POLYSORBATE 40

E 434 = POLYSORBATE 40 = TWEEN 40 = polyoxyethylene 20 sorbitan monopalmitate = Polyoxyethylene (20) sorbitan monopalmitate = Polyoxyethylene Sorbitan Mono Palmitate
EC / List no.: 618-421-9
CAS no.: 9005-66-7

PRODUCT: Polysorbate 40
CAS #: 9005-66-7
SYNONYM: POLYSORBATE 40; POLYOXYETHYLENE SORBITAN MONOPALMITATE; POLYOXYETHYLENE GLYCOL SORBITAN MONOPALMITATE; POLYOXYETHYLENE (20) SORBITAN MONOPALMITATE; TWEEN 40; TWEEN NO 40; TWEEN(R) 40; crill7;Polyoxyethylene sorbitan monopalmitate;
Polyoxyethylene sorbitan monopalmitate (9005-66-7)

Polysorbate 40 is a nonionic surfactant used as an emulsifier. It is soluble in water and its addition to a product makes it more fluid.

Tween 40 is an ethoxylated sorbitan ester based on a natural fatty acid (palmitic acid). This ethoxylate is highly effective at stabilising dispersions.

Polysorbate 40 is an emulsifier and stabilizer of essential oils in water. It is also a detergent and employed in a variety of cleansing and moisturizing preparations.


Polysorbate 40 is a 100% bio-based non-ionic surfactant used as versatile O/W emulsifier, dispersing agent, functional carrier fluid, and solubiliser for applications ranging from decorative and industrial coatings to adhesives and liquid colourants.

Chemical Description
Ethoxylated sorbitan ester

 
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Functions
Dispersant
Emulsifier
Wetting agent
Applications
Artist Paints
Automotive
Emulsification

Synonyms

Polyoxyethylene Sorbitan Monopalmitate
Tween 40

 

Uses

Emulsifiers
Cosmetics
Topical medications
Surfactants
Dispersing agents
Defoamers
Oral and parenteral medicatons


Polysorbate 40 is a 100% bio-based, non-ionic surfactant used as versatile O/W emulsifier, dispersing agent, functional carrier fluid and solubilizer. 

Polysorbate 40 is designed for inks, paints, decorative and industrial coatings. 
It is easy to handle with good environmental and health profile. 
Polysorbate 40  is compatible with acrylic, vinylic, epoxy, natural oils, waxes, esters, polyesters and polyurethane. 

Product Type    
Wetting Agents / Wet Edge Enhancers > Surfactants
Emulsifiers > Oil in Water (o/w)
Dispersing Agents > Surfactants-like


polyethyleneglycol sorbitan monopalmitate
Polysorbate 40
Sorbitan, monohexadecanoate, poly(oxy-1,2-ethanediyl) derivs.
Polyoxyethylenesorbitan monopalmitate


Applications OF POLYSORBATE 40 in LUBRICANTS : 

Hydraulic fluids fire resistant - HFA
Hydraulic fluids fire resistant - HFB
Hydraulic fluids fire resistant - HFC
Hydraulic fluids fire resistant - HFD-U
Metal cleaning - solvent based
Metal cleaning - water based alkaline
MWF - neat oil
MWF - synthetic
MWF - water-miscible
Rust preventatives

Features and benefits of POLYSORBATE 40 in LUBRICANTS: 

Effective at low treat rates Efficient formulations
Emulsion stability Longer life, increased productivity
Food contact - Use in food manufacturing industry
Hard water tolerant - Reduced product maintenance
Low foam- Improved performance
NSF HX-1 registered product - Suitable for use in the food manufacturing industry


Polysorbate 40 is an oil-in-water emulsifier for use in skin care, hair care and decorative cosmetics. 
The Tween Series of surfactants are polyoxyethylene derivatives of the Span™ Series products. 
Tween surfactants are hydrophilic, generally soluble or dispersible in water, and soluble in varying degrees of inorganic liquids. 
They are widely used in personal care applications. 

Polysorbate 40 is used as a co-solvent and wetting agent. It appears as a yellow pasty liquid.


Polysorbate 40, also known as PEG 40 and Polyoxyethylene Sorbitan Monopalmitate, is a polyoxyethylene derivative of sorbitol, ethylene oxide as a petroleum derivative and palm oil in the form of palmitic acid. 
Polysorbate 40 is a surfactant and an emulsifying agent. Polysorbate 40 helps to reduce surface tension of the substances to be emulsified. 
Polysorbate 40 also helps with the dissolution of an ingredient (solute) in a medium in which it is not otherwise soluble.

Polysorbate 40 is used in skin care products and and as an skincare freshners.


Polysorbate 40 is an emulsifier derived from fatty acids, and natural oils and used as synthetic flavourings, surfactants, defoaming agents and dough conditioners. It may increase the absorption of fat-soluble substances.

Uses:  Polysorbate 40 used as emulsifier, stabiliser in a large range of foods including chewing gum, ice cream, soft drinks. Also used in a wide range of detergents, pharmaceuticals and beauty and skin products.

Emulsifiers, Stabilisers, Thickeners and Gelling Agents.

E434 is a synthetic compound, produced from ethylene oxide (a synthetic compound), sorbitol (see E420) and palmitic acid (a natural fatty acid). 
Polysorbate 40 is used as an anti foaming agent and fat-soluble antioxidant.

Polysorbate 40 is found in desserts, sugar confectionery.


Polysorbate 40 is used as an emulsifier for dairy products.

POLYSORBATE 40 is a polymer composed of PEG-ylated sorbitan, where the total number of poly(ethylene glycol) units is 20 (w + x + y + z = 20) and a single terminal is capped by a palmitoyl group.
Polysorbate 40 is a sorbitan fatty acid ester ethoxylate and is an effective emulsifier.


Polyoxyethylene Sorbitan Mono Palmitate

Polysorbate 40 functions as O/W emulsifier and Wetting agent in chemical formulations.

Polysorbate 40 is a surface-active substance that is used as an emulsifier and wetting agent in foods, cosmetics and pharmaceuticals.

POLYSORBATE 40
POLYSORBATE 40 is classified as :
Emulsifying
Surfactant

Polysorbate 40 is used as emulsifier, foaming agent, lubricant, solubilizing agent, antistatic agent, washing agent, penetrating agent, dispersing agent, degreasing agent and chemical intermediate in the industry.


Polysorbate 40 or monopalmitate polyoxyethylene (20) sorbitan , known commercially as Tween 40 , is a surfactant type polysorbate whose stability and relative non-toxicity allows it to be used as a detergent and emulsifier in numerous domestic, scientific, food, industrial, cosmetic and pharmacological. 
Polysorbate 40 is a food additive approved by the European Union, for use in Food and identified as E 434.

Chemical properties
Polysorbate-40 is a nonionic surfactant that has an HLB value of 15.6, making it suitable for the production of oil-in-water emulsions and as a humectant .
It is also stable in electrolyte solutions , as well as weak acids and bases. The effects of some antibiotics and preservatives can be inhibited by this additive.

Polysorbate 40 is a compound derived from the ethoxylation of sorbitan and its subsequent monosterification with palmitic acid . 
The hydrophilic groups of this nonionic surfactant are polyethers , with a total of 20 ethylene oxides per molecule.

