjust the pH level, the measure of the acidity, in water and liquids. 
The acid is biodegradable; it metabolizes quickly within the human body and is then eliminated.

Safety
Citric acid is found naturally in the body, mainly in the bones, and is commonly consumed as part of a normal diet. 
Orally ingested citric acid is absorbed and is generally regarded as a nontoxic material when used as an excipient. 
However, excessive or frequent consumption of citric acid has been associated with erosion of the teeth.
Citric acid and citrates also enhance intestinal aluminum absorption in renal patients, which may lead to increased, harmful serum aluminum levels. 
Citric acid monohydrate has therefore been suggested that patients with renal failure taking aluminum compounds to control phosphate absorption should not be prescribed citric acid or citrate-containing products.

Citric Acid (2-Hydroxy-1,2,3-propanetricarboxylic acid, in IUPAC naming) is a colourless crystalline organic compound belong to carboxylic acid family. 
Citric acid monohydrate exists in all plants (especially in lemons and limes) and in many animal tissues and fluids. 
In biochemistry, Citric acid monohydrate is involved in important metabolism of almost all living things; the Krebs cycle (also called citric acid cycle or tricarboxylic acid cycle), a part of the process by which animals convert food to energy. 
Citric acid works as a preservative ( or as an antioxidant) and cleaning agent in nature. 
Citric acid monohydrate is commercially obtained by fermentation process of glucose with the aid of the mold Aspergillus niger and can be obtained synthetically from acetone or glycerol. 
Citric acid monohydrate can be used as an sour taste enhancer in foods and soft drinks. 

The three carboxy groups lose protons in solution; resulting in the excellent pH control as a buffer in acidic solutions. 
Citric acid monohydrate is used as a flavouring, stabilizing agent and acidulant (to control acidity) in food industry, in metal-cleaning compositions as it chelates metals. 
Citric acid is available in forms of anhydrous primarily and in monohydrate, the crystallized form from water. 
The hydrated form will be converted to the anhydrous form above 74 C.
Citrate is a salt or ester of citric acid. 
Citrates are formed by replacing the acidic one, two, or all three of the carboxylic hydrogens in citric acid by metals or organic radicals to produce an extensive series of salts, esters, and mixed (double) salts. 
Cirrates are used in food, cosmetics, pharmaceutical and medicine industries as well as in plastic industry; nutrient or food additives having functions of acidity regulator, sequestering and stabilizing agent, antioxidants synergist, firming agent; anticoagulant for stored whole blood and red cells and also for blood specimens as citrates chelate metal ions and saline cathartics, effervescent medicines; high boiling solvent, plasticizer and resin for food contact plastics.

storage
Citric acid monohydrate loses water of crystallization in dry air or when heated to about 408℃. 
Citric acid monohydrate is slightly deliquescent in moist air. 
Dilute aqueous solutions of citric acid may ferment on standing.

Purification Methods
Crystallise Citric acid monohydrate from hot H2O solution (w/w solubility is 54% at 10o, 71% at 50o and 84% at 100o. 
The monohydrate (softens at ~75o and melts at ~100o) dehydrates in air or when heated gently above 40o . 
The triethylester ( M 276.3, b 127o/1mm, 294o/atm, d 4 1.137, n D 1.4420.) is a bitter tasting oil. 

Incompatibilities
Citric acid is incompatible with potassium tartrate, alkali and alkaline earth carbonates and bicarbonates, acetates, and sulfides. 
Incompatibilities also include oxidizing agents, bases, reducing agents, and nitrates. 
Citric acid monohydrate is potentially explosive in combination with metal nitrates. 
On storage, sucrose may crystallize from syrups in the presence of citric acid.

Regulatory Status
GRAS listed. The anhydrous form is accepted for use as a food additive in Europe. 
Included in the FDA Inactive Ingredients Database (inhalations; IM, IV, and other injections; ophthalmic preparations; oral capsules, solutions, suspensions and tablets; topical and vaginal preparations). 
Included in nonparenteral and parenteral medicines licensed in Japan and the UK. 
Included in the Canadian List of Acceptable Non-medicinal Ingredients.

Quality Level: 200
grade: ACS reagent
assay: ≥99.0%
impurities:
Substances carbonizable by hot sulfuric acid, passes test
≤0.005% Insoluble matter
ign. residue: ≤0.02%
pKa: 3.13, 4.76, 6.4
solubility:
H2O: soluble 54 % (w/w) at 10 °C (Citric acid in water)
H2O: 59.2 % (w/w) at 20 °C (Citric acid in water)
H2O: 84.0 % (w/w) at 100 °C (Citric acid in water)

Care Citric Acid Monohydrate may be used for various culinary purposes including jam making, flavouring, etc. 
Citric acid monohydrate can also be used in wine production to help prevent cloudiness.

How to use:
For preparing a solution for household cleaning purposes add Care Citric Acid in water. 
Stir gently and let the Citric Acid dissolve completely. 
This can be used with every day household cleaning such as doors, windows and household furniture.
This can also be used as a food preservative, Citric acid monohydrate can help keep Tomatoes firm. 
Add ½ tablespoon of Citric Acid for every quart of Tomatoes you will be cleaning.

anion traces:
chloride (Cl-): ≤0.001%
oxalate (C2O42-): passes test (limit about 0.05%)
phosphate (PO43-): ≤0.001%
sulfate (SO42-): ≤0.002%
cation traces:
Fe: ≤3 ppm
Pb: ≤2 ppm
SMILES string: OC(CC(O)(C(O)=O)CC(O)=O)=O.O
InChI: 1S/C6H8O7.H2O/c7-3(8)1-6(13,5(11)12)2-4(9)10;/h13H,1-2H2,(H,7,8)(H,9,10)(H,11,12);1H2
InChI key: YASYEJJMZJALEJ-UHFFFAOYSA-N

Citric Acid Monohydrate is a white crystalline powder. 
This product acts as a preservative and antioxidant. 
Citric acid monohydrate is also used as an acidulant, flavoring agent and antistaling agent in fruit drinks, candy, cookies, biscuits, canned fruits, jams, and jellies. 
Citric acid monohydrate differs from other forms of citric acid by having a moisture percentage ranging from 7.5 - 9.0.

Citric acid monohydrate
5949-29-1
Citric acid hydrate
2-hydroxypropane-1,2,3-tricarboxylic acid hydrate
CITRIC ACID, MONOHYDRATE
1,2,3-Propanetricarboxylic acid, 2-hydroxy-, monohydrate
UNII-2968PHW8QP
MFCD00149972
2968PHW8QP
CHEBI:31404

Citric acid is a weak acid found naturally in citrus fruits like lemons and oranges. 
Citric acid monohydrates sour and tangy flavor, along with its neutralizing properties and preservative qualities, make Citric acid monohydrate a popular ingredient in a range of products including food items, beverages, pharmaceuticals, cosmetics, and cleaning agents.
Although citric acid is commonly available in solid form, as crystalline powder, you may have applications for which a liquid form is preferable.

Advantages
-The purest product available
-For targeted acid enrichment of wines and basic champagne wines (please observe your local regulations for appropriate dosage amounts)
-For acid harmonization in the production of fruit- or vegetable-based beverages (please observe your local regulations)

2-hydroxypropane-1,2,3-tricarboxylic acid;hydrate
SBB068612
2-Hydroxy-1,2,3-propanetricarboxylic acid monohydrate
Acidum citricum monohydricum
Citric acid monohydrate (USP)
Citric acid monohydrate [USP]
Citric acid monohydrate, 99+%, ACS reagent
Citric acid monohydrate, 99.5%, for analysis

Citric Acid Monohydrate is an acidic compound from citrus fruits; as a starting point in the Krebs cycle, citrate is a key intermediate in metabolism. 
Citric acid is one of a series of compounds responsible for the physiological oxidation of fats, carbohydrates, and proteins to carbon dioxide and water. 
Citric acid monohydrate has been used to prepare citrate buffer for antigen retrieval of tissue samples. 
The citrate solution is designed to break protein cross-links, thus unmasking antigens and epitopes in formalin-fixed and paraffin embedded tissue sections, and resulting in enhanced staining intensity of antibodies. 
Citrate has anticoagulant activity; as a calcium chelator, Citric acid monohydrate forms complexes that disrupt the tendency of blood to clot. 

citrate hydrate
C6H8O7.H2O
citric acid water
water citric acid
Citric acid (TN)
ACMC-20alep
monohydrate citric acid
citric acid mono-hydrate
SCHEMBL22721
Citric acid hydrate (JP17)

Citric acid is a food preservative and an ingredient in products including cosmetics, pharmaceuticals and beverages. 
The acid is available for purchase from both online and area health food stores, pharmacies and retail superstores. 
Citric acid has a shelf life of three years from the date of manufacture. 
The acid’s chemical makeup and potency remains stable for at least five years in Citric acid monohydrates original closed container.