Other related substances
Polysorbate 20
Polysorbate 60
Polysorbate 65
Polysorbate 80


Polysorbate 40 is a non-ionic, hydrophilic surfactant produced by reacting the ethylene oxide with polyol and sorbitol. 
Then the polyoxyethylene sorbitan is reacted with fatty acids, resulting in the formation of polyoxyethylene sorbitan mono-oleate. 
Fatty acids are derived from vegetable fats and oils such as oleic acid, stearic acid, palmitic acid, and lauric acid. 
It is also known as polyoxyethylene sorbitan mono-oleate or polyoxyethylene (20) sorbitan monopalmitat. 
Polysorbate 40 has a wide range of applications such as surface coating type antistatic agents, emulsifier for water based metal process cutting oils, emulsifier for adjuvant of agrochemicals, stabilizer for emulsion polymerizations, stabilizer for color materials, emulsifier for pharmaceuticals, fragrances solubilizer, detoxifying agent in shampoos, emulsifier and conditioning agent in cosmetics. 


Tween 40
Old Tradename
Crillet 2

PEG-20 Sorbitan Monopalmitate

Tween 40 is an ethoxylated (20) sorbitan ester based on a natural fatty acid (palmitic acid). 
Polysorbate 40 is highly effective at forming O/W emulsions, particularly when used in combination with its non-ethoxylated derivative, Span 40.


Applications
Hard Surface Cleaning
Industrial & Institutional Cleaning
Vehicle Care
Waxes & Polishes
Functions
Emulsifier
Solubiliser


Synonyms: Polyethylene Glycol Sorbitan Monohexadecanoate;Polyethyleneglycol Sorbitan Monopalmitate; Polyethylene Glycol-Sorbitan Monopalmitateadduct;Sorbitan,Monopalmitate,Polyoxyethylene Derivs (8ci);Crill 7;Crillet 2;Durfax 60;E434;Emsorb 6910;Emulgen Twp 120

Tween™ 40 is an oil-in-water emulsifier for use in skin care, hair care and decorative cosmetics. 
The Tween™ Series of surfactants are polyoxyethylene derivatives of the Span™ Series products. 
Tween™ surfactants are hydrophilic, generally soluble or dispersible in water, and soluble in varying degrees of inorganic liquids. 
They are widely used in personal care applications. This grade is used as a co-solvent and wetting agent. It appears as a yellow pasty liquid.


Property              
Surfactant Type    
Nonionic        

HLB: 16    
Cloud Point : > 70 °C          
Physical Form at 25°C: Paste


Tween 40
Polyoxyethylene (20) sorbitan monopalmitate

Product Description
Tween 40 is a sorbitan fatty acid ester ethoxylate and is an effective emulsifier.

polyoxyethylene 20 sorbitan monopalmitate
polysorbate 40
Tween 40


POLYSORBATE 40 is a Dispersing Agent , Emulsifying Agent , Solubilizing Agent , Stabilizing Agent , Surfactant - Hydrotrope , Wetting Agent used in chemical formulations.

CAS Number: 9005-66-7
Chem/IUPAC Name: Sorbitan, monohexadecanoate, poly(oxy-1,2-ethanediyl) derivs.

Use: Emulsifier and conditioning agent (low substantive effect). Detoxifying agent in shampoos (low irritation). Fragrances solubilizer.
Use: Polysorbate 40 is commonly used as a wetting agent.
Use: Emulsifier for pharmaceuticals and cosmetics, Stabilizer for color materials, Stabilizer for emulsion polymerizations, Emulsifier for adjuvant of agrochemicals, Emulsifier for water based metal process cutting oils, Surface coating type antistatic agents.

POLYSORBATE 40 is used as a emulsifier, dispersant, penetrant, levelling agent, lubricant, antistat for textiles, cosmetics, pharmaceutical, polishes, insecticides, herbicides.

Usually inert substances added to a prescription in order to provide suitable consistency to the dosage form. These include binders, matrix, base or diluent in pills, tablets, creams, salves, etc. (See all compounds classified as Excipients.)

Medical Subject Headings (MeSH)
Surface-Active Agents
Agents that modify interfacial tension of water; usually substances that have one lipophilic and one hydrophilic group in the molecule; includes soaps, detergents, emulsifiers, dispersing and wetting agents, and several groups of antiseptics. (See all compounds classified as Surface-Active Agents.)


Solubility: Polysorbate 40 is soluble in water, ethanol, methanol, ethyl acetate and acetone. Polysorbate 40 is insoluble in mineral oil


The major factor driving the global polysorbate 40 market include growing industry such as food & beverages, personal care, cosmetic, textile, pharmaceuticals. 
Moreover growing dyes and pigment market is also influencing the global polysorbate 40 market.

POLYSORBATE 40 is emulsifier, dough improver, crystallisation retarder, solubiliser, stabiliser, flavour dispersant, wetting agent, fruit or vegetable coating, defoamer for yeast/sugar Polysorbates are a class of emulsifiers used in some pharmaceuticals and food preparation. 
They are often used in cosmetics to solubilize essential oils into water-based products. 
Polysorbates are oily liquids derived from PEG-ylated sorbitan (a derivative of sorbitol) esterified with fatty acids. 

Synonym: Polyethylene glycol sorbitan monopalmitate, Polyoxyethylene sorbitanmonopalmitate
Polysorbate 40
POLYOXYETHYLENE SORBITAN MONOPALMITATE
9005-66-7
Crillet 2
Glycosperse p-20
Crill 7
Durfax 60
Radiasurf 7145
Emsorb 6910
Tween(R) 40

Nissan Nonion PT-221

UNII-4NR71FN0IA
UNII-STI11B5A2X
4NR71FN0IA
Sorbimacrogol palmitate 300
STI11B5A2X
CCRIS 701
Sorbitan polyethoxy monopalmitate
HSDB 1928
Ethoxylated sorbitan monopalmitate
Sorbitan, monohexadecanoate, poly(oxy-1,2-ethanediyl) derivs.
Polysorbate 40 [USAN:INN:BAN:NF]
Polyoxyethylene 20 sorbitan monopalmitate
Polyethylene glycol sorbitan monopalmitate
Polyoxyethylene (80) sorbitan monopalmitate
Sorbitan, monopalmitate polyoxyethylene deriv.
Sorbitan monopalmitate polyethylene glycol ether
Sorbitan, monopalmitate, polyoxyethylene derivs
Polyethylene glycol (80) sorbitan monopalmitatey
Polyethylene glycol-sorbitan monopalmitate adduct


Based on the end-use industry, the global polysorbate 40 market is segmented into:

Food and Beverages Industry
Personal Care Industry
Cosmetic Industry
Pharmaceutical Industry
Textiles Industry
Others (Herbicides, Insecticides, and Polishes)

Based on the application, the global polysorbate 40 market is segmented into:

Surfactants
Emulsifiers
Antistat Agent
Lubricant
Levelling Agent
Penetrant
Dispersant


APPEARANCE
Yellow to amber liquid

FUNCTION
Polysorbate 40 is is used as an excipient in pharmaceutical applications to stabilize emulsions and suspensions. 
Polysorbate 40 is also used in the textile industry as antistatic agents and fibre lubricants.

SYNONYMS
Polysorbate 40 NF; Polyoxyethylene sorbitan monopalmitate; Tween 40; Polyoxyethylene (20) Sorbitan Monopalmitate


General description
Polyoxyethylenesorbitan monopalmitate, or TWEEN 40, is a non-ionic detergent.

Application
Non-ionic detergent used for cell lysis, nuclei isolation and cell fractionation.