Product application
Synonyms:           
Glacial acetic acid; Acetic acid solution; acetic acid 50%;  acetic acid, of a concentration of more than 10 per cent, by weight, of acetic acid; Acetic Acid Glacial BP; Natural Acetic Acid; Acetic acid (36%); Acetic acid, food grade; Acetic Acid Glacial; GAA; Acetic Acid, Glacial 

Citric acid monohydrate is a colourless liquid that when undiluted is also called glacial acetic acid. 
Citric acid monohydrate has a distinctive sour taste and pungent smell.
Acetic acid uses:  Additive in industrial explosives in Mining.
Other uses include use of acetic acid in the production of vinyl acetate monomer,  acetic anhydride and ester production. 

Chemical gassing agents -In the case of emulsion explosives, using Acetic acid can accelerate the gassing process. 
The chemically gassed emulsions may take 40 – 50 minutes for completion of gassing within the blast holes, particularly when the emulsion is colder.
In cases where acetic acid is used, Citric acid monohydrate is added to the emulsion prior to gassing, the desired amount of acid is mixed in the emulsion, before adding the gasser.
A gassing solution comprising sodium nitrite in water together with the selected enol compound and acetic acid is introduced into the emulsion explosive at the blast hole by entraining the gassing solution into a stream of the emulsion explosive using pumps.
The solution pH is an important parameter in the gassing of emulsion explosives due to the high cost associated with acid addition therefore a pH value should preferably be maintained at 4.1 or below.

Assay Percent Range: 1%
Linear Formula: C6H8O7·H2O
Density: 1.542g/mL
Formula Weight: 210.15
Packaging: Solid
Color: White
Quantity: 100g
Chemical Name or Material: Citric Acid, Monohydrate

Citric acid is a weak organic acid. 
Citric acid monohydrate is a natural preservative and excellent chelating agent. 
Citric acid monohydrate is used to remove limescale from boilers and evaporators and can be used to soften water.
Citric acid is widely used as a pH adjusting agent in creams and gels and can be used as a successful alternative to nitric acid in passivation of stainless steel.

CHEMBL2107737
DTXSID7074668
EBD9925
Citric acid monohydrate, Ultrapure
AKOS015918207
Citric acid monohydrate, p.a., 99.5%
AK142751
BS-17269
Citric acid monohydrate, AR, >=99.5%

Alternate Names:2-Hydroxy-1,2,3-propanetricarboxylic acid monohydrate
Application:Citric Acid Monohydrate is a useful buffer component for antigen and epitope unmasking
CAS Number:5949-29-1
Purity:≥98%
Molecular Weight:210.14
Molecular Formula:C6H8O7•H2O

Citric acid is one of the most widespread in the plant kingdom acids and occurs as a metabolite found in all organisms. 
Lemon juice contains citric acid, for example, 5-7%. 
But is also found in apples, pears, cherries, raspberries, blackberries, currants, in conifers, fungi, tobacco, wine, and even in the milk. 
Industrial is one of citric acid by fermentation of sugar-containing raw materials such as molasses and corn ago. 
For the fermentation Aspergillus niger strains are used. 
Citric acid acts not only by its acidic action, but also by the formation of a calcium complex. 
Citric acid monohydrate is frequently used in cleaning agents to avoid the unpleasant smell of the vinegar cleaner. 
Citric acid may be used for example for descaling kettles, immersion heaters, faucets, shower heads, dishwashers and washing machines. 
In addition to being mostly used acidifier citric acid is used in the food industry for a number of other technological applications. 
Citric acid supports the reddening of meat and also improves the baking properties of dough and flour.

Product Information
soft drinks
confectionery, Jam, marmalade, jelly
Ice cream and desserts
Fruit Juices and Fruit Nectars (within 3 or 5g / l)
cut packaged vegetables, fruits and peeled potatoes
Cheese and Meat Products
pasta
Water softener and fabric softener alternative
for the passivation of stainless steel
Accelerator for the curing of cementitious materials
as rust remover
in many technical applications

Main Usage
Citric Acid is mainly used as acidulant, flavoring agent, preservative and antistaling agent in food and beverage industry. 
Citric acid monohydrate is also used as antioxidant, plasticizer and detergent in chemical,cosmetics and cleaning industries.