Polyoxyethylenesorbitan monopalmitate, or TWEEN 40, has been used in a study to assess the determination of iodide in urine based on a chemiluminescence system. 
It has also been used in a study to investigate the delivery of astaxanthin and canthaxanthin to HepG2 cells

Polysorbate 40
    
Tween 40 ( trade name )
Polyoxyethylene (20) sorbitan monopalmitate ( IUPAC )
Sorbitan monohexedecanoate 
E 434
Molecular formula    C 62 H 122 O 26
Brief description    
light yellowish, odorless, gel-like to liquid substance 

External identifiers / databases
CAS number: 9005-66-7    

properties
Molar mass: 1283.63 g mol −1
Physical state    
gel-like to liquid 

density    
1.08 g cm −3 (20 ° C) 

solubility    
soluble in water, ethanol (anhydrous), methanol , ethyl acetate and toluene 

Properties 
Polysorbate 40 is a hydrophilic, nonionic surfactant that is produced synthetically. 
Because of its HLB value of 15.6, it is therefore suitable for the production of oil-in-water (O / W) emulsions. 
The yellowish liquid has a viscosity of 400 to 600 mPas (25 ° C) [2] and a flash point of over 113.0 ° C (measurement method: closed cup).

Polysorbate 40 is stable to electrolytes as well as weak acids and bases . 
Some antibiotics and preservatives can be inhibited in their effectiveness . 
The effect of atmospheric oxygen leads to auto-oxidation of the substance. 
In the process, peroxides are initially formed, which react to form aldehydes , carboxylic acids and other degradation products that cannot yet be determined. 

Usage 
In pharmacy and food technology, polysorbate 40 is used as a wetting agent , solubilizer, O / W emulsifier and to stabilize foams. 
It is approved in the EU as a food additive (number E 434 ) for certain foods in quantities of up to five grams per kilogram or up to ten grams per kilogram in baking fats. 
The permitted daily dose is 10 milligrams per kilogram of body weight for all polysorbates combined.

Particularly pure qualities are required for drug manufacture, in pharmacopoeia specified.

Manufacturing 
The esterification of sorbitol and its anhydrides ( sorbitan ) with palmitic acid produces sorbitan fatty acid esters . 
This reacts with ethylene oxide in a polyaddition , whereby polyoxyethylene bridges are formed, to form the polysorbate .

Ecological information 
Polysorbate 40 has an LC 50 value of> 1000 mg / l in 48 h in Japanese rice fish ( Oryzias latipes ). 

Related substances 
Other representatives from the group of polysorbates include:

Polysorbate 20
Polysorbate 60
Polysorbate 65
Polysorbate 80


Polysorbates are a class of emulsifiers used in some pharmaceuticals and food preparation. 
They are often used in cosmetics to solubilize essential oils into water-based products.
Polysorbates are oily liquids derived from ethoxylated sorbitan (a derivative of sorbitol) esterified with fatty acids.


Polysorbates are also commonly used as emulsifiers in the food industry (salad dressing, ice cream) and in cosmetics, pharmaceuticals, detergents, paints, and plastic applications.


EMULSIFIERS | Organic Emulsifiers


Sorbitan Fatty Acid Esters
Polyoxyethylene sorbitan esters are synthesized by the addition, via polymerization, of ethylene oxide to sorbitan fatty acid esters. 
These nonionic hydrophilic emulsifiers are very effective antistaling agents and, thus, are used in a wide variety of bakery products. 
These emulsifiers are much more widely known as the polysorbates, e.g., polysorbate 20, 60, and 80. 
Polysorbate 20, 60, and 80 utilize lauric, stearate, and oleate, respectively, for the fatty acid portion of the molecule.
Polysorbate 60 is a monostearate, whereas polysorbate 65 is a tristearate.

Polysorbate 20 (polyoxyethylene (20) sorbitan monolaurate)
Polysorbate 40 (polyoxyethylene (20) sorbitan monopalmitate)
Polysorbate 60 (polyoxyethylene (20) sorbitan monostearate)
Polysorbate 80 (polyoxyethylene (20) sorbitan monooleate)
The number 20 following the 'polyoxyethylene' part refers to the total number of oxyethylene -(CH2CH2O)- groups found in the molecule. 
The number following the 'polysorbate' part is related to the type of fatty acid associated with the polyoxyethylene sorbitan part of the molecule. 
Monolaurate is indicated by 20, monopalmitate is indicated by 40, monostearate by 60, and monooleate by 80.


See also
Sorbitan monolaurate
Sorbitan monostearate
Sorbitan tristearate


Polysorbate (Tween 20/40/60/65/80)
Product Name: Polysorbate (Tween 20/40/60/65/80)

Appearance:White powder


Package:200g/Drum


Product description: Polysorbates are a class of emulsifiers used in pharmaceuticals ,cosmetic and food preparation. 
It has more hydrophilic groups in the molecule, so it is highly HLB value.It is often used as an oil-in-water (O/W) type emulsifier.

Product details

        Polysorbates are hydrophilic emulsifying agents, of which polysorbate 20 is more hydrophilic than polysorbate 60 and polysorbate 80, and polysorbate 65 is more lipophilic than the others. It is often used as an oil-in-water (O/W) type emulsifier. It can be combined with other emulsifiers such as sodium lauryl sulfate or a disc. The stability of the emulsion.

(1) Polysorbate 20
English name: Polyoxyethylene (20) Sorbitan monolaurate or Polysorbate 20
Code name: Polyoxyethylene sorbitan monolaurate (Tween 20)
Appearance:light yellow to yellow oily liquid
HLB Value:   16.7
CAS number: 9005-64-5
Chemical formula: C58H114O26

(2) Polysorbate 40
English name: Polyoxyethylene (20) Sorbitan Monopalmitate or Polysorbate 40
Code name: Polyoxyethylene sorbitan monopalmitate (Tween 40)
Appearance:yellow clear oily liquid
 HLB Value:   15.6
CAS number: 9005-66-7
Chemical formula: C62H122O26

(3) Polysorbate 60
English name: Polyoxyethylene (20) Sorbitan Monostearate or Polysorbate 60
Code name: Polyoxyethylene sorbitan monostearate (Tween 60)
Appearance:yellow clear oily liquid or paste
HLB Value:   14.9
CAS number: 9005-67-8
Chemical formula:  C64H126O26 

(4) Polysorbate 65
English name: Polyoxyethylene (20) Sorbitan Tristearate or Polysorbate 65
Code name: Polyoxyethylene sorbitan tristearate (Tween 65)
Appearance:yellow clear oily liquid or paste
HLB Value:   10.5
CAS number: 9005-71-4
Chemical formula:C100H194O26 

(5) Polysorbate 80
English name: Polyoxyethylene (20) Sorbitan Monooleate or Polysorbate 80
Code name: Polyoxyethylene sorbitan monooleate (Tween 80)
Appearance:yellow clear oily liquid
HLB Value:   15
CAS number: 9005-65-6
Chemical formula:  C64H124O26 


What Is It?
Polysorbate 20 and the other Polysorbate ingredients (Polysorbate 21, Polysorbate 40, Polysorbate 60, Polysorbate 61, Polysorbate 65, Polysorbate 65, Polysorbate 80, Polysorbate 81, Polysorbate 85) are a series of general purpose hydrophilic, nonionic surfactants. 
The Polysorbates are used in a variety of products including skin fresheners, skin care products, skin cleansing products, makeup bases and foundations, shampoos, permanent waves and fragrance powders.

Why is it used in cosmetics and personal care products?
The Polysorbate ingredients help other ingredients to dissolve in a solvent in which they would not normally dissolve. 
They also help to form emulsions by reducing the surface tension of the substances to be emulsified.

Scientific Facts: 
Polysorbates are surfactants that are produced by reacting the polyol, sorbitol, with ethylene oxide. 
The number in the name of the Polysorbate indicates the average number of moles of ethylene oxide that has been reacted per mole of sorbitol. 
The polyoxyethylenated sorbitan is then reacted with fatty acids obtained from vegetable fats and oils such as lauric acid, palmitic acid, stearic acid and oleic acid. 
Polysorbates function to disperse oil in water as opposed to water in oil


Polysorbates are a class of emulsifiers used in some pharmaceuticals and food preparation. 
They are often used in cosmetics to solubilize essential oils into water-based products. 
Polysorbates are oily liquids derived from ethoxylated sorbitan (a derivative of sorbitol) esterified with fatty acids. 
Common brand names for polysorbates include Kolliphor[1], Scattics, Alkest, Canarcel, and Tween.


Examples
Polysorbate 20 (polyoxyethylene (20) sorbitan monolaurate)
Polysorbate 40 (polyoxyethylene (20) sorbitan monopalmitate)
Polysorbate 60 (polyoxyethylene (20) sorbitan monostearate)
Polysorbate 80 (polyoxyethylene (20) sorbitan monooleate)
The number 20 following the 'polyoxyethylene' part refers to the total number of oxyethylene -(CH2CH2O)- groups found in the molecule. The number following the 'polysorbate' part is related to the type of fatty acid associated with the polyoxyethylene sorbitan part of the molecule. Monolaurate is indicated by 20, monopalmitate is indicated by 40, monostearate by 60, and monooleate by 80.

See also
Sorbitan monolaurate
Sorbitan monostearate
Sorbitan tristearate

Synonyms:
     hetsorb p-20
2-[2-[3,4-bis(2-    hydroxyethoxy)oxolan-2-yl]-2-(2-hydroxyethoxy)ethoxy]ethyl dodecanoate
     kaopan TW-P-120
     liposorb p-20
     lonzest SMP-20
     monebatt - 40
     poe-20 sorbitan monopalmitate
     polyoxyethylene (20) sorbitan monopalmitate
     rheodol TW-P120
     sorbimacrogol palmitate 300
     tween 40

polisorbato Español    
polysorbate    
polysorbate Français    
Polysorbate 40    
polysorbatum L    
Synonyms     Sources
Polyoxyethylene (20) sorbitan monopalmitate    
Tween 40


FOOD ADDITIVES
polyoxyethylene sorbitan monolaurate (E 432)
polyoxyethylene sorbitan monooleate (E 433)
polyoxyethylene sorbitan monopalmitate (E 434)
polyoxyethylene sorbitan monostearate (E 435)
polyoxyethylene sorbitan tristearate (E 436) 

POLYSORBATE 20, 40, 60 AND 80
Polysorbates are derived from ethoxylated sorbitan (a derivative of sorbitol) esterified with fatty acids and exist as oily liquids. 
These Polysorbates belong to the class of emulsifiers used in pharmaceuticals and food preparations (salad dressing, ice cream, chocolates, baked goods and confectionery). 
They are used in cosmetics to solubilize essential oils into water-based products, pharmaceuticals, detergents, paints, and plastic applications. 
These Polysorbates surfactants consist primarily of oleic, stearic or lauric fatty acid esters with sorbitol-derived cyclic ethers (sorbitans and sorbides) and further polymerized with approximately 20 molecules of oxirane per molecule of Polysorbates.

Polysorbate 20 (polyoxyethylene (20) sorbitan monolaurate)
Polysorbate 40 (polyoxyethylene (20) sorbitan monopalmitate)
Polysorbate 60 (polyoxyethylene (20) sorbitan monostearate)
Polysorbate 80 (polyoxyethylene (20) sorbitan monooleate)
The number following the 'polysorbates' part reflects the type of fatty acid connected with the polyoxyethylene sorbitan part of the molecule. 
Monolaurate is indicated by 20, monopalmitate is indicated by 40, monostearate by 60, and monooleate by 80. 
The number 20 following the 'polyoxyethylene' part refers to the total number of oxyethylene -(CH2CH2O)- groups found in the molecule.


Polysorbate 20 (commercially called Tween 20) is derived from sorbitol, a natural sugar alcohol and forms a polysorbate-type nonionic surfactant by the ethoxylation of sorbitan (derived from the dehydration of sorbitol) before the addition of lauric acid. 
Polysorbate 20 is relatively nontoxic and stable therefore can be used as a emulsifier and detergent in a number of domestic, scientific, and pharmacological applications. 
Tween 20 functions as a good wetting agent having food application in flavoured mouth drops, providing a spreading feeling to other added flavour ingredients. 
In biochemical applications, polysorbate 20 finds use as washing agent in immunoassays, solubilizing agent for membrane proteins, and lysis solutions for mammalian cells. 
While in the pharma sector, it functions as an excipient helping to stabilize emulsions and suspensions. 
The Cosmetics Ingredient Review (CIR) Expert Panel evaluated the scientific data and concluded that polysorbate 20 is safe for use in cosmetic formulations.

Tween 80 (Polysorbate 80) is an amber/golden-colored water-soluble viscous liquid. 
It is manufactured from polyethoxylated sorbitan (derived from the dehydration of sorbitol, a sugar alcohol) and oleic acid, a fatty acid found in animal and vegetable fats. 
Due to this structure, polysorbate 80 forms an approximate hydrophilic-lipophilic balance of 15. 
The final products are free from genetically modified organisms and of vegetable origin. 
Polysorbate 80 (or E433) is a non-ionic surfactant and emulsifier find use in foods as emulsifier for salad dressings and chocolates, in cosmetics for preparing skin, facial cleansers and hair care products, and to disperse active ingredients in pharmaceuticals benefiting the pharmacological industry.

The solubility of Polysorbate 80 allows it to assist in dissolving ingredients that would remain solid under normal circumstances. 
In foods like ice cream, Polysorbate 80 is added up to 0.5% (v/v) concentration to make the ice cream smoother and easier to handle, as well as increasing its resistance to melting. 
Vitamins, tablets, and supplements also contain Polysorbate 80 because of its preservative nature. 
Polysorbate 80 being a nonionic surfactant is used in soaps and cosmetics (including eyedrops), or as solubilizer in mouthwashes.

In order to get the same wonderful colors you use in your other bath and body products, add Polysorbate 80 at about 2 % (of your total batch) in your liquid stage. 
This should eliminate any ring around the tub or floating mica that can occur if you don't use it. 
the full name polyoxyethylene (20) sorbitan monostearate or Polysorbate 60 or Tween 60, is an synthetic ingredient made from reaction of sorbitol, stearic acid (C18) and ethylene oxide. 
Due to this structure, polysorbate 60 forms an approximate hydrophilic-lipophilic balance of 14.9. 
The primary use of Tween 60 as an emulsifier in food (number E435) and as a solubilizer & surfactant in cosmetics is well known.

Polysorbate 60 is a synthetic multi-ingredient that can be used as a surfactant, emulsifier, solubilizer, stabilizer in food, cosmetics and personal care products. 
Polysorbate 60 helps water-based and oil-based ingredients blend easily and prevent their separation in food. 
Polysorbate 60 and 80 are mostly used in food among the category of Polysorbates, but the latter is used more than polysorbate 60 in food.

Polysorbate 60 and 80 are the most commonly used in bakery food production. They help to extend shelf life, improve the strength and increase volume of baked goods and frozen desserts.