Citric acid is weak organic acid. 
Citric acid monohydrate is natural preservative, Citric acid monohydrate is also used for addition of acid taste for foodstuff and soft drinks. 
In biochemistry, basis of interface of citric acid - citrate, Citric acid monohydrate is important as intermediate link in cycle of citric acid which occurs in metabolism of all aerobic organisms.

Citric acid is chemical goods, and more than one million tons are made every year by fermentation. 
Citric acid monohydrate is used generally as podkislitel, as seasoning, and as the helatiruyushchy agent.

At the room temperature, citric acid represents white crystal powder. 
Citric acid monohydrate can exist either in anhydrous form or in the form of monohydrate.

Citric acid represents white crystal powder, flavourless, well soluble in water. Has been open in 1784 and it was developed from citrus. 
Now for production of citric acid cheaper raw materials on the basis of beet are used. 
Is issued with different degree of purity for use in different types of the industry. 
In natural look meets in the nature in juice of citrus fruits. 
Citric acid (E330) is included into the list of the food supplements allowed for use in foodstuff and drinks. 
Citric acid is the acidity regulator, antioxidant, and also synergist of antioxidants. 

Citric acid monohydrate can also be used as the dispersing and making small additive. 
Possesses pleasant flavor. 
Solubility in water - 162 g / 100 ml at 25 °C. 
Citric acid monohydrate is subject to thermal destruction. 
The beginning of carbonization at 170 °C. 
Citric acid monohydrate is subject to full biodisintegration. 
Can cause irritation of mucous membranes of airways, stomach, and also skin surface and eyes. 
The Limonka is widely applied in food, medical, chemical and other types of the industries. 
Citric acid for 70% plays role of podkislitel in the food industry, mainly thanks to its good solubility, low level of toxicity, harmlessness for environment and ability to mix up with other chemicals.

Storage
Kept in a light-proof, well-closed, dry and cool place
Because Citric acid monohydrate E472c-77-92-9 moderate, brisk acidity, generally used for a variety of beverages, soft drinks, wine, candy, snacks, biscuits, canned fruit juices, dairy and other food manufacturing. 
In all organic market, E472c more than 70% market share, until now, no one can replace E472c-77-92-9 of the sour agent. 
Part of crystal water is mainly used for soft drinks, juices, jams, canned fruit sugar and acid flavor, E472c also be used as edible oil anti-oxidants. 
While improving the sensory properties of food, appetite and promote the calcium and phosphorus absorption material. 
E472c used extensively for solid drink. 
E472c-77-92-9 salts such as calcium citrate and ferric citrate are certain foods you need to add calcium and iron ions enhancer. 
E472c E472c three ethyl esters as plasticizers can be used for non-toxic, food packaging, plastic film, E472c the beverage and food industry, sour agents, preservatives.
In the medical industry, E472c-77-92-9 is a lot of drugs, such as citric acid piperazine (lumbricide), ferric ammonium citrate (blood), sodium citrate (blood transfusion pharmaceutical) materials. 
In addition, E472c also be used as acidifier in many medicines;
In the chemical industry, E472c-77-92-9 citric acid ester plasticizer can use non-toxic, the food packaging plastic film;
In other areas, E472c-77-92-9 detergent used in industrial and civil pollution-free detergent builder; E472c for concrete retarder; also widely used in electroplating, leather, printing inks, printing industry, blue and so on.

M189
DB-053400
FT-0623958
Citric acid monohydrate, BioXtra, >=99.5%
C12649
Citric acid monohydrate, LR, 99.5-100.5%
Citric acid monohydrate, technical, crystalline
D01222
Citric acid monohydrate, ACS reagent, >=99.0%
Citric Acid, Monohydrate, Crystal, Reagent, ACS
2-hydroxypropane-1,2,3-tricarboxylic acid, hydrate
Citric acid monohydrate, JIS special grade, >=99.5%
Citric acid monohydrate, SAJ first grade, >=99.5%
Q27114303

Citric acid is a weak organic acid commonly used in the food, cosmetic and pharmaceutical industry. 
The parent base of citric acid, citrate, is a component of the Krebs cycle, and occurs naturally during metabolism in all living organisms. 
Citric acid monohydrate is found naturally in citrus fruit such as lemons and limes and is used as a natural preservative. 
Monohydrate citric acid has one water molecule as part of Citric acid monohydrate's chemical formula, and exists as a white powder.