As a high HLB emulsifier, its food grade can be blended with a low HLB emulsifier (e.g. sorbitan stearate, mono and diglycerides) to provide a suitable HLB value for the various food uses, either oil in water, or water in oil emulsion.

Its general purpose in cosmetics is to mix water and oil together. 
Polysorbate 60 functions as a surfactant, emulsifier, solubilizer and dispersing agent. 
Some of its applications as follows: Help wash away body dirt by lowering the surface tension on the skin when used in shampoos and body washes. 
It heps distribute essential oils, fragrances and colorants evenly in water for Lotions, Creams, Hair products, Skin care products and Makeup products.

Polysorbate 60 is safe to consume and has been approved as a safe ingredient by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and European Food Safety Authority (EFSA), as well as the Joint FAO/WHO Expert Committee on Food Additives (JECFA).

Polysorbate 40 is used as emulsifier, foaming agent, lubricant, solubilizing agent, antistatic agent, washing agent, penetrating agent, dispersing agent, degreasing agent and chemical intermediate in the industry.

Polysorbate represents a class of emulsifiers used in food preparation, pharmaceuticals, and personal care and beauty products. 
Polysorbates are oily liquids made up of fatty acids and sorbitan. They are produced by reaction of sorbitol and polyol with ethylene oxide. 
Polysorbate function includes dispersion of oil in water as opposed to water in oil. 
Brand names for polysorbates include Tween, Canarcel, Scattics, and Alkest.

In beauty and personal care ingredients, polysorbate serves as a surfactant creating emulsions, facilitating the ingredients to combine better, making the product more effective. 
Polysorbate 20 is a commonly used in anti-aging products, facial cleansers, and hair styling gels. 
In cosmetic creams, polysorbate 40 serves as an emulsifier to stabilize essential oils in water.  
Polysorbate 80 is used commonly in cold creams, baby lotions, bath oils, and suntan lotions. 
Polysorbate 85 is commonly used in tanning lotions.

In foods, polysorbate is commonly used in ice creams, making them easier to handle and preventing them from melting rapidly. 
Polysorbate is also used in products like flavored mouth drops, as a wetting agent, to help the flavor spread. 
They are also used in powdered drink products, such as hot cocoa mix as emulsifiers. 
Polysorbate is a commonly used ingredient in the influenza vaccine. 
It also assists in emulsifying medicines like amiodarone.

The global polysorbate market is segmented into source, type, end-use, and region. 
Sources for polysorbate include plants (palm, olive, bay tree, etc.), animals (cow, sheep and pork fat), and synthetic source. 
Polysorbate types include Polysorbate 20, Polysorbate 40, Polysorbate 60, and Polysorbate 80 etc. 
The number followed by “Polysorbate” signifies the fatty acid type associated with the polyoxyethylene sorbitan part of the molecule. 
To be specific, 20 signifies monolaurate, 40 signifies monopalmitate, 60 signifies monostearate, and 80 signifies monooleate.

Crill 7; Crillet 2; Durfax 60; E 434; Emsorb 6910; Emulgen TWP 120; Ethoxylated Sorbitan Monopalmitate; Glycosperse P 20; Kotilen P 1; Lonzest SMP 20; MP 55F; Montanox 40; Nikkol TP 10; Nikkol TP 10EX; Nikkol TP 10V; Nissan Nonion PT 221; Polyethylene Glycol Sorbitan Monohexadecanoate; Polyethylene Glycol Sorbitan Monopalmitate; Polyethylene glycol-sorbitan Monopalmitate Adduct; Polyethylene Sorbitan Monopalmitate; Polyoxyethylene sorbitan monohexadecanoate; Polyoxyethylene Sorbitan Monopalmitate; Rheodol Super TW-P 120; Rheodol TW-P 120; Rheodol TW-P 120V; Sorbimacrogol Palmitate 300; Sorbitan Monopalmitate Polyethylene Glycol Ether; Sorbitan Polyethoxy Monopalmitate; Sorbon T 40; TP 10EX; Tween 40

Polysorbates are a class of emulsifiers used in some pharmaceuticals and food preparation. 
They are often used in cosmetics to solubilize essential oils into water-based products.
Polysorbates are oily liquids derived from PEG-ylated sorbitan (a derivative of sorbitol) esterified with fatty acids. 
Surfactants that are esters of plain (non-PEG-ylated) sorbitan with fatty acids are usually referred to by the name Span. 
It is often required to quantitate Polysorbate (Polysorbate/Tween 20, Polysorbate/Tween 40, Polysorbate 60/Tween 60 and Polysorbate 80) by HPLC in various formulations. 
Polysorbates exist in form of oligomers. All oligomers are separated on Primesep D HPLC column. 
One of the oligomers can be used in quantitating polysorbate in various drug and food formulations.


According to EU labelling legislation, emulsifiers must always be declared on the labels of products where they are used, either by their name or their corresponding E-number. The use of an E-number means the additive has undergone a stringent safety evaluation by the European Food Safety Authority (EFSA), has been found safe for use and has been authorised by the European Commission. The E-number is attached to each category of emulsifiers or other food additives and is part of an international code of recognition.

Food emulsifier E-numbers:
E 322: Lecithins 
E 431: Polyoxyethylene (40) stearate
E 432: Polyoxyethylene sorbitan monolaurate (Polysorbate 20)
E 433: Polyoxyethylene sorbitan monooleate (Polysorbate 80)
E 434: Polyoxyethylene sorbitan monopalmitate (Polysorbate 40)
E 435: Polyoxyethylene sorbitan monostearate (Polysorbate 60)
E 436: Polyoxyethylene sorbitan tristearate (Polysorbate 65)
E 442: Ammonium phosphatides
E 470a: Sodium, potassium and calcium salts of fatty acids
E 470b: Magnesium salts of fatty acids
E 471: Mono- and diglycerides of fatty acids
E 472a: Acetic acid esters of mono- and diglycerides of fatty acids
E 472b: Lactic acid esters of mono- and diglycerides of fatty acids
E 472c: Citric acid esters of mono- and diglycerides of fatty acids
E 472e: Mono- and diacetyl tartaric acid esters of mono- and diglycerides of fatty acids
E 472f: Mixed acetic and tartaric acid esters of mono- and diglycerides of fatty acids
E 473: Sucrose esters of fatty acids
E 474: Sucroglycerides
E 475: Polyglycerol esters of fatty acids
E 476: Polyglycerol polyricinoleate
E 477: Propane-1,2-diol esters of fatty acids
E 479b: Thermally oxidised soya bean oil interacted with mono- and diglycerides of fatty acids
E 481: Sodium stearoyl-2-lactylate
E 482: Calcium stearoyl-2-lactylate
E 491: Sorbitan monostearate
E 492: Sorbitan tristearate
E 493: Sorbitan monolaurate
E 494: Sorbitan monooleate
E 495: Sorbitan monopalmitate

E 322: Lecithins

Within the EU lecithins are generally permitted for use in foodstuffs. Lecithins are used principally as emulsifiers, antispattering agents and as synergists for antioxidants.
Applications include:
• Baked goods, e.g. bread, cakes, biscuits
• Confectionery, e.g. chocolate, chewing gum, toffees
• Dairy products, e.g. imitation creams, desserts, edible ices
• Fats, e.g. margarines, spreads, shortenings
• Starch, e.g. mashed potatoes, pasta
• Salad dressings and sauces
• Instant drinks

E 431: Polyoxyethylene (40) stearate

Within the EU polyoxyethylene (40) stearate is only permitted in wine in accordance with Regulation (EEC) No 1873/84 authorising the offer or disposal for direct human consumption of certain imported wines which may have undergone oenological processes not provided for in Regulation (EEC) No 337/79. (5)