Citric acid monohydrate, Vetec(TM) reagent grade, >=98%
1,2,3-Propanetricarboxylic acid, 2-hydroxy-, hydrate (1:1)
Citric acid monohydrate, reagent grade, >=98% (GC/titration)
Citric acid monohydrate, >=99.5%, suitable for amino acid analysis
Citric acid monohydrate, European Pharmacopoeia (EP) Reference Standard
Citric acid monohydrate, p.a., ACS reagent, reag. ISO, reag. Ph. Eur., 99.5-100.5%
Citric acid monohydrate, puriss. p.a., ACS reagent, reag. ISO, reag. Ph. Eur., buffer substance, 99.5-102%
Citric acid monohydrate, puriss., meets analytical specification of Ph. Eur., BP, USP, E330, 99.5-100.5% (based on anhydrous substance), grit

Application Notes
Citric acid acts as an iron chelator. 
Citric acid monohydrate can support cholesterol/sterol, ubiquinone and isoprenoid biosynthesis in cell culture applications. 
In animals, citric acid improves the utilization of nutritional calcium. 
Citric acid monohydrate is a useful buffer component.

CAS No.5949-29-1
Chemical Name:Citric acid monohydrate
Synonymscitric;ACETONUM;ACETONE D;PROPANONE;FEMA 3326;Ctric Acid;ACETONE 300;ACETONE 5000;EXTRAN AP 22;METHYL KETONE
CBNumber:CB3235573
Molecular Formula:C6H10O8
Formula Weight:210.1388
MOL File:5949-29-1.mol

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CAS Number: 5949-29-1
Molecular Weight: 210.14
Chemical Formula: C6H8O7H2O
Solubility: Water
Storage Temperature: Room Temperature
Shipping Weight: 1.2399 lbs
Shipping Dimensions: 3.50 x 7.00 x 3.50

Citric acid monohydrate is used in the preparation of citrate buffer in platelets for intravital microscopy. 
Citric acid monohydrate acts as a pH-control agent in foods, beverages and pharmaceuticals applications. 
Citric acid monohydrate acts as an iron chelator. 
In animals, Citric acid monohydrate improves the utilization of nutritional calcium. 
Citric acid monohydrate is a useful buffer component for antigen and epitope unmasking. 
Citric acid monohydrate is also used as an acidifier, flavoring agent and chelating agent.

Melting point:-94 °C(lit.)
Boiling point:56 °C760 mm Hg(lit.)
Density 0.791 g/mL at 25 °C(lit.)
vapor density 2 (vs air)
vapor pressure 184 mm Hg ( 20 °C)
refractive index n20/D 1.359(lit.)
Flash point:1 °F
storage temp. Store at RT.
solubility Citric Acid Monohydrate is very soluble in water, freely soluble in ethanol and sparingly soluble in ether.
form Solid
pka3.138, 4.76, 6.401
Specific Gravity0.810 (20/4℃)
color White
PH1.85 (50g/l, H2O, 25℃)
Water Solubility 1630 g/L (20 oC) ;H2O: soluble 54% (w/w) at 10°C (Citric acid in water)
Sensitive Hygroscopic
Merck 14,2326
BRN 4018641
Stability:Stable. Incompatible with oxidizing agents, bases, reducing agents, nitrates.
InChIKeyYASYEJJMZJALEJ-UHFFFAOYSA-N
CAS DataBase Reference5949-29-1(CAS DataBase Reference)
FDA UNII2968PHW8QP
NIST Chemistry ReferenceCitric acid monohydrate(5949-29-1)
EPA Substance Registry System1,2,3-Propanetricarboxylic acid, 2-hydroxy-, hydrate (1:1) (5949-29-1)

Formula: C6H8O7.H2O / HOOCCH2C(OH)(COOH)CH2COOH.H2O
Molecular mass: 210.1
Decomposes at 175°C
Melting point: 135°C
Density: 1.5 g/cm³
Solubility in water, g/100ml at 20°C: 59.2
Auto-ignition temperature: 1010°C
Octanol/water partition coefficient as log Pow: -1.72  

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