E 432: Polyoxyethylene sorbitan monolaurate (Polysorbate 20)

Polyoxyethylene sorbitan monolaurate is a strongly hydrophilic surface active agent. It is used as an emulsifier, often in combination with sorbitan esters, and its structure also enables it to fulfil other functions, such as the modification of fat crystallisation. Within the EU polyoxyethylene sorbitan monolaurate is permitted in:
• Fine bakery wares
• Fat emulsions for baking purposes
• Milk and cream analogues
• Edible ices
• Desserts
• Sugar confectionery
• Emulsified sauces
• Soups
• Chewing gum
• Dietary food supplements
• Dietetic foods intended for special medical purposes
• Dietetic formulae for weight control
• Carriers and solvents for colours, fat-soluble antioxidants and antifoaming agents

E 433: Polyoxyethylene sorbitan monooleate (Polysorbate 80)

Polyoxyethylene sorbitan monooleate is a strongly hydrophilic surface active agent. It is used as an emulsifier, often in combination with sorbitan esters. Its structure also enables it to fulfil other functions, such as the modification of fat crystallisation. Within the EU polyoxyethylene sorbitan monooleate is permitted in (6):
• Fine bakery wares
• Fat emulsions for baking purposes
• Milk and cream analogues
• Edible ices
• Desserts
• Sugar confectionery
• Emulsified sauces
• Soups
• Chewing gum
• Dietary food supplements
• Dietetic foods intended for special medical purposes
• Dietetic formulae for weight control
• Carriers and solvents for colours, fat-soluble antioxidants and antifoaming agents

E 434: Polyoxyethylene sorbitan monopalmitate (Polysorbate 40)

Polyoxyethylene sorbitan monopalmitate is a strongly hydrophilic surface active agent. It is used as an emulsifier, often in combination with sorbitan esters, and its structure also enables it to fulfil other functions, such as the modification of fat crystallisation. Within the EU polyoxyethylene sorbitan monopalmitate is permitted in:
• Fine bakery wares
• Fat emulsions for baking purposes
• Milk and cream analogues
• Edible ices
• Desserts
• Sugar confectionery
• Emulsified sauces
• Soups
• Chewing gum
• Dietary food supplements
• Dietetic foods intended for special medical purposes
• Dietetic formulae for weight control
• Carriers and solvents for colours, fat-soluble antioxidants and antifoaming agents

E 435: Polyoxyethylene sorbitan monostearate (Polysorbate 60)

Polyoxyethylene sorbitan monostearate is a strongly hydrophilic surface active agent. It is used as an emulsifier, often in combination with sorbitan esters, and its structure also enables it to fulfil other functions, such as the modification of fat crystallisation. Within the EU polyoxyethylene sorbitan monostearate is permitted in:
• Fine bakery wares
• Fat emulsions for baking purposes
• Milk and cream analogues
• Edible ices
• Desserts
• Sugar confectionery
• Emulsified sauces
• Soups
• Chewing gum
• Dietary food supplements
• Dietetic foods intended for special medical purposes
• Dietetic formulae for weight control
• Carriers and solvents for colours, fat-soluble antioxidants and antifoaming agents

E 436: Polyoxyethylene sorbitan tristearate (Polysorbate 65)

Polyoxyethylene sorbitan tristearate is a strongly hydrophilic surface active agent. It is used as an emulsifier, often in combination with sorbitan esters, and its structure also enables it to fulfil other functions, such as the modification of fat crystallisation. Within the EU polyoxyethylene sorbitan tristearate is permitted in:
• Fine bakery wares
• Fat emulsions for baking purposes
• Milk and cream analogues
• Edible ices
• Desserts
• Sugar confectionery
• Emulsified sauces
• Soups
• Chewing gum
• Dietary food supplements
• Dietetic foods intended for special medical purposes
• Dietetic formulae for weight control
• Carriers and solvents for colours, fat-soluble antioxidants and antifoaming agents

E 442: Ammonium phosphatides

Ammonium phosphatides are used to control the viscosity of molten chocolate as a flavour-free substitute for soya lecithin. Within the EU ammonium phosphatides are permitted in:
• Cocoa and chocolate products as defined in Directive 73/241/EEC including fillings
• Confectionery based on these products

E 470a: Sodium, potassium and calcium salts of fatty acids

Within the EU sodium, potassium and calcium salts of fatty acids are generally permitted for use in foodstuffs. Sodium, potassium and calcium salts of fatty acids are used either alone or together with other fatty acid based emulsifiers, either by direct addition or, as a result of the manufacturing process, as co-emulsifiers.
Applications include:
• Baked goods, e.g. bread, cakes, biscuits, rusks
• Confectionery, e.g. chewing gum, toffees, sugar confectionery
• Dairy products, e.g. imitation creams, desserts, edible ices
• Fats, e.g. margarines, spreads, shortenings
• Starch, e.g. mashed potatoes, pasta
• Salad dressings and sauces

E 470b: Magnesium salts of fatty acids

Within the EU magnesium salts of fatty acids are generally permitted for use in foodstuffs. Magnesium salts of fatty acids are used as anticaking and binding agents. In addition, they can also be used together with other fatty acid based emulsifiers, either by direct addition or, as a result of the manufacturing process, as co-emulsifiers.
Applications include:
• Baked goods, e.g. bread, cakes, biscuits
• Confectionery, e.g. chewing gum, toffees, sugar confectionery
• Dairy products, e.g. milk powders, desserts, edible ices
• Fats, e.g. margarines, spreads, shortenings
• Starch, e.g. mashed potatoes, pasta
• Salad dressings and sauces
• Instant drinks

E 471: Mono- and diglycerides of fatty acids

Within the EU mono- and diglycerides of fatty acids are generally permitted for use in foodstuffs. Mono- and diglycerides of fatty acids are used principally as emulsifiers, starch-complexing agents and aerating agents and they are widely used.
Applications include:
• Baked goods, e.g. bread, cakes
• Confectionery, e.g. chewing gum, toffees, caramels
• Dairy products, e.g. imitation creams, desserts, edible ices
• Fats, e.g. margarines, shortenings
• Starch, e.g. mashed potatoes, pasta

E 472a: Acetic acid esters of mono- and diglycerides of fatty acids

Within the EU acetic acid esters of mono- and diglycerides are generally permitted for use in foodstuffs. Acetic acid esters of mono- and diglycerides have excellent aerating and foam stabilising properties. They are also used as lubricants and release agents.
Applications include:
• Topping powders
• Chewing gum base
• Coatings
• Cakes

E 472b: Lactic acid esters of mono- and diglycerides of fatty acids

Within the EU lactic acid esters of mono- and diglycerides are generally permitted for use in foodstuffs. Lactic acid esters of mono- and diglycerides are used to improve aeration and foam stability as well as texture and volume.
Applications include:
• Topping powders
• Non-dairy creams
• Dairy and recombined creams
• Fine bakery wares
• Shortening
• Chocolate compounds

E 472c: Citric acid esters of mono- and diglycerides of fatty acids

Within the EU citric acid esters of mono- and diglycerides of fatty acids are generally permitted for use in foods. The product is widely used within the food industry, e.g. as an emulsifier, stabiliser, antispattering agent, flour improver, protein-binding agent and as a synergist for antioxidants. The following should only be considered as typical major applications:
• In fats for stabilising, also as synergists for antioxidants
• In baking fat emulsions, bakery margarines and shortening for stabilising
• In flour for improving the baking performance of ready-to-use flours
• In bread dough or other yeast doughs for improving baking performance
• In margarine as emulsifiers and antispattering agents
• In mayonnaise, salad dressings, sauces etc. as emulsifiers and stabilizers
• In sausages for enhancing the binding effects of meat
• In low-calorie food for fats, shortenings and baking fat emulsions with high water content to lower the fat intake
• In chocolate for controlling flow properties

E 472e: Mono- and diacetyl tartaric acid esters of mono- and diglycerides of fatty acids

Within the EU mono- and diacetyl tartaric acid esters of mono- and diglycerides are generally permitted for use in foodstuffs. Mono- and diacetyl tartaric acid esters of mono- and diglycerides are used as dough conditioners for all baked products, particularly yeast-leavened products, white bread and rusks, and in ready-mixed flours, particularly for use in the .all-in. method. Other applications include:
• Beverage whiteners
• Cream analogues
• Chewing gum
• Meat and poultry products
• Emulsified sauces
• Canned coffee or tea
• Carriers or solvents for colours and food antioxidants

E 472f: Mixed acetic and tartaric acid esters of mono- and diglycerides of fatty acids

Within the EU mixed acetic and tartaric acid esters of mono- and diglycerides are generally permitted for use in foodstuffs. Mixed acetic and tartaric acid esters of mono- and diglycerides are used as dough conditioners for all baked products, particularly yeast-leavened products, white bread and rusks, and in ready-mixed flours, particularly for use in the .all-in. method.
Other applications include:
• Beverage whiteners
• Cream analogues
• Chewing gum
• Meat and poultry products
• Emulsified sauces
• Canned coffee or tea
• Carriers or solvents for colours and food antioxidants

E 473: Sucrose esters of fatty acids

Sucrose esters of fatty acids are used, for instance, as aerating and starch complexing agents. They are also used to improve fat dispersion and stability. Within the EU sucrose esters of fatty acids are permitted in:
• Canned liquid coffee
• Heat-treated meat products
• Fat emulsions for baking purposes
• Fine bakery wares
• Beverage whiteners
• Edible ices
• Chewing gum
• Sugar confectionery
• Desserts
• Cream analogues
• Sterilised cream
• Sauces
• Soups and broths
• Fresh fruits, surface treatment
• Non-alcoholic aniseed-based drinks
• Non-alcoholic coconut and almond drinks
• Spirituous beverages (excluding wine and beer)
• Powders for the preparation of hot beverages
• Dairy-based drinks
• Dietary food supplements
• Dietetic foods intended for medical purposes
• Carriers and solvents for colours and fat-soluble antioxidants

E 474: Sucroglycerides

Sucroglycerides are used, for instance, as aerating and starch-complexing agents. They are also used to improve fat dispersion and stability. Within the EU sucroglycerides are permitted in:
• Canned liquid coffee
• Heat-treated meat products
• Fat emulsions for baking purposes
• Fine bakery wares
• Beverage whiteners
• Edible ices
• Chewing gum
• Sugar confectionery
• Desserts
• Cream analogues
• Sterilised cream
• Sauces
• Soups and broths
• Fresh fruits, surface treatment
• Non-alcoholic aniseed-based drinks
• Non-alcoholic coconut and almond drinks
• Spirituous beverages (excluding wine and beer)
• Powders for the preparation of hot beverages
• Dairy-based drinks
• Dietary food supplements
• Dietetic foods intended for medical purposes
• Carriers and solvents for colours and fat-soluble antioxidants

E 475: Polyglycerol esters of fatty acids

Polyglycerol esters are widely used in foods as aerating agents, crystal modifiers, starch-complexing agents, dough conditioners, humectants, defoaming agents and anti-spattering agents. Within the EU polyglycerol esters of fatty acids are permitted in:
• Fine bakery wares
• Emulsified liqueurs
• Egg products
• Beverage whiteners
• Chewing gum
• Fat emulsions
• Milk and cream analogues
• Sugar confectionery
• Granola-type breakfast cereals
• Desserts
• Dietary food supplements
• Dietetic foods intended for special medical purposes
• Dietetic formulae for weight control intended to replace total daily food intake or an individual meal
• Carriers and solvents for colours and fat-soluble antioxidants

E 476: Polyglycerol polyricinoleate

Polyglycerol polyricinoleate is used principally as a viscosity modifier. It is also used to maintain stable emulsions of oil and water systems at high water content. Within the EU polyglycerol polyricinoleate is permitted in :
• Spreadable fats as defined in Annexes A, B and C of Regulation (EC) No 2991/94 having a fat content of 41% or less
• Similar spreadable products with a fat content of less than 10% fat
• Dressings
• Cocoa-based confectionery, including chocolate

E 477: Propane-1,2-diol esters of fatty acids

The product imparts excellent aerating and foam stabilising properties. Within the EU propane-1,2-diol esters of fatty acids are permitted in:
• Fine bakery wares
• Fat emulsions for baking purposes
• Milk and cream analogues
• Beverage whiteners
• Edible ices
• Sugar confectionery
• Desserts
• Whipped dessert toppings other than cream
• Dietetic foods intended for special medical purposes
• Dietetic formulae for weight control

E 479b: Thermally oxidised soya bean oil interacted with mono- and diglycerides of fatty acids

The product provides excellent frying and anti-spattering properties. Within the EU thermally oxidised soya bean oil interacted with mono- and diglycerides of fatty acids is permitted in:
• Fat emulsions for frying purposes

E 481: Sodium stearoyl-2-lactylate

Sodium stearoyl-2-lactylate is used principally in bakery applications to increase the softness and crumb structure of bread and rolls and maintain softness during storage. It is also used in coffee creamers to ensure good dispersion and whitening power and in fine bakery wares as a fat replacer.
Within the EU sodium stearoyl-2-lactylate is permitted in:
• Fine bakery wares
• Quick-cook rice
• Breakfast cereals
• Emulsified liqueur
• Spirits with less than 15% alcohol by volume
• Fat emulsions
• Desserts
• Sugar confectionery
• Chewing gum
• Beverage whiteners
• Powders for the preparation of hot beverages
• Cereal- and potato-based snacks
• Minced and diced canned meat products
• Dietetic foods
• Bread

E 482: Calcium stearoyl-2-lactylate

Calcium stearoyl-2-lactylate is used principally in bakery applications to increase the softness and crumb structure of bread and rolls and maintain softness during storage. It is also used in fine bakery wares as a fat replacer.
Within the EU calcium stearoyl-2-lactylate is permitted in:
• Fine bakery wares
• Quick-cook rice
• Breakfast cereals
• Emulsified liqueur
• Spirits with less than 15% alcohol by volume
• Fat emulsions
• Desserts
• Sugar confectionery
• Chewing gum
• Beverage whiteners
• Powders for the preparation of hot beverages
• Cereal- and potato-based snacks
• Minced and diced canned meat products
• Dietetic foods
• Bread

E 491: Sorbitan monostearate

Sorbitan monostearate is a lipophilic surface-active agent. It is often used as an emulsifier in combination with polysorbates. It is also used to modify crystallisation of fats. Within the EU sorbitan monostearate is permitted in:
• Fine bakery wares
• Toppings and coatings for fine bakery wares
• Fat emulsions
• Milk and cream analogues
• Beverage whiteners
• Liquid tea concentrates and liquid fruit and herbal infusion concentrates
• Edible ices
• Desserts
• Sugar confectionery
• Emulsified sauces
• Dietary food supplements
• Yeast for baking
• Chewing gum
• Dietetic foods intended for special medical purposes
• Dietetic formulae for weight control
• Carriers and solvents for colours and anti-foaming agents

E 492: Sorbitan tristearate

Sorbitan tristearate is a lipophilic surface-active agent. It is often used as an emulsifier in combination with polysorbates. It is also used to modify crystallisation of fats. Within the EU sorbitan tristearate is permitted in:
• Fine bakery wares
• Toppings and coatings for fine bakery wares
• Fat emulsions
• Milk and cream analogues
• Beverage whiteners
• Liquid tea concentrates and liquid fruit and herbal infusion concentrates
• Edible ices
• Desserts
• Sugar confectionery
• Cocoa-based confectionery, including chocolate
• Emulsified sauces
• Dietary food supplements
• Yeast for baking
• Chewing gum
• Dietetic foods intended for special medical purposes
• Dietetic formulae for weight control
• Carriers and solvents for colours and anti-foaming agents

E 493: Sorbitan monolaurate

Sorbitan monolaurate is a lipophilic surface active agent. It is often used as an emulsifier in combination with polysorbates. It is also used to modify crystallisation of fats. Within the EU sorbitan monolaurate is permitted in:
• Fine bakery wares
• Toppings and coatings for fine bakery wares
• Jelly marmalade
• Fat emulsions
• Milk and cream analogues
• Beverage whiteners
• Liquid tea concentrates and liquid fruit and herbal infusion concentrates
• Edible ices
• Desserts
• Sugar confectionery
• Emulsified sauces
• Dietary food supplements
• Yeast for baking
• Chewing gum
• Dietetic foods intended for special medical purposes
• Dietetic formulae for weight control
• Carriers and solvents for colours and anti-foaming agents

E 494: Sorbitan monooleate

Sorbitan monooleate is a lipophilic surface-active agent. It is often used as an emulsifier in combination with polysorbates. It is also used to modify crystallisation of fats. Within the EU sorbitan monooleate is permitted in:
• Fine bakery wares
• Toppings and coatings for fine bakery wares
• Fat emulsions
• Milk and cream analogues
• Beverage whiteners
• Liquid tea concentrates and liquid fruit and herbal infusion concentrates
• Edible ices
• Desserts
• Sugar confectionery
• Emulsified sauces
• Dietary food supplements
• Yeast for baking
• Chewing gum
• Dietetic foods intended for special medical purposes
• Dietetic formulae for weight control
• Carriers and solvents for colours and anti-foaming agents

E 495: Sorbitan monopalmitate

Sorbitan monopalmitate is a lipophilic surface-active agent. It is often used as an emulsifier in combination with polysorbates. It is also used to modify crystallisation of fats. Within the EU sorbitan monopalmitate is permitted in:
• Fine bakery wares
• Toppings and coatings for fine bakery wares
• Fat emulsions
• Milk and cream analogues
• Beverage whiteners
• Liquid tea concentrates and liquid fruit and herbal infusion concentrates
• Edible ices
• Desserts
• Sugar confectionery
• Emulsified sauces
• Dietary food supplements
• Yeast for baking
• Chewing gum
• Dietetic foods intended for special medical purposes
• Dietetic formulae for weight control
• Carriers and solvents for colours and anti-foaming agents

POLYSORBATE 40

Polyethylene Sorbitan Esters


Polysorbates are a class of emulsifiers used in some pharmaceuticals and food preparation. 
They are often used in cosmetics to solubilize essential oils into water-based products. 
Polysorbates are oil liquids derived from PEG-ylated sorbitan (a derivative of sorbitol) esterified with fatty acids. 
Surfacants that are esters of plain (non-PEG-ylated) sorbitan with fatty acids are usually referred to by the name Span.


Form at 25°C: Liquid
    
Sorbitan Derivatives

Functions
Dispersing Agents
Solubilisers
Emulsifiers
Surfactants / Detergents


Applications
Bath, Shower & Soaps
Body Care
Face / Neck Skin Care
Face Colour
Hair Conditioners - Rinse off
Lip Care
Shampoos
Sun Protection

Tween™ 40 is an oil-in-water emulsifier for use in skin care, hair care and decorative cosmetics. The Tween™ Series of surfactants are polyoxyethylene derivatives of the Span™ Series products. Tween™ surfactants are hydrophilic, generally soluble or dispersible in water, and soluble in varying degrees of inorganic liquids. They are widely used in personal care applications. This grade is used as a co-solvent and wetting agent. It appears as a yellow pasty liquid.


•    POLYSORBATE 40
•    POLYOXYETHYLENE SORBITAN MONOPALMITATE
•    POLYOXYETHYLENE GLYCOL SORBITAN MONOPALMITATE
•    POLYOXYETHYLENE (20) SORBITAN MONOPALMITATE
•    POLYSORBATE40,NF
•    Sorbitanmonopalmitat, ethoxiliert, EO 20 mol
•    TWEEN 40
•    TWEEN NO 40
•    TWEEN(R) 40
•    crill7
•    crillet2
•    durfax60
•    emsorb6910
•    emulsifier(t40)
•    EmulsifierT-40
•    ethoxylatedsorbitanmonopalmitate
•    glycospersep-20
•    nissannonionpt-221
•    polyethyleneglycolsorbitanmonopalmitate
•    polyethyleneglycol-sorbitanmonopalmitateadduct
•    radiasurf7145
•    sorbimacrogolpalmitate300
•    sorbitan,monohexadecanoate,poly(oxy-1,2-ethanediyl)derivs
•    Sorbitan,monohexadecanoate,poly(oxy-1,2-ethanediyl)derivs.
•    sorbitan,monopalmitate,polyoxyethylenederivs
•    Tween40=Polysorbate40
•    TWEEN # 40, 60, 80, 85
•    Tween 40 (=Polyoxyethylene Sorbitan Monopalmitate)
•    Tween 40 (=Polyoxyethylene Sorbitan Monopalmitate) [for Biochemical Research]
•    Polyoxyethylene (20) sorbitan monopalmitate, Polyoxyethylenesorbitan monopalmitate, TWEEN(R) 40
•    polyoxyethylene sorbitan mononalmitate
•    POLYSORBATE 40 extrapure
•    Polyethylene glycol sorbitan monopalmitate, Polyoxyethylene sorbitanmonopalmitate
•    polyoxyethylene sorbitan monoopalmitate
•    polyoxyethylene(20)sorbitan monoopalmitate
•    Tween 40, extra pure
•    Tween\(rg 40
•    Polysorbate 40 (2 g) (AS)
•    Tween 40 
•    Tween 40 1LT
•    Polyoxyethylene sorbitan MonopalMitate.Polysorbate 40
•    Ascorbic acid 2-glucoside
•    POLYOXYETHYLENE SOR
•    Polysprbate40
•    Tween 40, CP
•    Polysorbate 40 (2 g)
•    Tween-40(Tween40)
•    POLYOXYETHYLENESORBITAN MONOPALMITAT
•    sorbitan,monopalmitatepolyoxyethylenederiv.
•    sorbitanmonopalmitatepolyethyleneglycolether
•    sorbitanpolyethoxymonopalmitate
•    PEG-80 SORBITAN PALMITATE
•    TWEEN(R) 40 400-650 MPA.S
•    POLYOXYETHYLENESORBITAN MONOPALMITATE*TW EEN 40
•    Tween 40, reagent grade
•    TWEEN 40 FOR SYNTHESIS 500 ML
•    TWEEN 40 FOR SYNTHESIS 1 L
•    9005-66-7


 

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